Alan Garnett Davenport

Last updated
Alan Garnett Davenport
BornSeptember 19, 1932
DiedJuly 19, 2009
Nationality Canadian
OccupationEngineer
Spouse(s)Sheila Smith
Engineering career
Discipline Civil engineer

Alan Garnett Davenport (September 19, 1932 July 19, 2009) was a professor at the University of Western Ontario and founder of its Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory. He analyzed the wind's effect on a significant portion of the world's tallest buildings including the building formerly known as the CN Tower, Sears Tower, Citicorp Center, and the World Trade Center. He was a Member of the Order of Canada, Canada's highest civilian honor.

University of Western Ontario public research university located in London, Ontario, Canada

University of Western Ontario (UWO), corporately branded as Western University as of 2012 and commonly shortened to Western, is a public research university in London, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is on 455 hectares of land, surrounded by residential neighbourhoods and the Thames River bisecting the campus's eastern portion. The university operates twelve academic faculties and schools. It is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.

CN Tower Communications and observation tower in Downtown Toronto, Canada

The CN Tower is a 553.3 m-high (1,815.3 ft) concrete communications and observation tower located in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Built on the former Railway Lands, it was completed in 1976. Its name "CN" originally referred to Canadian National, the railway company that built the tower. Following the railway's decision to divest non-core freight railway assets prior to the company's privatization in 1995, it transferred the tower to the Canada Lands Company, a federal Crown corporation responsible for real estate development.

Citigroup Center Office skyscraper in Manhattan, New York

The Citigroup Center is an office tower in New York City, located at 53rd Street between Lexington Avenue and Third Avenue in midtown Manhattan. It was built in 1977 to house the headquarters of Citibank. It is 915 feet tall, and has 59 floors with 1.3 million square feet of office space.

Contents

Early life

Davenport was born in Madras, India and grew up in South Africa, attending Michaelhouse. [1] He studied at Cambridge University for his B.A. and M.A. in mechanical science. He went on to receive an M.A.Sc. from the University of Toronto and a Ph.D. from the University of Bristol. His thesis of "The Treatment of Wind Loads on Tall Towers and Long Span Bridges in the Turbulent Wind" was the focus of his professional career. [2]

Michaelhouse building in Africa

Michaelhouse is a full boarding senior school for boys founded in 1896. It is located in the Balgowan valley in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

A Master of Arts is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech. The degree is usually contrasted with the Master of Science. Those admitted to the degree typically study linguistics, history, communication studies, diplomacy, public administration, political science, or other subjects within the scope of the humanities and social sciences; however, different universities have different conventions and may also offer the degree for fields typically considered within the natural sciences and mathematics. The degree can be conferred in respect of completing courses and passing examinations, research, or a combination of the two.

He also served as a pilot in the Royal Canadian Navy.

Royal Canadian Navy Maritime warfare branch of Canadas military

The Royal Canadian Navy is the naval force of Canada. The RCN is one of three environmental commands within the unified Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2017, The Royal Canadian Navy operates 12 frigates, 4 patrol submarines, 12 coastal defence vessels and 8 unarmed patrol/training vessels, as well as several auxiliary vessels. The Royal Canadian Navy consists of 8,500 Regular Force and 5,100 Primary Reserve sailors, supported by 5,300 civilians. Vice-Admiral Art McDonald is the current Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy and Chief of the Naval Staff.

He married Sheila Smith, with whom he had four children.

Research

Davenport and his laboratory contributed to the engineering and design of many tall buildings and bridges, including the Willis Tower, the World Trade Center and the Tsing Ma Bridge. They analyzed the wind flow and load over the structures using wind tunnels, detecting vulnerabilities which required compensating changes in the design. [2] [3]

Tsing Ma Bridge Suspension bridge in Hong Kong

Tsing Ma Bridge is a bridge in Hong Kong. It is the world's 11th-longest span suspension bridge, and was the second longest at time of completion. The bridge was named after the two islands it connects, namely Tsing Yi and Ma Wan. It has two decks and carries both road and rail traffic, which also makes it the largest suspension bridge of this type. The bridge has a main span of 1,377 metres (4,518 ft) and a height of 206 metres (676 ft). The span is the longest of all bridges in the world carrying rail traffic.

He was a founding editor of the Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering [1] and was the founding research director for the Institute of Catastrophic Loss Reduction, a 1999 partnership between the University of Western Ontario and the Insurance board of Canada. Its goal is to improve construction practices and standards to better withstand extreme weather conditions. [4]

<i>Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering</i> journal

The Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1974 and published by the NRC Research Press. It covers environmental, hydrotechnical, structure, and construction engineering, as well as engineering mechanics, engineering materials, and a history of civil engineering. Papers are available on the Internet in advance of print issues and are available in full-text HTML and PDF formats.

Davenport authored more than 200 scientific papers during his career. [5]

He was presented with the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering in 1994, [6] and the Albert Caquot Award in 2001. [7] He was appointed a Member of the Order of Canada on May 1, 2002 for a lifetime of achievement. [1] [8]

He was honored with the Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat in 2005. [9]

Retirement

He died in London, Ontario due to complications from Parkinson's disease [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Deaths: Alan Garnett Davenport". The Globe and Mail. July 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  2. 1 2 3 Martin, Douglas (July 25, 2009). "Alan G. Davenport, Noted Wind Engineer, Dies at 76". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  3. Mayne, Paul. "In Memoriam - Alan Davenport". The University of Western Ontario. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  4. "Alan Davenport". Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction. 2001. Archived from the original on 16 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  5. Anderson, Jim (March 31, 2005). "Davenport built career blowing in the wind". The University of Western Ontario. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  6. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Past Winners
  7. "Scientist Profile: Alan Garnett Davenport". Science.ca. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  8. "Order of Canada: Alan Davenport". Order of Canada. Retrieved 2009-07-26.[ permanent dead link ]
  9. "2005 Lynn S. Beedle Award Winner". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 17 May 2012.