Albany Highway

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Albany Highway

Albany Highway route map.png
Map of the south-west of Western Australia, with Albany Highway highlighted in red
General information
Type Highway
Length405.47 km (252 mi) [1]
Opened1863
Route number(s)
Major junctions
Northwest endAustralian state route 5.svg The Causeway (State Route 5), Victoria Park (Perth)
 
Southeast endYork Street, Albany
Location(s)
Major settlements Armadale, North Bannister, Williams, Arthur River , Kojonup, Cranbrook, Mount Barker, Albany
Highway system

Albany Highway links Western Australia's capital city Perth with its oldest settlement, Albany, on the state's south coast. The 405-kilometre-long (252 mi) highway travels through the southern Wheatbelt and Great Southern regions, and is designated State Route 30 for most of its length. Outside of Perth the highway is predominately a sealed, single carriageway with regular overtaking lanes in some undulating areas. Albany Highway commences at The Causeway, a river crossing that connects to Perth's central business district. The highway heads south-east through Perth's metropolitan region, bypassed in part by Shepperton Road and Kenwick Link, and continues south-eastwards through to Albany. It intersects several major roads in Perth, including the Leach, Tonkin, Brookton, and South Western highways. The rural section of Albany Highway connects to important regional roads at the few towns and roadhouses along the route, including Coalfields Highway at Arthur River, Great Southern Highway at Cranbrook, and Muirs Highway at Mount Barker.

Contents

Prior to European settlement, the indigenous Noongar people had a considerable network of tracks, including a trade route between the areas now known as Perth and Albany. Construction of a road between Perth and Albany began soon after the naming of Albany in 1832, but progress was slow, with only 16 miles (26 km) completed by 1833. A monthly mail route which operated in the 1840s had such trouble with the journey that a new contractor was required each year, and from 1847 the mail route detoured via Bunbury. The introduction of convicts in 1850, and thus convict labour, allowed a road along the direct route to be fully constructed by 1863.

The rise of the motor vehicle era in the early 20th century saw the road gain prominence once more, and by 1939 the whole road had been sealed. Congestion at the Perth end of the road in the 1930s led to parallel roads Berwick Street and Shepperton Road being upgraded to provide bypasses. The entire Perth−Albany road was renamed Albany Highway on 2 October 1940, in recognition of its importance as an arterial traffic route. From the late 1970s, $49 million over ten years was spent on repairing Albany Highway, and the experience saw Main Roads develop a program of interventions to prevent costly road reconstruction. Since the 1990s Main Roads has been upgrading various portions along the length of Albany Highway, including widening sections to dual carriageways in Perth, and the construction of the Kenwick Link bypass.

Route description

Albany Highway commences at The Causeway, a river crossing that connects to Perth's central business district. The highway heads south-east through Perth's metropolitan region, and continues through the southern Wheatbelt and Great Southern regions to Albany on the south coast of Western Australia. Albany Highway is generally a two-lane single carriageway road, but with additional lanes and dual-carriageway sections in Perth and Albany. [1] [2] The highway is allocated State Route 30, except for bypassed sections in Perth, and the southernmost portion in Albany. The part bypassed by Kenwick Link is allocated Alternate State Route 30, and a short length in Arthur River is concurrently allocated State Route 107. Albany Highway also carries sections of Heritage Country Tourist Drive (Tourist Drive 205) and Great Southern Tourist Way (Tourist Drive 356). [3]

Main Roads Western Australia monitors traffic volume across the state's road network, including various locations along Albany Highway. [4] :3 In the 2013/14 financial year, the recorded traffic volumes ranged between 3880 and 70,690 vehicles per weekday in Perth, [4] :16–17 1980 to 3880 in the Wheatbelt, [4] :89 and 1720 to 5120 in the Great Southern. [4] :9 The highest percentage of heavy traffic was 29.2%, south of Jarrahdale Road in the Wheatbelt. [4] :89 Reports commissioned by the Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia (RAC) in 2006 and 2008 gave the majority of the highway a three-star safety rating out of five, with an approximately 20-kilometre-long (12 mi) section south-east of Armadale rated at a two star level. The overall highway network was generally rated as three-star or four-star, but around 10% in 2006 and 5% in 2008 received a two-star rating. [5] [6]

