Alexander Colyn

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Alexander Colyn, cenotaph of Maximilian I, marble relief based on wood carvings by Albrecht Durer Innsbruck 1 311.jpg
Alexander Colyn, cenotaph of Maximilian I, marble relief based on wood carvings by Albrecht Durer

Alexander Colyn (also spelt Colin or Colins; 1527/29 17 August 1612) was a Flemish sculptor.

Contents

Biography

Colyn was born in Mechelen, Belgium. In 1563 he went, at the invitation of the emperor Ferdinand I, to Innsbruck, to work on the magnificent monument which was being erected to Maximilian I in the nave of the Franciscan church. Of the twenty-four marble altirilievi (high reliefs), representing the emperors principal acts and victories, which adorn the sides of this tomb, twenty were executed by Colyn, apparently in three years. The work displays a remarkable combination of liveliness and spirit with extreme care and finish, its delicacy rivaling that of a fine cameo. Bertel Thorvaldsen is said to have pronounced it the finest work of its kind. Colyn, who was sculptor in ordinary both to the emperor and to his son, the archduke Ferdinand of Tirol, did a great deal of work for his patrons at Innsbruck and in its neighborhood; particular mention may be made of the sepulchers of the archduke and his first wife, Philippine Welser, both in the same church as the Maximilian monument, and of Bishop Jean Nas. [1] His wife Maria de Vleeschouwer's tomb is by his hand and dated 1594. [2] His own tomb in the cemetery at Innsbruck bears a fine bas-relief executed by one of his sons. [1]

In Innsbruck, between 1566 and 1590, he also made the so-called Royal Mausoleum for St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle. It is a marble tomb, where are depicted and buried members of the Habsburg Monarchy: emperor Ferdinand I with his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary and their son emperor Maximilian II.

He is credited with bringing the artistic style of European courts to Germany, where from 1558 to 1559 he managed the sculpting of the Ottheinrichsbau (German, Ottheinrich palace or simply building) in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg. He contributed to the tombs of Ferdinand II, which he designed, and of Maximilian I, where he sculpted a number of marble reliefs.

Students

Colleagues and students in his workshop in Innsbruck were his son Andreas Colyn, also known as Andreas de Clievere, Hans Conrad, Dominik Farent, and Franz Perwon. [2]

Works

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Colin, Alexandre". Encyclopædia Britannica . 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 684.
  2. 1 2 Alexander Colyn in the RKD

Further reading