Sir Alec Guinness in 1973. By Allan Warren
Alec Guinness de Cuffe
2 April 1914
|Died||5 August 2000 86) (aged|
|Resting place||Petersfield Cemetery|
Merula Salaman(m. 1938)
|Years of service||1941–1943|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Sir Alec Guinness, CH , CBE (born Alec Guinness de Cuffe; 2 April 1914 – 5 August 2000) was an English actor. After an early career on the stage, Guinness was featured in several of the Ealing Comedies, including The Ladykillers and Kind Hearts and Coronets in which he played nine different characters. He is known for his six collaborations with David Lean: Herbert Pocket in Great Expectations (1946), Fagin in Oliver Twist (1948), Col. Nicholson in The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor), Prince Faisal in Lawrence of Arabia (1962), General Yevgraf Zhivago in Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Professor Godbole in A Passage to India (1984). He is also known for his portrayal of Obi-Wan Kenobi in George Lucas's original Star Wars trilogy; for the original film, he was nominated for Best Supporting Actor at the 50th Academy Awards.
The Ladykillers is a 1955 British black comedy crime film directed by Alexander Mackendrick for Ealing Studios. It stars Alec Guinness, Cecil Parker, Herbert Lom, Peter Sellers, Danny Green, Jack Warner and Katie Johnson as the old lady; Mrs. Wilberforce. William Rose wrote the screenplay, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and won the BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay. He claimed to have dreamt the entire film and merely had to remember the details when he awoke.
Kind Hearts and Coronets is a 1949 British black comedy film. It features Dennis Price, Joan Greenwood, Valerie Hobson and Alec Guinness; Guinness plays nine characters. The plot is loosely based on the novel Israel Rank: The Autobiography of a Criminal (1907) by Roy Horniman. It concerns Louis D'Ascoyne Mazzini, the son of a woman disowned by her aristocratic family for marrying out of her social class. After her death, Louis decides to take revenge on the family, and to take the dukedom by murdering the eight people ahead of him in succession to the title.
Sir David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, responsible for large-scale epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and A Passage to India (1984). He also directed adaptations of Charles Dickens novels Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), and the romantic drama Brief Encounter (1945).
Guinness was one of three British actors, along with Laurence Olivier and John Gielgud, who made the transition from Shakespearean theatre to blockbuster films immediately after World War II. Guinness served in the Royal Naval Reserve during the war and commanded a landing craft during the invasion of Sicily and Elba. During the war he was granted leave to appear in the stage play Flare Path about RAF Bomber Command.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson, Peggy Ashcroft and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century. He also worked in films throughout his career, playing more than fifty cinema roles. Late in his career, he had considerable success in television roles.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades. With Ralph Richardson and Laurence Olivier, he was one of the trinity of actors who dominated the British stage for much of the 20th century. A member of the Terry family theatrical dynasty, he gained his first paid acting work as a junior member of his cousin Phyllis Neilson-Terry's company in 1922. After studying at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art he worked in repertory theatre and in the West End before establishing himself at the Old Vic as an exponent of Shakespeare in 1929–31.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Guinness won an Academy Award, a BAFTA, a Golden Globe and a Tony Award. In 1959, he was knighted by Elizabeth II for services to the arts. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960, the Academy Honorary Award for lifetime achievement in 1980 and the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award in 1989. Guinness appeared in nine films that featured in the BFI's 100 greatest British films of the 20th century, which included five of Lean's films.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname "Oscar".
The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. Previously, there was a single award for "Best Actor in a Motion Picture" but the splitting allowed for recognition of it and the Best Actor – Musical or Comedy.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at an annual ceremony in Midtown Manhattan. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre. Several discretionary non-competitive awards are also given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette "Tony" Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing.
Guinness was born at 155 Lauderdale Mansions South, Lauderdale Road, Maida Vale, as Alec Guinness de Cuffe.His mother's maiden name was Agnes Cuff. She was born 8 December 1890 to Edward Cuff and Mary Ann Benfield. On Guinness's birth certificate, the space for the mother's name shows Agnes de Cuffe. The space for the infant's name (where first names only are given) says Alec Guinness. The column for name and surname of father is blank.
Lauderdale Mansions South is a block of 142 apartments in Lauderdale Road, Maida Vale, London W9. Built in 1897, Lauderdale Mansions South was the first of a swathe of mansion flat buildings for the middle classes that spread across central Maida Vale in the 1897–1907 period.