Perth to Armadale

In Perth, Albany Highway's north-western terminus is at a parclo interchange with The Causeway, Shepperton Road, and Great Eastern and Canning Highways in Victoria Park. The first 200 metres (660 ft) of the road is one-way into the interchange, but only connecting to The Causeway and Canning Highway – there is no direct access to the other roads. For the next four kilometres (2.5 mi), the highway is a two-lane, two-way high street serving Victoria Park's town centre, and continuing south-east through East Victoria Park. The nearby four-lane Shepperton Road serves as a bypass, carrying through-traffic as well as State Route 30. [1] [2]

Albany Highway as a dual carriageway in Cannington Albany Highway - Cannington (2).jpg
Albany Highway as a dual carriageway in Cannington

The two roads converge at an intersection with Welshpool Road, and for 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) Albany Highway serves as an arterial route in Perth's south-eastern suburbs, varying between a single carriageway and dual carriageway, and between a four- and six-lane capacity. This part of the highway is dominated by commercial shopping precincts in Bentley, Cannington, Maddington, Gosnells and Kelmscott, with numerous sets of traffic lights. [1] [2] The section of Albany Highway through Beckenham and Kenwick is allocated Alternate State Route 30, while State Route 30 follows a bypass, Kenwick Link. [3]

Albany Highway has a folded diamond interchange with Tonkin Highway in Gosnells, and continues south for seven kilometres (4.3 mi) past commercial and residential properties in Kelmscott and Mount Nasura. The highway has a T junction that is the western terminus of Brookton Highway, at the boundary between Kelmscott, and Mount Nasura. Further south in Armadale, the highway intersects the eastern end of Armadale Road and northern end of South Western Highway. [1] [2]

Regional highway

Two-lane highway section near Mount Barker Mount Barker Western Australia view from Albany Highway.jpg
Two-lane highway section near Mount Barker
Albany Highway and South Coast Highway intersection outside Albany Albany Highway and South Coast Highway intersection outside Albany 1.jpg
Albany Highway and South Coast Highway intersection outside Albany

Albany Highway proceeds east and then south from Armadale, around the suburb of Mount Richon. The road continues south-east, with signs of human activity becoming more sparse as the highway crosses the Darling Scarp, and the scenery transitions to native forest. Further south, after 60 kilometres (37 mi), it transitions again to pastures, with farming activities such as livestock rearing and orchards. Over the next 300 kilometres (190 mi), the highway encounters few towns: Williams, Kojonup and Mount Barker are on the highway, but are 100 kilometres (62 mi) apart. Roadhouses exist at North Bannister, Crossman and Arthur River, while many of the service towns in the region are approximately 30 kilometres (20 mi) to the east on Great Southern Highway, including Narrogin, Wagin and Katanning. [1] [2]

Closer to Albany, there are large tracts of blue gum eucalypt plantations. Twelve kilometres (7.5 mi) from the road's south-eastern terminus, it passes Albany Airport. The highway passes by suburban areas before intersecting South Coast Highway at a Y intersection, and only 100 metres (330 ft) beyond it, a large five-way roundabout. This roundabout is the southern terminus of State Route 30, and connects the highway with Chester Pass Road (which continues east to South Coast Highway), North Road, and Hanrahan Road. The final two-and-a-half-kilometre (1.6 mi) stretch takes the highway south-east into the centre of Albany. [1] [2]

History

Background

Prior to European settlement, the indigenous Noongar people had a considerable network of tracks around their territory in the south-west of Western Australia. One such track, used as a trade route, linked the Swan River (in modern-day Perth) with the area now known as Albany. The track followed a similar alignment to modern-day Albany Highway. [7] [8]

