Akora Khattak

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Akora Khattak اکوڑہ خٹک
Coordinates: Coordinates: 34°0′2.17″N72°7′18.06″E / 34.0006028°N 72.1216833°E / 34.0006028; 72.1216833
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Nowshera District
Population
(2017 [1] )
  Total47,255
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Khushal Khan Memorial Library KKKML.jpg
Khushal Khan Memorial Library

Akora Khattak (Pashto : اکوړه خټک Loudspeaker.svg pronounce  , Urdu: اکوڑہ خٹک Loudspeaker.svg pronounce  ) or Sarai Akora is a town in Jehangira tehsil of Nowshera District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. [2] [3] Nowshera Cantonment is located to the east while Jahangira town is located west of Akora Khattak.

Urdu national language and lingua franca of Pakistan; standardized register of Hindustani

Urdu —or, more precisely, Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi. It is a registered regional language of Nepal.

Contents

Overview and history

Khushal Khan Khattak KKhushal.jpg
Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak is located around 14-km (9 miles) to the east of Nowshera city in Nowshera District on Grand Trunk Road. [2] [4] Akora Khattak was formerly called Sarai Akora, and is named after Malik Akor Khan Khattak, who was the great-grandfather of the famous Pashtun warrior and poet, Khushal Khan Khattak. [5]

Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa City in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nowshera is the chief city of Nowshera District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan, and is one of the largest cities in the province.

Nowshera District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nowshera is a district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. The capital and district headquarter is Nowshera city.

The Grand Trunk Road is one of Asia's oldest and longest major roads — founded around 3rd century BCE by the Mauryan Empire of ancient India. For more than two millennia, it has linked the Indian subcontinent with Central Asia. It runs from Chittagong, Bangladesh west to Howrah, West Bengal in India, then across Northern India through Delhi, passing from Amritsar. From there, the road continues towards Lahore and Peshawar in Pakistan, finally terminating in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Sher Shah Suri period

When the emperor “Sher Shah Suri’s army dug two wells in this place and made it a rest place and named the place Sarai Malik Pura. Caravans came from the Central Asia for trading purpose and stayed at this place.

Mughal period

In 1581 Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar came to Peshawar to finish the mutiny of his brother ‘Mirza Hakeem’ and stayed there for a few years. During this stay, he met (jarga) with all the tribal chiefs for the betterment of the area. In the meeting the name of Malik Akor Khan often came up. It was reported to the emperor that Malik Akor Khan was a robber and often robbed the troops on the highway. He lived at Neelab (Nizampur) and continually created problems for the Mughal government. The emperor Jalal-ud-din Mohammad Akbar decided to resolve this problem by making Malik Akor Khan a government servant and charged him with the responsibility of collecting tolls from the caravans on the crossing of the Indus at Attock.

Malik Akor Khan came to the Sarai Malik Pura (Akora Khattak) for this purpose and made this area his living place. In time this place was renamed as Sarai Akora which later became “Akora Khattak”.

Sikh period

In 1820 Sikhs of Panjab conquered Peshawar and other Pathan areas and ruled it up to 1849. In 1826 the Mujahidin-I-Islam (Sayed Ahmad Barelvi) fought a battle against Sikhs at this place. In 1834 Sardar lehna Singh built the fort of Akora Khattak near the river Kabul.

British period

The British period starts from 29 August 1849. In 1809 the colonial Indian administrator and later Governor Of Bombay, Sir Mount Stewart Elphinstone visited Peshawar.

The cantt. of Akora Khattak was established in 1850 and at 23 March 1851 Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India, visited the place.

In 1916 the first police station of Akora Khattak was established.

Population

The population of Akora Khattak, according to 2017 consensus, is 47,255 [1]. The population of Akora Khattak, according to official consensus, over the years is shown in the table below. [6]

Consensus YearPopulation
19617954
197211,191
198113,788
199819,530
201747,255

Historical places

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak Mazar1673.jpg
Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak has many historical places. The most famous are Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak, Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki, Darul Uloom Haqqania, Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library and museum.

Tomb of Khushal Khan Khattak

Akora Khattak is the birthplace and burial place of the poet great pashto poet and warrior Khushal Khan Khattak. [7] [8] The mausoleum of Khushal Khan was built in 1949. [9]

Shrine of Akhund Adyan Baba Seljoki

Shrine of Akhund adyan baba Akhund Adyan.jpg
Shrine of Akhund adyan baba

Among the historical places of Akora Khattak, Shrine of Great Turki Sufi Master and aalim Qutb e Aalam Sheikh Akhund Adyan( شیخ اخوند ادین سلجوقی قطب عالم) is situated near Kabul river. The road in front of the shrine itself traces back to Sher Shah suri regime, the road is called Shahi laar(شاہی لار) or royal road. Starting from civil hospital to military camp. The descendants of Sheik Akhund Adyan Baba Seljuki are living in Ziarat kaka Sahib and called Qazyan or Qazi. Sheikh Akhund Adyan Baba died in 1074 AH. Sheikh was teacher of Kaka Sahib.Outside the tomb of Akhun Adyan baba the grave of Shahbaz Khan Khattak (father of Khushal Khan Khattak) is lying. Due to his religious sacrifices of that time Mughal government built his fort like area for his shrine.