Maida Vale is an affluent residential district comprising the northern part of Paddington in west London, west of St John's Wood and south of Kilburn. It is part of the City of Westminster.
The identity of Guinness's father has never been officially confirmed.From 1875, under English law, when the birth of an illegitimate child was registered, the father's name could be entered on the certificate only if he were present and gave his consent. Guinness himself believed that his father was a Scottish banker, Andrew Geddes (1861–1928), who paid for Guinness's public school education at Fettes College. Geddes occasionally visited Guinness and his mother, posing as an uncle. Guinness's mother later had a three-year marriage to a Scottish army captain named Stiven; his behaviour was often erratic or even violent.
A public school in England and Wales traditionally refers to one of seven schools given independence from direct jurisdiction by the Public Schools Act 1868: Charterhouse, Eton College, Harrow School, Rugby School, Shrewsbury School, Westminster School, and Winchester College. These were all-male boarding schools, but many now accept day pupils as well as boarders, and the 'public school' label now includes two day schools, St Paul's and the Merchant Taylors'.
Fettes College is a private co-educational independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with over two-thirds of its pupils in residence on campus. The school was originally a boarding school for boys only and became co-ed in 1983. In 1978 the College had a nine-hole golf course, an ice-skating rink used in winter for ice hockey and in summer as an outdoor swimming pool, a cross-country running track and a rifle shooting range within the forested 300-acre grounds. Fettes is sometimes referred to as a public school, although the term is traditionally used in Scotland for state schools. The school was founded with a bequest of Sir William Fettes in 1870 and started admitting girls in 1970. It follows the English rather than Scottish education system and has nine houses. The main building was designed by David Bryce.
Guinness first worked writing advertising copy. His first job in the theatre was on his 20th birthday, while he was still a drama student, in the play Libel, which opened at the old King's Theatre, Hammersmith, and then transferred to the Playhouse, where his status was raised from a walk-on to understudying two lines, and his salary increased to £1 a week.He appeared at the Albery Theatre in 1936 at the age of 22, playing the role of Osric in John Gielgud's successful production of Hamlet . Also in 1936, Guinness signed on with the Old Vic, where he was cast in a series of classic roles. In 1939, he took over for Michael Redgrave as Charleston in a road-show production of Robert Ardrey's Thunder Rock . At the Old Vic, Guinness worked with many actors and actresses who would become his friends and frequent co-stars in the future, including Gielgud, Ralph Richardson, Peggy Ashcroft, Anthony Quayle, and Jack Hawkins. An early influence was film star Stan Laurel, whom Guinness admired.
The Playhouse Theatre is a West End theatre in the City of Westminster, located in Northumberland Avenue, near Trafalgar Square. The Theatre was built by F. H. Fowler and Hill with a seating capacity of 1,200. It was rebuilt in 1907 and still retains its original substage machinery. Its current seating capacity is 786.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1602. Set in Denmark, the play depicts Prince Hamlet and his revenge against his uncle, Claudius, who has murdered Hamlet's father in order to seize his throne and marry Hamlet's mother.
Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave CBE was an English stage and film actor, director, manager, and author. He received an Academy Award for Best Actor nomination for his performance in Mourning Becomes Electra (1947), as well as two BAFTA Award for Best British Actor nominations for his performances in The Night My Number Came Up (1955) and Time Without Pity (1957).
Guinness continued playing Shakespearean roles throughout his career. In 1937, he played Aumerle in Richard II and Lorenzo in The Merchant of Venice under the direction of John Gielgud. He starred in a 1938 production of Hamlet which won him acclaim on both sides of the Atlantic.He also appeared as Romeo in a production of Romeo and Juliet (1939), Sir Andrew Aguecheek in Twelfth Night, and as Exeter in Henry V in 1937, both opposite Laurence Olivier, and Ferdinand in The Tempest , opposite Gielgud as Prospero. In 1939, he adapted Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations for the stage, playing Herbert Pocket. The play was a success. One of its viewers was a young British film editor, David Lean, who would later have Guinness reprise his role in Lean's 1946 film adaptation of the play.
Guinness served in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve in the Second World War, initially as a seaman in 1941, before receiving a commission as a Temporary Sub-lieutenant on 30 April 1942 and a promotion to Temporary Lieutenant the following year.Guinness then commanded a landing craft at the Allied invasion of Sicily, and later ferried supplies and agents to the Yugoslav partisans in the eastern Mediterranean theatre.
