Aksaray Province

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Aksaray Province

Aksaray ili
Aksaray in Turkey.svg
Location of Aksaray Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Central Anatolia
Subregion Kırıkkale
Government
   Electoral district Aksaray
  GovernorHamza Aydoğdu
Area
  Total7,626 km2 (2,944 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total412,172
  Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0382
Vehicle registration 68
Aksaray Kilim, 18th century. The kilim was probably made by a group of settled Hotamis Turkmen in the Aksaray region. It may have been used for a funeral, and was later donated to the local mosque. Aksaray Kilim.jpg
Aksaray Kilim, 18th century. The kilim was probably made by a group of settled Hotamis Turkmen in the Aksaray region. It may have been used for a funeral, and was later donated to the local mosque.

Aksaray Province (Turkish : Aksaray ili) is a province in central Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Konya along the west and south, Niğde to the southeast, Nevşehir to the east, and Kırşehir to the north. It covers an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 sq mi). The provincial capital is the city of Aksaray.

Contents

Aksaray is one of the four provinces in the area of Cappadocia, along with Nevşehir, Niğde and Kayseri. Also the 3,000-metre (9,843 ft) volcano Mount Hasan stands between Aksaray and Niğde. Summers are hot and dry on the plain, but the area is green and covered in flowers in springtime, when water streams off the mountainside. The 2,400 m2 salt lake (0.59 acres), Tuz Gölü, lies within the boundaries of Aksaray, a large area of swamp with a maximum depth of 1 metre (3 ft 3 in).

Districts

Aksaray province is divided into 7 districts (capital district in bold):

Etymology

In antiquity the area was named Archelais Garsaura, which was mutated to Taksara during the Seljuk Turkish era, and then to Aksaray.

History

Inner courtyard of the Sultanhani caravanserai Turkey.Aksaray005.jpg
Inner courtyard of the Sultanhanı caravanserai

The plains of central Anatolia have been settled for 8,000 years, and the area around Aksaray bears monuments to a string of civilisations that have settled on the plain in that time. The mound of Aşıklı Höyük in the town of Kızılkaya indicates a settlement dating back to 5,000BC (and also a skull of a woman who had apparently been trepanned, the earliest known record of brain surgery).

Later the Silk Road came through here so caravanserai and then larger and larger settlements were built to supply and shelter travellers and traders. The city and surroundings of Aksaray thrived in the Roman, Byzantine and the Turkish periods.

Today Aksaray is a rural, agricultural province, its people religious and conservative.[ citation needed ] Since the 1950s many have moved to Europe as migrant workers. The population of Aksaray has long included a higher proportion of Kurdish people than most central Anatolian provinces. Many of them were resettled here from Tunceli and other eastern cities following the Sheikh Said rebellion in the 1920s. [2]

Places of interest

A view from Ihlara valley, Aksaray IhlaraTal 1 11 2004.jpg
A view from Ihlara valley, Aksaray

See also

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References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "TÜRK OTAĞI || Türkçüler ve Türkçülük". Archived from the original on 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2006-12-13.

Coordinates: 38°25′51″N33°51′44″E / 38.43083°N 33.86222°E / 38.43083; 33.86222