|Birth name||Lancelot Albert Ingram|
|Born||12 July 1925|
Medindie, South Australia, Australia
|Died||15 May 2013 87) (aged|
Albert Lance (12 July 1925 –15 May 2013) was an Australian tenor, also holding French citizenship. He was Australia's principal tenor during the 1950s and later enjoyed a highly successful career in France.
Tenor is a male voice type in classical music whose vocal range lies between the countertenor and baritone. The tenor's vocal range extends up to C5. The low extreme for tenors is roughly A♭2 (two A♭s below middle C). At the highest extreme, some tenors can sing up to the second F above middle C (F5). The tenor voice type is generally divided into the leggero tenor, lyric tenor, spinto tenor, dramatic tenor, heldentenor, and tenor buffo or spieltenor.
He was born in Medindie, South Australia as Lancelot Albert Ingram, but was usually known as Lance Ingram. He began singing as a child, in school and in church choir. His mother made him study voice at the Melbourne Music Conservatory. After graduation, he sang in cafés and night clubs, and joined a touring company and performed throughout Australia, singing popular songs. The director of that company was impressed enough to send him for an audition at the Melbourne Opera, where he was immediately offered a contract. He made his debut there, as Cavaradossi in Tosca , in 1950, and went on to sing Rodolfo in La bohème , and Pinkerton in Madama Butterfly , to considerable acclaim. He then appeared as the lead in The Tales of Hoffmann given in honour of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.
Medindie is an inner northern suburb of Adelaide the capital of South Australia. It is located adjacent to the Adelaide Park Lands, just north of North Adelaide, and is bounded by Robe Terrace to the south, Northcote Terrace to the east, Nottage Terrace to the north and Main North Road to the northwest.
Melbourne Opera Company was founded in 2002 as a not-for-profit company dedicated to producing opera and associated art forms at realistic prices. It is based in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and tours over an area between Canberra in the north and Hobart in the south.
Tosca is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. It premiered at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome on 14 January 1900. The work, based on Victorien Sardou's 1887 French-language dramatic play, La Tosca, is a melodramatic piece set in Rome in June 1800, with the Kingdom of Naples's control of Rome threatened by Napoleon's invasion of Italy. It contains depictions of torture, murder and suicide, as well as some of Puccini's best-known lyrical arias.
Ingram was noticed by the wife of the famed voice teacher Modesti, who invited him to France, for further study. Under Modesti's guidance, and with the help of his assistant, Simone Féjart, he acquired considerable refinement, both vocal and musical. Having changed his professional name from Lance Ingram to Albert Lance, he made his Paris debut at the Opéra-Comique in 1955, as Cavaradossi. The following year, he made his debut at the Palais Garnier, in the title role in Faust , and the success was immediate.He quickly established himself as one of the leading "French tenors" of the time, at both the Opéra-Comique and the Opéra until 1972, singing the great French roles such as Roméo in Roméo et Juliette , des Grieux in Manon , Werther , Don José in Carmen , etc. He was also invited to perform at the opera houses of Lyon, Bordeaux, and Marseille, as well as London, Vienna, Moscow, Leningrad, and Buenos Aires. Lance was also much appreciated in the Italian repertory, adding to his repertory the lead tenor roles in Rigoletto , La traviata , Cavalleria rusticana , Pagliacci and others.
The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs. In 1762 the company was merged with, and for a time took the name of its chief rival the Comédie-Italienne at the Hôtel de Bourgogne, and was also called the Théâtre-Italien up to about 1793, when it again became most commonly known as the Opéra-Comique. Today the company's official name is Théâtre national de l'Opéra-Comique, and its theatre, with a capacity of around 1,248 seats, sometimes referred to as the Salle Favart, is located in Place Boïeldieu, in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, not far from the Palais Garnier, one of the theatres of the Paris Opéra. The musicians and others associated with the Opéra-Comique have made important contributions to operatic history and tradition in France, and to French opera. Its current mission is to reconnect with its history, and discover its unique repertoire, to ensure production and dissemination of operas for the wider public. Mainstays of the repertory at the Opéra-Comique during its history have included the following works which have each been performed more than 1,000 times by the company: Cavalleria Rusticana, Le chalet, La dame blanche, Le domino noir, La fille du régiment, Lakmé, Manon, Mignon, Les noces de Jeannette, Le pré aux clercs, Tosca, La bohème, Werther and Carmen, the last having been performed more than 2,500 times.
