Al Jarreau

Last updated

Al Jarreau
Al Jarreau.jpg
Jarreau in 1997
Background information
Birth nameAlwin Lopez Jarreau
Born(1940-03-12)March 12, 1940
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
DiedFebruary 12, 2017(2017-02-12) (aged 76)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • musician
Instruments
Years active1967–2017
Labels
Associated acts
Website aljarreau.com

Alwin Lopez Jarreau (March 12, 1940 – February 12, 2017) was an American singer and musician. His 1981 album Breakin' Away spent two years on the Billboard 200 and is considered one of the finest examples of the Los Angeles pop and R&B sound. The album won Jarreau the 1982 Grammy for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. In all, he won seven Grammy Awards and was nominated for over a dozen more during his career.

Contents

Jarreau also sang the theme song of the 1980s television series Moonlighting , and was among the performers on the 1985 charity song "We Are the World."

Early life and career

Al Jarreau during a concert in (West Germany) in early 1981 AlJarreauEarly1980s (edited).jpg
Al Jarreau during a concert in (West Germany) in early 1981

Jarreau was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on March 12, 1940, [1] the fifth of six children. His father Emile Alphonse Jarreau was a Seventh-day Adventist Church minister and singer, and his mother Pearl (Walker) Jarreau was a church pianist. Jarreau and his family sang together in church concerts and in benefits, and Jarreau and his mother performed at PTA meetings. [2]

Jarreau was student council president and Badger Boys State delegate for Lincoln High School. At Boys State, he was elected governor. [3] Jarreau went on to attend Ripon College, where he also sang with a group called the Indigos. He graduated in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science degree in psychology. [1] Two years later, in 1964, he earned a master's degree in vocational rehabilitation from the University of Iowa. Jarreau also worked as a rehabilitation counselor in San Francisco, and moonlighted with a jazz trio headed by George Duke. In 1967, he joined forces with acoustic guitarist Julio Martinez. [4] The duo became the star attraction at a small Sausalito night club called Gatsby's. This success contributed to Jarreau's decision to make professional singing his life and full-time career. [5]

Career

1986: Jarreau in concert in West Berlin. Al Jarreau im ICC Berlin 1986.jpg
1986: Jarreau in concert in West Berlin.
1996: Jarreau performing at the Molde International Jazz Festival. Al Jarreau Molde.jpg
1996: Jarreau performing at the Molde International Jazz Festival.
2006: Jarreau in Wroclaw. Al Jarreau Poland Wroclaw June 25 2006 Photo Cezary M. Kruk.jpg
2006: Jarreau in Wrocław.
2008: Jarreau in Kyiv. AX Al Jarreau Kiev 20081019a.jpg
2008: Jarreau in Kyiv.

In 1968, Jarreau made jazz his primary occupation. In 1969, he and Martinez headed south, where Jarreau appeared at Dino's, The Troubadour, and Bitter End West. Television exposure came from Johnny Carson, Mike Douglas, Merv Griffin, Dinah Shore, and David Frost. He expanded his nightclub appearances, performing at The Improv between the acts of such rising stars as Bette Midler, Jimmie Walker, and John Belushi. [6] During this period, he became involved with the United Church of Religious Science and the Church of Scientology. Also, roughly at the same time, he began writing his own lyrics, finding that his Christian spirituality began to influence his work. [2]

In 1975, Jarreau was working with pianist Tom Canning when he was spotted by Warner Bros. Records. Soon he released his critically acclaimed debut album, We Got By, which catapulted him to international fame and won an Echo Award (the German equivalent of the Grammys in the United States). On Valentine's Day 1976 he sang on the 13th episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live , that week hosted by Peter Boyle. [7] A second Echo Award would follow with the release of his second album, Glow . [8] In 1978, he won his first Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance for his album, Look to the Rainbow. [9]

One of Jarreau's most commercially successful albums is Breakin' Away (1981), which includes the hit song "We're in This Love Together". He won the 1982 Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for Breakin' Away. [10] In 1983 he released Jarreau . It was his third consecutive #1 album on the Billboard Jazz charts, while also placing at #4 on the R&B album charts and #13 on the Billboard 200. The album contained three hit singles: "Mornin'" (U.S. Pop #21, AC #2 for three weeks), "Boogie Down" (U.S. Pop #77) and "Trouble in Paradise" (U.S. Pop #63, AC #10). In 1984 the album received four Grammy Award nominations, including for Jay Graydon as Producer of the Year (Non-Classical).

