This article possibly contains original research .(July 2019)
|DS Division||Akkaraipattu Division|
|Akkaraipattu Municipal Council||1 April 2011|
|• Body||Akkaraipattu Municipal Council|
|• Mayor||Ahamed Zackie Athaullah (NC)|
|• Town||4,836 ha (11,950 acres)|
|• Urban||7.00 km2 (2.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,419/km2 (11,450/sq mi)|
|• Urban||30,934 (AMC Area)|
|• Metro||39,166 (ADS Area)|
Akkaraipattu (Tamil: அக்கரைப்பற்று, Sinhala: අක්කරපත්තුව) is a large town in the Ampara District, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. The town is strategically located with links via the Siyambalanduwa-Ampara Road (A25) and the Colombo-Batticaloa highway (A4). Akkaraipattu is situated 441 km (274 mi) from Colombo.
During the period of British rule, Akkaraipattu was within the Batticaloa District. A Government Agent headed each district. The posts of Maniyakkara (Assistant Government Agent) and Vanniyanar (Additional Government Agent) reported to the Government Agent.[ citation needed ]. The Vanniyanar appointed two officers directly responsible for irrigation, development, and education. Under this structure, agriculture and road construction became a prominent part of the development of the Akkaraipattu area. The Vanniyanar was also responsible for appointing the Chairman and members of local government organizations who would then conduct the functions of a local council including collecting taxes, civic construction, and maintaining law and order. The construction of the Gal Oya scheme, which commenced in 1949 and continues to be improved upon, further established agriculture—particularly paddy and sugar cane—as a driving economic force. Road development also continued in parallel with the development of land for agriculture. The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and includes 23 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GND) of Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and five GNDs from the Pradeshiya Sabha area. (A GND is the smallest administrative unit in government.)
The town is located just south of the centre of the eastern coastline and can be found through the Siyambalanduwa - Damana - Ampara Road (A25) and the Colombo-Ratnapura-Wellawaya-Batticaloa Road (A4). Akkaraipattu covers an area of 48.36 km2 (18.67 sq mi). The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council which covers 5.07 km2 (1.96 sq mi).
The terrain of Akkaraipattu area rises from sea level to 39 m (128 ft) above sea level. The terrain has large areas that are generally level and covered with agriculture. Settlements are scattered throughout the area.[ citation needed ]
The susceptibility of soil types to drought is a major concern in Akkaraipattu. The three main soil types in this area are: alluvial soil which has variable drainage and texture, reddish-brown soil, and Solonetz soil. The alluvial soil is generally found on flat flood plains. Poorly drained alluvial soil is grey in colour whilst soil with better drainage is coloured brown to yellowish brown. The reddish brown soil has a reddish-brown surface colour when dry and turns to a dark reddish-brown colour when wet. Solonetz soil is not a fertile soil because it has a pH value greater than 8.5.[ citation needed ]
Akkaraipattu has three major water tanks: Ilukkuchchenai Tank, Neethai Tank, and Thillai Aru.These tanks, combined with water catchment systems, assist in supporting the paddy cultivation in the area.
Akkaraipattu is located in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. The northeast monsoon period (October–February) has the highest monthly rainfall. Conversely, the dry season months of June, July, and August have the lowest rainfall. The seasonal rain provides for the cultivation of crops during the maha 119 mm (4.7 in).[ citation needed ] The lowest number of thundering days[ clarification needed ] are recorded during the months of January and February whilst the highest number of days are recorded in September and October, prior to the commencement of the monsoon season.[ citation needed ]season. The average annual rainfall is
|Climate chart (explanation)|
An AusAID/UN-Habitat analysis of temperature records for the years 1950–2010 reports that the highest temperatures are experienced in May, June, and July (around 34 °C [93.2 °F]). The lowest temperatures are recorded in the months of January and December (around 23 °C [73.4 °F]). The mean annual temperature is 30 °C (86.0 °F).
Akkaraipattu Urban area's are dominated by Muslims. There are also few numbers of Buddhist, Hindus and Christian minorities living in the town. Majority of Akkaraipattu's residents are primarily Tamil speakers. Sinhala is also spoken by the residents of the town frequently. English is also commonly used by locals for Communicating, Educational purposes, Commercial proposes and for other Important activities.
This section needs additional citations for verification .(October 2018)
Akkaraipattu acts as an agro-economic hub. Vast extents of Paddy field surround the township.
Thambiluvil is a coastal village situated in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It is 78 kilometres (48 mi) south of Batticaloa, on the east coast of the island. Thambiluvil is known for its preservation of the Tamil culture, especially the traditions of the ancient Mattakkalappu Desam. It is also known for Periya Kalappu, an area that has a lagoon and rice paddys.
