Saint Alexander of Jerusalem
|Bishop and Martyr|
|Born||2nd century AD|
|Died||251 AD |
Caesarea Maritima, Syria Palaestina
|Venerated in|| Eastern Orthodox Church |
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Roman Catholic Church
|Feast||March 18 (Roman Catholic Church)|
May 16/29 and December 12/25 (Eastern Orthodox Church)
Alexander of Jerusalem (died 251 AD) was a third century bishop who is venerated as a martyr and saint by both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. He died during the persecution of Emperor Decius.
Alexander was originally from Cappadocia and became its first bishop. Afterwards he was associated as coadjutor with the Bishop of Jerusalem, Narcissus, who was, at that time, very old. Alexander had been imprisoned for his faith in the time of Roman Emperor Alexander Severus. After his release, he came to Jerusalem, where the aged Bishop Narcissus prevailed on Alexander to remain and assist him in the government of that see.
It was Alexander who permitted Origen, despite being a layman, to speak in the churches. For this concession he was taken to task, but he defended himself by examples of other permissions of the same kind given even to Origen himself elsewhere, although then quite young. Alban Butler says that they had studied together in the great Christian school of Alexandria. Alexander ordained him a priest.
Alexander is praised for the library he built at Jerusalem.Though at his time Jerusalem was officially known as Aelia Capitolina, the name used by the Roman authorities since the city was rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian, Christian tradition persisted in using the original name.
Finally, in spite of his years, he, with several other bishops, was carried off a prisoner to Caesarea, and as the historians say, "The glory of his white hairs and great sanctity formed a double crown for him in captivity".His vita states that he suffered many tortures, but survived them all. When the wild beasts were brought to devour him, some licked his feet, and others their impress on the sand of the arena. Worn out by his sufferings, he died in prison. This was in the year 251.
His feast is kept by the Roman Catholic Church on March 18, by the Eastern Orthodox Churches on May 16/29and December 12/25.
Eusebius has preserved fragments of a letter written by him to the Antinoïtes; of another to the Antiochenes;of a third to Origen; and of another, written in conjunction with Theoctistus of Caesarea, to Demetrius of Alexandria.
April 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 14
April 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 19
April 19 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 21
May 13 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 15
May 15 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 17
May 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 21
May 22 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 24
May 28 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 30
May 29 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 31
June 8 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 10
June 26 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 28
January 11 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 13
February 26 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 28
Saint Narcissus of Jerusalem was an early patriarch of Jerusalem. He is venerated as a saint by both the Western and Eastern Churches. In the Roman Catholic Church, his feast day is celebrated on October 29, while in the Eastern Orthodox Church it is celebrated on August 7.
Procopius of Scythopolis is venerated as a martyr and saint. He was a famous ascetic and erudite theologian and philosopher. Eusebius of Caesarea wrote of his martyrdom, which occurred during the persecution of Roman Emperor Diocletian, and stated that "he was born at Jerusalem, but had gone to live in Scythopolis, where he held three ecclesiastical offices. He was reader and interpreter in the Syriac language, and cured those possessed of evil spirits." Eusebius wrote that Procopius was sent with his companions from Scythopolis to Caesarea Maritima, where he was decapitated.
November 23 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - November 25
This is a timeline of the presence of Orthodoxy in Greece. The history of Greece traditionally encompasses the study of the Greek people, the areas they ruled historically, as well as the territory now composing the modern state of Greece.
December 9 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - December 11
March 16 – Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 18
March 13 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 15
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Alexander of Jerusalem