Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky (town)

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Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky

Александровск-Сахалинский
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Location of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky (town)
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Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
Location of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 50°54′N142°09′E / 50.900°N 142.150°E / 50.900; 142.150 Coordinates: 50°54′N142°09′E / 50.900°N 142.150°E / 50.900; 142.150
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky District [1]
Founded1862 [2]
Town status since1917
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
  Total10,613
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
9,504 (−10.4%)
   Capital ofAlexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky District [1]
  Urban okrugAlexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky Urban Okrug [5]
   Capital ofAlexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky Urban Okrug [5]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
694420–694424
Dialing code(s) +7 42434 [8]
OKTMO ID64704000001
Website aleksandrovsk.tfd.ru

Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky (Russian : Алекса́ндровск-Сахали́нский, Japanese: Otchishi) is a town in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located near the Strait of Tartary on the western shores of northern Sakhalin Island at the foot of the western Sakhalin mountains. Population: 10,613(2010 Census); [3] 12,826(2002 Census); [9] 19,166(1989 Census); [10] 21,000 (1968).

Contents

History

A settlement called Alexandrovskaya on the present site of the town was first recorded in 1862. [2] In 1869, an agricultural farm was established there, which later grew into the village of Alexandrovka. At the time, it was known as Ochishi (落石, Ochīshi) among Japanese.

In 1881, a military post was established and became known as Alexandrovsky. The outpost served as the administrative center for managing katorga , prisons, exile settlements, and the whole island until the October Revolution. Anton Chekhov lived here in 1890 while gathering material for his book The Sakhalin Island.

Town status was granted to Alexandrovsky in 1917.[ citation needed ] During the Russian Civil War, the town was under the control of Admiral Alexander Kolchak in 1918–1920, before being occupied by the Japanese until 1925. It was known as Akō (亜港町, Akō-chō) "Street of Port Alexander" during Japanese occupation between 1918 and 1925.

In 1926, the town was renamed Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky to distinguish it from other places of the same name.

Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky was the administrative center of Sakhalin Oblast between 1932 and 1947. It was also known as the coal mining center of the island during Soviet times.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky serves as the administrative center of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky and thirteen rural localities of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky District are incorporated as Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky Urban Okrug. [5]

Economy and infrastructure

The economy of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky is mainly reliant on its harbor, the oldest and previously most important on Sakhalin, and the mining of black coal in the local area.

Climate

Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) [11] with short mild to warm summers and long, cold winters.

Climate data for Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)3.0
(37.4)
5.4
(41.7)
11.4
(52.5)
20.9
(69.6)
28.1
(82.6)
29.4
(84.9)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
28.3
(82.9)
21.2
(70.2)
13.8
(56.8)
5.7
(42.3)
32.6
(90.7)
Average high °C (°F)−12.0
(10.4)
−10.0
(14.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
4.2
(39.6)
10.7
(51.3)
16.1
(61.0)
19.4
(66.9)
20.5
(68.9)
16.4
(61.5)
8.7
(47.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
5.0
(41.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.3
(2.7)
−14.6
(5.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.2
(32.4)
5.9
(42.6)
11.4
(52.5)
15.4
(59.7)
16.6
(61.9)
12.3
(54.1)
5.1
(41.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−12.2
(10.0)
0.9
(33.6)
Average low °C (°F)−20.3
(−4.5)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−12.4
(9.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.2
(36.0)
7.5
(45.5)
11.8
(53.2)
13.2
(55.8)
8.6
(47.5)
1.8
(35.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−15.9
(3.4)
−2.8
(27.0)
Record low °C (°F)−41.0
(−41.8)
−37.3
(−35.1)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−8.9
(16.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.5
(32.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
−15.0
(5.0)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−36.9
(−34.4)
−41.0
(−41.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)38
(1.5)
28
(1.1)
31
(1.2)
29
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
38
(1.5)
54
(2.1)
93
(3.7)
97
(3.8)
97
(3.8)
61
(2.4)
63
(2.5)
677
(26.7)
Average snowfall cm (inches)27
(11)
37
(15)
41
(16)
13
(5.1)
6
(2.4)
0.1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.0)
1
(0.4)
6
(2.4)
17
(6.7)
148.2
(59)
Average rainy days0.20.040.3717151619201951120
Average snowy days2624201560.03000.292528153
Average relative humidity (%)80797574768084827974758078
Mean monthly sunshine hours 10013418518921525221420218012778571,933
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net [12]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990) [13]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 17. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  3. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/doc_2018/bul_dr/mun_obr2018.rar; archive date: 26 July 2018; archive URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20180726010024/http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/doc_2018/bul_dr/mun_obr2018.rar.
  5. 1 2 3 Law No. 524
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Телефонные коды Сахалина – Dialing codes of Sakhalin Archived 17 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. http://en.climate-data.org/location/53370/
  12. "Pogoda.ru.net (Weather and Climate-The Climate of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky)" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved 13 May 2015.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. "Aleksandrovsk–Sahal (Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 13 May 2015.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Sources