Albany, California

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Albany, California
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View of Albany from Albany Hill
Seal of Albany, California.svg
Motto(s): 
Urban Village by the Bay [1]
Alameda County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Albany Highlighted.svg
Location in Alameda County and the state of California
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Albany, California
Location in California
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Albany, California
Albany, California (the United States)
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Albany, California
Albany, California (North America)
Coordinates: 37°53′13″N122°17′52″W / 37.88694°N 122.29778°W / 37.88694; -122.29778 Coordinates: 37°53′13″N122°17′52″W / 37.88694°N 122.29778°W / 37.88694; -122.29778
CountryUnited States
State California
County Alameda County
Incorporated September 22, 1908 [2]
Government
   State Senate Nancy Skinner (D) [3]
   State Assembly Buffy Wicks (D) [4]
Area
[5]
  Total5.47 sq mi (14.16 km2)
  Land1.79 sq mi (4.64 km2)
  Water3.68 sq mi (9.52 km2)  67.28%
Elevation
[6]
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total20,271
  Density11,324.58/sq mi (4,372.49/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
94706, 94707, 94710
Area codes 510, 341
FIPS code 06-00674
GNIS feature IDs 1657902, 2409674
Website www.albanyca.org

Albany ( /ˈɔːlbəni/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) AWL-bə-nee) is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northwestern Alameda County, California. The population was 20,271 at the 2020 census. [7]

Contents

History

Albany and much of the East Bay was part of Rancho San Antonio, granted to the Peralta family in 1820. Peralta Family.jpg
Albany and much of the East Bay was part of Rancho San Antonio, granted to the Peralta family in 1820.

In 1908, a group of local women protested the dumping of Berkeley garbage in their community. Armed with two shotguns and a twenty-two-caliber rifle, they confronted the drivers of the wagons near what is now the corner of San Pablo Avenue and Buchanan Street. The women told the drivers of the horse-drawn garbage wagons to go home, which they did quickly and without complaint. [8] Shortly thereafter, the residents of the town voted to incorporate as the City of Ocean View. In 1909, voters changed the name of the city, primarily to distinguish the city from the adjacent section of Berkeley which had previously been named Ocean View. [9] On a vote of 38 to 6 [9] the city was renamed in honor of Albany, New York, the birthplace of the city's first mayor, Frank Roberts. [10]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (67.28%) is water.

The principal shopping street in Albany is Solano Avenue, which cuts across the city from west to east. Another important street is San Pablo Avenue, which travels from north to south.

Albany is located on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay, bordering the city of Berkeley to the south and east, and the Contra Costa County cities of El Cerrito and Richmond to the north. Albany's northern and southern borders are defined by two creeks, Codornices Creek on the south and Cerrito Creek on the north. Cerrito Creek takes its name from "El Cerrito de San Antonio", now known as Albany Hill. The hill's unusual location near the bay shore makes it a prominent landmark in the East Bay. The rest of the city is relatively flat by Bay Area standards, except for a small area near the base of the Berkeley Hills.

Albany's waterfront has undergone significant man-made changes; the most prominent landform is now the Albany Bulb, a former garbage landfill jutting out into San Francisco Bay. The bulb was the site of a small art colony and shanty town until it was cleared to turn the area into part of the new Eastshore State Park. [11] [12] [13]

University Village, a housing unit of the University of California Berkeley, is located in Albany. [14]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 808
1920 2,462204.7%
1930 8,569248.1%
1940 11,49334.1%
1950 17,59053.0%
1960 14,804−15.8%
1970 15,5615.1%
1980 15,130−2.8%
1990 16,3277.9%
2000 16,4440.7%
2010 18,53912.7%
2020 20,2719.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

The 2010 United States Census [16] reported that Albany had a population of 18,539. As of 2012, Albany had a population of 18,969. The population density was 3,392.1 people per square mile (1,309.7/km2). The racial makeup of Albany was 10,128 (54.6%) White, 645 (3.5%) African American, 88 (0.5%) Native American, 5,790 (31.2%) Asian, 37 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 607 (3.3%) from other races, and 1,244 (6.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,891 persons (10.2%).

The Census reported that 18,454 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 74 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 11 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 7,401 households, out of which 2,909 (39.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,801 (51.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 883 (11.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 295 (4.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 341 (4.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 123 (1.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships; 1,862 households (25.2%) were made up of individuals, and 593 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49. There were 4,979 families (67.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.00.