On 25 December 1826, the New South Wales colonial government brig Amity , under the command of Major Edmund Lockyer, arrived at King George Sound to establish a military garrison. [9] On 21 January 1827, as instructed by the Colonial Secretary, the Union Jack was raised and a feu de joie fired by the troops, formally annexing the territory, in assertion of the first official claim by the Imperial Government to British possession over the whole continent of Australia. [10] [11] On 7 March 1831 the King George Sound and colony was made part of the Swan River Colony and a free settlement. [12] Albany was officially named by Governor Stirling at the beginning of 1832, at the time that political authority passed to the Swan River colony. [13] The construction of a road from Albany to Perth began soon thereafter, but only 16 miles (26 km) had been completed by 1833. Due to this slow progress, the settlers of Albany petitioned England to supply convicts to work on the road. [14] At the time the government in Perth derided the proposal, [14] and Western Australia would not become a penal colony until 1849. [15]

Surveying and initial routes

In October and November 1835, Governor Stirling and Surveyor-General John Septimus Roe travelled overland from Perth to Albany, with the focus of the journey being the route south of the Hotham River. A more comprehensive survey was undertaken in July–September 1836 by Assistant Surveyors Alfred Hillman and D. Smith. Hillman started from the Albany end, while Smith concurrently commenced from Perth. A few months later, in February 1837, Hillman accompanied a group that made the trip to Perth in 12 days travelling time, journeying via Chorkurup, Thokokup, Mount Barker, Lake Matilda, Kojonup, Williams and Arthur River. This group was led by Mr J. Harris, and included Lieutenant Armstrong with eight soldiers of the 21st Fusiliers, Albany settlers Patrick Taylor and Dr. Thomas Harrison, as well as Kartrull, who was referred to as "the native 'Handsome'". [16] [14] The place where they arrived in Williams was right opposite the road from Kelmscott to Williams, Mr Harris describe Hillnman as please having previously survey the route from Perth to Kelmscott. [16] In April 1838 four bridges were built near Albany by John Young, and in 1839 Governor John Hutt ventured out to Albany on an official visit, travelling through Williams and Kojonup. Assistant Surveyor Hillman led a large group of Albany settlers to Perth in 1840, via Kinunup, Yarenup, Joseph's Wells, Balgarrup and Mandalup; whilst in the same year Edward John Eyre shepherded 550 sheep and 70 cattle from Albany to York, and then over to Perth. [14]

A monthly mail route was set up in June 1841, travelling from Albany to Perth via Kojonup and Williams. [14] The following year, a service through Guildford commenced. The tough conditions of the mail route saw a different contractor providing the service each year. The 1845 contractor James Martin had particular trouble with debts, which led to his mail horse being seized; while he managed to acquire a replacement animal, he also had trouble servicing the resultant debt of £2. [17] In 1847, the Perth–Albany route was adjusted, so that the mail would travel from Albany to Kojonup, then head to Bunbury on the coast, and subsequently up to Perth via Rockingham and Fremantle. [14] The new route still had difficulties, such as flooding in the winter of 1847 that resulted in a "terrible trip" which took a month to complete. The people of Albany, who could travel as passengers on the mail cart, found the trip to Perth long and deplorable. [17]

With the arrival of the convict ship Scindian on 1 June 1850 and the advent of convict labour, early completion of the Perth–Albany road seemed assured. Investigations of a direct route via Kelmscott, Hotham, Williams and Kojonup began in late 1851. Assistant Surveyor A. C. Gregory reported in 1852 that the direct route would be 57 miles (92 km) shorter than the route via Bunbury, and 40 miles (64 km) shorter than the York route. [14] Construction was recommended in late 1852, after the mail contractor George Maxwell completed a journey along the proposed route in September, and soon commenced. Fifty miles (80 km) had been completed by October 1853, [14] and the whole road was finished in 1863. [18] The road served as the main link between Perth and Albany until the 1880s, when the Great Southern Railway opened. [14]

