Alfred Clebsch

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Alfred Clebsch
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Rudolf Friedrich Alfred Clebsch
Born(1833-01-19)19 January 1833
Died7 November 1872(1872-11-07) (aged 39)
Nationality Prussian
Alma mater University of Königsberg
Known for Clebsch surface
Clebsch–Gordan coefficients
Clebsch representation
Awards Prix Poncelet [1]
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics
Doctoral advisor Franz Ernst Neumann
Doctoral students Gottlob Frege
Alexander von Brill

Rudolf Friedrich Alfred Clebsch (19 January 1833 – 7 November 1872) was a German mathematician who made important contributions to algebraic geometry and invariant theory. He attended the University of Königsberg and was habilitated at Berlin. He subsequently taught in Berlin and Karlsruhe. His collaboration with Paul Gordan in Giessen led to the introduction of Clebsch–Gordan coefficients for spherical harmonics, which are now widely used in quantum mechanics.


Together with Carl Neumann at Göttingen, he founded the mathematical research journal Mathematische Annalen in 1868.

In 1883 Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant translated Clebsch's work on elasticity into French and published it as Théorie de l'élasticité des Corps Solides.

Books by A. Clebsch

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  1. "Prix". Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. Tomes LXII à XCI, 2 Janvier 1866 à 27 Décembre 1880. Paris: Gauthier-Villars. 1888. p. 1457.