Alexander Petrov (chess player)

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Alexander Petrov Petrov Aleksandr Dmitrievich (shakhmatist).jpg
Alexander Petrov

Alexander Dmitrievich Petrov (Russian : Алекса́ндр Дми́триевич Петро́в) (February 12, 1794, in Biserovo, near Pskov April 22, 1867, in Warsaw) was a Russian chess player, chess composer, and chess writer.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

Pskov City in Pskov Oblast, Russia

Pskov is a city and the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Russia, located about 20 kilometers (12 mi) east from the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River. Population: 203,279 (2010 Census); 202,780 (2002 Census); 203,789 (1989 Census).

Warsaw City metropolis in Masovia, Poland

Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the Vistula River in east-central Poland and its population is officially estimated at 1.765 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 3.1 million residents, which makes Warsaw the 8th most-populous capital city in the European Union. The city limits cover 516.9 square kilometres (199.6 sq mi), while the metropolitan area covers 6,100.43 square kilometres (2,355.39 sq mi). Warsaw is an alpha global city, a major international tourist destination, and a significant cultural, political and economic hub. Its historical Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Contents

Petrov was born into a noble family and is usually remembered as the first great Russian chess master. From 1804, he lived in Saint Petersburg. In 1809, he defeated Kopev and Baranov, Petersburg’s leading chess players, and became Russian best player at the age of 15. For over half a century Petrov was considered Russia's strongest player. [1]

He is an author of the first chess handbook in Russian (Shakhmatnaya igra (...), St Petersburg 1824). He also analysed with Carl Friedrich von Jänisch the opening that later became known as the Petrov's Defense or Russian Game (C42).

Carl Jaenisch Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist

Carl Ferdinand von Jaenisch was a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist. In the 1840s, he was among the top players in the world.

From 1840 he lived in Warsaw (then in the Russian Empire), where successfully played against top Warsaw chess masters: Alexander Hoffman, Piotrowski, Szymański, Siewieluński, Hieronim Czarnowski, Szymon Winawer, etc. [2]

Russian Empire Former country, 1721–1917

The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

Hieronim Ignacy Czarnowski was a Polish chess master and activist.

Szymon Winawer Polish chess player

Szymon Abramowicz Winawer was a leading Polish chess player who won the German Chess Championship in 1883.

Petrov won matches against D.A. Baranov (4–2) in 1809, Carl Jaenisch (2–1) at St Petersburg 1844; Prince Sergey Semenovich Urusov (3–1) at St Petersburg 1853 and (13.5–7.5) at Warsaw 1859; and Ilya Shumov (4–2) at St Petersburg 1862. [3]

Ilya Shumov Russian chess player

Ilya Stepanovich Shumov was a Russian chess master.

During the January Uprising (1863–1864), he left Warsaw for Vienna and Paris. Among others, he played a match with Paul Journoud at Paris 1863. [4]

January Uprising Polish uprising against occupying Russian Empire in the 19th century

The January Uprising was an insurrection instigated principally in the Russian Partition of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its occupation by the Russian Empire. It began on January 22, 1863 spread to the other Partitions of Poland and continued until the last insurgents were captured in 1864.

Paul Journoud French chess player

Paul Journoud was a French chess master and editor.

Petrov died in 1867, and was buried in the Orthodox Cemetery in Warsaw.

His most well-known problem is "The Retreat of Napoleon I from Moscow" (St. Petersburg 1824).

Alexander Petrov (1824)
"The Retreat of Napoleon I from Moscow"
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A few moves before checkmate

Notable games

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References

  1. A. D. Petrov, by Isaak Linder, Moscow, 1955.
  2. Litmanowicz, Władysław & Giżycki, Jerzy (1986, 1987). Szachy od A do Z. Wydawnictwo Sport i Turystyka Warszawa. ISBN   83-217-2481-7 (1. A-M), ISBN   83-217-2745-X (2. N-Z).
  3. http://www.edochess.ca/players/p104.html Edo Historical Chess Ratings
  4. Paul Journoud player page at Chessgames.com