Alagir

Last updated
Alagir
Алагир(Russian)
Алагир (Ossetic)
-   Town [1]   -
Map of Russia - Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in Russia
Outline Map of North Ossetia.svg
Red pog.svg
Alagir
Location of Alagir in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Coordinates: 43°02′N44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233 Coordinates: 43°02′N44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233
Administrative status  (as of November 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of North Ossetia–Alania [1]
Administrative district Alagirsky District [1]
Town Under District Jurisdiction Alagir [1]
Administrative center of Alagirsky District, [1] Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction [1]
Municipal status  (as of November 2013)
Municipal district Alagirsky Municipal District [2]
Urban settlement Alagirskoye Urban Settlement [2]
Administrative center of Alagirsky Municipal District, [2] Alagirskoye Urban Settlement [2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 20,949 inhabitants [3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00) [4]
Founded1850 [5]
Town status since 1938[ citation needed ]
Postal code(s) [6] 363240–363243, 363245, 363246
Dialing code(s) +7 86731[ citation needed ]
Alagir on Wikimedia Commons

Alagir (Russian : Алаги́р; Ossetian : Алагир) is an industrial town and the administrative center of Alagirsky District in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, located on the west bank of the Ardon River, 54 kilometers (34 mi) west of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 20,949. [3]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

Ossetian language Eastern Iranian language

Ossetian, also known as Ossete and Ossetic, is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the northern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. It is a relative and possibly a descendant of the extinct Scythian, Sarmatian, and Alanic languages.

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

Contents

History

The town was established in 1850 [5] by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, the Viceroy of the Caucasus, near an ancient silver/lead mine in the nearby Alagir Gorge. It was built up as a fortification around a smelting plant and became a major mining center. By the end of the 19th century, it had been increasingly populated by Georgians and Russians who came to work there. During the Russian Civil War, in January 1919, Alagir was a scene of intense fighting, which resulted in heavy casualties in Georgian population and difficult flight of the survivors through the mountainous passes into Georgia. The Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin commented on the incident, blaming "counter-revolutionaries" for atrocities in Alagir, [7] which Georgians tend to attribute to the Ossetian radicals. [8]

Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov 19th-century Russian prince and field-marshal

Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov was a Russian prince and field-marshal, renowned for his success in the Napoleonic wars and most famous for his participation in the Caucasian War from 1844 to 1853.

A viceroy is an official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and the French word roy, meaning "king". A viceroy's territory may be called a viceroyalty, though this term is not always applied. The adjective form is viceregal, less often viceroyal. The term vicereine is sometimes used to indicate a female viceroy suo jure, although viceroy can serve as a gender-neutral term. Vicereine is more commonly used to indicate a viceroy's wife.

Caucasus region in Eurasia bordered on the south by Iran, on the southwest by Turkey, on the west by the Black Sea, on the east by the Caspian Sea, and on the north by Russia

The Caucasus or Caucasia is an area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, but is today accepted by the majority of scholars as being part of Asia.

Alagir was granted town status in 1938.[ citation needed ] During World War II, on November 5, 1942, the German III Panzer Corps and Romanian 2nd Mountain Division [9] (under von Kleist) captured the town and held it until it was recovered by the Soviet forces in early January 1943.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

III Army Corps (Wehrmacht) corps

III Army Corps was a corps level formation of the German Army during World War II.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Alagir serves as the administrative center of Alagirsky District. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Alagirsky District as Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction . [1] As a municipal division, the town of Alagir (without the rural localities) is incorporated within Alagirsky Municipal District as Alagirskoye Urban Settlement. [2]

Alagirsky District District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Alagirsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the central and southern parts of the republic along the Russian border with South Ossetia/Georgia. The area of the district is 2,135 square kilometers (824 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Alagir. Population: 38,830 (2010 Census); 38,581 ; 39,048 (1989 Census). The population of Alagir accounts for 54.0% of the district's total population.

Town of district significance is an administrative division of a district in a federal subject of Russia. It is equal in status to a selsoviet or an urban-type settlement of district significance, but is organized around a town ; often with surrounding rural territories.

Economy

The town's economy is still dominated by mining and mineral extraction, but it also has a significant woodworking, canning, and manufacturing industry.

Demographics

Alagir population
2010 Census 20,949 [3]
2002 Census 21,496 [10]
1989 Census 21,132 [11]
1979 Census 19,007 [12]

Major ethnic groups comprising the town's population, as of 2002, are:[ citation needed ]

Notable people

Stanislav Cherchesov Russian association football player and manager

Stanislav Salamovich Cherchesov is a Russian football manager and former international footballer of Ossetian descent who played as a goalkeeper for USSR and Russia. In August 2016 he was appointed as head coach of the Russia national team and helped his team to reach the quarter-finals of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Aslan Dudiyev Russian footballer

Aslan Muratovich Dudiyev is a Russian professional football player. He plays as a right-back for FC Baltika Kaliningrad.

Khetag Gazyumov Olympic wrestler

Khetag Gazyumov is retired Russian and Azerbaijani freestyle wrestler of Ossetian origin. Competing in the 96 kg weight category he won bronze medals at the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics and a silver at the 2016 Rio Games. He also won four gold and four silver medal at the European and world championships in 2009–2014 and a gold medal at the 2015 European Games.

