Alfred Wainwright

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Alfred Wainwright
Born(1907-01-17)17 January 1907
Blackburn, Lancashire, England
Died20 January 1991(1991-01-20) (aged 84)
Cumbria, England
Occupation
  • Accountant
  • walker
  • writer
  • illustrator
  • cartographer
GenreMountain topography

Alfred Wainwright MBE (17 January 1907 – 20 January 1991), who preferred to be known as A. Wainwright [1] or A.W., was a British fellwalker, guidebook author and illustrator. His seven-volume Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells , published between 1955 and 1966 and consisting entirely of reproductions of his manuscript, has become the standard reference work to 214 of the fells of the English Lake District. Among his 40-odd other books is the first guide to the Coast to Coast Walk, a 182-mile long-distance footpath devised by Wainwright which remains popular today.

Contents

Life

Plaque to Alfred Wainwright in Buttermere parish church AW's Memorial Window Tablet in St James' Church, Buttermere. - geograph.org.uk - 1307454.jpg
Plaque to Alfred Wainwright in Buttermere parish church

Alfred Wainwright was born in Blackburn, Lancashire, into a family which was relatively poor, mostly because of his stonemason father's alcoholism. [2] He did very well at school (first in nearly every subject) [3] although he left at the age of 13. While most of his classmates were obliged to find employment in the local mills, Wainwright started work as an office boy in Blackburn Borough Engineer's Department. He spent several years studying at night school, gaining qualifications in accountancy which enabled him to further his career at Blackburn Borough Council. Even when a child Wainwright walked a great deal, up to 20 miles at a time; he showed a great interest in drawing and cartography, producing his own maps of England and his local area.

In 1930, at the age of 23, Wainwright saved up for a week's walking holiday in the Lake District with his cousin Eric Beardsall. They arrived in Windermere and climbed the nearby Orrest Head, where Wainwright saw his first view of the Lakeland fells. This moment marked the start of what he later described as his love affair with the Lake District. In 1931 he married his first wife, Ruth Holden, a mill worker, with whom he had a son, Peter. In 1941 Wainwright moved closer to the fells when he took a job (and a pay cut) at the Borough Treasurer's office in Kendal, Westmorland. He lived and worked in the town for the rest of his life, serving as Borough Treasurer from 1948 until he retired in 1967. His first marriage ended when Ruth left three weeks before he retired (suspecting him of infidelity) and they divorced. In 1970 he married Betty McNally (1922–2008), a divorcee, who became his walking companion and who carried his ashes to Innominate Tarn at the top of Haystacks. [4] [5]

Wainwright was a lifelong Blackburn Rovers fan and a founder member of the Blackburn Rovers Supporters Club. [6] He had no time for organised religion, and was agnostic. On Desert Island Discs , he described himself as having once been shy but having grown up to be antisocial and would avoid speaking to others, even lone walkers on fell tops. [7]

Wainwright died in 1991 of a heart attack. According to his biographer, Hunter Davies, he left everything, including his house and royalty income, to Betty. His son Peter received nothing. [8]

Pictorial Guides

Book One of the Pictorial Guide Eastern Fells cover.jpg
Book One of the Pictorial Guide

Wainwright started work on the first page of his Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells on 9 November 1952. [9] He planned the precise scope and content of the seven volumes and worked conscientiously and meticulously on the series for the next 13 years at an average rate of one page per evening.

According to Wainwright, in his autobiography Fellwanderer, he initially planned the series for his own interest rather than for publication. When he published his first book it was privately, as he could not face the prospect of finding a publisher. His friend Henry Marshall, Chief Librarian of Kendal and Westmorland, took charge of publicity and administration, and his name appears as publisher on the early impressions. Another friend, Sandy Hewitson (of Bateman and Hewitson Ltd), agreed to print the books using Wainwright's original manuscript, although the printing was done by the Westmorland Gazette in Kendal, who had taken over Bateman and Hewitson Ltd. From 1963, the Westmorland Gazette became his publisher, and its name appears on the first impressions of Books Six and Seven. Wainwright's books were in turn taken over by Michael Joseph in the 1990s. When they ceased publication in 2003, [10] the rights were bought by Frances Lincoln. [11]

Between 2005 and 2009, all the Pictorial Guides were updated for the first time, to take account of changed conditions on the fells. The revisions were made by Chris Jesty, and the publishers used an imitation font of Wainwright's hand lettering to make the alterations look as unobtrusive as possible. The most notable changes were the inclusion of photographs of the Lake District by Derry Brabbs on the front covers, rather than the drawings that were on the covers of the originals, and footpaths shown in red on the maps. These revised versions are titled 'Second Editions'. Revised editions of Wainwright's other Pictorial Guides, A Coast to Coast Walk , The Outlying Fells of Lakeland , Pennine Way Companion, Walks in Limestone Country and Walks on the Howgill Fells were published by Frances Lincoln between 2010 and 2014, with the amendments again being made by Chris Jesty.