In 1984, his single "After All" reached 69 on the US Hot 100 chart and number 26 on the R&B chart. His last big hit was the Grammy-nominated theme to the 1980s American television show Moonlighting , for which he wrote the lyrics. Among other things, he was well known for his extensive use of scat singing (for which he was called "Acrobat of Scat" [11] ), and vocal percussion. He was also a featured vocalist on USA for Africa's "We Are the World" in which he sang the line, "...and so we all must lend a helping hand." Another charitable media event, HBO's Comic Relief, featured him in a duet with Natalie Cole singing the song "Mr. President", written by Joe Sterling, Mike Loveless, and Ray Reach. [12]

Jarreau took an extended break from recording in the 1990s. As he explained in an interview with Jazz Review : "I was still touring, in fact, I toured more than I ever had in the past, so I kept in touch with my audience. I got my symphony program under way, which included my music and that of other people too, and I performed on the Broadway production of Grease . I was busier than ever! For the most part, I was doing what I have always done...perform live. I was shopping for a record deal and was letting people know that there is a new album coming. I was just waiting for the right label (Verve), but I toured more than ever." [13] In 2003, Jarreau and conductor Larry Baird collaborated on symphony shows around the United States, with Baird arranging additional orchestral material for Jarreau's shows. [14] [15] [16]

Jarreau toured and performed with Joe Sample, Chick Corea, Kathleen Battle, Miles Davis, George Duke, David Sanborn [17] Rick Braun, and George Benson. He also performed the role of the Teen Angel in a 1996 Broadway production of Grease. On March 6, 2001, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 7083 Hollywood Boulevard on the corner of Hollywood Boulevard and La Brea Avenue. [18] In 2006, Jarreau appeared in a duet with American Idol finalist Paris Bennett during the Season 5 finale and on Celebrity Duets singing with actor Cheech Marin. In 2009, children's author Carmen Rubin published the story Ashti Meets Birdman Al, inspired by Jarreau's music. [19] In 2010, Jarreau was a guest on a Eumir Deodato album, with the song "Double Face" written by Jarreau, Deodato, and Nicolosi. The song was produced by the Italian company Nicolosi Productions. On February 16, 2012, Jarreau was invited to the famous Italian Festival di Sanremo to sing with the Italian group Matia Bazar.

Personal life

Jarreau was married twice. Jarreau and Phyllis Hall were married from 1964 until their divorce in 1968. [5] [11] Jarreau married his second wife Susan Elaine Player  [ it ] (1954-2019) [20] in 1977. Jarreau and Player had a son, Ryan Jarreau. [21] Ryan and Susan Jarreau appear as background vocalists on Tomorrow Today . Susan provided photography for several of Jarreau's albums, including Glow , All Fly Home , This Time , and Breakin' Away . She is the subject of "Susan's Song", track no. 3 on We Got By.

Illness and death

It was reported on July 23, 2010, that Jarreau was critically ill at a hospital in France, after performing in Barcelonnette, and was being treated for respiratory problems and cardiac arrhythmias. [22] [23] He was conscious, in a stable condition and in the cardiology unit of La Timone hospital in Marseille, the Marseille Hospital Authority said, and he remained there for about a week for tests. [24]

In June 2012, Jarreau was diagnosed with pneumonia, which caused him to cancel several concerts in France. [25] Jarreau made a full recovery and continued to tour extensively for the next five years until February 2017. [26] [27]

On February 8, 2017, after being hospitalized for exhaustion in Los Angeles, Jarreau cancelled his remaining 2017 tour dates. [28] On that date, the Montreux Jazz Academy, part of the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland, announced that Jarreau would not return as a mentor to ten young artists, as he had done in 2015. [29] [30]

Jarreau died of respiratory failure, at the age of 76 on February 12, just two days after announcing his retirement, and one month before his 77th birthday. [11] [31] [32]

