Akershus

Last updated
Akershus
Akershus fylke
OSLO-NO-02 05 ubt.jpeg
Akershus Fortress, in modern Oslo, was the namesake and center of the region of Akershus since the Middle Ages, and was located within Akershus main county until 1919.
Norway Counties Akershus Position.svg
Akershus within Norway
Country Norway
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-32
Administrative centre Oslo
Government
   Governor Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, KrF (20112018)
   County mayor Anette Solli,
   Høyre
  (20132019)
Area
  Total4,918 km2 (1,899 sq mi)
  Land4,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)
  Rank16th in Norway, 1.50% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total630,752 Increase2.svg
  Rank2 (10.67% of country)
  Density134/km2 (350/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
13.7 %
GDP
[1]
  TotalNOK 285.853 billion
(€31.987 billion)
  Per capitaNOK 476,986
(€53,375)
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language form Bokmål
Website afk.no

Akershus (Norwegian pronunciation: [ɑkəʂˈhʉːs] ) [2] is a county in Norway, with Oslo as its administrative centre. Akershus has been a region in Eastern Norway with Oslo as its main city since the Middle Ages, and is named after the Akershus Fortress in Oslo and ultimately after the medieval farm Aker in Oslo. From the Middle Ages to 1919, Akershus was a main fief and main county that included most of Eastern Norway, and from the 17th century until 2020 and again from 2024, Akershus also has a more narrow meaning as a smaller central county in the Greater Oslo Region. Akershus is Norway's largest county by population with over 716,000 inhabitants.

Contents

Originally Akershus was one of four main fiefs in Norway and included almost all of Eastern Norway. The original Akershus became a main county (Stiftamt or Stift) in 1662 and was sometimes also known as Christiania Stift. It included several subcounties (Amt or Underamt); in 1682 its most central areas, consisting of modern Oslo and Akershus, became the subcounty of Akershus within the larger main county of the same name. In 1842, the capital city of Christiania, which at the time consisted of a tiny part of modern Oslo, became a separate subcounty within Akershus main county. The main county of Akershus was disestablished in 1919, and the subcounty continued as Akershus county (fylke). During its history Akershus (sub) county ceded territory to Oslo several times; Akershus' most central and important municipality, Aker, was transferred to Oslo in 1948. Thus, while modern Akershus' capital is Oslo, Oslo is not located within the modern county itself. In 2020, the county of Akershus was merged into Viken along with the counties of Østfold and Buskerud, but Akershus was reestablished as a county from 2024 with slightly enlarged borders. Modern Akershus borders Oslo, Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland).

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951183,116    
1961234,323+28.0%
1971324,390+38.4%
1981369,193+13.8%
1991418,114+13.3%
2001471,988+12.9%
2011545,653+15.6%
2018614,026+12.5%
Source: Statistics Norway . [3]
Religion in Akershus [4] [5]
religionpercent
Christianity
81.48%
Islam
1.93%
Buddhism
0.35%
Other
16.24%

Geography

As a geographical term the meaning of Akershus has changed over time. Akershus originally primarily referred to Akershus main county, which included most of Eastern Norway, with the exception of Upper Telemark and Båhuslen (now mainly part of Sweden). The modern Akershus county is a direct continuation of the subcounty of Akershus, created in 1682, and included all of modern Oslo and Akershus. In 1842 the capital city of Christiania, which at the time consisted of a tiny part of modern Oslo, became a separate subcounty within Akershus main county. Akershus main county ceased to exist in 1919, after which Akershus in everyday usage became synonymous with the modern county that excluded Christiania. Akershus' most central and important municipality, Aker, was transferred to and merged with Oslo in 1948.

After 1948, the remaining Akershus county is conventionally divided into Asker and Bærum to the west of Oslo, Follo and Romerike.

Embracing numerous suburbs and urban areas of Oslo, notably Bærum and historically Aker, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country. The main national railway lines into Oslo run through Akershus with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika, Ski, and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the lake Mjøsa and some of the river Glomma.

The county also includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the national assembly ratified the Norwegian constitution in 1814. [ citation needed ] South of Eidsvoll is the international airport, Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. Oslo's previous international airport, Fornebu, is also located in Akershus. The estate of the crown prince is located in Asker (the royal palace is in Oslo).

Mountains in Akershus

Infrastructure

The county has two major hospitals, Akershus University Hospital and Sykehuset Asker og Bærum.

The main road from continental Europe, E6, enters Akershus in the south, and runs through eastern Oslo, further to Gardermoen, and into Hedmark County on the eastern shores of lake Mjøsa.

