|al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula|
القاعدة في جزيرة العربParticipant in the al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen,
the Yemeni Revolution, the Yemeni Civil War, and
the Global War on Terror
The Black Standard used by AQAP
|Active||January 2009 – present|
|Ideology|| Salafism |
|Leaders|| Nasir al-Wuhayshi (2011–15) |
Qasim al-Raymi (2015–Present)
|Headquarters|| Mukalla, Hadhramaut Governorate (2015-present)|
Wadi Belharith and Azzan in Shabwah Governorate
Wadi Obaidah in Ma'rib Governorate
Rada'a District in Al Bayda Governorate
Mudiyah and Lawdar in Abyan Governorate
|Area of operations||Yemen;|
|Merger of||al-Qaeda in Saudi Arabia and Islamic Jihad of Yemen|
|Battles and war(s)|| Yemeni Insurgency |
|Designated as a terrorist organisation by|
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Arabic : تنظيم القاعدة في جزيرة العرب, translit. Tanẓīm al-Qā‘idah fī Jazīrat al-‘Arab, lit. ' al-Qaeda Organization in the Arabian Peninsula ' or تنظيم قاعدة الجهاد في جزيرة العرب, Tanẓīm Qā‘idat al-Jihād fī Jazīrat al-‘Arab, "Organization of Jihad's Base in the Arabian Peninsula"), or AQAP, also known as Ansar al-Sharia in Yemen (Arabic : جماعة أنصار الشريعة, Jamā‘at Anṣār ash-Sharī‘ah, "Group of the Helpers of the Sharia"), is a militant Islamist organization, primarily active in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. It was named for al-Qaeda, and states it is subordinate to that group and its now-deceased leader Osama bin Laden, a Saudi citizen of Yemeni heritage. It is considered the most active of al-Qaeda's branches, or "franchises," that emerged due to weakening central leadership. The U.S government believes AQAP to be the most dangerous al-Qaeda branch. The group established an emirate during the 2011 Yemeni Revolution.
The romanization of Arabic writes written and spoken Arabic in the Latin script in one of various systematic ways. Romanized Arabic is used for a number of different purposes, among them transcription of names and titles, cataloging Arabic language works, language education when used in lieu of or alongside the Arabic script, and representation of the language in scientific publications by linguists. These formal systems, which often make use of diacritics and non-standard Latin characters and are used in academic settings or for the benefit of non-speakers, contrast with informal means of written communication used by speakers such as the Latin-based Arabic chat alphabet.
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.
Al-Qaeda is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988 by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several other Arab volunteers during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations and several countries and international organizations. Since 2015, hundreds of AQAP members were recruited by militias backed by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in the war against the Houthis.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
Like al-Qaeda Central, AQAP opposes the monarchy of the House of Saud.AQAP was formed in January 2009 from a merger of al-Qaeda's Yemeni and Saudi branches. The Saudi group had been effectively suppressed by the Saudi government, forcing its members to seek sanctuary in Yemen. In 2010, it was believed to have several hundred members. The group also seeks for the destruction of the Israeli state and the liberation of the Palestinian territories.
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a group of people representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of supreme sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic, to partial and restricted, to completely autocratic. Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected. Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc. Occasionally this might create a situation of rival claimants whose legitimacy is subject to effective election. There have been cases where the term of a monarch's reign is either fixed in years or continues until certain goals are achieved: an invasion being repulsed, for instance.
The House of Saud is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia. It is composed of the descendants of Muhammad bin Saud, founder of the Emirate of Diriyah, known as the First Saudi state (1744–1818), and his brothers, though the ruling faction of the family is primarily led by the descendants of Ibn Saud, the modern founder of Saudi Arabia. The most influential position of the royal family is the King of Saudi Arabia. King Salman, who reigns currently, chose first his nephew and then his son as the crown prince without consulting the Allegiance Council. The family is estimated to comprise 15,000 members, but the majority of the power and wealth is possessed by a group of about 2,000 of them.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.
The percentage of terrorist plots in the West that originated from Pakistan declined considerably from most of them (at the outset), to 75% in 2007, and to 50% in 2010, as al-Qaeda shifted to Somalia and Yemen.