During the war, he was granted leave to appear in the Broadway production of Terence Rattigan's play, Flare Path , about RAF Bomber Command, with Guinness playing the role of Flight Lieutenant Teddy Graham.
Guinness returned to the Old Vic in 1946 and stayed until 1948, playing Abel Drugger in Ben Jonson's The Alchemist , the Fool in King Lear opposite Laurence Olivier in the title role, DeGuiche in Cyrano de Bergerac opposite Ralph Richardson in the title role, and finally starring in an Old Vic production as Shakespeare's Richard II. After leaving the Old Vic, he played Eric Birling in J. B. Priestley's An Inspector Calls at the New Theatre in October 1946. He played the Uninvited Guest in the Broadway production of T. S. Eliot's The Cocktail Party (1950, revived at the Edinburgh Festival in 1968). He played Hamlet under his own direction at the New Theatre in the West End in 1951.
Invited by his friend Tyrone Guthrie to join the premiere season of the Stratford Festival of Canada, Guinness lived for a brief time in Stratford, Ontario. On 13 July 1953, Guinness spoke the first lines of the first play produced by the festival, Shakespeare's Richard III : "Now is the winter of our discontent/Made glorious summer by this sun of York."
Guinness won a Tony Award for his Broadway performance as Welsh poet Dylan Thomas in Dylan . He next played the title role in Macbeth opposite Simone Signoret at the Royal Court Theatre in 1966.Guinness made his final stage performance at the Comedy Theatre in the West End on 30 May 1989, in the play A Walk in the Woods . In all, between 2 April 1934 and 30 May 1989, he played 77 parts in the theatre.
In films, Guinness was initially associated mainly with the Ealing Comedies, and particularly for playing nine characters in Kind Hearts and Coronets . Other films from this period included The Lavender Hill Mob , black comedy The Ladykillers , and The Man in the White Suit , with all three ranked among the Best British films.In 1952, director Ronald Neame cast Guinness in his first romantic lead role, opposite Petula Clark in The Card . In 1951, exhibitors voted him the most popular British star.
Other notable film roles of this period included The Swan (1956) with Grace Kelly, in her second-to-last film role; The Horse's Mouth (1958) in which Guinness played the part of drunken painter Gulley Jimson, as well as writing the screenplay, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award; the lead in Carol Reed's Our Man in Havana (1959); Marcus Aurelius in The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964); The Quiller Memorandum (1966); Marley's Ghost in Scrooge (1970); Charles I in Cromwell (1970); Pope Innocent III in Franco Zeffirelli's Brother Sun, Sister Moon (1972) and the title role in Hitler: The Last Ten Days (1973), which he considered his best film performance, though critics disagreed.Another role which is sometimes referred to as one which he considered his best and is so considered by many critics, is that of Colonel Jock Sinclair in Tunes of Glory (1960). Guinness also played the role of Jamessir Bensonmum, the blind butler, in the 1976 Neil Simon film Murder by Death .
Guinness won particular acclaim for his work with director David Lean, which today is his most critically acclaimed work. After appearing in Lean's Great Expectations and Oliver Twist , he was given a starring role opposite William Holden in The Bridge on the River Kwai . For his performance as Colonel Nicholson, the unyielding British POW commanding officer, Guinness won an Academy Award for Best Actor and a BAFTA Award for Best Actor. Despite a difficult and often hostile relationship, Lean, referring to Guinness as "my good luck charm", continued to cast Guinness in character roles in his later films: Arab leader Prince Feisal in Lawrence of Arabia ; the title character's half-brother, Bolshevik leader Yevgraf, in Doctor Zhivago and Indian mystic Professor Godbole in A Passage to India . He was also offered a role in Lean's Ryan's Daughter (1970) but declined. At that time, Guinness "mistrusted" Lean and considered the formerly close relationship to be strained—although, at his funeral, he recalled that the famed director had been "charming and affable".Guinness appeared in five Lean films that were ranked in the British Film Institute's top 50 greatest British films of the 20th century: 3rd (Lawrence of Arabia), 5th (Great Expectations), 11th (The Bridge on the River Kwai), 27th (Doctor Zhivago) and 46th (Oliver Twist).
