Akora Khattak

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Akora Khattak اکوڑہ خٹک
Coordinates: Coordinates: 34°0′2.17″N72°7′18.06″E / 34.0006028°N 72.1216833°E / 34.0006028; 72.1216833
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Nowshera District
Population
(2017 [1] )
  Total47,255
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Khushal Khan Memorial Library KKKML.jpg
Khushal Khan Memorial Library

Akora Khattak (Pashto : اکوړه خټک Loudspeaker.svg pronounce  , Urdu: اکوڑہ خٹک Loudspeaker.svg pronounce  ) or Sarai Akora is a town in Jehangira tehsil of Nowshera District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. [2] [3] Nowshera Cantonment is located to the east while Jahangira town is located west of Akora Khattak.

Urdu national language and lingua franca of Pakistan; standardized register of Hindustani

Urdu —or, more precisely, Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi. It is a registered regional language of Nepal.

Contents

Overview and history

Khushal Khan Khattak KKhushal.jpg
Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak is located around 14-km (9 miles) to the east of Nowshera city in Nowshera District on Grand Trunk Road. [2] [4] Akora Khattak was formerly called Sarai Akora, and is named after Malik Akor Khan Khattak, who was the great-grandfather of the famous Pashtun warrior and poet, Khushal Khan Khattak. [5]

Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa City in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nowshera is the chief city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan, and is one of the largest cities in the province.

Nowshera District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nowshera District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The capital and district headquarter is Nowshera city.

The Grand Trunk Road is one of Asia's oldest and longest major roads — founded around 3rd century BCE by the Mauryan Empire of ancient India. For more than two millennia, it has linked the South Asia with Central Asia. It runs from Chittagong through to Dhaka in Bangladesh then across Northern India through Delhi, passing from Amritsar. From there, the road continues towards Lahore and Peshawar in Pakistan, finally terminating in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Sher Shah Suri period

When the emperor “Sher Shah Suri’s army dug two wells in this place and made it a rest place and named the place Sarai Malik Pura. Caravans came from the Central Asia for trading purpose and stayed at this place.

Mughal period

In 1581 Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar came to Peshawar to finish the mutiny of his brother ‘Mirza Hakeem’ and stayed there for a few years. During this stay, he met (jarga) with all the tribal chiefs for the betterment of the area. In the meeting the name of Malik Akor Khan often came up. It was reported to the emperor that Malik Akor Khan was a robber and often robbed the troops on the highway. He lived at Neelab (Nizampur) and continually created problems for the Mughal government. The emperor Jalal-ud-din Mohammad Akbar decided to resolve this problem by making Malik Akor Khan a government servant and charged him with the responsibility of collecting tolls from the caravans on the crossing of the Indus at Attock.

Malik Akor Khan came to the Sarai Malik Pura (Akora Khattak) for this purpose and made this area his living place. In time this place was renamed as Sarai Akora which later became “Akora Khattak”.

Sikh period

In 1820 Sikhs of Panjab conquered Peshawar and other Pathan areas and ruled it up to 1849. In 1826 the Mujahidin-I-Islam (Sayed Ahmad Barelvi) fought a battle against Sikhs at this place. In 1834 Sardar lehna Singh built the fort of Akora Khattak near the river Kabul.

British period

The British period starts from 29 August 1849. In 1809 the colonial Indian administrator and later Governor Of Bombay, Mountstuart Elphinstone visited Peshawar.

Mountstuart Elphinstone Governor of Bombay, Scottish historian

The Hon Mountstuart Elphinstone FRSE was a Scottish statesman and historian, associated with the government of British India. He later became the Governor of Bombay where he is credited with the opening of several educational institutions accessible to the Indian population. Besides being a noted administrator, he wrote books on India and Afghanistan.

The cantt. of Akora Khattak was established in 1850 and at 23 March 1851 Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India, visited the place.

In 1916 the first police station of Akora Khattak was established.

Population

The population of Akora Khattak, according to 2017 consensus, is 47,255 [1]. The population of Akora Khattak, according to official consensus, over the years is shown in the table below. [6]

Consensus YearPopulation
19617954
197211,191
198113,788
199819,530
201747,255

Historical places

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak Mazar1673.jpg
Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak has many historical places. The most famous are Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak, Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki, Darul Uloom Haqqania, Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library and museum.

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak is the birthplace and burial place of the poet great pashto poet and warrior Khushal Khan Khattak. [7] [8] The mausoleum of Khushal Khan was built in 1949. [9]

Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki

Shrine of Akhund adyan baba Akhund Adyan.jpg
Shrine of Akhund adyan baba

Among the historical places of Akora Khattak, Shrine of Great Turki Sufi Master and aalim Qutb e Aalam Sheikh Akhund Adyan( شیخ اخوند ادین سلجوقی قطب عالم) is situated near Kabul river. The road in front of the shrine itself traces back to Sher Shah suri regime, the road is called Shahi laar(شاہی لار) or royal road. Starting from civil hospital to military camp. The descendants of Sheik Akhund Adyan Baba Seljuki are living in Ziarat kaka Sahib and called Qazyan or Qazi. Sheikh Akhund Adyan Baba died in 1074 AH. Sheikh was teacher of Kaka Sahib.Outside the tomb of Akhun Adyan baba the grave of Shahbaz Khan Khattak (father of Khushal Khan Khattak) is lying. Due to his religious sacrifices of that time Mughal government built his fort like area for his shrine.

Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania

Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania JamiaHaqqania.jpg
Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania

Darul Uloom-e-haqqania was founded by Maulana Abdul Haq (father of Maulana Sami Ul Haq) along with his companion Haji Mohammad Yousaf in 1947. It is the second largest Islamic religious seminary in Pakistan.[ citation needed ] More than 8000 students have been educated there.

Khushal Khan Khattak memorial library

Khushal Khan Khattak Library Khushal Khan Khattak Library.jpg
Khushal Khan Khattak Library

Akora Khan also has Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library [5] and a small museum. Library was established in 1994 in the memory of Khushal Khan Khattak. The museum has many medieval era artefacts, some of which were used by Khushal Khan Khattak.

Rang Mahal

Rang Mahal of Mughal era Rang mahal1234.jpg
Rang Mahal of Mughal era

Rang mahal (رنگ محل ) of Mughal era situated near meera akora Khattak. It was built by Mughals for their rest.

Education

Umma Children Academy UCA123.png
Umma Children Academy

Schools and Colleges

Academies

Jamal Ul Quran Online Academy Akora khattak


Institutes

Health care

LRBT free eye hospital LRBT free eye hospital.jpg
LRBT free eye hospital

Sports

Paragliding Paragliding 1.jpg
Paragliding

The youth of Akora Khattak are very active in every field of sport but unfortunately there are few facilities available for their use. However, cricket, volleyball, bodybuilding are sports played in akora khattak. Recently, Paragliding was also performed in Akora Khattak.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 6th population 2017 Censuses".
  2. 1 2 Bergen, Peter; Tiedemann, Katherine (2013-02-14). Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion. OUP USA. ISBN   9780199893096.
  3. "PESCO restores electricity in Nowshera City despite collapsed of 23 transmission towers". www.brecorder.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  4. "Map from nowshera to Akora Khattak" . Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  5. 1 2 "Remembering a revered poet: Ajmal Khattak, a proponent of peace - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  6. "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 1951-1998 Censuses (pdf)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-24.
  7. Correspondent, A (2016-03-07). "Khushal Khan Khattak remembered". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  8. "Apna Akora Khattak". www.apnaakorakhattak.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  9. Ali, Zulfiqar (2015-05-18). "Khushal Khan Khattak's mausoleum a shambles". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.