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton formally designated al-Qaeda in Yemen a terrorist organization on December 14, 2009.On August 24, 2010, The Washington Post journalist Greg Miller wrote that the CIA believed Yemen's branch of al-Qaeda had surpassed its parent organization, Osama bin Laden's core group, as al-Qaeda's most dangerous threat to the U.S. homeland.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker. She served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and as the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, the first woman nominated by a major party.
On August 26, 2010, Yemen claimed that U.S. officials had exaggerated the size and danger of al-Qaeda in Yemen, insisting also that fighting the jihadist network's local branch remained Sanaa's job.A former bodyguard of Osama bin Laden warned of an escalation in fighting between al-Qaeda and Yemeni authorities, and predicted the government would need outside intervention to stay in power.
However, Ahmed al-Bahri told the Associated Press that attacks by al-Qaeda in southern Yemen was an indication of its increasing strength.
al-Qaeda was responsible for the USS Cole bombing in October 2000 in the southern port of Aden, killing 17 U.S. sailors.In 2002, an al-Qaeda attack damaged a French supertanker in the Gulf of Aden.
The Global Terrorism Database attributes the 2004 Khobar massacre to the group.In this guise, it is also known as "The Jerusalem Squadron."
In addition to a number of attacks in Saudi Arabia, and the kidnap and murder of Paul Marshall Johnson Jr. in Riyadh in 2004, the group is suspected in connection with a bombing in Doha, Qatar, in March 2005.For a chronology of recent Islamist militant attacks in Saudi Arabia, see terrorism in Saudi Arabia.
In the 2009 Little Rock recruiting office shooting, Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad, formerly known as Carlos Leon Bledsoe, a Muslim convert who had spent time in Yemen, on June 1, 2009 opened fire with an SKS Rifle in a drive-by shooting on soldiers in front of a United States military recruiting office in Little Rock, Arkansas, in a jihad attack. He killed Private William Long, and wounded Private Quinton Ezeagwula. He said that he was affiliated with and had been sent by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
AQAP said it was responsible for Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab's attempted Christmas Day bombing of Northwest Airlines Flight 253 as it approached Detroit on December 25, 2009.In that incident, Abdulmutallab reportedly tried to set off plastic explosives sewn to his underwear, but failed to detonate them properly.
On February 8, 2010, deputy leader Said Ali al-Shihri called for a regional holy war and blockade of the Red Sea to prevent shipments to Israel. In an audiotape he called upon Somalia's al-Shabaab militant group for assistance in the blockade.
The 2010 cargo planes bomb plot was discovered on October 29, 2010, when two packages containing bombs found on cargo aircraft, based on intelligence received from government intelligence agencies, in the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. The packages originated from Yemen, and were addressed to outdated addresses of two Jewish institutions in Chicago, Illinois, one of which was the Congregation Or Chadash, a LGBT synagogue.On October 30, 2010, On November 5, 2010, al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula took responsibility for the plot. It posted its acceptance of responsibility on a number of radical Islamist websites monitored by the SITE Intelligence Group and the Nine Eleven Finding Answers Foundation, and wrote:
We will continue to strike blows against American interests and the interest of America's allies.
It also claimed responsibility for the crash of a UPS Boeing 747-400 cargo plane in Dubai on September 3. The statement continued:
...since both operations were successful, we intend to spread the idea to our mujahedeen brothers in the world and enlarge the circle of its application to include civilian aircraft in the West as well as cargo aircraft.
American authorities had said they believed that al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was behind the plot.Officials in the United Kingdom and the United States believe that it is most likely that the bombs were designed to destroy the planes carrying them.
In November 2010, the group announced a strategy, called "Operation Hemorrhage", which it said was designed to capitalize on the "security phobia that is sweeping America." The program would call for a large number of inexpensive, small-scale attacks against United States interests, with the intent of weakening the U.S. economy.
