Akkaraipattu

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Akkaraipattu

அக்கரைப்பற்று
අක්කරපත්තුව
Town
Sri Lanka adm-2 location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Akkaraipattu
Coordinates: 7°13′0″N81°51′0″E / 7.21667°N 81.85000°E / 7.21667; 81.85000
Country Sri Lanka
Province Eastern
District Ampara
DS Division Akkaraipattu Division
Akkaraipattu Municipal Council 1 April 2011
Government
  Type Mayor-Council
  Body Akkaraipattu Municipal Council
  MayorAhamed Zackie Athaullah (NC)
Area
  Town4,836 ha (11,950 acres)
  Urban
7.00 km2 (2.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
  Town39,166
  Density4,419/km2 (11,450/sq mi)
   Urban
30,934 (AMC Area)
   Metro
39,166 (ADS Area)
Demonym(s) Akkaralites

Akkaraipattu (Tamil: அக்கரைப்பற்று, Sinhala: අක්කරපත්තුව) is a large town in the Ampara District, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. The town is strategically located with links via the Siyambalanduwa-Ampara Road (A25) and the Colombo-Batticaloa highway (A4). Akkaraipattu is situated 441 km (274 mi) from Colombo.

Contents

History

During the period of British rule, Akkaraipattu was within the Batticaloa District. A Government Agent headed each district. The posts of Maniyakkara (Assistant Government Agent) and Vanniyanar (Additional Government Agent) reported to the Government Agent.[ citation needed ]. The Vanniyanar appointed two officers directly responsible for irrigation, development, and education. Under this structure, agriculture and road construction became a prominent part of the development of the Akkaraipattu area. The Vanniyanar was also responsible for appointing the Chairman and members of local government organizations who would then conduct the functions of a local council including collecting taxes, civic construction, and maintaining law and order. The construction of the Gal Oya scheme, which commenced in 1949 and continues to be improved upon, further established agriculture—particularly paddy and sugar cane—as a driving economic force. Road development also continued in parallel with the development of land for agriculture. [1] The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and includes 23 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GND) of Akkaraipattu Municipal Council and five GNDs from the Pradeshiya Sabha area. [2] (A GND is the smallest administrative unit in government.)

Geography

The town is located just south of the centre of the eastern coastline and can be found through the Siyambalanduwa - Damana - Ampara Road (A25) and the Colombo-Ratnapura-Wellawaya-Batticaloa Road (A4). Akkaraipattu covers an area of 48.36 km2 (18.67 sq mi). The Urban Development Area of Akkaraipattu includes Akkaraipattu Municipal Council which covers 5.07 km2 (1.96 sq mi). [2]

Topography

The terrain of Akkaraipattu area rises from sea level to 39 m (128 ft) above sea level. The terrain has large areas that are generally level and covered with agriculture. Settlements are scattered throughout the area.[ citation needed ]

Soil types

The susceptibility of soil types to drought is a major concern in Akkaraipattu. The three main soil types in this area are: alluvial soil which has variable drainage and texture, reddish-brown soil, and Solonetz soil. The alluvial soil is generally found on flat flood plains. Poorly drained alluvial soil is grey in colour whilst soil with better drainage is coloured brown to yellowish brown. The reddish brown soil has a reddish-brown surface colour when dry and turns to a dark reddish-brown colour when wet. Solonetz soil is not a fertile soil because it has a pH value greater than 8.5.[ citation needed ]

Hydrology

Akkaraipattu has three major water tanks: Ilukkuchchenai Tank, Neethai Tank, and Thillai Aru. [3] These tanks, combined with water catchment systems, assist in supporting the paddy cultivation in the area.

Climate

Akkaraipattu is located in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. The northeast monsoon period (October–February) has the highest monthly rainfall. Conversely, the dry season months of June, July, and August have the lowest rainfall. The seasonal rain provides for the cultivation of crops during the maha [4] season. The average annual rainfall is 119 mm (4.7 in).[ citation needed ] The lowest number of thundering days[ clarification needed ] are recorded during the months of January and February whilst the highest number of days are recorded in September and October, prior to the commencement of the monsoon season.[ citation needed ]

Akkaraipattu
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
300
 
 
26
17
 
 
140
 
 
26
19
 
 
50
 
 
27
19
 
 
65
 
 
29
19
 
 
20
 
 
31
20
 
 
10
 
 
31
21
 
 
10
 
 
30
21
 
 
20
 
 
30
21
 
 
25
 
 
30
19
 
 
95
 
 
29
19
 
 
320
 
 
27
19
 
 
345
 
 
27
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: File:Akkaraipattu Weather.JPG

An AusAID/UN-Habitat analysis of temperature records for the years 1950–2010 reports that the highest temperatures are experienced in May, June, and July (around 34 °C [93.2 °F]). The lowest temperatures are recorded in the months of January and December (around 23 °C [73.4 °F]). The mean annual temperature is 30 °C (86.0 °F). [5]

Demographics

Akkaraipattu Urban area's are dominated by Muslims. There are also few numbers of Buddhist, Hindus and Christian minorities living in the town. Majority of Akkaraipattu's residents are primarily Tamil speakers. Sinhala is also spoken by the residents of the town frequently. English is also commonly used by locals for Communicating, Educational purposes, Commercial proposes and for other Important activities. [6]

Religion in Akaraipattu Town (2012)

Religion in Akkaraipattu Town (2012)
PopulationPercent
Islam
99.00%
Buddhism
0.85%
Hinduism
0.13%
Christianity
0.02%


Source:statistics.gov.lk

Education

Economy

Akkaraipattu acts as an agro-economic hub. Vast extents of Paddy field surround the township.

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References

  1. Wijeratne, L (7 November 2017). "A nation energised with Gal Oya mission". dailynews.lk.
  2. 1 2 "Akkaraipattu". apecintl.org. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  3. "Akkaraipattu Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness Plan" (PDF). www.unhabitat.lk. January 2015.
  4. "Paddy Statistics". www.statistics.gov.lk. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  5. "Akkaraipattu, Sri Lanka: Disaster risk reduction and preparedness plan - Towards a sustainable and resilient city." The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-Habitat 2014 Chapter 2 p13 http://unhabitat.lk/publications/disaster-risk-reduction-and-preparedness-plans/ http://unhabitat.lk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/DRRAkkaraipattu.pdf Accessed 28 July 2018
  6. "City population 2012". City population 2012.

Coordinates: 7°13′N81°51′E / 7.217°N 81.850°E / 7.217; 81.850