|Chancellor of Austria|
11 October 2021
|President||Alexander Van der Bellen|
|Vice Chancellor||Werner Kogler|
|Preceded by||Sebastian Kurz|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
3 June 2019 –11 October 2021
|Chancellor|| Brigitte Bierlein |
|Preceded by||Karin Kneissl|
|Succeeded by||Michael Linhart|
|Minister of the Chancellery|
6 June 2019 –7 January 2020
Servingwith Ines Stilling
|Preceded by|| Gernot Blümel |
|Succeeded by|| Christine Aschbacher |
|Born||20 June 1969|
|Political party||People's Party (2020–present)|
|Independent (before 2020)|
|Education|| University of Vienna |
College of Europe
Alexander Schallenberg (born 20 June 1969) is an Austrian diplomat,jurist and politician serving as Chancellor of Austria since 11 October 2021. A member of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP),he previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second government of Sebastian Kurz.
A member of the noble Schallenberg family and a graduate of the College of Europe,Schallenberg was a career diplomat who became a mentor to Kurz when the latter became Foreign Minister. Kurz appointed him as the director of strategic foreign policy planning and head of the European department. Schallenberg joined the cabinet as Foreign Minister in 2019. After Kurz announced his pending resignation on 9 October 2021,Schallenberg was proposed by the ÖVP to replace him in the post of Chancellor of Austria. The Schallenberg government was sworn in on 11 October 2021.
A member of the comital branch of the noble Austro-Hungarian Schallenberg family,Schallenberg was born in 1969 in Bern,Switzerland,where his father Wolfgang had been posted as the Austrian Ambassador to Switzerland. His mother is a native of Switzerland,and the daughter of the Swiss banker and president of UBS Alfred Schaefer. As the son of a diplomat,Alexander was raised in India,Spain and France;his father eventually became the Permanent Secretary of the Foreign Ministry. Schallenberg speaks German,French,English and Spanish fluently,and has basic knowledge of Russian.
His paternal grandfather,Herbert,Count of Schallenberg (1901–1974),was the Austrian Consul-General in Prague,while his paternal grandmother was the daughter of Walter Koch,the Saxon and later German Ambassador in Prague. He is a 2nd great-grandson of the Austro-Hungarian general Karl Kostersitz von Marenhorst. Schallenberg has mainly Swiss ancestry on his mother's side and Austrian,Bohemian,Moravian,Hungarian and Saxon ancestry on his father's side. Alexander Schallenberg's traditional title is count, the hereditary title his family was conferred in 1666 within the Habsburg Hereditary Lands that encompassed multiple modern countries of Central Europe,and that was also recognized by Hungary. He is the first chancellor since Kurt Schuschnigg and Prince Starhemberg to belong to a noble family.
Schallenberg married French–Belgian European civil servant and fellow graduate of the College of Europe Marie-Isabelle Hénin (b. 1969 in Uccle) in Saint-Pierre,France in 1995.She is the daughter of Erik Hénin and noted equestrian and 1960s Parisian socialite Isabelle Le Maresquier,and a granddaughter of the prominent French architect Noël Le Maresquier and Spanish noblewoman Conchita López de Tejada;Isabelle Le Maresquier was a niece of the French Prime Minister Michel Debré. Her family was discussed as an example of French "state nobility" by Pierre Bourdieu.
Alexander and Marie-Isabelle Schallenberg have four children,they later divorced.
From 1989 to 1994,he studied law at the University of Vienna and the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas. From 1995 to 1996 he earned an LL.M. in European law at the College of Europe in Bruges,Belgium, said to form a close-knit "Bruges Mafia." Schallenberg was a graduate of the "Walter Hallstein promotion."an institution that aims "to train an elite of young executives for Europe" and whose graduates are
In 1997 Schallenberg joined the Austrian diplomatic service.From 2000 to 2005 he worked at the permanent representation of Austria to the European Union in Brussels,where he headed the legal department. In 2006 he became a press spokesman to foreign minister Ursula Plassnik,a fellow College of Europe graduate. When Sebastian Kurz became foreign minister Schallenberg was appointed as director of strategic foreign policy planning in 2013. Originally he was scheduled to become ambassador to India in 2014,but he chose to remain at the foreign ministry to work with the new foreign minister. Schallenberg was widely seen as a mentor to the inexperienced Kurz who knew little of foreign policy,who in turn promoted him to senior posts. In 2016 Schallenberg became head of the European department of the foreign ministry.
On 3 June 2019,Schallenberg succeeded Karin Kneissl as foreign minister of Austria.He maintained his position as part of the Second Kurz cabinet,which was sworn in on 7 January 2020. He stepped down when he became Chancellor.
After attending an EU summitat the Europa building in Luxembourg on 12 and 13 October 2020 with Sophie Wilmès,Schallenberg tested positive for coronavirus.
After Kurz announced his pending resignation on 9 October 2021 as a result of the Kurz corruption probe,Schallenberg was proposed by the ÖVP to replace him in the post of Chancellor of Austria.
