The Lord Emmott
| Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons|
Chairman of Ways and Means
|Monarch|| Edward VII |
|Preceded by||Sir John Grant Lawson,1st Baronet|
|Succeeded by||John Henry Whitley|
|Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies|
23 October 1911 –6 August 1914
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Lord Lucas of Crudwell|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Islington|
|First Commissioner of Works|
6 August 1914 –25 May 1915
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Earl Beauchamp|
|Succeeded by||Lewis Vernon Harcourt|
|Born||8 May 1858|
|Died||13 December 1926 68) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of London|
Alfred Emmott,1st Baron Emmott, GCMG , GBE , PC (8 May 1858 –13 December 1926) was a British businessman and Liberal Party politician.
The eldest surviving son of Thomas Emmott,of Brookfield,Oldham,he was educated at Grove House,Tottenham,and at the University of London. He became a partner in Emmott and Walshall,cotton spinners,of Oldham.[ citation needed ]
In 1881,Emmott entered the Oldham Municipal Borough Council and was mayor of the town between 1891 and 1892.[ citation needed ] In a by-election in 1899 he was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for Oldham,a seat he held until 1911.  It was a two-member seat,and Winston Churchill,who started his political career there,was the other member from 1900 to 1906. 
Emmott served as Chairman of Ways and Means (Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons) from 1906 to 1911[ citation needed ] and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1908.  In October 1911 he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies by H. H. Asquith [ citation needed ] and the following month he was raised to the peerage as Baron Emmott,of Oldham in the County Palatine of Lancaster.  He remained at the Colonial Office until 1914 and was then a member of Asquith's cabinet as First Commissioner of Works between 1914 and 1915.[ citation needed ]
Emmott was also Director of the War Trade Department between 1915 and 1919,chaired the Royal Commission on Decimal Coinage between 1918 and 1920 and was President of the Royal Statistical Society between 1922 and 1924.[ citation needed ] He was a churchman,but his education at the Friends' School and his ancestry led him to sympathize with nonconformists.[ citation needed ] He was appointed a GCMG in 1914 and a GBE in 1917.[ citation needed ]
In his approach to politics,Emmott was a strong supporter of the government's social reforms.  This was arguably reflected in 1910 when Emmott,in response to Conservative critics who attacked the Liberals as "socialistic",retorted that "so far as we have gone in the direction of Socialism,so-called,whether it be in regard to free and compulsory education,whether it be in regard to old age pensions,or in respect of any other reform,we have not diminished,but rather added to the liberty of the individual." 
Lord Emmott married Mary Gertrude,a daughter of J. W. Lees,in 1887,and they had two daughters. Lady Emmott was a Justice of the Peace for London. In February 1926,aged 67,Lord Emmott died very suddenly,[ citation needed ] from angina pectoris,at his home in London,on a day when he was engaged to speak at a Liberal Party rally.[ citation needed ] The barony became extinct on his death,as he had no son.[ citation needed ]
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A byelection was held in the Oldham constituency in 1911 to fill a vacancy in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.