Dar-ul-Uloom Haqqania

Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania JamiaHaqqania.jpg
Dar-Ul-Uloom Haqqania

Darul Uloom-e-haqqania was founded by Maulana Abdul Haq (father of Maulana Sami Ul Haq) along with his companion Haji Mohammad Yousaf in 1947. It is the second largest Islamic religious seminary in Pakistan.[ citation needed ] More than 8000 students have been educated there.

Khushal Khan Khattak memorial library

Khushal Khan Khattak Library Khushal Khan Khattak Library.jpg
Khushal Khan Khattak Library

Akora Khan also has Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library [5] and a small museum. Library was established in 1994 in the memory of Khushal Khan Khattak. The museum has many medieval era artefacts, some of which were used by Khushal Khan Khattak.

Rang Mahal

Rang Mahal of Mughal era Rang mahal1234.jpg
Rang Mahal of Mughal era

Rang mahal (رنگ محل ) of Mughal era situated near meera akora Khattak. It was built by Mughals for their rest.

Education

Umma Children Academy UCA123.png
Umma Children Academy

Schools and Colleges

Academies

Jamal Ul Quran Online Academy Akora khattak


Institutes

Health care

LRBT free eye hospital LRBT free eye hospital.jpg
LRBT free eye hospital

Sports

Paragliding Paragliding 1.jpg
Paragliding

The youth of Akora Khattak are very active in every field of sport but unfortunately there are few facilities available for their use. However, cricket, volleyball, bodybuilding are sports played in akora khattak. Recently, Paragliding was also performed in Akora Khattak.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles


The Khattak, is a Pashtun tribe numbering over 3 million, which speaks a variant of the softer Kandahari Pashto. It is one of the oldest Pashtun tribes. The Khattaks are settled along the western bank of the Indus River from as north upwards as Lund Khwar, Katlang, Sawaldher, Sher Garh and near Malakand, Nowshera District, Kohat District, Mianwali District, Attock District & Karak District in Pakistan. Across the Durand line, a smaller number of Khattaks are scattered in Kandahar, Ghazni, Logar and Khost in Afghanistan. The historic capitals of the Khattaks were Teri, a town at District Karak, and Akora Khattak, a town at District Nowshera.

Khūshāl Khān Khaṭṭak (1613 – 25 February 1689; Pashto: خوشال خان خټک‎), also called Khushal Baba, was an Afghan and Pashtun warrior-poet, chief, and freedom-fighter of the Khattak tribe of the Pashtuns. Khushal preached the union of all Pashtuns, and encouraged revolt against the Mughal Empire, promoting Pashtun nationalism through poetry. Khushal was the first Afghan mentor who presents his theories for the unity of the Pashtun tribes against foreign forces and the creation of a nation-state. Khushal wrote many works in Pashto but also a few in Persian. Khushal is considered the "father of Pashto literature" and the national poet of Afghanistan.

Pakistan has a rich and diverse tradition of poetry that includes Urdu poetry, English poetry, Sindhi poetry, Pashto poetry, Punjabi poetry, Saraiki poetry, Baluchi poetry, and Kashmiri poetry. Sufi poetry has a strong tradition in Pakistan and the poetry of popular Sufi poets is often recited and sung.

Ajmal Khattak Pakistani writer and politician

Ajmal Khattak was a Pakistani politician, writer, Pashtun poet, Khudai Khidmatgar, former President of Awami National Party and close friend of the late Khan Wali Khan.

Rahman Baba Pashtun Sufi Saint

Abdur Rahmān Mohmand (1632–1706), or Rahmān Bābā, was a renowned Pashtun Sufi Dervish and poet from Peshawar in the Mughal Empire. He, along with his contemporary Khushal Khan Khattak, is considered one of the most popular poets among the Pashtuns in Pakistan and Afghanistan. His poetry expresses a peaceful mystical side of local culture which is becoming increasingly threatened by less tolerant interpretations of Islam.

Pashto literature and poetry

Pashto literature and poetry refers to literature and poetry in Pashto language.

Afzal Khan Khattak was a Pashtun chief of the Khattak tribe, Pashtoon poet, and author of Tarikh-e-morassa was the eldest son of Ashraf Khan "Hejri". In 1083/1672-73 Ashraf succeeded his father Khushal Khan in the chieftaincy of the Khattak tribe, but in 1092/1681 he was betrayed into the hands of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb by his brother Bahram and died in captivity.

