Alaminos, Cyprus

Last updated
Cyprus relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 34°48′25″N33°25′58″E / 34.80694°N 33.43278°E / 34.80694; 33.43278 Coordinates: 34°48′25″N33°25′58″E / 34.80694°N 33.43278°E / 34.80694; 33.43278
District Larnaca District
 (2011) [1]
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Alaminos (Greek : Αλαμινός, Turkish : Aleminyo) is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, west of the city of Larnaca. In 1960, it had 564 inhabitants, with a roughly equal number of Greek and Turkish Cypriots. [2] In 2011, its population was 345.

History and culture

Alaminos is the site of discovery of a Chalcolithic clay feminine "lactation" figurine, with hands pressing breasts. [3] Philip of Ibelin, seneschal of the Kingdom of Cyprus, had an estate at Alaminos, where he was banished in 1308. [4] The area is home to a still-extant coastal watchtower built under the Venetian rule. [5] There is also the old Church of Agios Mamas, which was restored in 2006. [6]

In the Middle Ages, Alaminos housed a monastery where the Georgian monks were active. The medieval Georgian hagiographic Life of St. John and Euthymius reports the Byzantine emperor Basil II's unsuccessful persuasion of Euthymius the Athonite to take the chair of the deceased archbishop of "Salamino". [7] A monastery operated by the Georgians at Alaminos is also mentioned by the Dominican Stephen de Lusignan, whose chronicle was published in Paris in 1580. [8] The Alexandrian Patriarch Cyprian, a Cypriot, writing in the late 18th century, reiterates that the Georgians once possessed "some Monasteries near Alamino, in the district of Mazoto, Cyprus" and adds that "no representatives of this sect are to be found, however, in the island at the present day." [9] Another important Georgian monastic foundation in Cyprus was the Gialia Monastery, some 149 km northwest of Alaminos. [8]

In December 2016, an archaeological expedition from Georgia located ruins of a church building and 14 graves, probably dating from the 12th to the 16th century. [8]

Related Research Articles

Nicosia Capital of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus (de facto)

Nicosia is the largest city, capital, and seat of government of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.

Famagusta City in eastern Cyprus

Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It is located east of Nicosia and possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the Middle Ages, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe. The old walled city and parts of the modern city are under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus, claimed by Cyprus. Famagusta is the capital of the Gazimağusa District of Northern Cyprus.

Church of Cyprus Christian Eastern Orthodox jurisdiction in Cyprus

The Church of Cyprus is one of the autocephalous Greek Orthodox churches that together with other Eastern Orthodox churches form the communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is one of the oldest Eastern Orthodox autocephalous churches; it claims to have always been independent, although it may have been subject to the Church of Antioch before its autocephaly was recognized in 431 at the Council of Ephesus. The bishop of the ancient capital, Salamis was constituted metropolitan by Emperor Zeno, with the title archbishop.

Larnaca Place in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Larnaca is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the district of the same name. It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with a metro population of 144,200 in 2015.

Ottoman Cyprus Ottoman province (1571–1878)

The Eyalet of Cyprus was an eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire made up of the island of Cyprus, which was annexed into the Empire in 1571. The Ottomans changed the way they administered Cyprus multiple times. It was a sanjak (sub-province) of the Eyalet of the Archipelago from 1670 to 1703, and again from 1784 onwards; a fief of the Grand Vizier ; and again an eyalet for the short period from 1745 to 1748.

Larnaca District District of Cyprus

Larnaca District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its capital is Larnaca. It is bordered on the east by Famagusta District, on the north by Nicosia District and on the west by Limassol District.

Xylotymbou is a small town in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus. It is one of the four enclaves surrounded by the Eastern Sovereign Base Area of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, a British Overseas Territory, administered as a Sovereign Base Area. The others are the village of Ormidhia and Dhekelia Power Station. It is administered by the internationally recognized government of Cyprus, the Republic of Cyprus.

Armenian Cypriots

Armenians in Cyprus or Armenian-Cypriots are ethnic Armenians who live in Cyprus. They are a recognized minority with their own language, schools and churches. Despite the relatively small number of Armenians living in Cyprus, the Armenian-Cypriot community has had a significant impact upon the Armenian diaspora and Armenian people. During the Middle Ages, Cyprus had an extensive connection with the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, while the Ganchvor monastery had an important presence in Famagusta. During the Ottoman Era, the Virgin Mary church and the Magaravank were very prominent. Certain Armenian-Cypriots were or are very prominent on a Panarmenian or international level and the fact that, for nearly half a century, the survivors of the Armenian genocide have co-operated and co-existed peacefully with the Turkish-Cypriots is perhaps a unique phenomenon across the Armenian Diaspora. The emigration of a large number of Armenian-Cypriots to the United Kingdom has virtually shaped today's British-Armenian community.