The Palais Garnier is a 1,979-seat opera house, which was built from 1861 to 1875 for the Paris Opera. It was called the Salle des Capucines, because of its location on the Boulevard des Capucines in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, but soon became known as the Palais Garnier, in recognition of its opulence and its architect, Charles Garnier. The theatre is also often referred to as the Opéra Garnier and historically was known as the Opéra de Paris or simply the Opéra, as it was the primary home of the Paris Opera and its associated Paris Opera Ballet until 1989, when the Opéra Bastille opened at the Place de la Bastille. The Paris Opera now mainly uses the Palais Garnier for ballet.
Faust is an opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré from Carré's play Faust et Marguerite, in turn loosely based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust, Part One. It debuted at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris on 19 March 1859, with influential sets designed by Charles-Antoine Cambon and Joseph Thierry, Jean Émile Daran, Édouard Desplechin, and Philippe Chaperon.
Lance made his American debut at the San Francisco Opera in 1961, in the creation of Norman Dello Joio's Blood Moon. He also appeared in Los Angeles and Philadelphia.
San Francisco Opera (SFO) is an American opera company, based in San Francisco, California.
Norman Dello Joio was an American composer whose output spanned over half a century, and who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1957.
Lance became a permanent member of the Opéra national du Rhin in Strasbourg from 1973 until his retirement in 1977. After his retirement from the stage, Lance turned to full-time teaching, first at the Music Conservatory of Nice, and later Antibes. Lance became a French citizen in 1967.
The 'Opéra national du Rhin is an opera company which performs in Alsace, eastern France, and which includes the Opéra in Strasbourg, Mulhouse the ballet with the "Ballet de l'Opéra national du Rhin",, and Colmar the "Opéra Studio", a training center for young singers, in Colmar. A reflection of its importance is the status of “national opera” which it has held since 1997.
Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department. In 2016, the city proper had 279,284 inhabitants and both the Eurométropole de Strasbourg and the Arrondissement of Strasbourg had 491,409 inhabitants. Strasbourg's metropolitan area had a population of 785,839 in 2015, making it the ninth largest metro area in France and home to 13% of the Grand Est region's inhabitants. The transnational Eurodistrict Strasbourg-Ortenau had a population of 915,000 inhabitants in 2014.
Nice is the seventh most populous urban area in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département. The metropolitan area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits, with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2 (278 sq mi). Located in the French Riviera, on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region after Marseille. Nice is approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the French-Italian border. Nice's airport serves as a gateway to the region.
Lance left a few recordings, notably a complete Werther made in 1964, with Rita Gorr, Mady Mesplé, Gabriel Bacquier, conducted by Jésus Etcheverry. There is also a complete Madama Butterfly (in French) from the Opéra Comique de Paris conducted Albert Wolff from 1957 with Lance as Pinkerton, and scenes from Hérodiade conducted by Georges Prêtre from 1963 with Lance as Jean alongside the Salomé of Régine Crespin and Hérodiade of Rita Gorr.
Rita Gorr was a Belgian operatic mezzo-soprano. She possessed a large, rich-toned voice and was an intense singing-actress, especially in dramatic roles such as Ortrud (Lohengrin) and Amneris (Aida), two of her greatest roles.
Mady Mesplé is a French opera singer, the leading high coloratura soprano of her generation in France, sometimes heralded as the successor to Mado Robin.
Gabriel Bacquier is a French operatic baritone. One of the leading baritones of the 20th century and particularly associated with the French and Italian repertories, he is considered a fine singing-actor equally at home in dramatic or comic roles.
EMI has published the kinescope of the 1958 Paris debut of Maria Callas, "La Grande Nuit de l'Opéra," in which Lance appeared, on DVD. He is heard in an excerpt from Il trovatore , and is seen in a staged Act II of Tosca, opposite Callas and Tito Gobbi, conducted by Georges Sébastian.
In March 2011, the French opera community announced that Lance would be the first Australian to be the President of the Paris Opera Jubilee.
Albert Lance died on 15 May 2013 in Colomars, France.
Lance is survived by wife and former mezzo-soprano Iris Parel, daughter Marie-Christine Lance and grandson Matthew.