Gampaha is an urban city in Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is situated to the north-east of the capital Colombo. It is the sixth largest urban area in Western Province, after Colombo, Negombo, Kalutara, Panadura and Avissawella. Gampaha is also the second largest municipal centre in Gampaha district, after Negombo. Gampaha has a land area of 25.8 ha and is home to the offices of 75 government institutions.
Kalutara or Kalutota is a major city in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is also the administrative capital of Kalutara District. It is located approximately 43 km (27 mi) south of the capital Colombo.The city holds a unique position for one of the four major rivers in Sri Lanka which joins the sea at the center of the city. Kaluthara is known for making rope, baskets, and other articles from the fibre of the coconut palm. The area also produces the Mangosteens, a fruit introduced from Malaysia in the 19th century.
Panadura is a city in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka. It is located approximately 27 km (17 mi) south of Colombo and is surrounded on all sides by water; the Indian Ocean, the Bolgoda Lake and river. Panadura is famed as the location of important events in the Buddhist revival movement of Sri Lanka.
Akurana is a suburb of the city of Kandy in the Kandy district of the Central Province of Sri Lanka. The town is situated 125 km (78 mi) from Colombo and 10 km (6.2 mi) from the centre of Kandy. Akurana lies near Katugastota, along the A9 highway. Geographically the town is surrounded by hills and rivers. The Balapitiya Oya, a tributary of Pinga Oya river, runs through Akurana.
Karaitivu is a coastal village situated in the Eastern Coast of Sri Lanka about 30 miles (44 km) south of Batticaloa and is next to Kalmunai town. This is one of the oldest surviving village settlements in the Ampara District.
Valaichchenai is a town in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It could also be spelled as Valaichenai. The world-famous Pasikudah Beach is located about 3 km east of Valaichenai along the Indian Ocean. Pasikudah beach is famous for shallow and calm sea water.
Maruthamunai is a coastal village located along the eastern coastline, about 358 kilometres away from the capital city, Colombo. The Village has an estimated population of 13,948, predominantly Muslims. Maruthamunai Located in Kalmunai, Ampara District in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka.
Mathugama is a semi urban town surrounded by mountains. It is an electorate of the Kalutara district, in Western Province, Sri Lanka. The town is located 64 km (40 mi) to the south of Colombo. Matugama is also spelled as Mathugama.
Kinniya is a town located east coast in Trincomalee District of the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It is located about 20 km (12 mi) from the city of Trincomalee and 240 km (150 mi) from Colombo. Located in Sri Lanka's dry zone, the Kinniya region often experiences hot and dry weather with very little precipitation. Kinniya Bridge is the Sri Lanka's longest bridge situated in kinniya, which attracts many tourists in the town. Being located on the Trincomalee Harbour, Kinniya was badly devastated by the massive tsunami that resulted from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Mahawa is a town in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. It is located in the Kurunegala District. Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus and Christians live in this town. The town is situated 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north-west of the Yapahuwa Rock Fortress. In addition the area contains some famous irrigation tanks such as "Mediyawa" and "Abakolawewa".
Kahatowita is one of the villages in the Attanagalla electorate, Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Sammanthurai, is a town in Ampara District of Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. Sammanthurai situated at, is 4.8 km west of the Bay of Bengal coast. It lies between the towns of Ampara and Karaitivu along the A31 road. It is surrounded by paddy fields and it is renowned for its rice paddies and its inner harbour from ancient times.
Batticaloa region (Tamil: மட்டக்களப்புத் தேசம் Maṭṭakkaḷapput tēcam; also known as Matecalo; Baticalo; in Colonial records, was the ancient region of Tamil Settlements in Sri Lanka. The foremost record of this region can be seen in Portuguese and Dutch historical documents along with local inscriptions such as "Sammanthurai Copper epigraphs" written on 1683 CE which also mentions about "Mattakkalappu Desam". Although there is no more the existence of Batticaloa region today, the amended term "Batti-Ampara Districts" still can be seen in the Tamil print media of Sri Lanka.
Addalaichenai in the Ampara District of Sri Lanka derived its name from a classical origin "Addala Chenai" in which Addala (அடளை) means a place made for protect the cultivation at higher places, and Chena (சேனை) means crop cultivation. However many is of the opinion that farmers origin is also behind the framing of the name Addalaichenai. The village Addalaichenai was being part of Akkaripattu up to 1978 and then separated from Akkaraipattu. Addalaichenai came to be regarded as the country's agricultural important place in 1978 when the DRO office was formed. Addalaichenai has been well known by traders from almost 2000 years ago.
Lahugala is a small town in Ampara District, Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. The town is located on Colombo-Batticaloa main road approximately 14 km (8.7 mi) away from Pothuvil town.
Uhana is a town in Ampara District, Sri Lanka. Uhana is 418 km (260 mi) away from Colombo and 10 km (6.2 mi) away from Ampara town. The town is located on the Ampara-Uhana-Maha Oya road (A27). Uhana Maha Vidyalaya has situated in here.