Alfred Parland

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Alfred Parland
Native name
Альфред Александрович Парланд
Born(1842-12-12)December 12, 1842
DiedSeptember 16, 1919(1919-09-16) (aged 76)
Education Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1881)
Full Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1905)
Alma mater Imperial Academy of Arts (1871)
Notable work
Church of the Savior on Blood
Awards Zolotaia medal' Imperatorskoi Akademii khudozhestv-1.jpg

Alfred Aleksandrovich Parland (Russian : Альфред Александрович Парланд; 1842–1919) was a Russian architect born in St. Petersburg into an English family and baptized and confirmed in the Anglican Church. [1] Son of Alexander Parland and Maria Caroline Parland (Hellmann), grandson of John Parland. [2]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.


Church of the Savior on Blood The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood.jpg
Church of the Savior on Blood


Parland first studied at the St. Petersburg 4th Gymnasium (In 1836, on the 6th line of Vasilievsky Island, 15, Fourth Classical (Larinskaya) Gymnasium for the sons of local merchants and "foreign negociants" was opened [3] ). Then he went at the Stuttgart Polytechnical School. In 1862 Parland enrolled in the Imperial Academy of Arts. During his studies he was awarded five medals for his achievements in painting and architecture. On graduation in 1871 he received a gold medal along with the right to travel abroad on a grant of the Academy. [4]

The University of Stuttgart is a university located in Stuttgart, Germany. It was founded in 1829 and is organized into 10 faculties.

Imperial Academy of Arts art school in Russia

The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by the founder of the Imperial Moscow University Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts. Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned a new building, completed 25 years later in 1789 by the Neva River. The academy promoted the neoclassical style and technique, and sent its promising students to European capitals for further study. Training at the academy was virtually required for artists to make successful careers.


During his career Parland designed several religious buildings, the most famous of which is the Church of the Resurrection of Christ in St. Petersburg. This building became the work of Parlands life, as it was built during a quarter-century, and Parland oversaw the construction of the church until 1907. Afterwards, he was responsible for its maintenance.

Church of the Savior on Blood cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia

The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is one of the main sights of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Other names include the Church on Spilled Blood, the Temple of the Savior on Spilled Blood, and the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ.

The fencing at the Church of the Savior on Blood SPb, reshiotka i vorota ogrady Mikhailovskogo sada. 6.06.2011.jpg
The fencing at the Church of the Savior on Blood

The fencing at the Church of the Savior on Blood was created in 1903-1907 following the project of Parland. This fencing has beautiful patterns formed by shod links with a large vegetative ornaments. It is characteristic for an early modernist style. The fencing stretches from Benua's wing on the embankment of the Griboyedov Canal to the Moyka river. Among the buildings designed by Parland is the Holy Resurrection Cathedral of the Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius, which was designed by Parland immediately after graduating from St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in 1877—1884.

Holy Resurrection Cathedral, Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius (destroyed 1968) Church of the Resurrection of Christ in the Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius near St.Petersburg, 1870.jpg
Holy Resurrection Cathedral, Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius (destroyed 1968)

He was also responsible for the renovation of the Znamenskaya Church [ permanent dead link ] of the Life-Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment (not preserved) in Petergof in 1896. [5] In 1910–1911 Parland joined the Committee for the Restoration of Kazan Cathedral.

Petergof Municipal Town in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Petergof or Peterhof, known as Petrodvorets (Петродворец) from 1944 to 1997, is a municipal town in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland.


Parland was offered a professorship in 1892, and in 1905 was made an honorary member of the Academy of Arts. [6] In 1907, after the completion of the Church of the Resurrection, Parland joined the staff of the Ministry of the Imperial Court and was awarded several medals in his career path. Parland also was professor of Greek and Roman architecture at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg .


Parland died unmarried and childless, in St. Petersburg in 1919. He is buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery in St. Petersburg Vasilyevsky Island.

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