Early 20th century

The rise of the motor vehicle era in the early 20th century saw the road gain prominence once more. [14] The newly formed Main Roads Board [lower-alpha 1] took over control and maintenance of the Perth–Albany road and twenty-one other important roads between 1926 and 1928, which were declared "main roads". [19] :27 At this stage the Perth–Albany road was not much more developed than a bush track. [19] :22 To increase the usability of the overall main road network, the Board's work schedule prioritised upgrading the worst individual segments, rather than any one road. In 1928/29, twenty-two separate sections of the Perth–Albany road were improved, but many were short, and drivers would experience quite varied conditions, from new sealed road to gravel road, and then a boggy dirt in just a few miles. [19] :27–28 By 1932, the improved conditions allowed an average speed of 35 to 40 miles per hour (55 to 65 km/h) to be reached, for a total trip of eight to nine hours instead of two days. [19] :62 In 1938, a total of eight miles (13 km) had been sealed, [19] :76 and the following year the whole route had been completed. [19] :435

In 1935, a town planning report for the City of Perth noted traffic congestion on Albany Road [lower-alpha 2] in Victoria Park. As widening the existing road would have left the council liable for compensation from affected businesses and properties, the provision of bypass routes was recommended instead. [20] To provide the bypasses, parallel roads would be upgraded and extended: Berwick Street to the south-west, and Shepperton Road to the north-east. [21] In 1937, work had progressed on extending Berwick Street eastwards, [22] and it had been extended to Alday Street by November 1938. [23] A new causeway to extend Berwick Street north over the Swan River, and make it a truck route, was considered by the state government in 1940. [24] The existing Causeway, from which Albany Road commenced, had experienced almost a doubling of traffic volume between 1930 and 1939. [25] However, the new Causeway was eventually constructed adjacent to old Causeway, which was then demolished. [26]

The cooperation of the Canning Road District would be required to continue the Berwick Street bypass south-east beyond the city's boundary at Boundary Road, and ultimately through to Albany Road. [27] The South Perth Road Board was also in favour of such a bypass, which would improve access for South Perth residents. [28] A deputation from the Canning and South Perth Road Boards to the Acting Minister For Works, Mr E. H. Gray, in June 1940 complained about the congestion in Albany Road. The traffic delays were worsened by cars parked on both sides of the road and slow-moving trams. The deputation suggested extending Berwick Street to Albany Highway as the solution, as well as removing the trams. Gray contended that parking should be prohibited, and refused to scrap the trams, but said he would consider the resumption of land east of Berwick Street to enable a one-quarter-mile (0.40 km) extension to Albany Road. [29] However, Berwick Street was diverted to the south-west to connect with Chapman Road, providing a longer continuous route west of Albany Highway. [2]

Shepperton Road ran parallel to Albany Road between Harvey Street, 45 chains (3,000 ft; 910 m) from The Causeway, and Somerset Street, one and a half miles (2.4 km) further along. [30] In 1937, a road from Asquith Street to Albany Road was constructed, to eventually link in with Shepperton Road. In the same year, the intersection of Albany Road, Milford Street, and Welshpool Road was reconfigured to improve visibility, and in anticipation of an eastern extension to Shepperton Road. [22] In April 1940, that extension was nearing completion, which was expected to be by the end of May, while the demolition of houses on land resumed for the western extension was being arranged. [30] On 29 September 1941, the Perth City Council decided to construct the link between Asquith Street and Harvey Street early the following year, completing the Shepperton Road bypass. [31] Buses were rerouted onto Shepperton Road in 1946, [32] by which time it had become the preferred route for motorists. [33]

Shepperton Road bypass of Albany Highway 1941 (retouched).png
Shepperton Road (red) bypass of Albany Highway (blue). In September 1941 the section between Asquith Street and Harvey Street was yet to be constructed.