On 21 May 2012, a soldier wearing a belt of explosives carried out a suicide attack on military personnel preparing for a parade rehearsal for Yemen's Unity Day. With over 120 people dead and 200 more injured, the attack was the deadliest in Yemeni history.AQAP claimed responsibility for the attack.
During the June 2012 al Qaeda retreat from key southern Yemen stronghold, the organization planted land mines, which killed 73 civilians.According to the governor's office in Abyan province, 3,000 mines were removed from around Zinjibar and Jaar.
On 5 December 2013, an attack on the Yemeni Defense Ministry in Sana'a involving a series of bomb and gun attacks killed at least 56 people.After footage of the attack was aired on Yemeni television, showing an attack on a hospital within the ministry compound and the killing of medical personnel and patients, the head of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula released a video message apologizing. Qasim al-Raymi claimed that the team of attackers were directed not to assault the hospital in the attack, but that one had gone ahead and done so.
On 9 May 2014, several soldiers from Yemen were killed after a skirmish sparked when a vehicle attacked a palace gate.
The group also publishes the online magazines Voice of Jihad and Inspire .[ citation needed ]
In New Zealand it is listed as a terror group.
In December 2014, the group released a video depicting Luke Somers, a journalist whom they were holding hostage.On 26 November, U.S. Navy SEALs and Yemeni special forces attempted a hostage rescue where eight hostages, none American, were freed, but Luke Somers and four others had been moved to another location by AQAP prior to the raid. The nationalities of the eight hostages rescued were six Yemenis, one Saudi, and one Ethiopian. On 6 December, 40 SEALs used V-22 Ospreys to land a distance from the compound where Somers and Korkie were kept at about 1 a.m. local time, according to a senior defense official. An AQAP fighter apparently spotted them while relieving himself outside, a counter-terrorism official with knowledge of the operation told ABC News, beginning a firefight that lasted about 10 minutes. According to CBS News, dog barking could have alerted the hostage takers of the operation. When the American soldiers finally entered the building where Somers and Korkie were kept, they found both men alive, but gravely wounded. Korkie and Somers died some minutes later despite attempts to save them.
On 7 January 2015, Saïd Kouachi and Chérif Kouachi attacked French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo , resulting in 11 French citizens killed and another 11 injured. The French-born brothers of Algerian descent stated they were members of Al-Qaeda in Yemen, to an eyewitness.On 9 January, AQAP confirmed responsibility for the Charlie Hebdo shooting in a speech from top Shariah cleric Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari. The reason given was to gain "revenge for the honor" of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
On 2 April 2015, AQAP fighters stormed the coastal city of Mukalla, capturing it on the 16th of April after the two-week Battle of Mukalla. They seized government buildings and used trucks to cart off more than $120 million from the central bank, according to the bank’s director. AQAP forces soon passed control to a civilian council, giving it a budget of more than $4 million to provide services to residents of the city. AQAP maintained a police station in the city to mediate Sharia disputes, but avoided imposing its rule across the city. AQAP refrained from using its name, instead using the name the 'Sons of Hadhramaut' to emphasize its ties to the surrounding province.Mukalla was recaptured by the Saudi-led coalition on 25 April 2016.
Remarks of Algeria atrocities by France acknowledged by Emmanuel Macron was mentioned in an article in the publication Al-Masra by the terrorist group Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.The French colonial rule in Algeria was mentioned.
In August 2018, Al Jazeera reported that a Saudi Arabian-led coalition "battling Houthi rebels secured secret deals with al-Qaeda in Yemen and recruited hundreds of the group's fighters. ... Key figures in the deal-making said the United States was aware of the arrangements and held off on drone attacks against the armed group, which was created by Osama bin Laden in 1988."
On 2 December 2015, the provincial capital of Abyan Governorate, Zinjibar, and the town of Jaʿār were captured by AQAP fighters. Like Al Mukala, AQAP forces soon passed control to a civilian council, police patrols and other public services.
On 20 February 2016, AQAP seized the southern Abyan governorate, linking them with their headquarters in Mukalla.