The population was diverse in age, with 4,630 people (25.0%) under the age of 18, 1,006 people (5.4%) aged 18 to 24, 6,154 people (33.2%) aged 25 to 44, 4,902 people (26.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,847 people (10.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

There were 7,889 housing units at an average density of 1,443.5 per square mile (557.3/km2), of 7,401 which were occupied, of which 3,574 (48.3%) were owner-occupied, and 3,827 (51.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 9,070 people (48.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,384 people (50.6%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy

The major retail and business areas in Albany are Solano Avenue, which is a pedestrian-oriented street lined with mainly small shops, restaurants, and services; San Pablo Avenue, which is more automobile-oriented; and an area near the Eastshore Freeway, which currently houses a two-story Target store.

In 2006 voters approved of measure D which allows one medical cannabis dispensary in the town in addition to measure C to build a new emergency operations center with "sustainable features", an addition to the civic center of Albany. [17]

Albany is the site of Golden Gate Fields, the only horse racing track in the Bay Area.

Real estate prices have been rising steeply in recent years. The median price of a single family home and condo in Census 2000, June 2007, November 2009, July 2011, August 2013 and August 2014 were $334,800, $687,500, $610,000, $590,000, $625,750 and $820,050 respectively. [18]

Politics

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Albany has 11,344 registered voters. Of those, 7,489 (66%) are registered Democrats, 512 (4.5%) are registered Republicans, and 2,917 (25.7%) have declined to state a political party. [19]

Top employers

According to Albany's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [20] the top employers in the city were:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Albany Unified School District 383
2 Target 358
3 Agricultural Research Service 266
4 Golden Gate Fields 199
5City of Albany84
6 St. Mary's College High School 70
7Albany Ford Subaru 56
8 Safeway 45
9 California Orientation Center for the Blind 45
10Albany Bowl43

Education

Albany Middle School, 2000 Albany Middle School.jpg
Albany Middle School, 2000

Public schools in Albany are operated by the Albany Unified School District, a special-purpose district whose borders match the city's. The school district operates three elementary schools (Marin Elementary School, Ocean View Elementary School and Cornell Elementary School), one middle school (Albany Middle School), one traditional high school (Albany High School), and one continuation high school, in addition to an adult school. Albany High School is known as one of the best public schools of the San Francisco Bay Area for its academic excellence. The high school had a graduation rate of 92.1%, according to the 2009–10 School Accountability Report Card for the prior academic year. [21]

There are two private high schools in Albany: Tilden Preparatory School (formerly School for Independent Learners) on Solano Avenue and St. Mary's College High School, whose campus straddles the border with Berkeley, CA.

The University of California, Berkeley owns a large student housing complex in Albany, University Village, which is primarily used for family housing.

Arts, culture, and recreation

Midtown Albany Midtown El Cerrito.jpg
Midtown Albany

The Solano Avenue Stroll, an annual street festival held on Solano Avenue in Albany and Berkeley, attracts more than 250,000 visitors on the second Sunday of September. The event was started in 1975 by The Iris store owner and Solano Avenue Association founder Ira Klein as a "thank you party" from Solano Avenue business owners to customers. [22] The Library of Congress designated the Solano Stroll as a "National Local Legacy" in 2001. [22]

Albany provides both the locale and the title for one of the best-known poems in language poetry, by former long-time Albany resident, poet Ron Silliman.

Albany is home to Golden Gate Fields, the only commercial racetrack in the Bay Area, as well as the Eastshore State Park which skirts the San Francisco Bay, and the Albany Bulb.

Albany has a strong school music program. High school music groups, both instrumental and choral, have performed at the CMEA, Reno Jazz, and other festivals. The Albany High School Jazz Band was also accepted at the Essentially Ellington festival at the Lincoln Center in 2010. Albany was one of 15 schools accepted into the festival.

Albany Strollers & Rollers is a volunteer group dedicated to service and advocacy for bicycling and walking. [23]

Friends of Five Creeks is an all-volunteer group working hands-on for clean water and healthy watersheds.

The Albany Sauna is one of the oldest Finnish-style Sauna open to the public in North America. Built in 1934 by Finnish-American Henry Walter Lundgren (a founding member of the Finnish Lodge in West Berkeley), the original furnace and rooms have been maintained to produce one of the most authentic sauna experiences outside of Finland. [24]

The Albany Community Center was designed by architect Robert Marquis and opened in 1994. [25] It houses the Albany Public Library on one side and the Community Center on the other, and is host to many different community events and cultural activities.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Berkeley, California City in California, United States

Berkeley is a city on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California, United States. It is named after the 18th-century Irish bishop and philosopher George Berkeley. It borders the cities of Oakland and Emeryville to the south and the city of Albany and the unincorporated community of Kensington to the north. Its eastern border with Contra Costa County generally follows the ridge of the Berkeley Hills. The 2020 census recorded a population of 124,321.

