Alfred Meebold

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Alfred Karl Meebold (Heidenheim an der Brenz, Kingdom of Württemberg, September 29, 1863 – January 6, 1952, Havelock North, New Zealand) was a botanist, writer, and anthroposophist. [1]



Meebold worked at his father's factory, in the Württembergische Cattunmanufactur factory in Heidenheim an der Brenz, which produced indienne printed cottons that imitated Indian patterns.

He travelled to India three times, first in 1904, and to Australia and New Zealand for the first time in 1928. [1] Meebold became a personal student of Rudolf Steiner. Between 1928 and 1938 he spent many months in Budapest, Hungary, where he worked at the first non-German-language Waldorf school in the world. Its founder was Nagy Emilné Göllner Mária (later, in Switzerland known as Maria von Nagy). [2] [3]

Meebold left Europe in 1938, intending to relocate to New Zealand. He was delayed in Hawaii because of World War II, and was not able to leave Honolulu until after 1945. [2]

Botanical Collecting

Meebold was a prolific botanical collector. [1] In Australasian herbaria there are over 1539 specimens that he collected, with more than 1,000 specimens held by the National Herbarium of Victoria Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. [1] [4] Outside of Australasia, his specimens are held by the University of Munich and the Botanische Staatssammlung München. [5] [6] [3]

The endemic Australian plant genus Meeboldina is named in his honour, as are the species Darwinia meeboldii , Acacia meeboldii , and Geranium meeboldii . [3] [7]

He was also honoured in 1924, when botanist H.Wolff published a genus of flowering plants from Central Asia, belonging to the family Apiaceae as ' Meeboldia . [8]


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  1. 1 2 3 4 Paull, John (2020). Alfred Meebold: Bringing Anthroposophy to the Antipodes, Harvests. 72 (1): 36-41
  2. 1 2 "Meebold, Alfred Karl (1863 - 1952)". The Australasian Virtual Herbarium. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH). 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 "Meebold, Alfred Karl (1863-1952)". JSTOR Plants. 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  4. "The Australasian Virtual Herbarium". The Australasian Virtual Herbarium. Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH). 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  5. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin. (2021). "Collection Meebold HBG Herbarium. Occurrence dataset". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  6. Kellermann, Jürgen (2004). | The types of Pomaderreae (Rhamnaceae) at the Botanische Staatssammlung in Munich, Australian Systematic Botanical Society Newsletter. 121: 5-8
  7. "Darwinia meeboldii". Australian Native Plants Society (Australia). 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  8. "Meeboldia H.Wolff | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 18 May 2021.