Albufeira

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Albufeira, Portugal
Beach at Albufeira.JPG
Praia dos Pescadores in the municipality of Albufeira
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Flag
COA of Albufeira municipality (Portugal).png
Coat of arms
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Coordinates: 37°5′23″N8°14′45″W / 37.08972°N 8.24583°W / 37.08972; -8.24583 Coordinates: 37°5′23″N8°14′45″W / 37.08972°N 8.24583°W / 37.08972; -8.24583
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Region Algarve
Intermunic. comm. Algarve
District Faro
Parishes 4
Government
   President José Carlos Martins Rolo (PSD)
Area
  Total140.66 km2 (54.31 sq mi)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total40,828
  Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Postal code
8200
Area code 289
Patron Nossa Senhora da Conceição
Website http://www.cm-albufeira.pt/

Albufeira (Portuguese pronunciation:  [alβuˈfɐjɾɐ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city, seat and municipality in the district of Faro, in the southernmost Portuguese region of the Algarve. The municipality population in 2011 was 40,828, [1] in an area of 140.66 square kilometres (54.31 square miles). [2] The city proper had a population of 13,646 in 2001. [3] It is 250 kilometres (160 mi) from Lisbon, and is within close proximity of Paderne Castle. Lagos is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the west, and Faro 45 kilometres (28 mi) to the south-east. A tourist destination (due to its coastal conditions), Albufeira expands to approximately 300,000 residents during the summer and during the Christmas and New Year celebrations, owing to the number of hotels and lodgings in the district, that includes marina facilities, golf courses, restaurants and bars for the annual flood of visitors.

Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division. In comparison, the word município refers to the organs of State. This differentiation is still in use in Portugal and some of its former overseas provinces, but is no longer in use in Brazil following the abolition of these organs, in favour of the French prefecture system.

Faro District District of Portugal

Faro District is the southernmost district of Portugal, coincident with the Algarve. The administrative centre, or capital, is the city of Faro.

Portugal Republic in Southwestern Europe

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Contents

History

The Roman Bridge of Paderne, one of the few intact bridges in the region from the Roman period. Roman Bridge over the Quarteira 17 09 2008 (2).JPG
The Roman Bridge of Paderne, one of the few intact bridges in the region from the Roman period.
The massive walls of the remains of the Castle of Paderne, a Moorish castle constructed in the period before the Portuguese Reconquista Paderne Castle 26 Nov 2007 (9).JPG
The massive walls of the remains of the Castle of Paderne, a Moorish castle constructed in the period before the Portuguese Reconquista

It is unclear when the first settlements specifically formed in the region of Albufeira, although scientific research suggest origins during the pre-historic epoch, and that the town of Albufeira formed as an out-port of the maritime fishery. The primitive settlement was occupied by the Romans, named it Baltum, introducing a centralized administrative structure and developing intense agricultural activities along with commerce. The Romans constructed aqueducts, roads and bridges, of which parts still remain.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian Peninsula, conventionally founded in 753 BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman Empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants ) and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

The name originated from the Arab Al-buhera, which means castle of the sea, owing to its location along the coast, or alternately al-Buħayra, for the lagoon, in reference to the lagoon that formed in the lowlands. The Moors constructed strong defensive structures, making the area almost impregnable, allowing this area to remain in the hands of their forces longer than other possessions in Portugal. The development of agriculture during this period was notable, with the introduction of new techniques and plant species. The Moors used the plow and fertilizers, as well as winches for lifting the water from the wells, introducing the irrigation of fields, constructing dams and transforming uncultivated areas into gardens and orchards.

Middle Ages

The Christian conquest of the region began at the end of the 12th century. When Afonso III of Portugal occupied the throne, most of the Algarve had already fallen into the hands of the Christians. Templar and Hospitaler Knights, military and religious orders that supported the Reconquista, assaulted many of the lands occupied by the Arabs, but were never successful in taking Albufeira. It was following the capture of Faro that the siege of Albufeira became unsupportable. Encircled by enemy forces on all sides, it fell in 1249 to the forces of Afonso III, who donated the lands to the Order of Aviz in 1250. [4] The Moors were persecuted terribly by the victorious army, which chased the remaining forces into a cavern, known today as Cova do Xorino, situated near the southern limits of the old city. The town became part of the kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. King D. Manuel I awarded a Charter (foral) to the Town of Albufeira on 20 August 1504 and from that day the town was governed according to the legislation in force for the rest of the country.