He is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), not far from his lifetime friend George Duke. His headstone features lyrics from his song "Mornin'": "Like any man/I can reach out my hand/And touch the face of God". [33]

Discography

Charting singles

YearSongPeak chart positions [38] [39] [40]
US PopUS R&BUS A/CUS JazzCA A/CUKNZNLBEFR
1976"Rainbow in Your Eyes"92x
1977"Take Five"91x
1978"Thinkin' About It Too"55x
1980"Distracted"61x
"Gimme What You Got"63x
"Never Givin' Up"10226x
1981"We're in This Love Together"1566x15524
1982"Roof Garden"x34134
"Breakin' Away"4325x
"Teach Me Tonight"7051x
"Your Precious Love"
(with Randy Crawford)
10216x
1983"Boogie Down"779x632330136
"Mornin'"2162x3282426119
"Trouble in Paradise"6366x36
1984"After All"69266x5
1985"Day By Day"
(with Shakatak)
x5346
"Raging Waters"42x
1986"L Is for Lover"42x
"Tell Me What I Gotta Do"37x99
"The Music of Goodbye"16x
1987"Moonlighting"23321x836
"Since I Fell for You"10x3
1988"So Good"2x
1989"All of My Love"69x
"All or Nothing at All"59x
1992"Blue Angel"74x
"It's Not Hard to Love You"36x
2006"Mornin'"
(with George Benson)
1
2007"Ordinary People"23
2009"Winter Wonderland"21
2012"Double Face"23
2014"Bring Me Joy"5
2015"SomeBossa"11
2018"All One"17
"—" denotes the release did not chart. "x" denotes the chart did not exist at the time.

Compilations

Soundtrack inclusions

Guest appearances

Awards and nominations

Grammy Awards

Year AwardedNominee/workCategoryResultRef.
1978 Look to the Rainbow Best Jazz Vocal Performance Won [41] [42]
1979 All Fly HomeWon [43]
1981 "Never Givin' Up" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated [44] [45]
In Harmony: A Sesame Street Record (featuring various artists) Best Recording for Children Won
1982 Breakin' Away Album of the Year (shared with Jay Graydon)Nominated [46]
Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Won
"(Round, Round, Round) Blue Rondo à la Turk" Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male Won
1984 Jarreau Producer of the Year (Non-Classical) (for Jay Graydon)Nominated [47] [48]
Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical (for Ian Eales, Jay Graydon & Eric Prestis)Nominated
"Mornin'" Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) (for David Foster, Jay Graydon & Jeremy Lubbock)Nominated
"Step by Step" Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) (shared with Tom Canning, Jay Graydon & Jerry Hey)Nominated
1985 "Edgartown Groove" (featuring Kashif) Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated [49]
1986 We Are the World (as a part of USA for Africa featuring various artists) Album of the Year (shared with Quincy Jones)Nominated [50]
"We Are the World" (as a part of USA for Africa) Record of the Year (shared with Quincy Jones)Won
Song of the Year (for Michael Jackson & Lionel Richie)Won
Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group With Vocals (shared with Quincy Jones)Won
Best Music Video, Short Form (shared with Quincy Jones & Tom Trbovich)Won
High Crime Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated
1987 "Since I Fell for You"Nominated [51]
1988 "Moonlighting (theme)" (from the TV series Moonlighting ) Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male Nominated [52]
Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television (shared with Lee Holdridge)Nominated
1990 Heart's Horizon Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Nominated [53]
1993 Heaven and Earth Won [54]
1995 "Wait for the Magic"Nominated [55]
2005 Accentuate the Positive Best Jazz Vocal Album Nominated [56]
2007 "Breezin'" (featuring George Benson) Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals Nominated
"God Bless the Child" (featuring George Benson & Jill Scott) Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance Won
2013 Live(featuring the Metropole Orkest) Best Jazz Vocal Album Nominated
"Spain (I Can Recall)" Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s) (for Vincent Mendoza)Nominated
JumpinJazz Kids – A Swinging Jungle Tale(featuring James Murray & various artists) Best Children's Album Nominated

Hall of Fame

Year AwardedCategoryRef.
2001 Hollywood Walk of Fame [57]
2012SoulMusic Hall of Fame at SoulMusic.com [58]

Honorary degrees

Year AwardedDegreeUniversityRef.
1991Honorary Doctorate of Music Berklee College of Music [59]
2004Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee [60]

Academic degrees

Year AwardedDegreeUniversityRef.
1962Bachelor's degree in PsychologyRipon College [61]
1964Masters degree in Rehabilitation CounselingUniversity of Iowa [60]

Other honors

-On October 17, 1982, at the invitation of the Milwaukee Brewers, he sang the National Anthem at Game 5 of the 1982 World Series.