Khushal Khan Khattak Memorial Library is a public library in Akora Khattak, Pakistan. The library has been constructed in the memory of the famous poet Khushal Khan Khattak, who was born in Akora Khattak. The library was established in 1994. It is considered to be out of reach for people because of its location in a small city. The Library has a museum, which is a sub-section of Peshawar Museum. It also has an auditorium which is used by district government councillors as their meeting place.

Teri is a village and Union Council in Karak District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is located at 33°18'0"N 71°6'0"E with an altitude of 634 metres (2,083 feet).

Chapri, Nowshera in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Chapri is a hill station in Pabbi Tehsil of Nowshera District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Known locally as Safara or Chapara in Pashtoo and called Chapri in Urdu and English, it is one of the far-flung villages of the Nowshera District. It lies roughly 17 miles (27 km) from Main GT Road Tehsel Pabbi The People of Chapri are very straightforward peoples. Village Chapri is surrounded by other villages i.e. Dak Ismail Khel, Saleh Khana, Spin Khak, Jaroba and Cherat Cantonment. Chapri is a small village with respect to population in the area. Village Chapri is originated from village Dak Ismail Khel. The people of Chapri are doing their own business, public/private services and jobs/services abroad.

Darul Uloom Haqqania is an Islamic religious seminary located in Akora Khattak, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. The seminary propagates the Deobandi trend of Sunni Islam and was founded along the lines of Darul Uloom Deoband. It has been dubbed as The University of Jihad due to the methods and content of instruction along with the future occupations of its alumni.

Maulana Sami ul Haq was a Pakistani religious scholar and senator. He was known as the Father of Taliban in Pakistan. He was the member of the Senate of Pakistan from 1985 to 1991 and again from 1991 to 1997.

Abdul Haq (cleric) Islamic scholar

Maulana Abdul Haq of Akora Khattak, sometimes referred to as Abdul Haq Akorwi was a Pakistani Islamic scholar and the founder, chancellor, and Shaykh al-Hadith of the Islamic seminary Darul Uloom Haqqania. He was involved in politics as a member of the political party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam. He served three times in the National Assembly of Pakistan and was an active proponent of the Khatm-i Nabuwwat movement.

Lachi is one of two tehsils in the Kohat District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan, located south of the district capital Kohat. It numbers about 100,000 inhabitants, living in an area of 1,161 square kilometres (448 sq mi). The tehsil is subdivided in 9 union councils. About 40% of the working population is employed outside the tehsil. It is a rural area where the livelihood of the majority of households depends on remittances and subsistence farming. Education is provided through a number of private and government high schools, as well as a government degree college affiliated with Kohat University.

Molana Muhammad Idrees, popularly known as Shaikh Idrees was born in Utmanzai village of Charsadda District of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. He was born in 1961 to Hakeem Abdul Haq, a well known religious figure in his days and was known by locals as Munazir-e-Islam. His grandfather was Mufti Shahzada a Shaikh-ul-Hadees. Molana Idrees is the son in law of Internationally renowned religious leader and Scholar Molana Hassan Jan. He has two sons named Hafiz Anees Ahmad who is pursuing religious education in Darul Uloom Haqqania, and Qari Salman Ahmad who is getting medical education and is doing M.B.B.S.

Adamzai is a village in Nowshera District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, located between Akora Khattak and Shaidu. Khan's living here belong to the khushal khan khattak lineage of the khattak tribe.The tomb of Great Afghan Warrior and pashto poet Khushal Khan Khattak is situated in the skirts of adamzai.

Jehangira Tehsil is a tehsil located in Nowshera District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The tehsil is named after the Jehangira town, which is located on the GT Road.

References

  1. "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 6th population 2017 Censuses".
  2. 1 2 Bergen, Peter; Tiedemann, Katherine (2013-02-14). Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion. OUP USA. ISBN   9780199893096.
  3. "PESCO restores electricity in Nowshera City despite collapsed of 23 transmission towers". www.brecorder.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  4. "Map from nowshera to Akora Khattak" . Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  5. 1 2 "Remembering a revered poet: Ajmal Khattak, a proponent of peace - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  6. "Area & Population of Administrative Units by Rural/Urban: 1951-1998 Censuses (pdf)" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-11-24.
  7. Correspondent, A (2016-03-07). "Khushal Khan Khattak remembered". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  8. "Apna Akora Khattak". www.apnaakorakhattak.com. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  9. Ali, Zulfiqar (2015-05-18). "Khushal Khan Khattak's mausoleum a shambles". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  10. "Ajmal Khattak passes away". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-11-23.