In November 1939, the State Advisory Committee on Nomenclature recommended that the Perth–Albany road be named Great Southern Highway, in recognition of its importance as an arterial traffic route. [34] This suggestion followed on from the naming of Great Eastern Highway, [34] in April of the previous year. [35] The committee sent letters to all the local governments in the area to advise them of the proposal. [34] Feedback was mixed; whilst the name was "thoroughly approved" [36] by the Tambellup Road Board, [36] and the Perth City Council's general purposes committee recommended that no objection be raised, [37] the Kojonup Road Board believed that "sufficient grounds [did] not exist for the proposed change", [38] and the Albany Municipal Council objected strongly to not retaining "Perth–Albany" in the name. [39]

The State Advisory Committee made a new recommendation in April 1940 for Albany Highway instead of Great Southern Highway. [40] This new proposal received support from the Albany Municipal Council and Tambellup Road Board. However, the Perth City Council still preferred Great Southern Highway, and recommended that within its boundaries – from The Causeway to Welshpool – the road be named Albany Road, [41] and that one of the proposed bypasses in the area would be better suited to the highway name. [42] The entire road was renamed Albany Highway on 2 October 1940, superseding the previously used names Albany Road, Perth–Albany Road, and High Street in Kojonup. [43] [44]

Post-World War II

During World War II, the Main Roads Department focused its activities on the war effort. [19] :90–91 Roads in rural areas deteriorated, especially after the Pearl Harbour attack brought the war to the Pacific, and only the most urgent maintenance works were authorised on roads for civilian purposes. [19] :96, 100 Following the war, Main Roads returned to its usual operations, repairing and maintaining the road network. [19] :106–107 The rural road network expanded in the 1950s, with Main Roads both repairing the worst segments of its roads, through numerous small jobs, and assisting local governments to seal their roads. Such activity was spurred on by the closure of railway lines in addition to the establishment of new land settlements. [19] :148–149

In Perth, a roundabout was constructed at the north-western end of Albany Highway, to improve the flow of traffic onto and off The Causeway. [19] :127 It opened in 1952, with guides on the usage of the roundabout published in newspapers. [19] :129–30 In 1973 construction began to upgrade the intersection to a partial cloverleaf interchange at the eastern end of The Causeway. The $1.3 million interchange opened on 8 March 1974. [19] :258

Albany Highway facing south near Tunney Albany Highway near Tunney.jpg
Albany Highway facing south near Tunney

By the late 1970s, the road sections sealed in the 1950s and 1960s were in need of repair or maintenance to prolong the pavement life. Old bitumen surfaces would deteriorate and crack. Resealing such cracks was a high priority, as expensive reconstruction would be required if water was allowed to enter the road base. [19] :277 Over a ten-year period, $49 million was spent on repairing Albany Highway. The techniques used in this process were then formalised into the 4R Program, which aimed to alleviate a growing maintenance problem – based on a thirty-five-year pavement lifespan, the amount of reconstruction required would be more than double the actual rate of reconstruction. [lower-alpha 3] "4R" abbreviated the options that could be used keep roads serviceable: [19] :338–389

Interventions to prevent a road requiring reconstruction, the most costly option, would save money. [19] :389

From the 1980s Main Roads began planning for the future needs of Albany Highway within the City of Canning in Perth, in conjunction with the City and the Metropolitan Region Planning Authority. [45] [46] [47] A three-kilometre (2 mi) section between Leach Highway and Nicholson Road was subsequently upgraded between November 1992 and June 1994. The four-lane undivided road had been one of the most congested in Perth but was improved by adding a third lane in each direction as well as a median strip. The project was recognised with an Excellence Award from the Institution of Engineers Australia in 1994. [19] :396–397 In the 1990s several other improvement projects were planned across the length of the highway, including between Bedfordale and North Bannister, [48] [49] through Mount Barker, [50] and between Narrikup and Albany. [51] Closer to Perth, the section along Bedfordale Hill (south-east of Armadale) was upgraded to a four-lane dual carriageway, [52] [53] [54] with work completed in June 1999. [55]

This period also saw the planning and construction of additional junctions with new major roads in Perth. At Armadale, Armadale Road would connect to what had been a three-way junction with South Western Highway, [56] while a highway deviation was proposed to connect to the extension of Roe Highway through Beckenham. [57] The proposed deviation became Kenwick Link, constructed as part of the Roe Highway extension towards Fremantle. [58] It was initially built as a single carriageway, [59] and upgraded to a dual carriageway later. [60] It opened on 17 April 1998, ahead of the Roe Highway extensions from Welshpool Road to Kenwick Link (opened 30 November 2002) and from Kenwick Link to Nicholson Road (opened 21 January 2003). [61]