Richmond, California City in Contra Costa County, California US

Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city was incorporated on August 7, 1905, and has a city council. Located in the San Francisco Bay Area's East Bay region, Richmond borders San Pablo, Albany, El Cerrito and Pinole in addition to the unincorporated communities of North Richmond, Hasford Heights, Kensington, El Sobrante, Bayview-Montalvin Manor, Tara Hills, and East Richmond Heights, and for a short distance San Francisco on Red Rock Island in the San Francisco Bay. Richmond is one of two cities, the other being San Rafael, that sits on the shores of both San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay.

Fairfield, California City in California, United States

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Emeryville, California City in California, United States

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East Richmond Heights, California Census-designated place in California, United States

East Richmond Heights is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. Its population was 3,280 at the 2010 census. The area also includes Tewksbury Heights, a subdivision created in 1909 and located within the East Richmond Heights CDP.

El Cerrito, California City in California, United States

El Cerrito is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States, and forms part of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of 23,549 according to the 2010 census. El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It was incorporated in 1917 as a village with 1,500 residents. As of the census in 2000, there were 23,171 people, 10,208 households and 5,971 families in the city.

Kensington, California Census designated place & unincorporated community in California, United States

Kensington is an unincorporated community and census designated place located in the Berkeley Hills, in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area, in Contra Costa County, California. Originally part of the territory of the Ohlone, the land was appropriated by the Republic of Mexico. In the 20th century it was considered part of Berkeley, although it is across the county line. House numbers follow the pattern used in Berkeley, and Kensington shares two zip codes with the Berkeley hills area.

San Pablo, California City in California, United States

San Pablo is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city of Richmond surrounds nearly the whole city. The population was 29,139 at the 2010 census. The current Mayor is Elizabeth Pabon-Alvarado. Currently, the City Council consists of Arturo Cruz, Rita Xavier, Abel Pineda and Patricia Ponce. Xavier is the Vice Mayor, and Cruz, Pineda, and Ponce are Council Members. Dorothy Gantt is the city Clerk. Viviana Toledo is the city Treasurer.

California State Route 123 Highway in California

State Route 123 is a state highway in the U.S. state of California in the San Francisco Bay Area. Named San Pablo Avenue for virtually its entire length, SR 123 is a major north–south state highway along the flats of the urban East Bay. Route 123 runs about 7.39 miles (11.9 km) between Interstate 580 in Oakland in the south and Interstate 80 in Richmond in the north. San Pablo Avenue itself, a portion of Historic US 40, continues well past these termini, south to Downtown Oakland and north to Crockett, but without the Route 123 designation.

Solano Avenue in Berkeley and Albany, California is a two-mile (3.2 km) long east-west street. Solano Avenue is one of the larger shopping districts in the Berkeley area. Businesses along Solano Avenue cover a wide range, including grocery stores, coffee shops, drugstores, bookstores, antique dealers, apparel outlets, ethnic restaurants and a movie theater.

Codornices Creek

Codornices Creek, 2.0 miles (3.2 km) long, is one of the principal creeks which runs out of the Berkeley Hills in the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area in California. In its upper stretch, it passes entirely within the city limits of Berkeley, and marks the city limit with the adjacent city of Albany in its lower section. Before European settlement, Codornices probably had no direct, permanent connection to San Francisco Bay. Like many other small creeks, it filtered through what early maps show as grassland to a large, northward-running salt marsh and slough that also carried waters from Marin Creek and Schoolhouse Creek. A channel was cut through in the 19th Century, and Codornices flows directly to San Francisco Bay by way of a narrow remnant slough adjacent to Golden Gate Fields racetrack.

West Berkeley, Berkeley, California

West Berkeley is generally the area of Berkeley, California, that lies west of San Pablo Avenue, abutting San Francisco Bay. It includes the area that was once the unincorporated town of Ocean View, as well as the filled-in areas along the shoreline west of I-80, mainly including the Berkeley Marina. It lies at an elevation of 23 feet.