Guinness's role as Obi-Wan Kenobi in the original Star Wars trilogy, beginning in 1977, brought him worldwide recognition to a new generation, as well as Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations. In letters to his friends, Guinness described the film as "fairy tale rubbish" but the film's sense of moral good – and the studio's doubling of his initial salary offer – appealed to him and he agreed to take the part of Kenobi on the condition that he would not have to do any publicity to promote the film.He negotiated a deal for 2.25% of the gross royalties paid to the director, George Lucas, who received one-fifth of the box office takings. This made him very wealthy in his later life. Upon his first viewing of the film, Guinness wrote in his diary, "It's a pretty staggering film as spectacle and technically brilliant. Exciting, very noisy and warm-hearted. The battle scenes at the end go on for five minutes too long, I feel, and some of the dialogue is excruciating and much of it is lost in noise, but it remains a vivid experience."
Guinness soon became unhappy with being identified with the part and expressed dismay at the fan following that the Star Wars trilogy attracted. In the DVD commentary of the original Star Wars, Lucas says that Guinness was not happy with the script rewrite in which Obi-Wan is killed. Guinness said in a 1999 interview that it was actually his idea to kill off Obi-Wan, persuading Lucas that it would make him a stronger character and that Lucas agreed to the idea. Guinness stated in the interview, "What I didn't tell Lucas was that I just couldn't go on speaking those bloody awful, banal lines. I'd had enough of the mumbo jumbo." He went on to say that he "shrivelled up" every time Star Wars was mentioned to him.
Although Guinness disliked the fame that followed work he did not hold in high esteem,Lucas and fellow cast members Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Kenny Baker, Anthony Daniels and Carrie Fisher have spoken highly of his courtesy and professionalism, on and off the set. Lucas credited him with inspiring cast and crew to work harder, saying that Guinness contributed significantly to achieving completion of the filming. Guinness was quoted as saying that the royalties he obtained from working on the films gave him "no complaints; let me leave it by saying I can live for the rest of my life in the reasonably modest way I am now used to, that I have no debts and I can afford to refuse work that doesn't appeal to me." In his autobiography, Blessings In Disguise, Guinness tells an imaginary interviewer "Blessed be Star Wars", regarding the income it provided.
In the final volume of the book A Positively Final Appearance (1997), Guinness recounts grudgingly giving an autograph to a young fan who claimed to have watched Star Wars over a hundred times, on the condition that the boy promise to stop watching the film because "this is going to be an ill effect on your life". The fan was stunned at first but later thanked him (though some sources say it went differently). Guinness is quoted as saying: "'Well', I said, 'do you think you could promise never to see Star Wars again?' He burst into tears. His mother drew herself up to an immense height. 'What a dreadful thing to say to a child!' she barked, and dragged the poor kid away. Maybe she was right but I just hope the lad, now in his thirties, is not living in a fantasy world of second hand, childish banalities."Guinness grew so tired of modern audiences apparently knowing him only for his role of Obi-Wan Kenobi that he would throw away the mail he received from Star Wars fans without reading it.
Guinness was reluctant to appear on television, but accepted the part of George Smiley in the serialisation of John le Carré's Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979) after meeting the author. [ citation needed ] One of Guinness's last appearances was in the BBC drama Eskimo Day (1996).Guinness reprised the role in Smiley's People (1982), and twice won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the character. Le Carré was so impressed by Guinness's performance that he based his characterisation of Smiley in subsequent novels on him.
Guinness won the Academy Award for Best Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in 1957 for his role in The Bridge on the River Kwai after having been unsuccessfully nominated for an Oscar in 1952 for his performance in The Lavender Hill Mob . He was nominated in 1958 for the Academy Award for Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium, for his screenplay adapted from Joyce Cary's novel The Horse's Mouth . He was nominated for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as Obi-Wan Kenobi in Star Wars in 1977. He received an Academy Honorary Award for lifetime achievement in 1980. In 1988, he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for Little Dorrit . He received the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award for lifetime achievement in 1989.
For his theatre work, he received an Evening Standard Award for his performance as T. E. Lawrence in Ross and a Tony Award for his Broadway turn as Dylan Thomas in Dylan.Guinness received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1559 Vine Street on 8 February 1960. Guinness was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1955 Birthday Honours, and was knighted by Elizabeth II in the 1959 New Year Honours. In 1991, he received an honorary doctorate from Cambridge University. Guinness was appointed a Companion of Honour in the 1994 Birthday Honours for services to Drama.
