Альфред Александрович Парланд
|Died||September 16, 1919 76) (aged|
|Education|| Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1881) |
Full Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1905)
|Alma mater||Imperial Academy of Arts (1871)|
|Church of the Savior on Blood|
Alfred Aleksandrovich Parland (Russian : Альфред Александрович Парланд; 1842–1919) was a Russian architect born in St. Petersburg into an English family and baptized and confirmed in the Anglican Church. Son of Alexander Parland and Maria Caroline Parland (Hellmann), grandson of John Parland.
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.
Parland first studied at the St. Petersburg 4th Gymnasium (In 1836, on the 6th line of Vasilievsky Island, 15, Fourth Classical (Larinskaya) Gymnasium for the sons of local merchants and "foreign negociants" was opened). Then he went at the Stuttgart Polytechnical School. In 1862 Parland enrolled in the Imperial Academy of Arts. During his studies he was awarded five medals for his achievements in painting and architecture. On graduation in 1871 he received a gold medal along with the right to travel abroad on a grant of the Academy.
The University of Stuttgart is a university located in Stuttgart, Germany. It was founded in 1829 and is organized into 10 faculties.
The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by the founder of the Imperial Moscow University Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts. Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned a new building, completed 25 years later in 1789 by the Neva River. The academy promoted the neoclassical style and technique, and sent its promising students to European capitals for further study. Training at the academy was virtually required for artists to make successful careers.
During his career Parland designed several religious buildings, the most famous of which is the Church of the Resurrection of Christ in St. Petersburg. This building became the work of Parlands life, as it was built during a quarter-century, and Parland oversaw the construction of the church until 1907. Afterwards, he was responsible for its maintenance.
The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is one of the main sights of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Other names include the Church on Spilled Blood, the Temple of the Savior on Spilled Blood, and the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ.
The fencing at the Church of the Savior on Blood was created in 1903-1907 following the project of Parland. This fencing has beautiful patterns formed by shod links with a large vegetative ornaments. It is characteristic for an early modernist style. The fencing stretches from Benua's wing on the embankment of the Griboyedov Canal to the Moyka river. Among the buildings designed by Parland is the Holy Resurrection Cathedral of the Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius, which was designed by Parland immediately after graduating from St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in 1877—1884.
He was also responsible for the renovation of the Znamenskaya Church [ permanent dead link ] of the Life-Guards Horse-Grenadier Regiment (not preserved) in Petergof in 1896. In 1910–1911 Parland joined the Committee for the Restoration of Kazan Cathedral.
Petergof or Peterhof, known as Petrodvorets (Петродворец) from 1944 to 1997, is a municipal town in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland.
Parland was offered a professorship in 1892, and in 1905 was made an honorary member of the Academy of Arts.In 1907, after the completion of the Church of the Resurrection, Parland joined the staff of the Ministry of the Imperial Court and was awarded several medals in his career path. Parland also was professor of Greek and Roman architecture at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg .
Parland died unmarried and childless, in St. Petersburg in 1919. He is buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery in St. Petersburg Vasilyevsky Island.
Pushkin is a municipal town in Pushkinsky District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) south from the center of St. Petersburg proper, and its railway station, Tsarskoye Selo, is directly connected by railway to the Vitebsky Rail Terminal of the city. Population: 92,889 (2010 Census).
Naryshkin Baroque, also referred to as Moscow Baroque or Muscovite Baroque, is the name of the particular style of Baroque architecture and decoration that was fashionable in Moscow from the late 17th century into the early 18th century.
Andrey (Andrei) Nikiforovich Voronikhin was a Russian architect and painter. As a representative of classicism he was also one of the founders of the monumental Russian Empire style. Born a serf of the Stroganov family, he is best known for his work on Kazan Cathedral in Saint Petersburg.
The Russian Revival style is the generic term for a number of different movements within Russian architecture that arose in second quarter of the 19th century and was an eclectic melding of pre-Petrine Russian architecture and elements of Byzantine architecture.
David Ivanovich Grimm was a Russian architect, educator and historian of art of Byzantine Empire, Georgia and Armenia. Grimm belonged to the second generation of Russian neo-Byzantine architects and was the author of orthodox cathedrals in Tbilisi, Chersonesos and smaller churches in Russia and Western Europe. Grimm was a long-term professor at the Imperial Academy of Arts and chaired its Department of Architecture in 1887-1892.
Alexander Ustinovich Zelenko, was a Russian and Soviet architect and educator, a pioneer in settlement movement and vocational education. Originally a practitioner of provincial Art Nouveau in Samara and Moscow, he later joined the camp of rationalists and focused on perfecting school and museum designs.
Andreyan Zakharov was a Russian architect and representative of the Empire style. His designs also alternated neoclassicism with eclecticism.
Ivan Sergeyevich Kuznetsov was a Russian architect primarily known for his pre-1917 works in Moscow and Vichuga. Born into a working-class family, Kuznetsov independently broke into the elite architecture society of Moscow. He worked in many different styles but was most successful in Neoclassical architecture and Russian Revival. He excelled in industrial architecture and designed more than 600 buildings through the commissions of Nikolay Vtorov. Kuznetsov remained in high demand during the Soviet period.
Maximilian Egorovich Messmacher (1842–1906) was a Russian architect of German ancestry. He attended the School of Painting of St. Petersburg Society for the Encouragement of Arts and thereafter the Imperial Academy of Arts, graduating in 1866. He was Professor of artistic and industrial painting as well as the history of decorative styles. He also developed a coherent system of academic training in arts. His main activities are however related to architecture and interior decoration. He engaged in the architecture and interior decoration of palaces of the members of the imperial family and of the mansions of aristocrats, as well as of several churches.
Russian-Byzantine architecture is a revivalist direction in Russian architecture and decorative and applied art, based on the interpretation of the forms of Byzantine and Ancient Russian architecture. As part of eclecticism could be combined with other styles.
Pavel Aleksandrovich Svedomsky was a Russian painter and the brother of another artist, Alexander Svedomsky.
The fences in Saint Petersburg, Russia are highly varied, with many notable examples remaining in use today from different periods in Russian architectural history.
Abram or Avraam Melnikov was a Russian Neoclassical architect associated with the late phase of the Empire style. His teachers at the Imperial Academy of Arts included Andreyan Zakharov. He graduated with a gold medal and went to further his studies in Italy. Melnikov became de facto Dean of the Academy in 1831 but was not officially appointed until 1843.
Victor Alexandrovich Schröter was a prominent Russian architect of German ethnicity.
Fedor Grigoryevich Solntsev was a Russian painter and historian of art. His artwork was a major contribution in recording and preserving medieval Russian culture, which was a common subject of his paintings. He was the main author of the fundamental work Antiquities of the Russian State, the main decorator of interiors of the Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow. He discovered and restored mosaics and frescoes of Saint Sophia's Cathedral and Cathedral of the Dormition of Kiev Pechersk Lavra in Kiev, and of Cathedral of Saint Demetrius in Vladimir.
Pyotr Mikhailovich Shamshin (Russian: Пётр Михайлович Шамшин; was a Russian painter of historical and religious scenes in the Academic style.
Giovanni Battista Belli-Bernasconi was a Russian architect born in Switzerland. He was the author of many classical buildings and architectural ensembles in Saint Petersburg and its surroundings.
Maxim Atayants is a Russian architect, artist, and professor of architectural history and design.