|Other names||Aliaksei Mikhalevich|
|Alma mater||Belarusian State University|
|Awards||John Humphrey Freedom Award|
Ales (Alaksiej) Anatoljevich Michalevic (Belarusian : Але́сь Мiхале́вiч, Aleś Michalevič, Ales Mikhalevich, born 15 May 1975 in Minsk, Byelorussian SSR) is a Belarusian public figure and politician, candidate in the 2010 Belarusian presidential election.
Belarusian is an East Slavic language spoken by Belarusians. It is the official language of Belarus, along with Russian. It is additionally spoken in parts of Russia, Poland and Ukraine by Belarusian minorities in those countries.
Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers. As the national capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon). The population in January 2018 was 1,982,444, making Minsk the 11th most populous city in Europe. Minsk is the administrative capital of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and seat of its Executive Secretary.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Michalevic was born in Minsk to a family of research associates of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB) is the national academy of Belarus.
Following studies in Minsk at mathematics school No. 19 and the Belarusian Humanities Lyceum, Michalevic attended the Belarusian State University, Faculty of Law, graduating in 1997 with a degree in Political Science and Law. While at university, Michalevic headed the Belarusian Students’ Association, a non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting the rights of Belarusian students. Michalevic also undertook periods of study at the University of Warsaw (Poland) and University of Oxford (UK). In 2013 Michalevic pursued PhD in political science at Polish Academy of Sciences (the doctoral dissertation title is "Parties and Movements in the Process of Post-Communist Transformation").
Mathematics includes the study of such topics as quantity, structure (algebra), space (geometry), and change. It has no generally accepted definition.
The Belarusian Humanities Lyceum is a private secondary school, formerly located at 21 Kirau Street in Minsk, Belarus.
Belarusian State University (BSU) is a university in Minsk, Belarus. It was founded on October 30, 1921.
In 1997, Michalevic founded and became the leader of an organization working in the sphere of youth exchanges and youth tourism. Starting 2000, Michalevic worked as Deputy Director and later General Director of a tourist company. Following Michalevic's participation in the 2004 Belarusian parliamentary election, his company became target of numerous state controls and inspections which led to Michalevic resigning from his position.
Parliamentary elections were held in Belarus on 17 October 2004, with a second round of voting in two constituencies on 27 October, and a third round in one on 20 March 2005. The vast majority of successful candidates, 97 of 109, were independents. Voter turnout was reported to be 91.04% in the first round.
In 2005, Michalevic qualified as a crisis manager accredited at the Ministry of Economics of the Belarus. In 2007-08 he worked as a legal consultant at the Association of Disabled Veterans of the War in Afghanistan, and in 2008-10 he worked as a lawyer at the Belarusian Independent Trade Union.
Michalevic was deputy chairman of the Partyja BNF in 2004-2008.
Following his nomination to the position of party chairman in 2008 and proposal of a program of reforms, Michalevic was expelled from the party for publicly criticizing the party leadership.
From 2003 to 2007, Michalevic was deputy to the Pukhavichy district council and coordinator of the Assembly of Deputies to Local Councils. At the same time he published a local newspaper in the town of Maryina Horka.
He initiated a number of decisions on widening the powers of local self-governing bodies. [ citation needed ]
On 27 January 2010, Michalevic officially launched his campaign seeking nomination as an independent candidate in 2011 Belarusian presidential election.
On November 18, 2010, Michalevic officially registered as a presidential candidate.
On December 19, 2010, Michalevic took part in the meeting in downtown Minsk but did not take part in the demonstration and riots that followed. He went home downtown where he was with his family.
On December 20, 2010, at the election night Michalevic was arrested by KGB agents in his apartment in Minsk. He was charged for organizing of mass riots. On 11 January 2011, Amnesty International recognized him as a prisoner of conscience.
January 11, 2011 Michalevic called from the KGB jail to his wife. Under the pressure of a voice heard in the phone, Michalevic asked her to not go to Brussels and Warsaw to give a speech at EU-parliament and Polish Sejm hearings regarding Belarus. His wife interpreted this as if her husband in fact told her to go there. The night between January 12 and January 13 the car in which Milana Michalevic and their youngest daughter was traveling to Poland was stopped by KGB agents. Milana Michalevic was informed that she was banned from travel abroad until her husband's future is decided by the KGB. Currently Michalevic's wife is under the close observation of KGB agents in Minsk.[ citation needed ]
On February 19, 2011 Michalevic was released from prison. After that, he made a statement in which he claimed that he and other political prisoners had been subjected to tortures.
Soon after his statements about tortures in Belarusian prisons, Michalevic secretly escaped the country. On 24 March 2011 he was granted political asylum in the Czech Republic.
On 18 November 2011 Michalevic received the Rights & Democracy John Humphrey Freedom Award from Canadian International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development. Michalevic was awarded “for his courage, determination and perseverance, and … efforts to make Belarus a free and open democracy”.
On 8 September 2015 Ales Michalevic returned home to Belarus. He took the train Vilnius - Minsk and was immediately arrested at the border as a “person who is in the wanted list” by the border officers.Michalevic was released but he still remains the last accused person in the 2010 case of “mass riots”.
In March 2016 the case against Ales Michalevic was suspended, however it can be reopened at any moment.