Related Research Articles

Etta James American singer

Jamesetta Hawkins, known professionally as Etta James, was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz, and gospel. Starting her career in 1954, she gained fame with hits such as "The Wallflower", "At Last", "Tell Mama", "Something's Got a Hold on Me", and "I'd Rather Go Blind". She faced a number of personal problems, including heroin addiction, severe physical abuse, and incarceration, before making a musical comeback in the late 1980s with the album Seven Year Itch.

Marcus Miller American jazz musician

William Henry Marcus Miller Jr. is an American film composer, jazz composer, record producer, arranger, and multi-instrumentalist, best known as a bassist. He has worked with trumpeter Miles Davis, pianist Herbie Hancock, singer Luther Vandross, and saxophonist David Sanborn, among others.

The 24th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 24, 1982, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, and were broadcast live on American television. The event recognized the accomplishments of musicians during the year 1981. Quincy Jones was the major recipient of awards with a total of five Grammys.

Pat Metheny American jazz guitarist and composer

Patrick Bruce Metheny is an American jazz guitarist and composer.

Luis Miguel Mexican singer

Luis Miguel Gallego Basteri is a Puerto Rican-born Mexican singer, often referred to as El Sol de México, which is the nickname his mother gave him as a child—"mi sol". Luis Miguel has sung in multiple genres and styles, including pop songs, ballads, boleros, tangos, jazz, big band and mariachi. Miguel is also recognized as the only Latin singer of his generation to not crossover to the Anglo market during the "Latin Explosion" in the 1990s.

David Foster Canadian musician, record producer, songwriter

David Walter Foster OC OBC is a Canadian musician, composer, arranger, record producer and music executive who chaired Verve Records from 2012 to 2016. He has won 16 Grammy Awards from 47 nominations.

Eumir Deodato Brazilian musician

Eumir Deodato de Almeida is a Brazilian pianist, composer, arranger, and record producer, primarily in jazz but who has been known for his eclectic melding of genres, such as pop, rock, disco, rhythm and blues, classical, Latin and bossa nova.

Boney James Musical artist

Boney James is an American saxophonist, songwriter, and record producer.

Kenny Garrett American musician

Kenny Garrett is an American post-bop jazz saxophonist and flautist who gained recognition in his youth as a member of the Duke Ellington Orchestra and of Miles Davis's band. Since then, he has pursued a solo career.

Larry Carlton American guitarist (b1948)

Larry Eugene Carlton is an American guitarist who built his career as a studio musician in the 1970s and 1980s for acts such as Steely Dan and Joni Mitchell. He has participated in thousands of recording sessions, recorded on hundreds of albums in many genres, for television and movies, and on more than 100 gold records. He has been a member of the jazz fusion group the Crusaders, the smooth jazz band Fourplay, and has maintained a long solo career.

Paul McCandless Musical artist

Paul Brownlee McCandless Jr. is an American multi-instrumentalist and founding member of the American jazz group Oregon. He is one of the few jazz oboists. He also plays bass clarinet, English horn, flute and soprano saxophone.

Chilly Gonzales Canadian musician

Jason Charles Beck, professionally known as Chilly Gonzales, is a Grammy-winning Canadian musician, songwriter, and producer. Currently based in Cologne, Germany, he previously lived for several years in Paris. Gonzales is a true musical polymath, known for his MC rap albums, his collaborations with pop musicians like Feist and Drake, his albums of classical piano compositions, and also for his collaborations with electronic musicians like Daft Punk and Boys Noize, the latter with whom he produces as Octave Minds.

