Alagonia (Ancient Greek : Ἀλαγονία) was a town of ancient Laconia, ancient Greece, near the Messenian frontier, belonging to the Eleuthero-Lacones, containing temples of the Greek gods Dionysus and Artemis. This town was 30 stadia distant from Gerenia.
The city was named after the mythological Alagonia, a daughter of Zeus and Europa.
Its site is tentatively located near the modern Anatoliko.
Acriae or Akriai, or Acraeae or Akraiai (Ἀκραῖαι), or Acreia or Akreia (Ἄκρεια), also spelled Acraea, was a town of ancient Laconia, on the eastern side of the Laconian bay, 30 stadia south of Helos. Strabo describes the Eurotas as flowing into the sea between Acriae and Gythium. Acriae possessed a sanctuary and a statue of the mother of the gods, which was said by the inhabitants of the town to be the most ancient in the Peloponnesus. William Martin Leake was unable to discover any remains of Acriae; the French expedition place its ruins at the harbour of Kokinio.
Pisilis, also known as Panormus or Panormos (Πάνορμος), was a small port town of ancient Caria, between Calynda and Kaunos.
Phoenicus or Phoinikous, also known as Phoenice or Phoinike (Φοινίκη), was a port of ancient Lycia, a little to the east of Patara; it was scarcely 2 miles (3.2 km) distant from the latter place, and surrounded on all sides by high cliffs. In the war against Antiochus III the Great, a Roman fleet took its station there with a view of taking Patara.
Pydnae or Pydnai was a small town on the coast of ancient Lycia, between the river Xanthus and Cape Hieron. Ptolemy calls the town Kydna or Cydna, and he places at the foot of Mount Cragus.
Euthenae or Euthenai was a coastal town of ancient Caria, on the Ceramicus Sinus.
Heraclea or Herakleia (Ἡράκλεια), also transliterated as Heracleia, was a town of ancient Lydia at the foot of Mount Sipylus. From this town magnets were known as Heracleus lapis.
Casystes or Kasystes was a port town of ancient Ionia, near Erythrae. Strabo, whose description proceeds from south to north, after describing Teos, says, "before you come to Erythrae, first is Erae, a small city of the Teians, then Corycus, a lofty mountain, and a harbour under it, Casystes; and another harbour called Erythras." It is probably the Cyssus of Livy, the port to which the fleet of Antiochus III sailed (191 BCE) before the naval engagement in which the king was defeated by Eumenes II and the Romans.
Zephyrium or Zephyrion, also called Zephyrium on the Calycadnus to differentiate it from other towns called Zephyrium, was a town of ancient Cilicia on the Calycadnus River near its mouth, on a promontory of the same name.
Eusene was a town of ancient Pontus, not far from the coast, a little to the northwest of Amisus. The Tabula Peutingeriana calls it Ezene. The anonymous Geographer of Ravenna calls it Aezene and Ecene.
Hamaxia was a town in the east of ancient Pamphylia or in the west of Cilicia. It had a good roadstead for ships, and excellent cedars for ship-building. Hamaxia is likely the same place as Anaxion or Anaxium or Amaxian (Ἁμαξίαν) mentioned by the Stadiasmus Maris Magni as being west of Coracesium. Strabo reports that the town was one of the gifts of Mark Antony to Cleopatra.
Ptolemais was a coastal town of ancient Pamphylia or of Cilicia, inhabited during Hellenistic times. It was located between the Melas River and Coracesium.
Nephelis was a small town of ancient Cilicia, situated, according to Ptolemy, between Antioch and Anemurium; but if, as some suppose, it be the same place as the Zephelium or Zephelion (Ζεφέλιον) mentioned in the Stadiasmus Maris Magni, it ought to be looked for between Selinus and Celenderis. Near the place was a promontory of the same name, where, according to Livy, the fleet of Antiochus the Great was stationed, when, after reducing the towns of Cilicia as far as Selinus, he was engaged in the siege of Coracesium, and where he received the ambassadors of the Rhodians.
Platanus or Platanous was a town on the coast of Cilicia Aspera, west of Anemurium. The Stadiasmus Maris Magni places Platanus 350 stadia from Anemurium, which is most likely incorrect. William Smith posited a distance of 150 stadia.
Mandane was a town on the coast of ancient Cilicia, between Celenderis, and Cape Pisidium or Posidium, from which it was only 7 stadia distant. William Smith conjectured it to be the same place as the Myanda or Mysanda mentioned by Pliny the Elder; and if so, it must also be identical with the town of Myus (Μυούς) mentioned in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax between Nagidus and Celenderis. Modern scholarship does not accept the identity.
Pisurgia or Pisourgia was a town on the coast of ancient Cilicia, between Celenderis and Seleucia ad Calycadnum, 45 stadia to the west of Cape Crauni, and to the right of the island of Crambusa.
Mylae or Mylai, also called Mylas (Μύλας) or Myle, was a town of ancient Cilicia, located on a promontory of the same name, between Aphrodisias and Cape Sarpedon.
Holmi or Holmoi, or Holmia, also possibly called Hermia, was a Greek town of Cilicia Tracheia with a harbor, a little to the south-west of Seleucia ad Calycadnum. When Seleucia ad Calycadnum was founded, the inhabitants of Holmi migrated there.
Philadelphia or Philadelpheia, was a town of ancient Cilicia, and later of Isauria. It was located in the interior of Cilicia Aspera, on the river Calycadnus, above Aphrodisias. It became an episcopal see; no longer the site of a residential bishop, it remains under the name Philadelphia Minor, a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.
Nicopolis or Nikopolis was an inland town in the extreme east of ancient Cilicia, inhabited during Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times. It was founded near the site of the Battle of Issus, and is mentioned by numerous ancient writers.
Pida, or Pidae or Pidis, was a town of ancient Pontus, inhabited during Roman and Byzantine times. It was in the later province of Pontus Galaticus, on the road leading from Amasia to Neocaesareia.
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