Further work was undertaken in Perth in 2011 and 2012, between John Street in Bentley and Leach Highway. The road was widened and a median installed to increase both safety and efficiency. The works also upgraded intersection, including installation of new traffic lights. Downer EDI Works Pty Ltd completed the work under a $3.65 million contract. [62] In January 2014, work began on widening and reconstructing 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) of Albany Highway north of Kojonup. [63]

Major intersections

LGALocationkm [1] [lower-alpha 4] miDestinations [64] [65] [66] Notes
Victoria Park Burswood  Victoria Park boundary1.270.79Australian national route 1.svgAustralian state route 6.svgAustralian state route 5.svg Canning Highway (National Route 1 / State Route 6) south-west / The Causeway (State Route 5) north-west  Fremantle, Perth North-western terminus; no access into Albany Highway; Canning Highway and The Causeway interchange with Great Eastern Highway (north-east) and Shepperton Road (south-east) – no access from Albany Highway
Victoria Park  Canning boundary East Victoria Park  St James boundary4.903.04Australian state route 30.svg Shepperton Road (State Route 30) north / Welshpool Road east  Perth, East Cannington, Welshpool Route transition: No route number north-westbound, State Route 30 south-eastbound; Albany Highway south-eastbound turns south, and north-westbound turns west. No right turn allowed from Shepperton Road to Albany Highway north-westbound.
Canning Bentley 6.70–
6.78
4.16–
4.21
Australian state route 7.svgWestern Australia MR-SM-11.svg Leach Highway (State Route 7)  Fremantle, Welshpool, Kewdale , Perth Airport Diamond interchange (Leach Highway free flowing)
Cannington 7.494.65Australian state route 26.svg Manning Road (State Route 26) west / Mallard Way north-east  Manning, Cannington Traffic light intersection. No access from Mallard Way to Albany Highway or Manning Road nor from Albany Highway south to Manning Road
Gosnells Beckenham 9.786.08Australian state route 31.svg Nicholson Road   Fremantle, Canning Vale Traffic light intersection
10.166.31Australian state route 30.svg Kenwick Link (State Route 30) south-east to Roe Highway / William Street north-east  Armadale Route transition: State Route 30 continues south-east as Kenwick Link; Alternate State Route 30 north-western terminus
Gosnells KenwickMaddington boundary13.658.48Australian state route 30.svg Kenwick Link (State Route 30) north-west to Roe Highway / Austin Avenue north-east  Perth Route transition: State Route 30 continues north-west as Kenwick Link; Alternate State Route 30 south-eastern terminus
Gosnells 17.1910.68Australian state route 36.svg Fremantle Road (State Route 36)  Langford Traffic light intersection
GosnellsArmadale boundaryGosnells Champion Lakes boundary19.78–
20.11
12.29–
12.50
Australian state route 4.svgWestern Australia MR-SM-11.svg Tonkin Highway (State Route 4)  Welshpool, Bunbury , Perth Airport Folded diamond interchange (Tonkin Highway free flowing)
Armadale KelmscottMt Nasura boundary24.0014.91Australian state route 40.svg Brookton Highway (State Route 40)  Roleystone, Brookton , Araluen Botanic Park Traffic light intersection
Armadale 26.7716.63Australian state route 14.svgAustralian state route 20.svg Armadale Road (State Route 14) west / South Western Highway (State Route 20) south  Armadale, Fremantle, Bunbury South-eastbound traffic turns east, north-westbound traffic turns north
Serpentine-Jarrahdale  Wandering boundary Jarrahdale  Mount Cooke boundary53.2233.07Australian state route 22.svg Jarrahdale Road  Jarrahdale, Serpentine Dam
Wandering–Boddington boundary North Bannister 92.3457.38North Bannister Wandering Road  Wandering
Bannister 106.7766.34Bannister Marradong Road  Boddington
Williams Williams 158.7098.61 Pinjarra Williams Road   Darkan, Collie, Pinjarra
159.0098.80 Williams Kondinin Road   Narrogin, Wickepin, Kulin Signed as Williams-Narrogin Highway
West Arthur Arthur River 196.39122.03Australian state route 107.svg Coalfields Highway (State Route 107) west  Collie, Bunbury State Route 107 northern concurrency terminus
197.30122.60Australian state route 107.svg Arthur Road (State Route 107) east  Wagin, Dumbleyung, Lake Grace State Route 107 southern concurrency terminus
197.71122.85Boyup Brook Arthur Road  Boyup Brook, Bridgetown
Woodanilling Beaufort River 219.69136.51Robinson Road  Woodanilling
Kojonup Kojonup 250.79155.83Collie Changerup Road  Darkan
253.12157.28Kojonup–Katanning Road  Katanning
254.47158.12Boyup Brook Kojonup Road  Frankland, Boyup Brook, Donnybrook
Lumeah 279.91173.93Tambellup West Road  Tambellup
Cranbrook Cranbrook 316.19–
316.44
196.47–
196.63
Frankland Cranbrook Road  Frankland, Cranbrook Staggered T junctions
319.74198.68Australian state route 120.svg Great Southern Highway (State Route 120)  Cranbrook, Katanning
Plantagenet Mount Barker 355.86221.12Australian state route 102.svg Muirs Highway (State Route 102) west / Woogenellup Road east  Denmark, Manjimup Roundabout
357.72222.28Australian Tourist Drive 252.svg Oatlands Road (Tourist Drive 252) to Mount Barker Porongurup Road (Tourist Drive 252)  Porongurup , Porongurup National Park
Albany WillyungDromeMcKail tripoint 398.11247.37Menang Drive (Albany Ring Road [67] ) to Chester Pass Road (National Route 1)  Esperance
LockyerOrana boundary404.07251.08Australian national route 1.svg South Coast Highway (National Route 1) west  Denmark, Manjimup No access from Albany Highway southbound
Lockyer – Orana Mount Melville  Centennial Park  Yakamia multipoint 404.19251.15Australian national route 1.svg Chester Pass Road (National Route 1) north-east to South Coast Highway (National Route 1) eastbound / North Road south-east / Hanrahan Road south-west  Lake Grace, Esperance, Middleton Beach, Emu Point , Frenchman Bay Chester Pass Rotary; State Route 30 southern terminus; southbound access to South Coast Highway westbound via U-turn
Albany 406.71252.72Lokyer Avenue north / St Emilie Way east / York Street southSouth-eastern highway terminus at roundabout