Interstate 80 (I-80) is a transcontinental Interstate Highway in the United States, stretching from San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey. The segment of I-80 in California runs east from San Francisco across the Bay Bridge to Oakland, where it turns north and crosses the Carquinez Bridge before turning back northeast through the Sacramento Valley. I-80 then traverses the Sierra Nevada, cresting at Donner Summit, before crossing into the state of Nevada within the Truckee River Canyon. The speed limit is at most 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) along the entire route instead of the state's maximum of 70 mph (110 km/h) and most of the route is in either urban areas or mountainous terrain. I-80 has portions designated as the Eastshore Freeway and Alan S. Hart Freeway.

UC Village

UC Village, also called University Village or University Village Albany, is a housing community for students who are married or have dependents. It is owned and administered by the University of California, Berkeley. It is located within the city limits of Albany about two miles away from the main Berkeley campus, at an elevation of 26 feet. It was originally known as Codornices Village, and later, Albany Village. It is also commonly referred to as The Village.

Cerrito Creek

Cerrito Creek is one of the principal watercourses running out of the Berkeley Hills into San Francisco Bay in northern California. It is significant for its use as a boundary demarcation historically, as well as presently. In the early 19th century, it separated the vast Rancho San Antonio to the south from the Castro family's Rancho San Pablo to the north. Today, it marks part of the boundary between Alameda County and Contra Costa County. The main stem, running through a deep canyon that separates Berkeley from Kensington, is joined below San Pablo Avenue by a fan of tributaries, their lower reaches mostly in culverts. The largest of these is Middle or Blackberry Creek, a southern branch.

Marin Creek

Marin Creek is a creek tributary of Codornices Creek in northwestern Alameda County, California. The lower stretch of Marin Creek is also known as Village Creek.

Citizens for East Shore Parks (CESP) is an United States environmental organization that focuses on the acquisition and preservation of parkland in the San Francisco Bay Area. CESP works to protect open space along the East Bay shoreline for natural habitat and recreational purposes through a combination of advocacy, education, and outreach. Since its founding in 1985, CESP has worked to secure approximately 1,800 acres (730 ha) of public land, primarily through the creation of the 8.5-mile (13.7 km) long Eastshore State Park in 2002.

Thousand Oaks is a neighborhood of Berkeley in Alameda County, California. Located at the base of the Berkeley Hills, it lies at an elevation of 239 feet.

Northbrae Tunnel

The Northbrae Tunnel, also referred to as the Solano Avenue Tunnel, was built as a commuter electric railroad tunnel in the northern part of Berkeley, California, and was later converted to street use.

Friends of Five Creeks is a regional community volunteer organization founded in 1996 by Sonja Wadman originally dedicated to the stewardship of creeks in northern Alameda County and western Contra Costa, California, United States. Education about wildlife and restoration is also a major facet of the FFC's mission.

References

  1. Resolution 2011-38
  2. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  3. "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  4. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  5. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  6. "Albany". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  7. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Albany city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  8. A Brief History of Early Albany Archived January 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine , Albany City Chamber of Commerce, Accessed August 2, 2007.
  9. 1 2 "Albany City Chamber of Commerce". Archived from the original on April 4, 2007. Retrieved April 1, 2007.
  10. William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (November 30, 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 12. ISBN   978-0-520-21271-8 . Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  11. "Albany Shuts Down Homeless Camp / Squatters leave site of future park". The San Francisco Chronicle. August 31, 1999.
  12. Costantinou, Marianne (June 1, 1999). "Shak dwellers told to go". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  13. "Albany Waterfront Topic Page". Albany Patch. April 21, 2011. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.
  14. "University Village Master Plan Archived August 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ." University of California, Berkeley. June 2004. 1. Retrieved on October 2, 2011.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Albany city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  17. Brenneman, Richard. "Anti-Mall Duo Win in Albany; Green Candidate Claims Richmond Victory". 10 November 2006. The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  18. DataQuick Real Estate Headlines and Statistics, Accessed October 14, 2014
  19. "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  20. City of Albany CAFR, p 167
  21. "Albany High School Overview". Albany Patch. April 21, 2011. Archived from the original on May 28, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  22. 1 2 Berkeley News, Chris Treadway, Berkeley Voice/West County Times, 9/12/2008, Solano Stroll A Local Institution, Accessed October 22, 2010
  23. Albany Strollers & Rollers
  24. Albany Sauna & Hot Tubs
  25. Kitty Luce; Jessie Durant, eds. (2012). "Robert B. Marquis Collection, c. 1947, 1953-1994" (PDF). Online Archive of California. University of California, Berkley. p. 4.
  26. https://web.archive.org/web/20071024200256/http://edithfrost.com/about/