Schallenberg was sworn in as chancellor on 11 October 2021 by President Alexander Van der Bellen.In his first official act he nominated career diplomat and ambassador to France Michael Linhart to succeed him as foreign minister.
Since 2020,Schallenberg has been a trustee of the National Fund of the Republic of Austria for Victims of National Socialism.
The Federal Chancellor of Austria is the head of government of the Republic of Austria. The position corresponds to that of Prime Minister in several other parliamentary democracies.
Chancellor is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. The original chancellors were the cancellarii of Roman courts of justice—ushers, who sat at the cancelli or lattice work screens of a basilica or law court, which separated the judge and counsel from the audience. A chancellor's office is called a chancellery or chancery. The word is now used in the titles of many various officers in various settings. Nowadays the term is most often used to describe:
The Government of Austria is the executive cabinet of the Republic of Austria. It is composed of the Chancellor, who is head of government, the Vice-Chancellor, and the ministers.
Sebastian Kurz is an Austrian politician currently serving as chairman and parliamentary leader of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP). He was twice chancellor of Austria, initially from December 2017 to May 2019 and then a second time from January 2020 to October 2021. For about four years, Kurz was the youngest head of government in the world as well as the youngest chancellor in Austrian history, being first elected into office at age 31.
Christian Kern is an Austrian businessman and former politician who served as Chancellor of Austria from 17 May 2016 to 18 December 2017 and chairman of the Social Democratic Party from 25 June 2016 to 25 September 2018.
Legislative elections were held in Austria on 29 September 2019 to elect the 27th National Council, the lower house of Austria's bicameral parliament. The snap election was called in the wake of the Ibiza affair in May, which caused the resignation of Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache and the collapse of the governing coalition of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). The government subsequently lost a motion of no confidence in parliament, and ÖVP Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was replaced by non-partisan Brigitte Bierlein on an interim basis.
Margarete Schramböck is an Austrian business manager and politician. She is the Minister of the Economy in the Second Kurz government and the Schallenberg government since January 2020; she previously served in this position from December 2017 to June 2019 in the First Kurz government. From May 2016 to October 2017, she was the chief executive officer of A1 Telekom Austria. Schramböck is a member of the Austrian People's Party.
Heinz Faßmann is an Austrian politician and professor of human geography and land-use planning at the University of Vienna. He is serving as the Minister of Education in the Second Kurz cabinet in the government of Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and the Schallenberg government of Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg. He previously served in the same capacity from December 2017 to June 2019. Faßmann is considered to be aligned with the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) but holds no formal party membership or affiliation.
The Second Kurz government was the 33rd Government of Austria. Led by Sebastian Kurz as chancellor and Werner Kogler as vice-chancellor, it was sworn in by President Alexander Van der Bellen on 7 January 2020. It was officially dissolved and succeeded by the Schallenberg government on 11 October 2021.
Alma Zadić is a Bosnian-born Austrian lawyer and politician of the Green Party. She has been serving as Minister of Justice since 7 January 2020, in the governments of Chancellors Sebastian Kurz and later Alexander Schallenberg.
On 6 October 2021, Austrian anti-corruption prosecutors conducted a raid on the offices of Federal Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, the headquarters of the Austrian People's Party and the Federal Ministry of Finance. Kurz has been accused of embezzlement and bribery, along with nine high-profile politicians and newspaper executives. According to the prosecutors, public money has been misused to fund politically motivated and occasionally manipulated opinion polls, with the funding being conduited through advertisements in the Österreich newspaper on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Finance.
The Schallenberg government was sworn in as 34th Government of Austria on 11 October 2021.
Wolfgang Schallenberg is an Austrian former diplomat. He was the Austrian ambassador to India (1974–1978), Spain (1979–1981) and France (1988–1992), and the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1992–1996).
Schallenberg is an Austro-Hungarian noble family.
Count Herbert Erwin Joseph Anton von Schallenberg, also known as Herbert Schallenberg, was an Austro-Hungarian count, lawyer, diplomat and industrialist. He was the Austrian consul-general in Prague in the 1930s.
Michael Linhart is an Austrian diplomat and politician who has been serving as Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Austria in the Schallenberg government since 2021. Before that, he was Ambassador of the Republic of Austria to France from 2018 to 2021 and Secretary-General at the Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2018.
Alfred Schaefer was a Swiss banker who served as President of the Union Bank of Switzerland. He earned a doctorate in law at the University of Zurich in 1930 and worked for the Union Bank of Switzerland from 1931. He was a member of the management committee from 1941 to 1963 and became president of the bank in 1953. From 1964 to 1976 he was president of its supervisory board. Schaefer was one of the 20th century's main leaders of UBS. He was the maternal grandfather of the Chancellor of Austria, Alexander Schallenberg.
Isabelle Le Maresquier was a French equestrian and a prominent socialite of Parisian high society from the late 1950s and during the 1960s.
Alexander (Graf) Schallenberg ist der erste Kanzler aus einer ehemals adeligen Familie seit Kurt Schuschnigg
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