See also

Notes

  1. Predecessor to the Main Roads Department, later renamed Main Roads Western Australia
  2. The locally-used name for the Perth–Albany road
  3. For example, in 1986, 290 kilometres (180 mi) of reconstruction would be required per year (over the next ten years), yet in the previous year only 90 kilometres (56 mi) of road was actually reconstructed [19] :338
  4. Lengths are measured from the north-west end of The Causeway, and along Shepperton Road in Victoria Park and East Victoria. This is 1.24 kilometres (0.77 mi) longer than the section of Albany Highway from its north-western terminus to the Shepperton Road / Welshpool Road intersection.

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South Western Highway is a highway in the South West region of Western Australia connecting Perth's southeast with Walpole. It is a part of the Highway 1 network for most of its length. It is about 406 kilometres (252 mi) long.

Roe Highway Highway in Perth, Western Australia

Roe Highway is a 35-kilometre-long (22 mi) limited-access highway and partial freeway in Perth, Western Australia, linking Kewdale with the city's north-eastern and south-western suburbs. The northern terminus is at Reid Highway and Great Northern Highway in Middle Swan, and the southern terminus is with Murdoch Drive at the Kwinana Freeway interchange in Bibra Lake. Roe Highway, in addition to Reid Highway, form State Route 3, a partial ring road around the outer suburbs of the Perth metropolitan area. Roe Highway also forms part of National Highway 94 from Great Eastern Highway Bypass to Great Eastern Highway, and National Highway 95 from Great Eastern Highway to Great Northern Highway.