E18 enters Akershus in the south-east, merges for a short stretch with E6 at Vinterbro in Ås, before running under central Oslo. E18 then turns south-west through Bærum and Asker before entering Buskerud County north of Drammen.

E16 runs from the intersection with E18 in Sandvika into Buskerud County west of Sollihøgda.

All main railways out of Oslo run through Akershus:

History

Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, and then also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad in the county of Østfold. In 1662, Akershus became an Amt, and in 1685, Buskerud was separated from Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768, Hedmark and Oppland were also separated from Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt (and Askim, Eidsberg, and Trøgstad were transferred to Østfold). In 1842, the city of Christiania (Oslo) was made a separate Amt, as well. In 1919, the term Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948, Aker, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo.

Name

The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". The name is somewhat misleading now, since the fortress is now outside Akershus (it is in Oslo County since 1842). In fact, the administration of Akershus sits outside the county, as well, in the centre of Oslo.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). It shows a gable from Akershus Fortress.

Municipalities

Municipalities of Akershus Akershus 2024 municipalities.png
Municipalities of Akershus

Akershus has a total of 21 municipalities:

  1. Bærum
  2. Asker
  3. Lillestrøm
  4. Nordre Follo
  5. Ullensaker
  6. Nesodden
  7. Frogn
  8. Vestby
  9. Ås
  10. Enebakk
  11. Lørenskog
  12. Rælingen
  13. Aurskog-Høland
  14. Nes
  15. Gjerdrum
  16. Nittedal
  17. Lunner
  18. Jevnaker
  19. Nannestad
  20. Eidsvoll
  21. Hurdal
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Akershus by country of origin in 2017
[6]
NationalityPopulation (2017)
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 15,685
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 7,351
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 7,050
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 5,090
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 4,472
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 4,252
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 4,127
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 3,643
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 3,461
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 3,290
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3,265
Flag of the Taliban.svg  Afghanistan 3,053
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 2,939
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 2,839
Flag of India.svg  India 2,765
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  UK 2,381
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 2,310
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 2,233
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 2,066
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1,812
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,786
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1,725
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1,547
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 1,537
Flag of the United States.svg  USA 1,320

Districts

Cities

Parishes

Villages

Former municipalities

Notable residents

People from Akershus

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Østfold</span> County (fylke) in Eastern Norway

Østfold is a county in Eastern Norway, which from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2023 was part of Viken. Østfold borders Akershus and southwestern Sweden, while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat is Sarpsborg. The county controversially became part of the newly established Viken County on 1 January 2020. On 1 January 2024, Østfold was re-established as an independent county, however without the former municipality of Rømskog, which was amalgamated with the Akershus municipality Aurskog-Høland in 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aurskog-Høland</span> Municipality in Akershus, Norway

Aurskog-Høland is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway. It is part of the Romerike traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Bjørkelangen. The municipality of Rømskog, in Østfold county was merged into Aurskog-Høland on 1 January 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Counties of Norway</span> First-level administrative divisions of Norway

Norway is divided into 15 administrative regions, called counties which until 1918 were known as amter. The counties form the first-level administrative divisions of Norway and are further subdivided into 356 municipalities. The island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are outside the county division and ruled directly at the national level. The capital Oslo is both a county and a municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romerike</span> District in Akershus, Norway

Romerike is a traditional district located north-east of Oslo, in what is today south-eastern Norway. It consists of the Akershus municipalities Lillestrøm, Lørenskog, Nittedal, Rælingen and Aurskog-Høland in the southern end, and Ullensaker, Gjerdrum, Nannestad, Nes, Eidsvoll and Hurdal in the northern end .

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oslo University Hospital, Aker</span> Hospital in Oslo, Norway

Oslo University Hospital, Aker is one of the four main campuses of Oslo University Hospital. It was an independent hospital from 1895 to 2009, under the name Aker Hospital and from 2002 Aker University Hospital. Originally established as the municipal hospital of Aker, the hospital became a university hospital affiliated with the University of Oslo in 1948.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastern Norway</span> Region of Norway

Eastern Norway is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. It consists of the counties Oslo, Akershus, Vestfold, Østfold, Buskerud, Telemark, and Innlandet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Follo, Norway</span> District in Akershus, Norway

Follo is one of three traditional and judicional districts in the former fylke (county) of Akershus, Norway - south east of Oslo towards the county of Østfold, the other two regions being Romerike and Asker og Bærum. Follo borders Oslo to the North-West, fellow Akershus district Romerike to the North-East and East, and Østfold to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diocese of Oslo</span> Church of Norway diocese