Guinness married the artist, playwright, and actress Merula Sylvia Salaman (1914–2000) in 1938; in 1940, they had a son, Matthew Guinness, who later became an actor. From the 1950s the family lived at their home Kettlebrook Meadows, near Steep Marsh in Hampshire. The House itself was designed by Merula's brother Eusty Salaman.
In his biography, Alec Guinness: The Unknown, Garry O'Connor reports that Guinness was arrested and fined 10 guineas (£10.50) for a homosexual act in a public lavatory in Liverpool in 1946. Guinness is said to have avoided publicity by giving his name to police and court as "Herbert Pocket", the name of the character he played in Great Expectations. No record of any arrest has ever been found, however. Piers Paul Read, in his 2003 biography, suggests "The rumour is possibly a conflation of stories about Alec's 'cottaging' and the arrest of John Gielgud, in October 1953, in a public lavatory in Chelsea after dining with the Guinnesses at St. Peter's Square."This suggestion was not made until April 2001, eight months after his death, when a BBC Showbiz article related that new books claimed that Guinness was bisexual and that he had kept his sexuality private from the public eye and that the biographies further said only his closest friends and family members knew he had sexual relationships with men.
While serving in the Royal Navy, Guinness had planned to become an Anglican priest. In 1954, while he was filming Father Brown in Burgundy, Guinness, who was in costume as a Catholic priest, was mistaken for a real priest by a local child. Guinness was far from fluent in French, and the child apparently did not notice that Guinness did not understand him but took his hand and chattered while the two strolled; the child then waved and trotted off.The confidence and affection the clerical attire appeared to inspire in the boy left a deep impression on the actor. When their son was ill with polio at the age of 11, Guinness began visiting a church to pray. A few years later in 1956, Guinness converted to the Roman Catholic Church. His wife, who was of paternal Sephardi Jewish descent, followed suit in 1957 while he was in Sri Lanka filming The Bridge on the River Kwai, and she informed him only after the event. Every morning, Guinness recited a verse from Psalm 143, "Cause me to hear your loving kindness in the morning".
Guinness died on the night of 5 August 2000, from liver cancer, at Midhurst in West Sussex.He had been receiving hospital treatment for glaucoma, and had recently also been diagnosed with prostate cancer. He was interred at Petersfield, Hampshire.
Guinness wrote three volumes of a best-selling autobiography, beginning with Blessings in Disguise in 1985, followed by My Name Escapes Me in 1996, and A Positively Final Appearance in 1999. He recorded each of them as an audiobook. Shortly after his death, Lady Guinness asked the couple's close friend and fellow Catholic, novelist Piers Paul Read, to write Guinness's official biography. It was published in 2002.
|1946||Great Expectations||Herbert Pocket as an adult|
|1949||Kind Hearts and Coronets|
|1949||A Run for Your Money||Whimple|
|1950||Last Holiday||George Bird|
|1950||The Mudlark||Benjamin Disraeli|
|1951||The Lavender Hill Mob||Henry Holland|
|1951||The Man in the White Suit||Sidney Stratton|
|1952||The Card||Edward Henry 'Denry' Machin|
|1953||The Square Mile||Narrator||Short subject|
|1953||The Captain's Paradise||Capt. Henry St. James|
|1953||Malta Story||Flight Lieutenant Peter Ross RAF|
|1954||Father Brown||Father Brown|
|1954||The Stratford Adventure||Himself||Short subject|
|1955||Rowlandson's England||Narrator||Short subject|
|1955||To Paris with Love||Col. Sir Edgar Fraser|
|1955||The Prisoner||The Cardinal|
|1955||Baker's Dozen||The Major||Television film|
|1955||The Ladykillers||Professor Marcus|
|1956||The Swan||Prince Albert|
|1957||The Bridge on the River Kwai||Col. Nicholson|
