Alexander Uzylan

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Alexander Uzlyan (1908—198?) was a Russian photojournalist.

Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism that employs images in order to tell a news story. It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, but in some cases the term also refers to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography by complying with a rigid ethical framework which demands that the work be both honest and impartial whilst telling the story in strictly journalistic terms. Photojournalists create pictures that contribute to the news media, and help communities connect with one other. Photojournalists must be well informed and knowledgeable about events happening right outside their door. They deliver news in a creative format that is not only informative, but also entertaining.

Life and work

Alexander Uzlyan was born in Rostov-on-Don in 1908. He graduated from the Soviet Higher State Institute of Cinematography. In the 1930s he joined the staff of Komsomolskaya Pravda, the newspaper of the Young Communist League.

Rostov-on-Don City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Rostov-on-Don is a port city and the administrative centre of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia. It lies in the southeastern part of the East European Plain on the Don River, 32 kilometers (20 mi) from the Sea of Azov. The southwestern suburbs of the city abut the Don River delta. The population is over one million people (1,125,000).

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Cinematography art or science of motion picture photography

Cinematography is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.

Uzylan went on to work as a photojournalist for various Russian news organizations, including lzvestiya, Pravda , Literaturnaya Gazeta , and Ogonyok. [1]

<i>Izvestia</i> soviet and Russian socially political and business daily newspaper

Izvestia is a daily broadsheet newspaper in Russia. It was a newspaper of record in the Soviet Union from 1917 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

<i>Pravda</i> Russian newspaper

Pravda is a Russian broadsheet newspaper, formerly the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, when it was one of the most influential papers in the country with a circulation of 11 million. The newspaper began publication on 5 May 1912 in the Russian Empire, but was already extant abroad in January 1911. It emerged as a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union after the October Revolution. The newspaper was an organ of the Central Committee of the CPSU between 1912 and 1991.

Literaturnaya Gazeta is a weekly cultural and political newspaper published in Russia and the Soviet Union.

During World War II he accompanied the Black Sea Fleet, documenting its activities for the Soviet Information Bureau. His photographic record of Soviet naval exploits during the war have been described as giving "an impression of movement that is almost like a motion picture." [2]

Black Sea Fleet regional command of the Russian (and former Soviet) Navy

The Black Sea Fleet is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Mediterranean Sea.

Soviet Information Bureau

Soviet Information Bureau was a leading Soviet news agency, operating from 1941 to 1961.

In the mid 1970s he left the USSR ad took up residence in the United States. [3]

His photographs are still being distributed through Sovfoto agency. His photograph (credited only to 'Sovfoto') of a father and son doing calisthenics indoors in their underwear was sourced by Wayne Miller [4] for MoMA's world-touring 1955 exhibition The Family of Man curated by Edward Steichen.

Sovfoto was established in 1932 as the only agency to represent Soviet photojournalism in America. It continues today as a commercial entity Sovfoto/Eastfoto. Collections from its archive are held also at MacLaren Art Centre in Barrie, Canada which in 2001 was donated 23,116 vintage gelatin silver prints dating from 1936 to 1957, while Amhurst University holds the Tass Sovfoto Photograph Collection, 1919–1963, the majority being from 1943–1963.

Wayne F. Miller American photographer

Wayne Forest Miller was an American photographer known for his series of photographs The Way of Life of the Northern Negro. Active as a photographer from 1942 until 1975, he was a contributor to Magnum Photos beginning in 1958.

Museum of Modern Art Art museum in New York, N.Y.

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, on 53rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues.

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References

  1. Hannah Jopling Kaiser Russia from the Inside, Dutton, 1980, Page 184
  2. Daniela Mrazkova and Vladimir Remes, eds. The Russian War 1941-1945. 1975.
  3. 'Renowned Soviet Lensman Begins New Life' Las Vegas Sun Wednesday, April 14, 1976, page 33
  4. Hurm, Gerd, 1958-, (editor.) & Reitz, Anke, (editor.) & Zamir, Shamoon, (editor.) (2018). The family of man revisited : photography in a global age. London I.B.Tauris