Albert Ludwig

Last updated
Albert Ludwig
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
In office
1959–1975
Constituency Calgary North East (1959–63)
Calgary East (1963–71)
Calgary-Mountain View (1971–75)
Personal details
Born(1919-11-14)November 14, 1919
Melfort, Saskatchewan
DiedFebruary 16, 2019(2019-02-16) (aged 99)
Calgary, Alberta
Political party Alberta Liberal Party; Liberal Party of Canada
Occupationlawyer, soldier

Albert Ludwig (November 14, 1919 – February 16, 2019) was a Canadian politician and World War II combat veteran, lawyer, judge and author from Alberta.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Contents

Early life

Ludwig was born in 1919 in Melfort, Saskatchewan. [1] Ludwig joined the Canadian Army in 1940, and transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1941. Albert was forced to abandon his plane over France.

Melfort, Saskatchewan City in Saskatchewan, Canada

Melfort is a city in Saskatchewan, Canada, located approximately 95 km (59 mi) southeast of Prince Albert, 172 km (107 mi) northeast of Saskatoon and 280 km (170 mi) north of Regina.

Saskatchewan Province of Canada

Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without a natural border. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometres (251,700 sq mi), nearly 10 percent of which is fresh water, composed mostly of rivers, reservoirs, and the province's 100,000 lakes.

Canadian Army land component of the Canadian Armed Forces

The Canadian Army is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2018 the Army has 23,000 regular soldiers, about 17,000 reserve soldiers, including 5,000 rangers, for a total of 40,000 soldiers. The Army is supported by 3,000 civilian employees. It maintains regular forces units at bases across Canada, and is also responsible for the Army Reserve, the largest component of the Primary Reserve. The Commander of the Canadian Army and Chief of the Army Staff is Lieutenant-General Jean-Marc Lanthier.

Political career

Ludwig served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for the Social Credit Party of Alberta through four terms from 1959 to 1975. Ludwig was nominated in the 1975 Alberta general election but due to his wife's terminal illness that year he did not campaign and therefore lost the election to John Kushner. After this election he left politics to practice law.

Legislative Assembly of Alberta Single house of Legislature of Alberta

The Legislative Assembly of Alberta is one of two components of the Legislature of Alberta, the other being Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta. The Alberta legislature meets in the Alberta Legislature Building in the provincial capital, Edmonton. The Legislative Assembly consists of 87 members, elected first past the post from single-member electoral districts.

John Kushner was a Canadian federal and provincial level politician. He served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1975 to 1979 and then served as a Member of Parliament from 1979 until his death in 1984. He sat with the Progressive Conservative caucus on both the provincial and federal level.

Ludwig did not limit himself to provincial politics. He ran twice federally in Calgary East for the Liberal Party of Canada, he lost both times again to John Kushner who also left provincial politics to run federally. After failing to gain office federally he was appointed as a Judge to the Provincial Criminal Court of Alberta and served that position from 1980 until his retirement 1989.

Calgary East

Calgary East was a federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1917 to 1953, 1979 to 1988, from 1997 to 2015. It was a lower income urban riding in Calgary, with a sizable visible minority population.

Liberal Party of Canada oldest federal political party in Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is the oldest and longest-serving governing political party in Canada. The Liberals form the current government, elected in 2015. The party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 69 years in the 20th century—more than any other party in a developed country—and as a result, it is sometimes referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

Ludwig was nominated as the Liberal candidate in Calgary Foothills only days before the 1997 Alberta general election but was unable to regain a seat in the legislature and was defeated by incumbent Pat Black.

The Alberta Liberal Party is a provincial political party in Alberta, Canada. Founded in 1905, it was the dominant political party until the 1921 election, with the first three provincial Premiers being Liberals. Since 1921, it has formed the official opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta several times, most recently from 1993 until 2012. Fourteen Liberals have served as Leader of the Opposition of Alberta.

Patricia "Pat" Nelson née Black is a former provincial level politician from Alberta, Canada. As a member of the ruling Progressive Conservative Party of Alberta, she served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for the Calgary Foothills electoral district from 1989 to 2004. During this time she served as a minister in a number of portfolios: Energy, Economic Development and Tourism, Government Services, and Finance. She also served as Deputy Government House Leader and as a member of Treasury Board.

Ludwig was also a co-author of The Canadian Creed, along with Robert E. Kulhawy [2] He died in February 2019 at the age of 99. [3]

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References

  1. "Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Danylo Husar Struk - Google Books". Books.google.com. 1993-08-01. Retrieved 2019-02-22.
  2. The Canadian Creed: About the Authors
  3. Kevin Martin Updated: February 21, 2019. "Accomplished Calgarian Albert Ludwig dead at 99". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2019-02-22.

Canadian Creed

Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Preceded by
New District
MLA Calgary North East
19591963
Succeeded by
District Abolished
Preceded by
New District
MLA Calgary East
19631971
Succeeded by
Moe Amery
Preceded by
New District
MLA Calgary Mountain View
19711975
Succeeded by
John Kushner