Akkaraipattu

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Akkaraipattu
அக்கரைப்பற்று
අක්කMරපත්තුව
Town
Akkaraipattu
Coordinates: 7°13′0″N81°51′0″E / 7.21667°N 81.85000°E / 7.21667; 81.85000
Country Sri Lanka
Province Eastern
District Ampara
DS Division Akkaraipattu
Government
  Type Municipal Council
  MayorAhamed Zackie Athaullah (NC)
Area
  Total6,000 ha (15,000 acres)

Akkaraipattu (Tamil: அக்கரைப்பற்று, Sinhala: අක්කරපත්තුව) is a coastal town in the Ampara District, Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It is approximately 250 km (160 mi) east of Colombo. During the period of British rule, the town was called Karunkodithivu. Akkaraipattu acts as an agro-economic hub. Vast extents of paddy field surround the township. [1]

Contents

Akkaraipattu is located in the Sri Lankan dry zone and experiences an average annual rainfall of 119 mm (4.7 in). Approximately 47,000 people live in the area.

History

During the period of British rule, Akkaraipattu was within the Batticaloa District. A Government Agent headed each district. The posts of Maniyakkara (Assistant Government Agent) and Vanniyanar (Additional Government Agent) reported to the Government Agent.[ citation needed ]. The Vanniyanar appointed two officers directly responsible for irrigation, development, and education. Under this structure, agriculture and road construction became a prominent part of the development of the Akkaraipattu area. The Vanniyanar was also responsible for appointing the Chairman and members of local government organizations who would then conduct the functions of a local council including collecting taxes, civic construction, and maintaining law and order. The construction of the Gal Oya scheme, which commenced in 1949 and continues to be improved upon, further established agriculture—particularly paddy and sugar cane—as a driving economic force. Road development also continued in parallel with the development of land for agriculture. [2] The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and includes 23 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GND) of Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and five GNDs from the Pradeshiya Sabha area. [3] (A GND is the smallest administrative unit in government.)

Geography

The town is located just south of the center of the eastern coastline and can be found through the Siyambalanduwa - Damana - Ampara Road (A25) and the Colombo-Ratnapura-Wellawaya-Batticaloa Road (A4). Akkaraipattu covers an area of 48.36 km2 (18.67 sq mi). The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council which covers 5.07 km2 (1.96 sq mi). [3]

Topography

The terrain of Akkaraipattu area rises from sea level to 39 m (128 ft) above sea level. The terrain has large areas that are generally level and covered with agriculture. Settlements are scattered throughout the area.[ citation needed ]

Soil types

The susceptibility of soil types to drought is a major concern in Akkaraipattu. The three main soil types in this area are: alluvial soil which has variable drainage and texture, reddish-brown soil, and Solonetz soil. The alluvial soil is generally found on flat flood plains. Poorly drained alluvial soil is grey in colour whilst soil with better drainage is coloured brown to yellowish brown. The reddish brown soil has a reddish-brown surface colour when dry and turns to a dark reddish-brown colour when wet. Solonetz soil is not a fertile soil because it has a pH value greater than 8.5.[ citation needed ]

Hydrology

Akkaraipattu has three major water tanks: Ilukkuchchenai Tank, Neethai Tank, and Thillai Aru. [4] These tanks, combined with water catchment systems, assist in supporting the paddy cultivation in the area.

Climate

Akkaraipattu is located in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. The northeast monsoon period (October–February) has the highest monthly rainfall. Conversely, the dry season months of June, July, and August have the lowest rainfall. The seasonal rain provides for the cultivation of crops during the maha [5] season. The average annual rainfall is 119 mm (4.7 in).[ citation needed ] The lowest number of thundering days[ clarification needed ] are recorded during the months of January and February whilst the highest number of days are recorded in September and October, prior to the commencement of the monsoon season.[ citation needed ]

Akkaraipattu
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
300
 
 
26
17
 
 
140
 
 
26
19
 
 
50
 
 
27
19
 
 
65
 
 
29
19
 
 
20
 
 
31
20
 
 
10
 
 
31
21
 
 
10
 
 
30
21
 
 
20
 
 
30
21
 
 
25
 
 
30
19
 
 
95
 
 
29
19
 
 
320
 
 
27
19
 
 
345
 
 
27
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: commons:File:Akkaraipattu_Weather.JPG

An AusAID/UN-Habitat analysis of temperature records for the years 1950–2010 reports that the highest temperatures are experienced in May, June, and July (around 34 °C [93.2 °F]). The lowest temperatures are recorded in the months of January and December (around 23 °C [73.4 °F]). The mean annual temperature is 30 °C (86.0 °F). [1]

Demographics

As of 2017, the Akkaraipattu Divisional Secretariat reports that there are 46,807 people in 13,604 families living in the Akkaraipattu Grama Niladhari division. Of these inhabitants, 22,729 are male and 24,078 are female. [6]

Education

References

  1. 1 2 "Akkaraipattu, Sri Lanka: Disaster risk reduction and preparedness plan - Towards a sustainable and resilient city." The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-Habitat 2014 Chapter 2 p13 http://unhabitat.lk/publications/disaster-risk-reduction-and-preparedness-plans/ http://unhabitat.lk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/DRRAkkaraipattu.pdf Accessed 28 July 2018
  2. Wijeratne, L (7 November 2017). "A nation energised with Gal Oya mission". dailynews.lk.
  3. 1 2 "Akkaraipattu". apecintl.org. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  4. "Akkaraipattu Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness Plan" (PDF). www.unhabitat.lk. January 2015.
  5. "Paddy Statistics". www.statistics.gov.lk. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  6. Pavithra. "Divisional Secretariat - Akkaraipaththu - Statistical Information". www.akkaraipattu.ds.gov.lk. Retrieved 2018-10-17.

Coordinates: 7°13′N81°51′E / 7.217°N 81.850°E / 7.217; 81.850