Tommy LiPuma Musical artist

Tommy LiPuma was an American music producer. He received 33 Grammy nominations, 5 Grammy wins, and his productions sold over 75 million albums. LiPuma worked with many musicians, including Barbra Streisand, Miles Davis, Bill Evans, George Benson, Phil Upchurch, Al Jarreau, Anita Baker, Natalie Cole, Gábor Szabó, Claudine Longet, Dave Mason, the Yellowjackets, the Sandpipers, Michael Franks, Diana Krall, Paul McCartney, Ben Sidran, The Crusaders, Joe Sample, Randy Crawford and Dr. John. In 2020, his biography, The Ballad of Tommy LiPuma, written by Ben Sidran, was published by Nardis books

Larry Goldings American musician, composer and arranger

Lawrence Sam Goldings is an American pianist, organist, and composer.

Jay Joseph Graydon is an American songwriter, recording artist, guitarist, singer, producer, arranger, and recording engineer. He is the winner of two Grammy Awards with twelve Grammy nominations, among them the title "Producer of the Year" and "Best Engineered Recording". He has mastered many different music styles and genres, and his recordings have been featured on record, film, television and the stage.

<i>Double Vision</i> (Bob James and David Sanborn album) 1986 studio album by Bob James and David Sanborn

Double Vision is a 1986 album by Bob James and David Sanborn. The album was a successful smooth jazz release receiving frequent airplay. The original album was released in the US on May 19, 1986, Warner Bros, Cat No: 25393. It was released a week later in the UK.

<i>Breakin Away</i> (album) 1981 studio album by Al Jarreau

Breakin' Away is an album by Al Jarreau, released on June 30, 1981, through the Warner Bros. Records label. To quote Allmusic, "Breakin' Away became the standard bearer of the L.A. pop and R&B sound."

<i>Look to the Rainbow</i> (Al Jarreau album) 1977 live album by Al Jarreau

Look to the Rainbow is a live album by Al Jarreau, released on May 27, 1977, by Warner Bros. Records. It marked a breakthrough for his career in Europe and later also in the US. In 1978 it won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance.

Were in This Love Together 1981 single by Al Jarreau

"We're in This Love Together" is a 1981 hit song by Al Jarreau. It was the first of three single releases from his fifth studio album, Breakin' Away. The song was his first and biggest chart hit.

Neil Larsen is an American jazz keyboardist, musical arranger and composer. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio and grew up in Sarasota, Florida before relocating to New York and then, in 1977, Los Angeles.