In the wake of the 2011 Yemeni Revolution and the Battle of Zinjibar, an Islamist insurgent organisation called Ansar al-Sharia (Yemen) (Supporters of Islamic Law), emerged in Yemen and seized control of areas in the Abyan Governorate and surrounding governorates in southern Yemen and declared them an Islamist Al-Qaeda Emirate in Yemen. There was heavy fighting with the Yemeni security forces over the control of these territories, with Ansar al-Sharia driven out of most of their territory over 2012.
In April 2011, Shaykh Abu Zubayr Adil bin Abdullah al-Abab, AQAP's chief religious figure, explained the name change as a re-branding exercise: "the name Ansar al-Sharia is what we use to introduce ourselves in areas where we work to tell people about our work and goals."
On 4 October 2012, the United Nations 1267/1989 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the United States Department of State designated Ansar al-Sharia as an alias for Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.The State Department described the establishment of Ansar al-Sharia as an attempt to attract followers in areas of Yemen where AQAP had been able to establish territorial control and implement its interpretation of Sharia.
In 2010 the White House was reported to be considering using the CIA's armed MQ-1 Predator drones to fight Al-Qaeda in Yemen.[ citation needed ]
A CIA targeted killing drone strike killed Kamal Derwish, an American citizen, and a group of al-Qaida operatives (including Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi) in Yemen in November 2002. Drones became shorthand in Yemen for a weak government allowing foreign forces to have their way.
On September 30, 2011, a US drone attack in Yemen resulted in the death of Anwar al-Awlaki, one of the group's leaders, and Samir Khan, the editor of Inspire , its English-language magazine.Both were US citizens.
The pace of US drone attacks quickened significantly in 2012, with over 20 strikes in the first five months of the year, compared to 10 strikes during the course of 2011.
Over the period 19–21 April 2014, a series of drone attacks on AQAP killed dozens of militants, and at least 3 civilians.A spokesperson for the Yemeni Supreme Security Committee described the attacks, which included elements of the Yemeni army as well as US drones, as "massive and unprecedented". The attacks were alleged to have targeted AQAP leadership, with a major AQAP base in Wadi al-Khayala reported to have been destroyed.
From March 1 through March 8, 2017, the US conducted 45 airstrikes against AQAP, a record amount of airstrikes conducted against the group by the US in recent history. The airstrikes were reported to have killed hundreds of AQAP militants.The US continued its airstrikes afterward. Around 1–2 April 2017, the US carried out another 20 airstrikes, increasing the total number of airstrikes against AQAP in 2017 to 75, nearly double previously yearly record of 41 airstrikes in 2009.
|Nasir al-Wuhayshi †||Former Emir and founder of AQAP|
|Qasim al-Raymi||Emir and former military commander|
|Said Ali al-Shihri †||Deputy Emir|
|Jalal Bala'idi †||Operational commander|
|Mohamed Atiq Awayd Al Harbi||Field commander|
|Khalid Batarfi||Senior commander|
|Ibrahim al-Rubaysh †||Mufti|
|Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi †||Senior sharia official and Deputy General Manager|
|Anwar al-Awlaki †||Chief of External Operations|
|Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari †||Senior sharia official|
|Ibrahim al-Banna||Chief of Security|
|Fahd al-Quso †||Operational commander|
|Shawki al-Badani †||Operational commander|
|Othman al-Ghamdi †||Operational commander|
|Ibrahim al-Asiri||Explosives expert|
|Ibrahim al-Qosi||AQAP Shura Council member|
The group has taken advantage of Yemen's "slow collapse into near-anarchy. Widespread corruption, growing poverty and internal fragmentation have helped make Yemen a breeding ground for terror."More than two years later, on April 25, 2012, a suspected US drone strike killed Mohammed Said al-Umdah, a senior AQAP member cited as the number four in the organization and one of the 2006 escapees. He had been convicted of the 2002 tanker bombing and for providing logistical and material support.
Yemeni analyst, Barak Barfi, discounted claims that marriage between the militant group and Yemeni tribes is a widespread practice, though he states that the bulk of AQAP members hail from the tribes.