Werther is an opera in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Édouard Blau, Paul Milliet and Georges Hartmann. It is loosely based on the German epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, which was based both on fact and on Goethe's own early life. Earlier examples of operas using the story were made by Kreutzer (1792) and Pucitta (1802).
Giuseppe Di Stefano was an Italian operatic tenor, one of the most beautiful voices who sang professionally from the mid 1940s until the early 1990s, although there was a sharp decline in his, until then extraordinary, vocal powers during the early 1960s. Called Pippo by both fans and friends, he was known as the "Golden voice" or "The most beautiful voice", as the true successor of Beniamino Gigli. Luciano Pavarotti said he modeled himself after Di Stefano. In an interview Pavarotti said "Di Stefano is my idol. There is a solar voice...It was the most incredible, open voice you could hear. The musicality of di Stefano is as natural and beautiful as the voice is phenomenal". Di Stefano was also the tenor who most inspired José Carreras.
Neil Shicoff is an American Jewish opera singer and cantor known for his lyric tenor singing and his dramatic, emotional acting.
Eugenio Fernandi was an Italian tenor, associated with both lyric and spinto roles.
Kamen Tchanev is a Bulgarian tenor. In 1991 he graduated the Bulgarian State Music Academy Pancho Vladigerov and in 1992 he studied in the Boris Hristov Music Academy in Rome. Two years later – in 1994 he was one of the winner in the International Competition Jussi Bjorling. His debut was at the Sofia National Opera, as the Rigoletto Duke. At the beginning of his career, he had roles like Faust, Werther, Alfredo, "Barbiere di Sevilla" Almaviva, and Don Ottavio. Later he added more dramatic roles, like Cavaradossi and Calaf, to his repertoire. His prospering career lead him to performing in various places around the world, including playing Rodolfo in Atlanta, Don José in Philadelphia, Manrico in Seoul, Pinkerton in Amsterdam, Cavaradossi in Terracina. Kamen Tchanev performed in many opera houses in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Switzerland, Sweden, Italy, Romania and South Korea.
Auguste Charles Paul Friant, was a French tenor.
Gianni Raimondi was an Italian lyric tenor, particularly associated with the Italian repertory.
Mario Filippeschi was an Italian tenor, particularly associated with the Italian repertory, renowned for his ringing upper register.
Mirto Picchi was an Italian dramatic tenor, particularly associated with the Italian repertory, and with contemporary works.
Gianni Poggi was an Italian tenor, particularly associated with the Italian repertory.
Nicola Filacuridi was an Egyptian-born operatic tenor of Greek origin, who had an illustrious career in Italy in the 1950s.
Richard Leech is an American operatic tenor, recipient of the Richard Tucker Award in 1988, and particularly associated with lyric roles of the Italian and French repertories.
James Valenti is an American operatic tenor with an active international career specializing in leading roles in the Italian and French repertoire. Born and raised in New Jersey, in the United States, he is a graduate of West Virginia University and the Academy of Vocal Arts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Valenti made his professional debut in 2003 as Rodolfo in La bohème at the Rome Opera, and was the 2010 winner of the Richard Tucker Award.
Vyacheslav Michailovich Polozov nicknamed "Slava", is a Soviet-born opera singer, professor of voice, entrepreneur. He sang at many opera houses around the world, appearing in a variety of leading roles from lyric to dramatic repertoires in French, Italian, German and Russian. Laureate International Competitions. Meritorious Artist of the Byelorussian SSR.
Mario Altéry was a French operatic tenor who performed with the Opéra de Paris and Opéra-Comique as well as singing in numerous operettas. Born in Nice, his real name was Philippe Altare.
Brian Jagde is an American operatic tenor. He has performed roles at leading opera houses throughout the world, including the San Francisco Opera, The Metropolitan Opera, the Royal Opera House, Lyric Opera of Chicago, Houston Grand Opera, Santa Fe Opera, Deutsche Oper Berlin, Teatro Massimo, and the Teatro di San Carlo.
Gaston Rivero is an Uruguayan-US American operatic tenor.
Gustave Botiaux is a French tenor.
Gilbert Py in Sète is a French tenor. The power of his voice ranks him among the heroic tenors, the fullest and most powerful of the tenors (Samson), also called tenore robusto and whose German equivalent is the Wagnerian Heldentenor. It is characterized by fullness, roundness and equal timbre, even in the treble.