Related Research Articles

Vladikavkaz City in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Vladikavkaz, formerly known as Ordzhonikidze (Орджоники́дзе) and Dzaudzhikau (Дзауджика́у), is the capital city of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the republic at the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains, situated on the Terek River. Population: 311,693 (2010 Census); 315,068 (2002 Census); 300,198 (1989 Census). Vladikavkaz is one of the most populous cities in the North Caucasus.

Kirovsky District is the name of several administrative and municipal divisions in Russia. The districts are generally named for Sergey Kirov, a Soviet statesman.

Prigorodny District Wikipedia disambiguation page

Prigorodny District is the name of several administrative and municipal districts in Russia:

Mozdok Town in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Mozdok is a town and the administrative center of Mozdoksky District of North Ossetia – Alania, Russia, located on the left shore of the Terek River, 92 kilometers (57 mi) north of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 38,768.

Beslan Town in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Beslan is a town and the administrative center of Pravoberezhny District of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, located about 29 kilometers (18 mi) north of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz, close to the border with the Republic of Ingushetia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 36,728, making it the third largest town in the republic behind Vladikavkaz and Mozdok.

Ardon, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania Town in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Ardon is a town and the administrative center of Ardonsky District in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, located in the center of the republic on the west bank of the Ardon River, 39 kilometers (24 mi) northwest of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 18,774.

Prigorodny District, North Ossetia – Alania District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Prigorodny District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic. The area of the district is 1,460 square kilometers (560 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Oktyabrskoye. Population: 108,665 (2010 Census); 102,990 ; 75,017 (1989 Census). The population of Oktyabrskoye accounts for 9.6% of the district's total population.

Pravoberezhny District is the name of several administrative and municipal districts in Russia. The name literally means "located on the right bank".

Mozdoksky District District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Mozdoksky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic. The area of the district is 1,080 square kilometers (420 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Mozdok. Population: 84,682 (2010 Census); 88,634 ; 77,063 (1989 Census). The population of Mozdok accounts for 45.8% of the district's total population.

Nadterechny District District in Chechen Republic, Russia

Nadterechny District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the fifteen in the Chechen Republic, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the republic. The area of the district is 938 square kilometers (362 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Znamenskoye. Population: 55,782 (2010 Census); 51,755 ; 35,742 (1989 Census). The population of Znamenskoye accounts for 18.4% of the district's total population.

Ardonsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic. The area of the district is 376.5 square kilometers (145.4 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Ardon. Population: 30,685 (2010 Census); 28,831 ; 22,725 (1989 Census). The population of Ardon accounts for 61.2% of the district's total population.

Digorsky District District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Digorsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic. The area of the district is 640 square kilometers (250 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Digora. Population: 19,334 (2010 Census); 20,625 ; 19,328 (1989 Census). The population of Digora accounts for 56.1% of the district's total population.

Irafsky District District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Irafsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic. The area of the district is 1,376 square kilometers (531 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Chikola. Population: 15,766 (2010 Census); 15,708 ; 15,732 (1989 Census). The population of Chikola accounts for 44.5% of the district's total population.

Kirovsky District, North Ossetia – Alania District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Kirovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic. The area of the district is 411 square kilometers (159 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Elkhotovo. Population: 27,807 (2010 Census); 26,571 ; 19,954 (1989 Census). The population of Elkhotovo accounts for 45.4% of the district's total population.

Pravoberezhny District, North Ossetia – Alania District in Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia

Pravoberezhny District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eight in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic. The area of the district is 441.29 square kilometers (170.38 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Beslan. Population: 57,063 (2010 Census); 55,685 ; 49,314 (1989 Census). The population of Beslan accounts for 64.4% of the district's total population.

Digora Town in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Digora is a town and the administrative center of Digorsky District of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia, located on the Ursdon River, 49 kilometers (30 mi) northwest of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 10,856.

Zavodskoy, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania Work settlement in North Ossetia-Alania, Russia

Zavodskoy is an urban locality under the administrative jurisdiction of Promyshlenny City District of the town of republican significance of Vladikavkaz, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. Population: 16,792 (2010 Census); 14,574 (2002 Census); 11,260 (1989 Census).

Tolstoy-Yurt is a rural locality and the administrative center of Groznensky District, the Chechen Republic, Russia. Population: 8,097 (2010 Census); 7,755 (2002 Census);

Kurchaloy is a rural locality and the administrative center of Kurchaloyevsky District, the Chechen Republic, Russia. Population: 22,723 (2010 Census); 20,857 (2002 Census);

References

The Cathedral of the Assumption (1851) in Alagir Alagirtserkov'.jpg
The Cathedral of the Assumption (1851) in Alagir

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Law #34-RZ
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #11-RZ
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time , as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 15. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. (in Russian) A.I. Melnin (1973), "Октябрьская революция и гражданская война в Северной Осетии" (The October Revolution and Civil War in North Ossetia), p. 225. Ordzhonikidze: Ir
  8. "Alagir incident (1919)", in: Mikaberidze, Alexander (2007), Historical Dictionary of Georgia, p. 106. Scarecrow Press, ISBN   0-8108-5580-1
  9. http://www.worldwar2.ro/operatii/?article=11
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  12. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25.

Sources