Christians people who adhere to Christianity

Christians are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. The words Christ and Christian derive from the Koine Greek title Christós (Χριστός), a translation of the Biblical Hebrew term mashiach (מָשִׁיחַ).

Afonso III of Portugal King of Portugal

Afonso III, or Affonso, Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), the Boulonnais, King of Portugal was the first to use the title King of Portugal and the Algarve, from 1249. He was the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal and his wife, Urraca of Castile; he succeeded his brother, King Sancho II of Portugal, who died on 4 January 1248.

<i>Reconquista</i> Medieval Christian extended conquest of Muslim areas in the Iberian Peninsula

The Reconquista was the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.

Albufeira was one of the towns of the Algarve most affected by natural calamities, but it was the 1755 Lisbon earthquake which caused the worse damage. The sea invaded the town with 10 metres (33 ft) waves, destroying almost all the buildings along the coast. In the town proper, only 27 residential buildings survived the natural disaster, but in states of ruin. The parochial church, an old mosque adapted by the Christians, where many of the residents sought refuge during the cataclysm, collapsed causing 227 deaths. Even following these events, the Algarve continued to experience aftershocks, until 20 August of the following year, which hindered the reconstruction under the Bishop D. Francisco Gomes de Avelar.

1755 Lisbon earthquake Catastrophic earthquake that primarily affected Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon earthquake, occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on the morning of Saturday, 1 November, Feast of All Saints, at around 09:40 local time. In combination with subsequent fires and a tsunami, the earthquake almost totally destroyed Lisbon and adjoining areas. Seismologists today estimate the Lisbon earthquake had a magnitude in the range 8.5–9.0 on the moment magnitude scale, with its epicentre in the Atlantic Ocean about 200 km (120 mi) west-southwest of Cape St. Vincent. Chronologically it was the third known large scale earthquake to hit the city. Estimates place the death toll in Lisbon alone between 10,000 and 100,000 people, making it one of the deadliest earthquakes in history.

In 1833, during the Liberal Wars between absolutist and liberal forces, Albufeira was encircled and attacked by Remexido's soldiers: a popular absolutist leader, who profoundly damaged the village and executed many of its inhabitants. After the 19th century, the community grew through the expansion of the fishery. This is why the locals annually celebrate 'Festival de Peixes', which has been tradition and serves to honor the fisheries in Albufeira that helped with the growth of the city. [5]

20th century

In the first decades of the 20th century, the export of fish and nuts represented the largest contribution to the local economy of the municipality. The town itself had five factories employing 700-800 people, mostly wives of fishermen working in local production. Yet, between 1930 and 1960, there was a considerable decline in fortunes, resulting in the closing of many of these factories, the reduction in fishing boats along the coast and the abandonment of many of the homes. The population was reduced by half and the fishing industry became a subsistence activity, supporting local consumption only.

The town started to become a hub for tourism in the 1960s, and has grown to accommodate this since, growing out into the surrounding hills to accommodate thousands of the 5 million tourists who visit the Algarve region each year. [6]

Tourism travel for recreational or leisure purposes

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international or within the traveler's country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure and not less than 24 hours, business and other purposes".

Geography

Destinations from Albufeira

Northeast: Guia North: Ferreiras Northwest: Boliqueime
East: Armação de Pêra Rosa de los vientos.svg West: Olhos de Água
Southeast: Atlantic Ocean South: Atlantic Ocean Southwest: Atlantic Ocean

International relations

Twin towns/cities

Albufeira is twinned with:

Flag of Scotland.svg Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (since May 1995) [7]

Economy

Tourism and commerce are the main activities in Albufeira. Most tourists arrive via Faro Airport.

Tourism

Beach in Albufeira AlbufeiraBeach.jpg
Beach in Albufeira

The tourist areas are divided into two main areas, Areias de São João, known colloquially as The Strip, and the Old Town. The Strip's main street is Avenida Francisco Sá Carneiro which is full of bars, restaurants and open-air discothèques. The Albufeira bullring is close by.

