Alexey Fyodorovich Tryoshnikov (Russian : Алексе́й Фёдорович Трёшников) (14 April 1914, Pavlovka, Karsunsky Uyezd, Simbirsk Governorate – 18 November 1991, Saint Petersburg) was a Soviet polar explorer and leader of the 2nd Soviet Antarctic Expedition and the 13th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.
He was involved in defending the Northern Sea Route during World War II and participated in the 1948 Soviet expedition to the North Pole. Between 1954 and 1955, he was the leader of the North Pole-3 ice station in the Arctic Ocean.
He was also the president of the Geographical Society of the USSR since 1977 and the director of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) of the Soviet Union from 1960 to 1981. In 1982 he was elected Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
A minor planet 3339 Treshnikov discovered by Czech astronomer Antonín Mrkos in 1978 is named after him.
Alexander Mikhailovich Prokhorov was a Soviet-Russian physicist known for his pioneering research on lasers and masers in the Soviet Union for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Charles Hard Townes and Nikolay Basov.
Otto Yulyevich Shmidt, better known as Otto Schmidt, was a Soviet scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician, Hero of the USSR, and member of the Communist Party.
Boris Borisovich Piotrovsky was a Soviet Russian academician, historian-orientalist and archaeologist who studied the ancient civilizations of Urartu, Scythia, and Nubia. He is best known as a key figure in the study of the Urartian civilization of the southern Caucasus. From 1964 until his death, Piotrovsky was also Director of the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad.
Dmitry Sergeyevich Likhachov was a Russian medievalist, linguist, and a former labor camp prisoner. During his lifetime, Likhachov was considered the world's foremost scholar of the Old Russian language and its literature.
Vasiliy Ivanovich Petrov was a senior Russian military official and Marshal of the Soviet Union.
Elina Avraamovna Bystritskaya was a Soviet-Russian actress. She is regarded as one of the most prominent actresses in the Soviet and Russian film industry. Her career spanned six decades.
Nikolay Aleksandrovich Annenkov was the longest-lived People's Artist of the USSR before Igor Moiseyev and Vladimir Zeldin.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Somov was a Soviet oceanologist, polar explorer, Doctor of Geographical Sciences (1954).
Yevgeny Ivanovich Tolstikov was a Soviet polar explorer who awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1955 for heading the station "North Pole 4" for a year starting in April 1954. He led the Third Soviet Antarctic Expedition and one of the first manned drifting ice stations in the Arctic.
Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin was a Soviet polar explorer, scientist, Counter Admiral, and twice Hero of the Soviet Union, who was awarded nine Orders of Lenin.
Konstantin Ivanovich Beskov was a Soviet/Russian footballer and coach.
Grigory Aleksandrovich Gamburtsev was a Soviet seismologist and academician from Saint Petersburg, Russia who worked in the area of seismometry and earthquake prediction.
Boris Yevseyevich Chertok was a Russian electrical engineer and the control systems designer in the Soviet Union's space program, and later found employment in the Russian Roscosmos in Russia.
Gury Ivanovich Marchuk was a prominent Soviet and Russian scientist in the fields of computational mathematics, and physics of atmosphere. Academician ; the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1986–1991. Among his notable prizes are the USSR State Prize (1979), Demidov Prize (2004), Lomonosov Gold Medal (2004).
Yevgeny Konstantinovich Fyodorov was a Soviet geophysicist, statesman, public figure, academician (1960), and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938).
Lev Anatolevich Vladimirsky, was a Soviet naval officer and an Admiral (1954).
Peter Dmitrievich Grushin was a Soviet rocket scientist and, from 1966, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
The Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" was a World War II civilian labour award of the Soviet Union established on June 6, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise the valiant and selfless labour of Soviet citizens in the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War. Its statute was later amended by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on July 18, 1980.
Ivan Fedorovich Ladyga was a Soviet-Russian colonel of artillery. He was a Candidate of Military Sciences, a professor, and a corresponding member of the Russian Military Sciences Academy. He was given the award of Honoured Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation, and a veteran of World War II Ladyga was one of the authors of the Soviet doctrine for using Strategic Missile Troops in combat. Born in 1920 in the village Manuylivka, USSR.
The Jubilee Medal "70 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" is a state commemorative medal of the Russian Federation. It was established on December 21, 2013 by Presidential Decree № 931 to denote the 70th anniversary of the 1945 victory over Nazi Germany. Its award criteria were later ratified by presidential decree № 175-rp of June 4, 2014.
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