[ citation needed ]
Michalevic is married with two daughters. In addition to his native Belarusian and Russian, he is fluent in Polish and English and is learning German.
Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko is a Belarusian politician serving as President of Belarus since the office was created on 20 July 1994. Before launching his political career, Lukashenko worked as director of a collective farm (kolkhoz) and spent time with the Soviet Border Troops and the Soviet Army. He was the only deputy to vote against the independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union.
The State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus is the national intelligence agency of Belarus. Along with its counterparts in Transnistria and South Ossetia, it is one of the few intelligence agencies that kept the Russian name "KGB" after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, albeit it is lost in translation when written in Belarusian.
Charter 97 is a declaration calling for democracy in Belarus and a pro-human rights news site taking its inspiration from the declaration. The document – the title of which deliberately echoes the Czechoslovak human rights declaration Charter 77 20 years earlier – was created on the anniversary of a referendum held in 1996, and which, in the words of the organisation of the same name, declares:
"devotion to the principles of independence, freedom and democracy, respect to the human rights, solidarity with everybody, who stands for elimination of dictatorial regime and restoration of democracy in Belarus".
Ales Adamovich was a Belarusian Soviet writer and a critic, Professor and Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Doctor of Philosophy in philology, Doctorate in 1962 ; member of the Supreme Soviet (1989–92). He wrote in Russian and Belarusian.
Human rights in Belarus have been described as "poor". The Belarusian government is criticized for human rights violations and its persecution of non-governmental organisations, independent journalists, national minorities, and opposition politicians. In a testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, former United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice labeled Belarus as one of the world's six "outposts of tyranny". In response, the Belarusian government called the assessment "quite far from reality". As at 2017, the Viasna Human Rights Centre lists two political prisoners, down from 11 in 2016 currently detained in Belarus.
The Belarusian LGBT Human Rights Project GayBelarus is a national youth civic association. They operate the Jáhada positive queer infoportal.
Iryna Khalip is a Belarusian journalist, reporter and editor in the Minsk bureau of Novaya Gazeta, known for her criticism of Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko.
Presidential elections were held in Belarus on 19 December 2010. The election was originally planned for the beginning of 2011. However, the final date was set during an extraordinary session of the National Assembly of Belarus on September 14, 2010.
Andréi Olégovich Sánnikov is a Belarusian politician and activist. In the early 1990s, he headed the Belarusian delegation on Nuclear and Conventional Weapons Armament Negotiations, also serving as the Belarusian diplomat to Switzerland. From 1995 to 1996, he served as Deputy Foreign Minister of Belarus, resigning as a form of political protest. He co-founded the civil action Charter 97, and was awarded the Bruno Kreisky Prize in 2005.
Vladlena Funk is a Russian- American free-lance reporter, who was held captive by the Belarusian KGB for over a year in a high-profile US-Belarus hostage crisis, together with a well-known American lawyer Emanuel Zeltser, who heads American Russian Law Institute, a non-for-profit non-governmental public policy research and advisory organization.
Uladzimir Prakopavich Nyaklyayew born on July 11, 1946 in Smarhon’) is a Belarusian poet and writer, and a head of the public campaign Tell the Truth!. He was a candidate for Dec 19 2010 elections in Belarus, and, according to Amnesty International, was placed under house arrest for his role in post-election protests.
Aleh Byabenin, a Belarusian journalist, was known for his involvement in Charter 97 in Minsk, Belarus. He was the co-founder, director, and journalist for the political opposition news website Charter 97. He was also the campaign press secretary and friend of Andrei Sannikov, who was the former deputy foreign minister and also one of the opposition candidates in the presidential election that took place in 2010.
Alexander Otroschenkov is a Belarusian political activist and journalist. In 2011 he was sentenced to four years in prison after he covered a protest rally as a journalist. He was listed by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience.
Dzmitry Us is a Belarusian lawyer and businessman. He was a presidential candidate at the 2010 presidential election in Belarus.
The Viasna Human Rights Centre is a human rights organization based in Minsk, Belarus. The organization aims to provide financial and legal assistance to political prisoners and their families, and was founded in 1996 by activist Ales Bialatski in response to large-scale repression of demonstrations by the government of Alexander Lukashenko.
Ales Bialiatski is a Belarusian civic leader and former prisoner of conscience known for his work with the Human Rights Centre “Viasna”
Eduard Lobau is a Belarusian activist with the nation's democracy movement, specifically the group Young Front. He was imprisoned by the government of Belarus for his protest activities. Amnesty International considered him a prisoner of conscience.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Kumets is a Belarusian dissident and political activist. In September 2011 he was recruited by the KGB against his will and forced to leave Belarus. He is a press secretary for the Revolution Through Social Networks civil campaign and a Deputy Chairman of the Integration Bridge foundation in Poland.
Presidential elections were held in Belarus on 11 October 2015. Long-term president Alexander Lukashenko ran for his fifth term in office, having won every presidential election since independence in 1991. He was re-elected with 84% of the vote. The 'against all' option received more votes than any opposition candidate.
The Pre-Trial Detention Centre of the KGB of Belarus (Russian: Следственный изолятор КГБ Республики Беларусь, СИЗО КГБ, SIZO KGB, also informally called Amerikanka is a pre-trial prison in the centre of Minsk, operated by the KGB of Belarus.