Al Diwaniyah

Last updated
Al Diwaniyah
الديوانية
City

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Al-Diwaniyah at night
Iraq physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Al Diwaniyah
Location within Iraq
Coordinates: 32°00′N45°00′E / 32.000°N 45.000°E / 32.000; 45.000
CountryFlag of Iraq.svg  Iraq
Province Al-Qādisiyyah
Population (2012 Est)
  Total 650,927

Al Diwaniyah (Arabic : الديوانيةAd Dīwānīyah), also spelt Diwaniya, is the capital city of Iraq's Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate. In 2002 the population was estimated at 440,927.

Capital city primary governing city of a top-level (country) or first-level subdivision (country, state, province, etc) political entity

A capital city is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government. A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the government's offices and meeting places; the status as capital is often designated by its law or constitution. In some jurisdictions, including several countries, the different branches of government are located in different settlements. In some cases, a distinction is made between the official (constitutional) capital and the seat of government, which is in another place.

Iraq republic in Western Asia

Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.

Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate Province in Al Diwaniyah, Iraq

Al-Qadisiyah Governorate is one of the governorates of Iraq. It is in the center-south of the country. The estimated population of the province by about a million and a half million people, according to the census of 2014. Its capital is Al Diwaniyah. Before 1976, it was part of the ad-Diwāniyah Governorate, along with al-Muthannā and Najaf. The province is named after the historical city of Al-Qādisiyah, the site of the Battle of al-Qādisiyah, where in 636 CE the Islamic Rashidun forces defeated the forces of the Sassanid Empire. The governorate is predominantly Shia Arab. It includes the Mesopotamian marsh of Hor Aldelmj.

Contents

Overview

The area around Al Diwaniyah, which is well irrigated from the nearby Euphrates river, is often considered to be one on the most fertile parts of Iraq, and is heavily cultivated. The town is located on the main rail transport corridor between Baghdad and Basra.

Irrigation artificial application of water to the land or soil

Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation. In contrast, agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dry land farming.

Euphrates river in Asia

The Euphrates is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.

Rail transport Conveyance of passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks. It is also commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Tracks usually consist of steel rails, installed on ties (sleepers) and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are also possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

For birdwatchers, Al-Diwaniyah is a city with a rich bird list, as the city has a wide range of biodiversity. Al-Qadisiyah consists of vast agricultural areas, wetlands, arid zones, and semi-desert areas.

Birdwatching hobby

Birdwatching, or birding, is a form of wildlife observation in which the observation of birds is a recreational activity or citizen science. It can be done with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars and telescopes, by listening for bird sounds, or by watching public webcams.

The city is the site of a tire manufacturing plant that once provided tires for much of Iraq. The plant is currently active. [1]

Tire ring-shaped covering that fits around a wheels rim

A tire or tyre is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over. Most tires, such as those for automobiles and bicycles, are pneumatically inflated structures, which also provide a flexible cushion that absorbs shock as the tire rolls over rough features on the surface. Tires provide a footprint that is designed to match the weight of the vehicle with the bearing strength of the surface that it rolls over by providing a bearing pressure that will not deform the surface excessively.

Al-Diwaniyah is the headquarters of the Iraqi Army's 8th Division (Iraq).

Iraqi Army land warfare branch of Iraqs military

The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. It was known as the Royal Iraqi Army up until the coup of July 1958.

The 8th Division is a division of the Iraqi Army. Before being reformed after 2004 it was part of the previous Iraqi Army. Just before the Iran–Iraq War it was located at Erbil as part of the 1st Corps. The 8th Division is composed of former Iraqi National Guard units, some of which were formed as early as 2004, but the division headquarters did not assume control of its area of operations until January 2006.

Climate

Climate data for Ad Diwaniyah
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)16.9
(62.4)
19.6
(67.3)
24.2
(75.6)
29.8
(85.6)
34.7
(94.5)
40.9
(105.6)
42.5
(108.5)
42.8
(109)
39.9
(103.8)
34.3
(93.7)
25.4
(77.7)
18.4
(65.1)
30.8
(87.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)10.5
(50.9)
12.8
(55)
16.9
(62.4)
22.2
(72)
27.5
(81.5)
32.1
(89.8)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
30.2
(86.4)
25.1
(77.2)
17.9
(64.2)
12.1
(53.8)
22.8
(73.1)
Average low °C (°F)4.1
(39.4)
6.0
(42.8)
9.7
(49.5)
14.7
(58.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.4
(74.1)
24.6
(76.3)
23.8
(74.8)
20.6
(69.1)
16.0
(60.8)
10.5
(50.9)
5.9
(42.6)
15
(58.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)21
(0.83)
15
(0.59)
16
(0.63)
18
(0.71)
7
(0.28)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
15
(0.59)
23
(0.91)
117
(4.62)
Source: Climate-Data.org [2]

See also

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References

  1. Gordon, Michael (2008-08-03). "The Last Battle". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  2. "Climate: Ad Diwaniyah, Iraq". Climate-Data.org.

Coordinates: 31°59′21″N44°55′29″E / 31.98917°N 44.92472°E / 31.98917; 44.92472

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.