AQAP is a popular choice for radicalized Americans seeking to join Islamist terror organizations overseas. In 2013 alone, at least three American citizens or permanent residents — Marcos Alonso Zea, Justin Kaliebe, and Shelton Thomas Bell — have attempted to join AQAP. They count among over 50 Americans who have attempted to join terrorist groups overseas, including AQAP, since 2007.
Reportedly, as many as 20 Islamist British nationals traveled to Yemen in 2009 to be trained by AQAP.In February 2012, up to 500 Internationalistas from Somalia's Al Shabaab, after getting cornered by a Kenyan offensive and conflict with Al Shabaab national legions, fled to Yemen. It is likely that a number of this group merged with AQAP. The following is a list of people who have been purported to be AQAP members. Most, but not all, are or were Saudi nationals. Roughly half have appeared on Saudi "most wanted" lists. In the left column is the rank of each member in the original 2003 list of the 26 most wanted.
|Yousif Saleh Fahd al-'Uyayri (or Ayyiri, etc.)||يوسف صالح فهد العييري||leader, writer, and webmaster, killed June 2003 in Saudi Arabia|
|3||Khalid Ali bin Ali Hajj||خالد علي بن علي حاج||leader, killed in Riyadh March or April 2004|
|1||Abdulaziz Issa Abdul-Muhsin al-Muqrin||عبد العزيز عيسى عبد المحسن المقرن||leader, killed in Riyadh 18 June 2004|
|5||Saleh Muhammad 'Audhuallah al-'Alawi al-Oufi||صالح محمد عوض الله العلوي العوفي||leader, killed 17 or 18 August 2005 in Madinah|
|2||Rakan Muhsin Mohammed al-Saikhan||راكان محسن محمد الصيخان||killed 12 April 2004 in Riyadh|
|7||Saud Hamoud 'Abid al-Qatini al-'Otaibi||سعود حمود عبيد القطيني العتيبي||senior member, one of 15 killed in a 3-day battle in Ar Rass April 2005|
|4||Abdul Kareem Al-Majati||عبد الكريم المجاطي||Moroccan, killed with Saud al-Otaibi at Ar Rass, was wanted in the USA under the name Karim El Mejjati|
|6||Ibrahim Muhammad Abdullah al-Rais||إبراهيم محمد عبدا لله الريس||killed 8 December 2003 in Riyadh|
|8||Ahmad Abdul-Rahman Saqr al-Fadhli||أحمد عبدالرحمن صقر الفضلي||killed 22 April 2004 in Jeddah|
|9||Sultan Jubran Sultan al-Qahtani alias Zubayr Al-Rimi||سلطان جبران سلطان القحطاني||q.v., killed 23 September 2003 in Jizan|
|10||Abdullah Saud Al-Siba'i||عبد الله سعود السباعي||killed 29 December 2004|
|11||Faisal Abdul-Rahman Abdullah al-Dakhil||فيصل عبدالرحمن عبدالله الدخيل||killed with al-Muqrin|
|12||Faris al-Zahrani||فارس آل شويل الزهراني||ideologue, captured 5 August 2004 in Abha|
|13||Khalid Mobarak Habeeb-Allah al-Qurashi||خالد مبارك حبيب الله القرشي||killed 22 April 2004 in Jeddah|
|14||Mansoor Muhammad Ahmad Faqeeh||منصور محمد أحمد فقيه||surrendered 30 December 2003 in Najran|
|15||'Issa Saad Muhammad bin 'Ushan||عيسى سعد محمد بن عوشن||ideologue, killed 20 July 2004 in Riyadh|
|16||Talib Saud Abdullah Al Talib||طالب سعود عبدالله آل طالب||at large; (last of the original 26)|
|17||Mustafa Ibrahim Muhammad Mubaraki||مصطفى إبراهيم محمد مباركي||killed 22 April 2004 in Jeddah|
|18||Abdul-Majiid Mohammed al-Mani'||عبد المجيد محمد المنيع||ideologue, killed 12 October 2004 in Riyadh|
|19||Nasir Rashid Nasir Al-Rashid||ناصر راشد ناصر الراشد||killed 12 April 2004 in Riyadh|
|Sultan bin Bajad Al-Otaibi||سلطان بن بجاد العتيبي||spokesman and writer for al-Qaeda, killed 28 or 29 December 2004|