Tonkin Highway

Tonkin Highway is an 81-kilometre-long (50 mi) north–south highway and partial freeway in Perth, Western Australia, linking Perth Airport and Kewdale with the city's north-eastern and south-eastern suburbs. As of April 2020, the northern terminus is at the interchange with Brand Highway and Great Northern Highway in Muchea, and the southern terminus is at Thomas Road in Oakford. It forms the entire length of State Route 4, and connects to several major roads. Besides Brand Highway and Great Northern Highway, it also connects to Reid Highway, Great Eastern Highway, Leach Highway, Roe Highway, and Albany Highway.

Leach Highway

Leach Highway is a 23-kilometre (14 mi) east-west arterial highway in the southern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, primarily linking Kewdale and Perth Airport with the city of Fremantle.

Great Eastern Highway Bypass

Great Eastern Highway Bypass is a limited-access dual carriageway linking Great Eastern Highway and Roe Highway in Perth, Western Australia. Together with a section of Roe Highway, it bypasses the historical Guildford and Midland localities, through which the original, urban and slower Great Eastern Highway passes.

Bussell Highway

Bussell Highway is a generally north–south highway in the South West of Western Australia. The highway links the city of Bunbury with the town of Augusta and is approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) in length. The highway is signed State Route 10, except in Busselton where the construction of the Busselton Bypass in 2000 resulted in this stretch being changed to Alternate State Route 10 with the Bypass signed State Route 10.

Victoria Park, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Victoria Park is an inner south eastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Victoria Park.

Transport in Perth, Western Australia, is served by various means, among them an extensive highway / freeway network and a substantial system of commuter rail lines and bus routes. Public transport is managed by the Transperth agency.

Armadale Road is a major road in the south and south east of the Perth Metropolitan Area. It serves three purposes: firstly, providing a main route from Armadale to Fremantle; secondly, connecting Armadale to the Kwinana Freeway; and thirdly, since 2005, connecting it to the Tonkin Highway which ferries traffic to the eastern suburbs, Perth Airport and the Forrestfield and Kewdale industrial areas.

Forrest Highway Highway in Western Australia

Forrest Highway is a 95-kilometre-long (59 mi) highway in Western Australia's Peel and South West regions, extending Perth's Kwinana Freeway from east of Mandurah down to Bunbury. Old Coast Road was the original Mandurah–Bunbury route, dating back to the 1840s. Part of that road, and the Australind Bypass around Australind and Eaton, were subsumed by Forrest Highway. The highway begins at Kwinana Freeway's southern terminus in Ravenswood, continues around the Peel Inlet to Lake Clifton, and heads south to finish at Bunbury's Eelup Roundabout. There are a number of at-grade intersections with minor roads in the shires of Murray, Waroona, and Harvey including Greenlands Road and Old Bunbury Road, both of which connect to South Western Highway near Pinjarra.

Highway 1 (Western Australia)

In Western Australia, Highway 1 is a 5,305-kilometre (3,296 mi) long route around the state, from the South Australian border near Eucla to the Northern Territory border near Kununurra. Highway 1 continues around the rest of Australia, joining all mainland state capitals, and connecting major centres in Tasmania. All roads within the Highway 1 system are allocated a road route numbered 1, M1, A1, or B1, depending on the state route numbering system. In Western Australia, most of the highway is designated as National Route 1; however, the sections in the north-east and south-east of the state that are concurrent with the National Highway routes linking Perth to Adelaide and Darwin are designated as National Highway 1.

Kenwick Link is a major road in Perth, Western Australia that bypasses Albany Highway in Beckenham and Kenwick. It is part of State Route 30, while the bypassed section of Albany Highway is allocated Alternate State Route 30. The road also provides access to Roe Highway, which does not connect to Albany Highway. It is a controlled-access road for its entire length, with a grade-separated interchange at Roe Highway, and at-grade intersections elsewhere, including traffic lights at Royal Street and both Albany Highway junctions. Main Roads Western Australia maintains and controls all of Kenwick Link, and uses the internal designation Highway H22 Wimbledon–Rupert Street Link.

Shepperton Road is a single carriageway four lane road in Perth, Western Australia.

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