Architecture

Albufeira marina facing south east Albufeira Marina.jpg
Albufeira marina facing south east

The architecture of the region is an eclectic mix of typical Portuguese Algarvean pale white and tiled residential homes, along narrow streets, intermixed with modern tourist developments. This can be seen in the design of many buildings in the area. In addition, the municipality is dotted with rich historical and architectural landmarks, such as the following:

Civic

The 19th century railway station of Albufeira-Ferreiras Estacao de Albufeira * Ferreiras, 2 October 2015 (1).JPG
The 19th century railway station of Albufeira-Ferreiras

Military

Religious

The two-story tall parochial church of Albufeira dedicated to Nossa Senhora da Conceicao Albufeira Igreja Matriz 25 March 2015.JPG
The two-story tall parochial church of Albufeira dedicated to Nossa Senhora da Conceição
The front facade of the Church of Nossa Senhora da Esperanca Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Esperanca, Paderne, 2 October 2015 (2).JPG
The front facade of the Church of Nossa Senhora da Esperança

Culture

Nightlife in Albufeira Albufeira 7.jpg
Nightlife in Albufeira

A local culinary specialty is a rich steamed stew dish of local shellfish, traditionally referred to as Cataplana (named for the cookware used in its preparation), which is a well known dish from the Algarve. Similarly, the Caldeirada (or fish stew) and the simple grilled sardines, are also popular examples of the traditional dishes, typical of the Portugal and coastal areas.

Sport

The local football team is Imortal DC. Several regular football tournaments are played in the Algarve, notably the Algarve Cup. Also, many British teams spend the summer in Albufeira for pre-season training sessions, participating in friendly games, including Sunderland, Ipswich Town, Aston Villa [16] Fulham [17] Sheffield Wednesday [18] Oxford United and Brentford (which have played games in various venues in the area. This has meant that an affinity between the town of Albufeira and Ipswich Town has been created which results in an annual trip being arranged for an Ipswich home game each season for the residents of Albufeira).[ citation needed ]

The city plays host to the Almond Blossom Cross Country competition annually. Organized in 1977, the event attracts international-calibre runners, boosting this sport and tourism to the area. [19]

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References

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  3. UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
  4. Nobre, Idalina Nunes (2009). Albufeira - from the Middle Ages to the Old Regime. Reference to Military Order of Aviz given the castle in 1250. Albufeira City Council. p. 13. ISBN   9789728124366.
  5. http://gotoportugal.eu/en/portuguese-traditions/
  6. http://www.albufeira.com/albufeira/
  7. "Town Twinning". www.fifedirect.org.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  8. Gordalina, Rosário (2008), SIPA (ed.), Estação Ferroviária de Albufeira (PT050801050026) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 6 July 2015, retrieved 16 January 2012
  9. Neto, João (1991), SIPA (ed.), Castelo de Paderne (PT050801030001) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 6 July 2015, retrieved 16 January 2012
  10. Gonçalves, Joquim (1998), SIPA (ed.), Torre da Medronheira (PT050801040022) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 16 January 2012
  11. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Igreja Matriz de Albufeira/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição (PT050801010005) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 15 January 2013
  12. "Igreja Matriz". erasmusu.com. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  13. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Igreja Paroquial da Guia/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Visitação (PT050801020009) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 20 February 2014, retrieved 15 January 2013
  14. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Guia (PT050801020008) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 6 July 2015, retrieved 15 January 2013
  15. Lameira, Francisco (1998), SIPA (ed.), Igreja de São Sebastião (PT050801020010) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 19 February 2014, retrieved 16 January 2013
  16. "Aston Villa Football Club". Details of Aston Villa's pre-season tour and training camp in the Algarve - 2015. Aston Villa Football Club. Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  17. "Fulham Football Club". Details of Fulham's pre-season tour and training camp in the Algarve - 2015. Fulham Football Club. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  18. "Sheffield Wednesday Football Club". Details of Sheffield Wednesday's pre-season tour and training camp in the Algarve - 2015. Sheffield Wednesday Football Club. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  19. Cardoso, Carlos (16 March 2000). "Vilamoura's dream comes true as Carla waits in the wings". IAAF . Retrieved 10 March 2010.
Municipality of Faro District (Algarve)

LocalDistritoFaro.svg

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