|1957||Barnacle Bill||Captain William Horatio Ambrose|
|1958||The Horse's Mouth||Gulley Jimson|
|1959||The Scapegoat||John Barratt/Jacques De Gue|
|1959||The Wicked Scheme of Jebal Deeks||Jebal Deeks||Television film|
|1959||Our Man in Havana||Jim Wormold|
|1960||Tunes of Glory||Maj. Jock Sinclair, D.S.O., M.M.||Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role|
|1961||A Majority of One||Koichi Asano|
|1962||H.M.S. Defiant||Captain Crawford|
|1962||Lawrence of Arabia||Prince Faisal|
|1964||The Fall of the Roman Empire||Marcus Aurelius|
|1965||Situation Hopeless... But Not Serious||Wilhelm Frick|
|1965||Doctor Zhivago||Lieutenant General Yevgraf Andreyevich Zhivago|
|1966||Hotel Paradiso||Benedict Boniface|
|1966||The Quiller Memorandum||Pol|
|1967||The Comedians in Africa||Himself||Short subject|
|1967||The Comedians||Major H.O. Jones||Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1969||Conversation at Night||The Executioner||Television film|
|1970||Twelfth Night||Malvolio||Television film|
|1970||Cromwell||King Charles I|
|1970||Scrooge||Jacob Marley's ghost|
|1972||Brother Sun, Sister Moon||Pope Innocent III|
|1973||Hitler: The Last Ten Days||Adolf Hitler|
|1974||The Gift of Friendship||Jocelyn Broome||Television film|
|1976||Caesar and Cleopatra||Julius Caesar||Television film|
|1976||Murder by Death||Jamesir Bensonmum|
|1977||Star Wars||Obi-Wan Kenobi|
|1979||Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy||George Smiley||7 episodes|
|1980||The Empire Strikes Back||Obi-Wan Kenobi|
|1980||Raise the Titanic||John Bigalow|
|1980||Little Lord Fauntleroy||Earl of Dorincourt||Television film|
|1982||Smiley's People||George Smiley||6 episodes|
|1983||Return of the Jedi||Obi-Wan Kenobi|
|1984||A Passage to India||Professor Godbole|
|1984||Edwin||Sir Fennimore Truscott||Television film|
|1987||Monsignor Quixote||Monsignor Quixote||Television film|
Nominated—British Academy Television Award for Best Actor
|1987||Little Dorrit||William Dorrit|
|1988||A Handful of Dust||Mr. Todd|
|1991||Kafka||The Chief Clerk|
|1992||Tales from Hollywood||Heinrich Mann||Television film|
|1993||A Foreign Field||Amos||Television film|
|1994||Mute Witness||The Reaper|
|1996||Eskimo Day||James||Television film|
(London, unless otherwise noted)
|1934||Libel!||Junior Counsel||Playhouse Theatre||Non-Speaking Role|
|1934||Queer Cargo||Chinese coolie, French Pirate and English Sailor||Piccadilly Theatre|
|1934||Hamlet||Osric and Third Player||New Theatre|
|1935||Romeo and Juliet||Sampson and Apothecary||New Theatre|
|1936||The Seagull||Workman then Yakov||New Theatre|
|1936||Love's Labour's Lost||Boyet||The Old Vic||Start of a season with the Old Vic Company; September 1936-April 1937.|
|1936||As You Like It||Le Beau and William||The Old Vic|
|1936||The Witch of Edmonton||Old Thorney||The Old Vic|
|1937||Hamlet||Osric and Reynaldo||The Old Vic|
|1937||Twelfth Night||Sir Andrew Aguecheek||The Old Vic|
|1937||Henry V||Exeter||The Old Vic|
|1937||Hamlet||Osric, Player Queen and Reynaldo||Elsinore Castle, Helsingør, Denmark||Put on by the Old Vic Company at Elsinore Castle|
|1937||Richard II||Aumerle and The Groom||Queen's Theatre||Start of a Season with John Gielgud's Company at the Queen's Theatre, September 1937-May 1938.|
|1937||The School for Scandal||Snake||Queen's Theatre|
|1938||The Three Sisters||Fedotik||Queen's Theatre|
|1938||The Merchant of Venice||Lorenzo||Queen's Theatre|
|1938||The Doctor's Dilemma||Louis Dubedat||Richmond Theatre|
|1938||Trelawny of the Wells||Arthur Gower||The Old Vic||Start of a Season with the Old Vic Company. September to December 1938.|
|1938||Hamlet||Hamlet||The Old Vic|
|1938||The Rivals||Bob Acres||The Old Vic|
|1939||Hamlet||Hamlet||The Old Vic||Start of Tour of Europe and Egypt with the Old Vic Company. January to April 1939.|
|1939||Henry V||Chorus||The Old Vic||Tour|
|1939||The Rivals||Bob Acres||The Old Vic||Tour|