|20||Bandar Abdul-Rahman Abdullah al-Dakhil||بندر عبدالرحمن عبدالله الدخيل||killed December 2004|
|21||Othman Hadi Al Maqboul Almardy al-'Amari||عثمان هادي آل مقبول العمري||recanted, under an amnesty deal, 28 June 2004 in Namas|
|22||Talal A'nbar Ahmad 'Anbari||طلال عنبر أحمد عنبري||killed 22 April 2004 in Jeddah|
|23||'Amir Muhsin Moreef Al Zaidan Al-Shihri||عامر محسن مريف آل زيدان الشهري||killed 6 November 2003 in Riyadh|
|24||Abdullah Muhammad Rashid al-Rashoud||عبد الله محمد راشد الرشود||q.v., ideologue, killed May or June 2005 in Iraq|
|25||Abdulrahman Mohammad Mohammad Yazji||عبدالرحمن محمد محمد يازجي||killed 6 April 2005|
|26||Hosain Mohammad Alhasaki||حسين محمد الحسكي||Moroccan, held in Belgium|
|Turki N. M. al-Dandani||تركي ناصر مشعل الدندني||cell leader, a former # 1 most wanted, died by suicide July 2003 in al-Jawf|
|Ibrahim bin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad al-Muzaini||إبراهيم بن عبد العزيز بن محمد المزين||killed with Khalid Ali Hajj|
|Abdul-Rahman Mohammed Jubran al-Yazji||عبدالكريم محمد جبران اليازجي||killed 2 June 2004 in Ta'if|
|Mohammed Othman Abdullah al-Waleedi al-Shuhri||محمد عثمان عبدالله الوليدي الشهري|
|Mansour Faqeeh||منصور فقيه||surrendered|
|Hamid Fahd Abdullah al-Salmi al-Shamri||حمد فهد عبدالله الأسلمي الشمري|
|Ahmad Nasser Abdullah al-Dakhil||أحمد ناصر عبدالله الدخيل||(dead)|
|Turki bin Fuheid al-Mutairi a/k/a Fawaz al-Nashimi||تركي بن فيهد المطيري||killed with al-Muqrin|
|Jubran Ali Hakmi||جبران علي حكمي|
|Hani Said Ahmed Abdul-Karim al-Ghamdi||هاني سعيد أحمد عبد الكريم الغامدي|
|Ali Abdul-Rahman al-Ghamdi||علي عبد الرحمن الغامدي||surrendered 26 June 2003|
|Bandar bin Abdul-Rahman al-Ghamdi||بندر عبد الرحمن الغامدي||captured September 2003 in Yemen and extradited to KSA|
|Fawaz Yahya al-Rabi'i||فواز يحيى الربيعي||q.v., killed 1 October 2006 in Yemen|
|Abdul-Rahman Mansur Jabarah||عبدالرحمن منصور جبارة||"Canadian-Kuwaiti of Iraqi origin", dead according to al-Qaeda; brother of Kuwaiti-Canadian Mohamed Mansour Jabarah|
|Adnan bin Abdullah al-Omari||captured somewhere outside KSA, extradited to KSA November 2005|
|Abdul-Rahman al-Mutib||killed in al Qasim December 2005|
|Muhammad bin Abdul-Rahman al-Suwailmi, alias Abu Mus'ab al-Najdi||محمد بن عبد الرحمن السويلمي||killed in al Qasim December 2005|
|According to Saudi authorities, these 12 died or were killed while committing the Riyadh compound bombings on 12 May 2003. Several were previously wanted.|
|Khaled Mohammad Muslim Al-Juhani||خالد محمد مسلم الجهني||leader of this group|
|Abdul-Karim Mohammed Jubran Yazji||عبد الكريم محمد جبران اليازجي|
|Mohammed Othman Abdullah Al-Walidi Al-Shehri||ومحمد عثمان عبد الله الوليدي الشهري|
|Hani Saeed Ahmad Al Abdul-Karim Al-Ghamdi||هاني سعيد أحمد عبد الكريم الغامدي|
|Jubran Ali Ahmad Hakami Khabrani||جبران علي أحمد حكمي خبراني|
|Khaled bin Ibrahim Mahmoud||خالد بن إبراهيم محمود||called "Baghdadi"|
|Mehmas bin Mohammed Mehmas Al-Hawashleh Al-Dosari||محماس بن محمد محماس الهواشلة الدوسري|
|Mohammed bin Shadhaf Ali Al-Mahzoum Al-Shehri||محمد بن شظاف علي آل محزوم الشهري|
|Hazem Mohammed Saeed||حازم محمد سعيد||called "Kashmiri"|
|Majed Abdullah Sa'ad bin Okail||ماجد عبدالله سعد بن عكيل|
