Alasht

Last updated
Alasht
Ālaŝt
City
Iran location map.svg
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Alasht
Coordinates: 36°04′00″N52°50′14″E / 36.06667°N 52.83722°E / 36.06667; 52.83722 Coordinates: 36°04′00″N52°50′14″E / 36.06667°N 52.83722°E / 36.06667; 52.83722
Country Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Province Mazandaran
County Savadkuh
Bakhsh Central
Population (2016 Census)
  Total 1,193 [1]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
  Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Alasht (Persian : Ālaŝt, meaning Eagle Sanctuary, also Romanized as Ālasht) [2] is a city in the Central District of Savadkuh County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 976, in 287 families. [3]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

The Central District of Savadkuh County is a district (bakhsh) in Savadkuh County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 42,679, in 11,396 families. The District has three cities: Pol Sefid, Zirab, and Alasht. The District has four rural districts (dehestan): Kaseliyan Rural District, Rastupey Rural District, Sorkhkola Rural District, and Valupey Rural District.

Savadkuh County County in Mazandaran, Iran

Savadkuh County (Persian: Ŝahrestāne Sawādkuh‎) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 66,430, in 17,918 families. The county is subdivided into two districts: the Central District and Shirgah District. The county has six cities: Zirab, Shirgah, Alasht, and Pol Sefid.

Contents

Alasht is isolated by surrounding mountains, which gives it a cooler climate than most regions of the province. It is most known for being the birthplace of Reza Shah Pahlavi, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty.

Pahlavi dynasty Dynasty that ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Natural resources

Alasht has a natural spring and is also noted for being one of the few cryotherapy spots of the province.

Cryotherapy, sometimes known as cold therapy, is the local or general use of low temperatures in medical therapy. Cryotherapy may be used to treat a variety of tissue lesions. The most prominent use of the term refers to the surgical treatment, specifically known as cryosurgery or cryoablation. Cryosurgery is the application of extremely low temperatures to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue and is used most commonly to treat skin conditions.

In addition, caves in and around Alasht are rich with minerals, mostly anthracite coal reserves.

Cave Natural underground space large enough for a human to enter

A cave or cavern is a natural void in the ground, specifically a space large enough for a human to enter. Caves often form by the weathering of rock and often extend deep underground. The word cave can also refer to much smaller openings such as sea caves, rock shelters, and grottos, though strictly speaking a cave is exogene, meaning it is deeper than its opening is wide, and a rock shelter is endogene.

Mineral Element or chemical compound that is normally crystalline and that has been formed as a result of geological processes

A mineral is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound that occurs naturally in pure form. A rock may consist of a single mineral, or may be an aggregate of two or more different minerals, spacially segregated into distinct phases. Compounds that occur only in living beings are usually excluded, but some minerals are often biogenic and/or are organic compounds in the sense of chemistry. Moreover, living beings often syntesize inorganic minerals that also occur in rocks.

Climate

Due to its location, Alasht is fairly cool throughout the year. Winter in the village is particularly harsh, causing most of the inhabitants to move to warmer areas for the season. However, the rainfall in the village is similar to the rest of the province, with approximately 593 millimeters of precipitation per year.

Reza Shah Shah of the Imperial State of Iran

Reza Shah Pahlavi, commonly known as Reza Shah, was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.

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References

  1. https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. Alasht can be found at GEOnet Names Server , at this link , by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3052296" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.