|6th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario|
June 1, 1887 –May 24, 1892
|Governor General|| The Marquess of Lansdowne |
The Lord Stanley of Preston
|Preceded by||John Beverley Robinson|
|Succeeded by||George Airey Kirkpatrick|
|Senator for Cataraqui,Ontario|
October 23,1867 –February 7,1887
|Member of the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada for Cataraqui|
|Died||May 24,1892 70) (aged|
|Resting place||Cataraqui Cemetery,Kingston,Ontario|
|Cabinet||Postmaster General (1885–1887)|
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada (1881–1885)
Postmaster General (1880–1881)
Minister of Militia and Defence (1880)
Postmaster General (1879–1880)
Receiver General (1878–1879)
Minister of the Interior (1873)
Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs (1873)
Minister of Inland Revenue (Acting) (1868–1869)
Postmaster General (1867–1873)
Commissioner of Crown Lands (Province of Canada) (1864–1867)
Sir Alexander Campbell(March 9,1822 –May 24,1892) was an English-born,Upper Canadian statesman and a father of Canadian Confederation.
Born in Hedon,Yorkshire,he was brought to Canada by his father,who was a doctor,when he was one year old. He was educated in French at St. Hyacinthe in Quebec and in the grammar school at Kingston,Ontario. Campbell studied law and was called to the bar in 1843. He became a partner in John A. Macdonald's law office.
Campbell was a Freemason of St. John's Lodge,No. 3 (Ontario) of Kingston (now The Ancient St. John's No. 3). When the government was moved to Quebec in 1858,Campbell resigned.
He was elected to the Legislative Council in 1858 and 1864,and served as the last Commissioner of Crown Lands 30 March 1864 –30 June 1867. He attended the Charlottetown Conference and the Quebec City Conference in 1864,and at Confederation was appointed to the Senate of Canada. He later held a number of ministerial posts in the Cabinet of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald and was the sixth Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1887 to 1892.
In 1883,he built his home on Metcalfe Street,Ottawa,now known as "Campbell House".
He died in office in Toronto in 1892,and was buried at Cataraqui Cemetery in Kingston,Ontario.
Campbell Crescent in Kingston,a street in the Portsmouth municipal district,is named in his honour.
In 1855,Campbell married Georgina Frederica Locke,daughter of Thomas Sandwith of Beverley,Yorkshire,and a niece of Humphrey Sandwith III (1792–1874) of Bridlington.He left two sons (the eldest was Charles Sandwith Campbell) and three daughters
Alexander Mackenzie was a Canadian politician who served as the second prime minister of Canada,in office from 1873 to 1878.
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada,serving from 1867 to 1873 and from 1878 to 1891. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation,he had a political career that spanned almost half a century.
Canadian Confederation was the process by which three British North American provinces,the Province of Canada,Nova Scotia,and New Brunswick,were united into one federation called the Dominion of Canada,on July 1,1867. Upon Confederation,Canada consisted of four provinces:Ontario and Quebec,which had been split out from the Province of Canada,and the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Over the years since Confederation,Canada has seen numerous territorial changes and expansions,resulting in the current number of ten provinces and three territories.
Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the third prime minister of Canada from 1891 to 1892. He held office as the leader of the Conservative Party.
James W. Cockburn,was a Canadian Conservative politician,and a father of Canadian Confederation.
George Brown was a British-Canadian journalist,politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation;attended the Charlottetown and Quebec conferences. A noted Reform politician,he is best known as the founder and editor of the Toronto Globe,Canada's most influential newspaper at the time,and his leadership in the founding of the Liberal Party in 1867. He was an articulate champion of the grievances and anger of Upper Canada (Ontario). He played a major role in securing national unity. His career in active politics faltered after 1865,but he remained a powerful spokesman for the Liberal Party. He promoted westward expansion and opposed the policies of Conservative Prime Minister John A. Macdonald.
Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt,was a politician and a father of the Canadian Confederation.
William Alexander Henry was a Canadian lawyer,politician,and judge. He was one of the Fathers of Confederation and one of the first judges of the Supreme Court of Canada.
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Sir Oliver Mowat was a Canadian lawyer,politician,and Ontario Liberal Party leader. He served for nearly 24 years as the third premier of Ontario. He was the eighth lieutenant governor of Ontario and one of the Fathers of Confederation. He is best known for defending successfully the constitutional rights of the provinces in the face of the centralizing tendency of the national government as represented by his longtime Conservative adversary,John A. Macdonald. This longevity and power was due to his maneuvering to build a political base around Liberals,Catholics,trade unions,and anti-French-Canadian sentiment.
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Sir John Rose,1st Baronet was a Scots-Quebecer politician. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada and the Executive Council of the Province of Canada. After Confederation,he held the offices of Solicitor General of Canada,Minister of Public Works and Minister of Finance in the new federal government. In the United Kingdom,he held the offices of Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall and Privy Counsellor.
Sir Antoine-AiméDorion was a French Canadian politician and jurist.
The Great Coalition was a grand coalition of political parties that brought an end to political deadlock in the Province of Canada. It existed from May 1864 until Confederation in 1867.
Sir Henry Smith was a Canadian lawyer and political figure. He represented Frontenac County in the Parliament of the Province of Canada,and later in the 1st Parliament of Ontario.
Charles Sandwith Campbell,(1858–1923) was a benefactor who gave the City of Montreal the Campbell Concerts and Campbell Parks. He was a Governor of McGill University.
Hewitt Bernard,was a Canadian lawyer,militia officer,editor,and civil servant.
Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that arose from the loose organization of medieval masons working in the medieval building industry.