|Bandar bin Abdul-Rahman Menawer Al-Rahimi Al-Mutairi||بندر بن عبد الرحمن منور الرحيمي المطيري|
|Abdullah Farres bin Jufain Al-Rahimi Al-Mutairi||عبدالله فارس بن جفين الرحيمي المطيري|
|Abdullah Hassan Al Aseery||عبد الله حسن عسيري||Died trying to assassinate a Saudi prince in October 2009.|
|The following five were reported killed in Dammam in early September 2005.|
|Zaid Saad Zaid al-Samari||a former most wanted, killed by Saudi forces in 2005|
|Saleh Mansour Mohsen al-Fereidi al-Harbi|
|Sultan Saleh Hussan al-Haseri|
|Naif Farhan Jalal al-Jehaishi al-Shammari|
|Mohammed Abdul-Rahman Mohammed al-Suwailmi|
|Abu Hareth Muhammad al-Oufi||Former Guantanamo captive who appeared in threatening YouTube video in January 2009, and who voluntarily turned himself in to Saudi authorities a month later.|
|Abu Abdurrahman - al Faranghi||A convert—allegedly trained as a bombmaker —hunted by CIA, MI5 and Politiets sikkerhetstjeneste, since 2012. (His legal name in Norway has not been revealed by media.)|
In its war on terrorism in Yemen, the US government describes Yemen as "an important partner in the global war on terrorism". There have been attacks on civilian targets and tourists, and there was a cargo-plane bomb plot in 2010. Counter-terrorism operations have been conducted by the Yemeni police and the Yemeni and US military.
Mukalla is a seaport and the capital city of Yemen's largest governorate, Hadhramaut. The city is located in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula on the Gulf of Aden, on the shores of the Arabian Sea, about 480 kilometres east of Aden. It is the most important port in the Hadhramaut, and the fifth-largest city in Yemen, with a population of approximately 300,000. The city is served by the nearby Riyan Airport.
Ibrahim Sulayman Muhammad al-Rubaish was a terrorist and a senior leader of Al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States's Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba. He was released into the custody of Saudi Arabian authorities and then escaped in 2006. He became AQAP's mufti.
Sa'id Ali Jabir Al Khathim Al Shihri was a Saudi Arabian deputy leader of the terrorist group Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), and possibly involved in the kidnappings and murders of foreigners in Yemen. Said Ali al-Shihri was captured at the Pakistan border with Afghanistan, in December 2001, and was one of the first detainees held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba, arriving on 21 January 2002. He was held in extrajudicial detention in American custody for almost six years. Following his repatriation to Saudi custody he was enrolled in a rehabilitation and reintegration program. Following his release, he traveled to Yemen.
Nasir Abdel Karim al-Wuhayshi, alias Abu Basir, was a citizen of Yemen and the leader of the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). Both Saudi Arabia and Yemen considered al-Wuhayshi to be among their most wanted fugitives. In October 2014, the US State Department increased the reward for any information leading to the capture or killing of al-Wuhayshi to US$10 million, the same as ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Wuhayshi was killed in a US drone strike in the Hadhramaut Governorate of Yemen on 12 June 2015.