Xylofagou Place in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Xylofagou is a sprawling Greek-Cypriot village situated close to the A3 Motorway between Dhekelia (Larnaca) and Paralimni / Agia Napa. It lies on the northern flank of a hill, on the edge of an area of a group of several similar villages known as the "Kokkinochoria", known for growing vegetables, especially potatoes, in red soil.

Religion in Cyprus is characterised by two main religious beliefs and practices. Christianity makes up 73% of the population of the island. Most Greek Cypriots, and thus the majority of the population of Cyprus, are members of the autocephalous Greek Orthodox. Most Turkish Cypriots are officially Sunni Muslims. There are also Baháʼí, Catholic, Jewish, Protestant, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and non-religious communities in Cyprus.

Kiti, Cyprus Village in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Kiti is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 11 km southwest of Larnaca. It is noted for the Byzantine church Panagia tis Angeloktistis or Panagia Angeloktisti. According to local tradition, the residents of ancient Kition moved to Kiti in order to escape the Arab invasions. They decided to build the church, but according to tradition, the foundation of church moved overnight. According to legend, an army of angels came overnight to build the church, which is where it gets its name.

Lysi Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Lysi is a village located in the Mesaoria plain in Cyprus, north of the city of Larnaca. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. Lysi is also the administration center for the villages of Beyarmudu, Paşaköy, Pile and Vadili.

Oroklini Place in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Voroklini (Βορόκληνη), more commonly and unofficially known as Oroklini, is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus, to the north-east of Larnaca. Its population in 2011 was 6,134, and is mainly divided between Cypriot and British residents.

Tochni Place in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Tochni is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, about halfway between the cities of Larnaca and Limassol. Prior to 1974, Tochni had a mixed Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot population. In August 1974, 85 Turkish Cypriot inhabitants of this village and of neighboring villages were massacred by Greek Cypriot terrorists.

Anafotia Village in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Anafotia is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, west of Larnaca. In 1994, the official name of the village became Anafotida (Aναφωτίδα), following a decision by the then-government of Cyprus to make the names of villages on the island more Greek. However, locally the village is still referred to as Anafotia.

Kalo Chorio, Larnaca Village in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Kalo Chorio Larnakas is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, 10 km west of the town of Larnaca. Prior to 1974, the majority of the village consisted of Turkish Cypriots.

Angastina Village in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Angastina is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus, located around 20 km east of Nicosia, on the main road to Famagusta. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. Angastina is perched on a gentle river terrace chalk escarpment over the Pedias river plain at 66 metres above sea level.

Kellia, Cyprus Village in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Kellia is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located north of Larnaca. Prior to 1974, the village was inhabited mostly by Turkish Cypriots. In 2011, its population was 387.

Mari, Cyprus Village in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Mari is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 5 km west of Zygi. The village was largely populated by Turkish Cypriots before 1974. In Turkish, it is known as Tatlısu.

Christianity in Cyprus

Christianity in Cyprus is the largest religion making up 78% of the island's population. The largest branch is the Greek Orthodox Church, while the rest are the smaller religious groups of the Anglicans, Roman and Latin Christians, Maronites, Armenian Apostolics, Greek Evangelics.


  1. "C1. POPULATION ENUMERATED BY SEX, AGE, DISTRICT, MUNICIPALITY/COMMUNITY AND QUARTER (1.10.2011)", Population - Place of Residence, 2011, Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2014-04-17, archived from the original on 2014-04-20, retrieved 2014-04-20
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-02. Retrieved 2009-06-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Goring, Elizabeth (1991). "Pottery figurines: the development of coroplastic art in Chalcolithic Cyprus". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 282: 153–61.
  4. Konnari, Angel Nicolaou; Schabel, Christopher David (2005). Cyprus: Society And Culture 1191-1374. Brill. p. 81. ISBN   9004147675.
  5. Cosmescu, Dragoş. Venetian Renaissance Fortifications in the Mediterranean. McFarland. p. 41. ISBN   9781476620183.
  6. Flourentzos, Pavlos (2008). Annual Report of the Department of Antiquities for the year 2006 (PDF). Lefkosia: Republic of Cyprus Ministry of Communication and Works. p. 29. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  7. Djobadze, Wachtang Z. (1976). "Materials for the Study of Georgian Monasteries in the Western Environs of Antioch-on-the- Orontes". Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium. Louvain. 372: 77.
  8. 1 2 3 "Ruins of Georgian church discovered on Cyprus". OrthoChristian.Com. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  9. Dowling, Theodore Edward (1912). Sketches of Georgian Church History. London: Society for Promoting Christian Literature. p. 125.