|Other names||Aliaksei Mikhalevich|
|Alma mater||Belarusian State University|
|Awards||John Humphrey Freedom Award|
Ales (Alaksiej) Anatoljevich Michalevic (Belarusian : Але́сь Мiхале́вiч, Aleś Michalevič, Ales Mikhalevich, born 15 May 1975 in Minsk, Byelorussian SSR) is a Belarusian public figure and politician, candidate in the Belarusian presidential election, 2010.
Belarusian is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is also spoken in Russia, Poland and Ukraine. Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was only known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык Belorusskiy yazyk, or alternatively as White Ruthenian or White Russian. Following independence, it has acquired the additional name Belarusian.
Minsk is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislač and the Nyamiha Rivers. As the national capital, Minsk has a special administrative status in Belarus and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblasć) and Minsk District (rajon). The population in January 2018 was 1,982,444, making Minsk the 11th most populous city in Europe. Minsk is the administrative capital of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and seat of its Executive Secretary.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Michalevic was born in Minsk to a family of research associates of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB) is the national academy of Belarus.
Following studies in Minsk at mathematics school No. 19 and the Belarusian Humanities Lyceum, Michalevic attended the Belarusian State University, Faculty of Law, graduating in 1997 with a degree in Political Science and Law. While at university, Michalevic headed the Belarusian Students’ Association, a non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting the rights of Belarusian students. Michalevic also undertook periods of study at the University of Warsaw (Poland) and University of Oxford (UK). In 2013 Michalevic pursued PhD in political science at Polish Academy of Sciences (the doctoral dissertation title is "Parties and Movements in the Process of Post-Communist Transformation").
Mathematics includes the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
The Belarusian Humanities Lyceum is a private secondary school, formerly located at 21 Kirau Street in Minsk, Belarus.
Belarusian State University (BSU) is a university in Minsk, Belarus. It was founded on October 30, 1921.
In 1997, Michalevic founded and became the leader of an organization working in the sphere of youth exchanges and youth tourism. Starting 2000, Michalevic worked as Deputy Director and later General Director of a tourist company. Following Michalevic's participation in the Belarusian parliamentary election, 2004, his company became target of numerous state controls and inspections which led to Michalevic resigning from his position.
In 2005, Michalevic qualified as a crisis manager accredited at the Ministry of Economics of the Belarus. In 2007-08 he worked as a legal consultant at the Association of Disabled Veterans of the War in Afghanistan, and in 2008-10 he worked as a lawyer at the Belarusian Independent Trade Union.
Michalevic was deputy chairman of the Partyja BNF in 2004-2008.
Following his nomination to the position of party chairman in 2008 and proposal of a program of reforms, Michalevic was expelled from the party for publicly criticizing the party leadership.
From 2003 to 2007, Michalevic was deputy to the Pukhavichy district council and coordinator of the Assembly of Deputies to Local Councils. At the same time he published a local newspaper in the town of Maryina Horka.
He initiated a number of decisions on widening the powers of local self-governing bodies. [ citation needed ]
On 27 January 2010, Michalevic officially launched his campaign seeking nomination as an independent candidate in Belarusian presidential election, 2011.
On November 18, 2010, Michalevic officially registered as a presidential candidate.
On December 19, 2010, Michalevic took part in the meeting in downtown Minsk but did not take part in the demonstration and riots that followed. He went home downtown where he was with his family.
On December 20, 2010, at the election night Michalevic was arrested by KGB agents in his apartment in Minsk. He was charged for organizing of mass riots. On 11 January 2011, Amnesty International recognized him as a prisoner of conscience.
January 11, 2011 Michalevic called from the KGB jail to his wife. Under the pressure of a voice heard in the phone, Michalevic asked her to not go to Brussels and Warsaw to give a speech at EU-parliament and Polish Sejm hearings regarding Belarus. His wife interpreted this as if her husband in fact told her to go there. The night between January 12 and January 13 the car in which Milana Michalevic and their youngest daughter was traveling to Poland was stopped by KGB agents. Milana Michalevic was informed that she was banned from travel abroad until her husband's future is decided by the KGB. Currently Michalevic's wife is under the close observation of KGB agents in Minsk.[ citation needed ]
On February 19, 2011 Michalevic was released from prison. After that, he made a statement in which he claimed that he and other political prisoners had been subjected to tortures.
Soon after his statements about tortures in Belarusian prisons, Michalevic secretly escaped the country. On 24 March 2011 he was granted political asylum in the Czech Republic.
On 18 November 2011 Michalevic received the Rights & Democracy John Humphrey Freedom Award from Canadian International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development. Michalevic was awarded “for his courage, determination and perseverance, and … efforts to make Belarus a free and open democracy”.
On 8 September 2015 Ales Michalevic returned home to Belarus. He took the train Vilnius - Minsk and was immediately arrested at the border as a “person who is in the wanted list” by the border officers.Michalevic was released but he still remains the last accused person in the 2010 case of “mass riots”.
In March 2016 the case against Ales Michalevic was suspended, however it can be reopened at any moment.
[ citation needed ]
Michalevic is married with two daughters. In addition to his native Belarusian and Russian, he is fluent in Polish and English and is learning German.
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