References

  1. 1 2 Fox, Margalit (February 12, 2017). "Al Jarreau, Singer Who Spanned Jazz, Pop and R&B Worlds, Dies at 76". The New York Times . p. B5.
  2. 1 2 "Contemporary Authors Online: Biography Resource Center". Gale. Farmington Hills, Mich. 2009.
  3. "Badger Boys State Governors". Badger Boys State . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  4. "Al Jarreau Biography". aljarreau.com. August 7, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  5. 1 2 Fields-White, Monée (February 12, 2017). "Al Jarreau, a Unique Musical Stylist, Dead at 76". The Root .
  6. "Al Jarreau Biography". Hollywood in Vienna . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  7. "Saturday Night Live: Peter Boyle/Al Jarreau, The Shapiro Sisters". TV.com . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  8. "Al Jarreau Vocals". Jazztage Dresden (in German). Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  9. "Jarreau wins Jazz Grammy". Milwaukee Sentinel . February 24, 1978.
  10. "Al Jarreau Breakin' Away Review". BBC . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  11. 1 2 3 Schudel, Matt (February 12, 2017). "Al Jarreau, seven-time Grammy-winning singer, dies at 76". The Washington Post .
  12. Yancy, Robert; Cole, Timolin; Cole, Casey (January 12, 2016). "Unforgettable Natalie Cole". Focus VI.
  13. Jarreau, Al. "All I Got". Jazz Review (Interview). Interviewed by Ron Miller. Archived from the original on January 6, 2006. Retrieved February 13, 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. "Al Jarreau joins the Kalamazoo Symphony Orchestra Saturday February 27, 2016". 24–7 Press Release. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  15. Kuznik, Frank (October 1, 2012). "Concert Review: Al Jarreau and the Cleveland Orchestra at Severance Hall". Cleveland Scene . ISSN   1064-6116.
  16. "Larry Baird Biography" . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  17. Box Score Top Grossing Concerts. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. June 1, 1985. pp. 48–. ISSN   0006-2510.
  18. "Al Jarreau Honored With Star On Hollywood Walk Of Fame". Getty Images . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  19. "Happy Birthday Al Jarreau". A Jazz Life. March 13, 2013. Archived from the original on February 14, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  20. "Find a Grave" . Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  21. Chandler, D.L. (February 12, 2017). "Little Known Black History Fact: Al Jarreau". Black America Web.
  22. (AFP) –. "AFP: US jazz singer Al Jarreau critically ill in France". Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  23. "US jazz singer Al Jarreau critically ill in hospital". July 23, 2010.
  24. "Al Jarreau Stable, Changes Hospitals in France". Associated Press. July 24, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  25. "Jazz singer Al Jarreau cancels France concerts". Yahoo!. Associated Press. June 4, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
  26. Mergner, Lee (August 15, 2010). "Al Jarreau: Feelin' Pretty Good Singer set for performances at Wolf Trap and other venues in U.S. and Japan" . Retrieved December 6, 2010.
  27. DeVore, Sheryl (February 8, 2017). "Singer Al Jarreau cancels Genesee Theatre concert, retires from touring" . Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  28. "Al Jarreau Forced to Retire". Aljarreau.com.
  29. Rodriguez-Bloch, Laila (February 9, 2017). "Al Jarreau retires from touring, cancels Montreux Jazz Academy participation in Switzerland". All About Geneva. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  30. "Academy 2015". Montreux Jazz Artists Foundation. Archived from the original on June 25, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  31. Al Jarreau, Grammy-winning jazz, pop and R&B singer, dies at 76, The Guardian February 12, 2017
  32. Villarreal, Yvonne (February 12, 2017). "Influential jazz artist Al Jarreau, singer of 'We're in This Love Together,' dead at 76". Los Angeles Times .
  33. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/176264945/al-jarreau
  34. "Al Jarreau Loses Dispute with Bainbridge Records". Jet . July 12, 1982. ISSN   0021-5996.
  35. Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records. p. 280. ISBN   1-904994-10-5.
  36. "My Old Friend: Celebrating George Duke". AllMusic.
  37. "George Duke Fans and Music Lovers". George Duke Online. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  38. "Al Jarreau – Chart history – Billboard".
  39. "Al Jarreau – full Official Chart History – Official Charts Company".
  40. "Al Jarreau – dutchcharts.nl".
  41. "Al Jarreau – Artist". Grammy Award . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  42. "Grammy Awards 1978". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  43. "Grammy Awards 1979". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  44. "Winners Best Recording For Children - Single or Album, Musical or Spoken grammy.com". Grammy Award . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  45. "Grammy Awards 1981". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  46. "Grammy Awards 1982". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  47. "Jay Graydon – Artist". Grammy Award . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  48. "Grammy Awards 1984". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  49. "Grammy Awards 1985". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  50. "Grammy Awards 1986". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  51. "Grammy Awards 1987". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  52. "Grammy Awards 1988". Awards & shows. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  53. "The Grammys, Round 1 : Pop Music: Rock 'n' roll veterans lead pack of recording industry awards nominees". Los Angeles Times . January 12, 1990. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  54. "35th Annual Grammy Awards". Grammy Award . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  55. "NOMINEES FOR GRAMMY AWARDS NAMED". Deseret News . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  56. "Vincent Mendoza". Grammy Award . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  57. "Al Jarreau – Inducted to the Walk of Fame on March 6, 2001 with 1 star". Hollywood Walk of Fame . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  58. "THE SOULMUSIC HALL OF FAME: MALE ARTIST (Inductees)". Hollywood Walk of Fame . Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  59. "Honorary Degree Recipients". Berklee College of Music . Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  60. 1 2 Levy, Piet (February 12, 2017). "Al Jarreau, celebrated vocalist, Milwaukee native, dies at 76". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel .
  61. Damm, Ric. "Acclaimed Ripon alumnus Al Jarreau '62 dead at age 76". Ripon College . Retrieved April 3, 2020.