Alaouite dynasty

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Alaouite dynasty
Alawite dynasty
سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين
Royal standard of Morocco.svg
Country Morocco
Founded1631
Founder Moulay Ali Cherif
Current head Mohammad VI
Religion Sunni Islam Maliki
Estate(s)Morocco

The Alaouite dynasty , or Alawite dynasty (Arabic : سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين, Sulālat al-ʿAlawiyyīn al-Fīlālīyn), is the current Moroccan royal family. Sharif ibn Ali became Prince of Tafilalt in 1631. His son Mulay Al-Rashid (1664–1672) was able to unite and pacify the country.

Contents

Centralised state

The organisation of the sultanate developed under Ismail Ibn Sharif (1672–1727), who, against the opposition of local tribes, began to create a unified state. Because the Alaouites had difficult relations with many of the country's Berber and Bedouin-Arab tribes, Isma'īl formed a new army of black slaves, the Black Guard. However, the unity of Morocco did not survive his death—in the ensuing power struggles the tribes became a political and military force once again.

During Muhammad III's reign (1757–1790) the kingdom was once again united and the administration reorganised. A renewed attempt at centralisation was abandoned, and the tribes were allowed to preserve their autonomy. Under Abderrahmane (1822–1859) Morocco fell under the influence of the European powers. After Morocco supported the Algerian independence movement of Emir Abd al-Qadir, it was attacked and defeated by the French in 1844 at the Battle of Isly and made to abandon its support.

European contact and the French protectorate

During the reigns of Muhammad IV (1859–1873) and Hassan I (1873–1894), the Alaouites tried to foster trading links, above all with European countries and the United States. The army and administration were also modernised to improve control over the Berber and Bedouin tribes. With the war against Spain (1859–1860) came direct involvement in European affairs. Although the independence of Morocco was guaranteed at the Treaty of Madrid (1880), the French gained ever greater influence. German attempts to counter this growing influence led to the First Moroccan Crisis of 1905–1906 and the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911.

Eventually the Moroccans were forced to recognise the French protectorate through the Treaty of Fez, signed on December 3, 1912. At the same time the Rif area of northern Morocco was raised under Spanish control.


Morocco's economy in:

Morocco's economy hasn't always been stable especially after the 1850s it had to repay damages and war reparations after that it slowly bounced back but never completely.


 1840 - $688.000.000 USD
 1850 = $635.501.030 USD
 1860 = $362.200.704 USD
 1870 = $457.340.050 USD
 1880 = $483.406.706 USD
 1890 = $501.300.581 USD
 1900 = $520.953.293 USD

List of Alaouite rulers

From 1631 to 1666 the Alaouite dynasty ruled as princes of Tafilalt:

In 1666 Mulay Al-Rashid was proclaimed Sultan of Morocco at Fez:

Under the French protectorate (1912–1956):

From independence (1956 onwards):

Timeline

Mohammed VI of MoroccoHassan II of MoroccoMohammed V of MoroccoMohammed Ben AarafaMohammed V of MoroccoYusef of MoroccoFrench-Spanish ProtectorateAbdelhafid of MoroccoAbdelaziz of MoroccoHassan I of MoroccoMohammed IV of MoroccoAbderrahmane of MoroccoSlimane of MoroccoYazid of MoroccoMohammed ben AbdallahAbdallah of Moroccoal-Mostadi of MoroccoAbdallah of Moroccoal-Mostadi of MoroccoAbdallah of MoroccoZin al-Abidin of MoroccoAbdallah of Moroccoal-Mostadi of MoroccoMuhammad II ben Arbia of MoroccoAbdallah of MoroccoAli of MoroccoAbdallah of MoroccoAbu'l Abbas Ahmad II of MoroccoAbdalmalik of MoroccoAbu'l Abbas Ahmad II of MoroccoAlaouite Succession CrisisIsmail Ibn Sharifal-Rashid of MoroccoMuhammad ibn SharifMoulay Ali CherifKings of MoroccoSultans of MoroccoTafilaltAlaouite dynasty

Family tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Moulay Ali Cherif
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed I
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Ismail
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Rachid
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Ahmad
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Abdul Malek
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Abdallah II
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed II
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Ali
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Al-Mustadi'
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Zin al-Abidin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Al-Yazid
 
Hisham
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Sulayman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Abd al-Rahman
ibn Hicham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed IV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Hassan I
 
 
 
 
 
Aarafa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Abd al-Aziz
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Abd al-Hafid
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Youssef
 
Tahar
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed
Ben Aarafa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed V
3° spouse
Lalla Bahia
 
2° spouse
Lalla Abla bint Tahar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lalla
Fatima Zohra
 
Lalla
Amina
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Hassan II
2° spouse
Lalla Latifa Hammou
 
Lalla
Malika
 
Lalla
Nuzha
 
Lalla
Aicha
 
Abdellah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lalla
Meryem
 
Lalla
Asma
 
Strohl-Regentenkronen-Fig. 41.png Mohammed VI
spouse
Lalla Salma
 
Lalla
Hasna
 
Rachid
 
Hicham
 
Ismail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crown Prince
Hassan
 
Lalla
Khadija

See also

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References

    Further reading

    Royal house
    House of Alaoui
    Preceded by
    Saadi Dynasty
    Ruling house of Morocco
    1666 – present
    Incumbent