Qasim al-Raymi is the current emir of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). Al-Raymi is one of 23 men who escaped in the 3 February 2006 prison-break in Yemen, along with other notable al-Qaeda members. He next appears in connection to a July 2007 suicide bombing that killed eight Spanish tourists. In 2009, the Yemeni government accused him of being responsible for the running of an al-Qaeda training camp in Abyan province. After serving as AQAP's military commander, al-Raymi was promoted to leader after the death of Nasir al-Wuhayshi on 12 June 2015.
Ibrahim Hassan Tali al-Asiri was a citizen of Saudi Arabia suspected of being chief bomb-maker of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. He was reported to have been responsible for making the bombs used by his brother Abdullah al-Asiri in his suicide bombing, the 2009 Christmas Day bomb plot, the 2010 cargo plane bomb plot, and the May 8th 2012 Terror Plot.
The Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen refers to the armed conflict between the Yemeni government with United States assistance, and al-Qaeda-affiliated cells. The strife is often categorized as a sub-conflict in the greater Global War on Terror.
The 2012 Sana'a bombing was a suicide attack on 21 May 2012, against Yemeni Army soldiers practicing for the annual Unity Day military parade in Sana'a, Yemen. The ceremony is carried out every year on 22 May since 1990 to mark the unification of North Yemen and South Yemen as the Republic of Yemen. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) affiliate Ansar al-Sharia.
Jama'at Ansar al-Shari'a, also known as Ansar al-Shari'a, is a Yemen-based umbrella organization which includes units from several militant Islamic groups of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). In 2011, AQAP created Ansar Al-Sharia as a Yemen-based affiliate focused on waging an insurgency rather than international attacks on the West. In the view of the International Crisis Group, AQAP is "an internally diverse organisation with varying layers of support among the local population" and many AAS members and allies are not committed to AQAP's international agenda.
The 2013 Sana'a attack occurred on 5 December 2013 when a series of bomb and mass shooting gun attacks killed at least 56 people and wounded 162 at the Yemeni Defense Ministry in Sana'a, Yemen. Yemeni military investigators say 12 militants, mostly Saudi nationals, were responsible for the attack
The following lists events that happened during 2014 in Yemen.
Timeline of the Yemeni Crisis (2011–present) refers to events of the Shia insurgency in Yemen, the 2011 Yemeni Revolution, the Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen and the South Yemen insurgency.
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi was a senior leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) based in Yemen. Al-Ansi appeared in many of AQAP's propaganda videos, claiming the kidnap of US photojournalist Luke Somers and the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris. On the 7th of May 2015, AQAP announced Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi was killed in a US drone strike.
Harith bin Ghazi al-Nadhari was a senior sharia official of the Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) based in Yemen.
Shabwah Governorate offensive (2014–present) refers to an ongoing campaign by AQAP to take control of Shabwah Governorate, during their insurgency, and until today, at Yemeni civil war.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Yemen Province, or ISIL-YP, is a branch of the militant Islamist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), active in Yemen. ISIL announced the group's formation on 13 November 2014.
The Second Battle of Mukalla refers to an armed conflict between al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Saudi-led Coalition. The aim of the coalition offensive was to disable the newly resurgent al-Qaeda Emirate in Yemen by recapturing its capital, Mukalla. The battle led to a coalition victory, in which the Yemen's Southern Transitional Council gained control of Mukalla and the surrounding coastal areas.
The Hadhramaut Tribal Alliance, also known as the Tribal Alliance of Hadramout or the Hadhramaut Tribes Alliance, is an armed group involved in the ongoing Yemeni Civil War. The Alliance's forces are primarily drawn from the Hadhrami people in southern Yemen. During the civil war, the Alliance is often cited as supporting the government of Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and is noted for operating alongside the Republic of Yemen Armed Forces in Hadhramaut.
As the deputy commander and highest-ranking Saudi in AQAP, al-Shihri played a key role in recruiting other Saudis and fundraising in the kingdom. In late 2009, a cell phone video of al-Shihri surfaced in which he made a plea for money from wealthy Saudi donors. In an effort to avoid detection the video never left the phone on which it was recorded. Instead, an AQAP courier traveled throughout Saudi Arabia showing the video message to different individuals.
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