Oslo bishopric is the Church of Norway's bishopric for the municipalities of Oslo, Asker and Bærum. It is one of Norway's five traditional bishoprics and was founded around the year 1070.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gardermoen Line</span> Railway line in Norway

The Gardermoen Line is a high-speed railway line between Oslo and Eidsvoll, Norway, running past Lillestrøm and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen. The line is 64 kilometres (40 mi) long and replaced the older Hoved Line as the main line north-east of Oslo. The older Hoved Line now handles commuter and freight traffic, while the Gardermoen Line handles high-speed passenger trains and freight trains laden with jet fuel for the airport. Both lines are owned by Bane NOR.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flags of Norwegian subdivisions</span>

Most of the Norwegian counties and municipalities have their own flag. They are based on the respective coat of arms of the subdivision. However they are seldom used. Most public buildings and private homes use the National flag. Note: As of 2020, many municipalities and counties have been merged. Because of this many of the new regions do not have a current flag and instead the coat of arms will be used for the new regions until a flag is made.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jessheim</span> Town in Viken, Norway

Jessheim is a town in the Ullensaker municipality in Akershus of Norway.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Setskog</span> Village in Østlandet, Norway

Setskog is a village and a former municipality in Akershus county, Norway. It bordered Østfold county to the south, Hedmark county to the north and Sweden to the east.

Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority was a regional health authority that covered the counties of Akershus, Hedmark, Oppland, Oslo and Østfold. The authority was founded on January 1, 2002, but merged with the Southern Norway Regional Health Authority to form the new Southern and Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority on June 1, 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oslo Commuter Rail</span> Commuter rail in Norway

Oslo Commuter Rail is a commuter rail centered in Oslo, Norway, connecting the capital to six counties in Eastern Norway. The system is operated by Vy and its subsidiary Vy Gjøvikbanen, using Class 69 and Class 72 electric multiple units (EMU). The network spans eight routes and 128 stations, with Oslo Central Station (Oslo S) as the central hub. The trains run on 553 kilometers (344 mi) of electrified mainline railway owned by the Bane NOR. Deficits are financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport, although the network also has a ticketing cooperation with Ruter, the public transport authority in Oslo and Akershus. The network is the longest commuter rail network in the Nordic countries, and among top ten in Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Vinsnes</span> Norwegian politician

Paul Vinsnes was a Norwegian priest and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romerike Police District</span>

Romerike Police District was until 2016 one of 27 police districts in Norway, covering the Romerike district of Akershus. The district was headquartered in Lillestrøm and consisted of two police stations, at Lillestrøm and Gardermoen, and nine sheriff's offices. The district was led by Chief of Police Jørgen L. Høidahl. Specifically the police district covered the municipalities of Aurskog-Høland, Sørum, Fet, Rælingen, Lørenskog, Skedsmo, Nittedal, Gjerdrum, Ullensaker, Nes, Eidsvoll, Nannestad, Hurdal. As of 2011, the district had 651 employees. It has a special responsibility for the border control at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lillestrøm (town)</span> Town in Akershus, Norway

Lillestrøm is a town located some 18 km (11 mi) east-northeast of Oslo, the capital city of Norway. With a population of 14,379 inhabitants, it is the administrative centre of Lillestrøm Municipality in Akershus County, and lies within the traditional district of Romerike.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romerike og Glåmdal District Court</span>

Romerike og Glåmdal District Court is a district court located in Innlandet and Akershus counties in Norway. This court is based at three different courthouses which are located in Eidsvoll, Kongsvinger, and Lillestrøm. The court serves the southern part of Innlandet county and the northern part of Akershus county. The court takes cases from 16 municipalities. The court in Kongsvinger accepts cases from the municipalities of Eidskog, Grue, Kongsvinger, Nord-Odal, and Sør-Odal. The court in Eidsvoll accepts cases from the municipalities of Eidsvoll, Hurdal, Nannestad, Nes, and Ullensaker. The court in Lillestrøm accepts cases from the municipalities of Aurskog-Høland, Gjerdrum, Lillestrøm, Lørenskog, Nittedal, and Rælingen. The court is subordinate to the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

References

  1. Regions and Cities > Regional Statistics > Regional Economy > Regional GDP per Capita, OECD.Stats. Accessed on 16 November 2018.
  2. Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 20.
  3. "Projected population - Statistics Norway". Archived from the original on 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  4. Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  5. Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010 Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.

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