|1939||Libel!||Emile Flordan||The Old Vic||Tour|
|1939||Macbeth||Macbeth||Sheffield Playhouse, Sheffield|
|1939||The Ascent of F6||Michael Ransom||The Old Vic|
|1939||Romeo and Juliet||Romeo||Perth Theatre, Perth, Scotland||Part of the first Perth Scottish Theatre Festival|
|1939||Great Expectations||Herbert Pocket||Rudolf Steiner Hall||Version adapted by Guinness from Charles Dickens novel; Performed by The Actor's Company, a group Guinness had formed with George Devine and Marius Goring.|
|1940||Cousin Muriel||Richard Meilhac||Globe Theatre|
|1940||Saint Joan||The Dauphin||Palace Theatre|
|1940||The Tempest||Ferdinand||The Old Vic|
|1940||Thunder Rock||Charleston||Tour of England|
|1940||Flare Path||Fl. Lt. Graham||Henry Miller's Theatre, New York City, United States||Was temporarily released from his war service to perform in this production.|
|1946||The Brothers Karamazov||Mitya||Lyric Theatre||Adapted by Guinness from Fyodor Dostoevsky.|
|1946||The Vicious Circle||Garcin||Arts Theatre|
|1946||King Lear||The Fool||New Theatre||Start of a Season with the Old Vic Company at the New Theatre. September 1946 – May 1947.|
|1946||An Inspector Calls||Eric Birling||New Theatre|
|1946||Cyrano De Bergerac||De Guiche||New Theatre|
|1947||The Alchemist||Abel Drugger||New Theatre|
|1947||Richard II||Richard II||New Theatre||Start of a Season with the Old Vic Company at the New Theatre. September 1947-May 1948.|
|1947||Saint Joan||The Dauphin||New Theatre|
|1948||The Government Inspector||Khlestakov||New Theatre|
|1948||Coriolanus||Menenius Agrippa||New Theatre|
|1948||Twelfth Night||-||New Theatre||Director only for the Old Vic Company at the New Theatre. September 1948.|
|1949||The Human Touch||Dr. James Simpson||Savoy Theatre|
|1949||The Cocktail Party||Sir Henry Harcourt-Reilly||Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh, Scotland.|
|1950||The Cocktail Party||Sir Henry Harcourt-Reilly||Henry Miller's Theatre, New York City, USA|
|1951||Hamlet||Hamlet||New Theatre||This production was also directed by Guinness.|
|1952||Under the Sycamore Tree||The Ant Scientist||Aldwych Theatre|
|1953||Richard III||Richard III||Stratford Festival, Stratford, Ontario, Canada||Start of a Season at the Stratford Festival. July to September 1953.|
|1953||All's Well That Ends Well||King of France||Stratford Festival, Stratford, Ontario, Canada|
|1954||The Prisoner||The Cardinal||Globe Theatre|
|1954||Hotel Paradiso||Boniface||Winter Garden Theatre|
|1960||Ross||Aircraftman Ross / T.E. Lawrence||Theatre Royal Haymarket||Evening Standard Theatre Awards – Best Actor|
|1963||Exit the King||Berenger the First||Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh and Royal Court Theatre|
|1964||Dylan||Dylan Thomas||Plymouth Theatre, New York City, USA||Drama League Awards-Distinguished Performance Award; Tony Awards- Best Actor|
|1966||Incident at Vichy||Von Berg||Phoenix Theatre|
|1966||Macbeth||Macbeth||Royal Court Theatre|
|1967||Wise Child||Jock Masters/Mrs. Artminster||Wyndham's Theatre|
|1968||The Cocktail Party||Sir Henry Harcourt-Reilly||Chichester Festival Theatre, Chichester, Sussex, Wyndham's Theatre, Theatre Royal Haymarket||Production was also directed by Guinness.|
|1970||Time out of Mind||John||Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, Guildford, Surrey.|
|1971||A Voyage Round My Father||Father||Theatre Royal Haymarket|
|1973||Habeas Corpus||Dr. Wickstead||Lyric Theatre|
|1975||A Family and a Fortune||Dudley||Apollo Theatre|
|1976||Yahoo||Dean Swift||Queen's Theatre||Adapted by Guinness from the works of Jonathan Swift.|
|1977||The Old Country||Hilary||Queen's Theatre|
|1984||Merchant of Venice||Shylock||Chichester Festival Theatre|
|1988||A Walk in the Woods||Andrey Botvinnik||Comedy Theatre|
For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted Guinness among the most popular stars in Britain at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald.
Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas, produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It is the first installment in the Star Wars prequel trilogy and stars Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, Jake Lloyd, Ian McDiarmid, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, Pernilla August, and Frank Oz. The film is set 32 years before the original film, and follows Jedi Knight Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi as they protect Queen Amidala in hopes of securing a peaceful end to a large-scale interplanetary trade dispute. Joined by Anakin Skywalker—a young slave with unusually strong natural powers of the Force—they simultaneously contend with the mysterious return of the Sith.
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales. It is the second installment of the Star Wars prequel trilogy, and stars Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, Hayden Christensen, Ian McDiarmid, Samuel L. Jackson, Christopher Lee, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, and Frank Oz.
Star Wars is a 1977 American epic space-opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It is the first film in the original Star Wars trilogy and the beginning of the Star Wars franchise. Starring Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Peter Cushing, Alec Guinness, David Prowse, James Earl Jones, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, and Peter Mayhew, the film focuses on the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia (Fisher), and its attempt to destroy the Galactic Empire's space station, the Death Star.
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space-opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It is the sixth entry in the Star Wars film series and stars Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, Hayden Christensen, Ian McDiarmid, Samuel L. Jackson, Christopher Lee, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, and Frank Oz. It is the third installment in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, following The Phantom Menace (1999) and Attack of the Clones (2002).
Obi-Wan Kenobi, also known as Ben Kenobi, is a character in the Star Wars franchise. Within the original trilogy he is portrayed by English actor Alec Guinness, while in the prequel trilogy a younger version of the character is portrayed by Scottish actor Ewan McGregor. In the original trilogy, he is a mentor to Luke Skywalker, to whom he introduces the ways of the Jedi. In the prequel trilogy, he is a master and friend to Anakin Skywalker. He is frequently featured as a main character in various other Star Wars media.
Qui-Gon Jinn is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise, portrayed by Liam Neeson as one of the main protagonists of the 1999 film Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace.
Sir John Mills, was an English actor who appeared in more than 120 films in a career spanning seven decades. On screen, he often played people who are not at all exceptional, but become heroes because of their common sense, generosity and good judgment. He received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his work in Ryan's Daughter (1970).
Cecil André Mesritz, known professionally as André Morell, was an English actor. He appeared frequently in theatre, film and on television from the 1930s to the 1970s. His best known screen roles were as Professor Bernard Quatermass in the BBC Television serial Quatermass and the Pit (1958–59), and as Doctor Watson in the Hammer Film Productions version of The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959). He also appeared in the films The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) and Ben-Hur (1959), in several of Hammer's horror films throughout the 1960s and in the acclaimed ITV historical drama The Caesars (1968).
John Albert Chamberlain Kefford was an English character actor professionally known as John Abbott. His memorable roles include the invalid Frederick Fairlie in the 1948 film The Woman in White and the pacifist Ayelborne in the Star Trek episode "Errand of Mercy". He also played Sesmar on an episode of Lost in Space, "The Dream Monster", in 1966. Abbott was known as a Shakespearean actor.
Tunes of Glory is a 1960 British drama film directed by Ronald Neame, based on the novel and screenplay by James Kennaway. The film is a "dark psychological drama" focusing on events in a wintry Scottish Highland regimental barracks in the period following the Second World War. It stars Alec Guinness and John Mills, and features Dennis Price, Kay Walsh, John Fraser, Susannah York, Duncan MacRae and Gordon Jackson.
Angels Costumes is a supplier of costumes based in London, England to the film, theatre and television industries, as well as to the general public. The company, founded in 1840, is the longest-established costume supplier in the world, and has supplied costumes to 37 films that have received the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, including the 2010 film Alice in Wonderland and, most recently, The Grand Budapest Hotel.
The 29th National Board of Review Awards were announced in late December, 1957.
Corrado Gaipa was an Italian actor and voice actor.
Ewan Gordon McGregor is a Scottish actor and director, known internationally for his various film roles, including independent dramas, science-fiction epics, and musicals.
Mos Eisley is a spaceport town in the fictional Star Wars universe. Located on the planet Tatooine, it first appeared in the 1977 film Star Wars, described by the character Obi-Wan Kenobi as a "wretched hive of scum and villainy."
The filmography of Scottish actor and director Ewan McGregor. McGregor made his debut in the British television series Lipstick on Your Collar. He followed this one year later by appearing in Bill Forsyth's Being Human (1994), Danny Boyle's thriller Shallow Grave (1994). Two years later, he plays the heroin addict Mark Renton in Danny Boyle's Trainspotting which garnered his international recognition. He reprised the role in the sequel film T2 Trainspotting (2017).
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