Al-Inshiqaq

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Sura 84 of the Quran
الانشقاق
Al-Inshiqaq
The Sundering
Classification Meccan
Other namesSplitting Open, The Rending, The Rupture[ citation needed ]
Position Juzʼ 30
No. of verses 25
No. of Sajdahs 1
No. of words108
No. of letters436

Sūrat al-Inshiqāq (Arabic : سورة الانشقاق, “The Sundering”, “Splitting Open”) is the eighty-fourth chapter ( sura ) of the Qur'an with 25 ayat. It mentions details of the Day of Judgment when, according to the chapter, everyone will receive reckoning over their deeds in this world. [1]

Contents

Revelation

According to the Islamic tradition, Al-Inshiqaq was most likely revealed after the 82nd chapter Al-Infitar, and was chronologically one of the last of the Meccan surahs—chapters revealed before Muhammad's migration to Medina. [2]

Content

The name of the chapter, Al-Inshiqaq, is a noun variously translated as "The Sundering", "The Bursting Asunder", "The Splitting Open", among others. This name comes from the first verse of the chapter which reads When the sky is rent asunder. The verse does not contain the word al-inshiqaq verbatim, but rather it contains a word of the same root. It is a reference to the destruction of the world at the end of days, which the chapter portend. Thematically, the chapter follows a day-of-judgement theme that is present in the preceding chapters, including Al-Infitar (the 82nd chapter) and Al-Mutaffifin (83rd). [2] [3] [4]

The chapter begins (verses 1 to 5) by mentioning events that will happen on the Day of Judgment, including the sundering of the sky and the flattening of all that is on earth. Verses 6 to 15 talk about the disparity between those who in that day will be "given [their] book in [their] right hand" and have a joyful reckoning, and those who will not. A series of oaths (verses 16—18) followed, and then another contrast between the fate of the believers and the unbelievers in the day of judgment. [5]

Prostration

According to the hadith, Muhammed had prostrated when reciting this chapter, particularly after the verse 21 which reads ... and that when the Quran is recited unto them, they do not prostrate? Therefore, most Islamic scholars consider this verse one of the 15 verses in the Quran where one prostrates after reciting it. Most Maliki jurists consider it obligatory to prostrate after reciting the verse; Malik ibn Anas —the founder of the Maliki school—was a notable exception. [6] [7]

Hadith

According to the hadith, whoever wants to see the Qiyamah with his/her eyes should read the verses of At-Takwirr, Al-Infitar and Al-Inshiqaq [8]

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References

Citation

  1. Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq
  2. 1 2 The Study Quran, p. 1492.
  3. The Study Quran, p. 1493, commentary.
  4. Al-Dargazelli 2013, p. 80.
  5. The Study Quran, pp. 1492–1493.
  6. Muwatta Imam Malik, USC-MSA web (English) reference: Book 15, Number 15.5.12 Archived 2018-05-03 at the Wayback Machine ; Arabic reference: Book 15, Hadith 484
  7. The Study Quran, p. 1494, v.21 commentary.
  8. (Tirmidhi, Tafsir: 81- Ahmad: 2/27, 36,100-5/452)
  9. Jami` at-Tirmidhi Grade : Hasan (Darussalam) English reference : Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3333 Arabic reference : Book 47, Hadith 3653
  10. This is mentioned in Tafsir ibn kathir, Likewise, At-Tirmidhi has also recorded this Hadith.
  11. (Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Tafsir: 81- Ahmad: 2/27, 36,100-5/452)
  12. Sahih Muslim 578 c In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 139 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1195 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  13. Sahih Muslim 578 d In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 140 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1196 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  14. Sunan Ibn Majah English reference : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1058 Arabic reference : Book 5, Hadith 1111
  15. Jami` at-Tirmidhi 573 In-book reference : Book 6, Hadith 30 English translation : Vol. 2, Book 1, Hadith 573
  16. Sunan an-Nasa'i 966 In-book reference : Book 11, Hadith 91 English translation : Vol. 2, Book 11, Hadith 967
  17. Sunan Abu Dawud 1407 In-book reference : Book 7, Hadith 7 English translation : Book 7, Hadith 1402

Bibliography

Quran Surah Al-Inshiqaaq