The publishers announced in 2014 that Clive Hutchby, the author of The Wainwright Companion, was working on the third edition of the Pictorial Guide, with the first volume, The Eastern Fells, published on 26 March 2015 followed by The Far Eastern Fells on 8 October 2015. These revised versions are titled 'Walkers Editions'. [12] [13] Subsequent volumes in the series to have been revised are The Central Fells (published 2016), The Southern Fells (2017), The Northern Fells (2018); The North Western Fells (2019); and The Western Fells (2020).

Later works

Wainwright followed the Pictorial Guides in 1968 with the Pennine Way Companion, applying the same detailed approach to Britain's first long-distance footpath. This was for many years a leading guide to the Pennine Way, rivalling the official guide book by Tom Stephenson. Wainwright's book consists of a continuous strip map of the route with accompanying commentary, with an unusual quirk: because the route goes from south to north (bottom to top on a map), contrary to normal reading order, the map and commentary start at the bottom of the last page and work upwards and backwards towards the front of the book. The guide was prepared with the aid of four helpers (Harry Appleyard, Len Chadwick, Cyril Moore and Lawrence Smith) and its preparation was affected by the major outbreaks of foot and mouth disease in 1966 and 1967, which closed access to many of the moors.

In 1972 Wainwright devised the west–east Coast to Coast Walk, as an alternative to the north–south Pennine Way. The Coast to Coast, he declares in his guidebook, which follows the same format as the Pennine Way Companion, "puts the Pennine Way to shame" for scenic beauty, variety and interest. [14] The 190-mile route traverses the north of England from St. Bees to Robin Hood's Bay, passing through the Lake District, the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors national parks.

The Outlying Fells of Lakeland (an idea he had previously rejected), published in 1974, was his last major guidebook. Thereafter he concentrated on sketchbooks of larger-size line drawings until his eyesight began to fail in the mid-1980s. His Ex-Fellwanderer, an autobiographical work published in 1987, was intended to be his last written work, but he continued to lend his name and some written commentary to a series of "coffee table books" featuring the photography of Derry Brabbs.

Television and radio

By the mid-1980s Wainwright was a TV personality; he featured in three television series for the BBC, presented by farmer and broadcaster Eric Robson and devised, directed and produced by Richard Else.

A BBC documentary about Wainwright's life was broadcast on Sunday 25 February 2007 on BBC Four, before a four-part series of walks. This first series covered Blencathra by Sharp Edge, Castle Crag, Haystacks and Scafell Pike from Seathwaite. [15]

The second series, broadcast in 2007, included Catbells, Crinkle Crags, Helm Crag, Helvellyn from Patterdale, High Street from Mardale and Pillar. A six-part series entitled Wainwright Walks: Coast to Coast was broadcast on BBC Four in April and May 2009 and on BBC2 from 21 July 2009, [16] [17] and presented by Julia Bradbury.

A Granada TV series Wainwright Country included Eagle Crag, Great Calva, Knott Rigg, Pike O'Blisco, Stybarrow Dodd, Thornthwaite Crag and Yewbarrow.

In 2010, Eric Robson presented a BBC Radio 4 documentary called "The Man behind the Mountains" (16 October 2010). [18]

Wainwright Walks Series One was released on DVD in June 2007 and Series Two was released in January 2008. Wainwright Walks: Coast to Coast was released on DVD in June 2009. [19]

Influence

Innominate Tarn on Haystacks, Wainwright's favourite fell, where his ashes were scattered. Innominate Tarn.jpg
Innominate Tarn on Haystacks, Wainwright's favourite fell, where his ashes were scattered.

Wainwright's Pictorial Guides have been in continuous publication since they were written and have sold more than two million copies. [11] Although a number of more up-to-date guides are on the market, his books remain among the most popular for their depth, detail and unique style. His division of the Lake District into seven areas, and choice of fells to include, have been followed in whole or in part by subsequent writers such as Mark Richards. [20] The Coast to Coast Walk is one of the most popular long-distance footpaths in the United Kingdom despite its lack of official status, and has spawned various guidebooks by other authors. In 2003 it was voted the second best walk in the world in a survey of experts conducted by Country Walking magazine. [21] The popularity of Wainwright's books of drawings and large-format photographic books has not matched that of the guides.

The 214 fells described in the Pictorial Guides are now generally known as the Wainwrights, [22] and visiting them all is a common form of peak bagging. The Long Distance Walkers Association maintains a register of walkers who have completed the Wainwrights; as of 2013 there were 674 people on the list, of whom 40 had completed more than once. [23] Dave Hewitt estimates that the total number of completers could be over 50% higher than the LDWA's figure. [24] The Ramblers Association reported in 2008 that a boy of six years, four months and 27 days had become the youngest person to complete the Wainwrights. [25] In April 2009 a boy aged five completed the round and became the third member of his family to do so after his older sisters held the 'Youngest 214 Completer' previously. [26] Wainwrights On The Air is a scheme whereby amateur radio enthusiasts aim to make contact with or from the Wainwright summits. [27]

Plaque in Wainwright's Yard, Kendal Wainwrights Yard (9110300674).jpg
Plaque in Wainwright's Yard, Kendal

Wainwright was a supporter of animal rights and explained that the publisher of his books gave most of the profits from his books to animal charities. [7] In 1972 he became chairman of Animal Rescue Cumbria, and donated enough money to enable the foundation in 1984 of Kapellan, a shelter for stray cats and dogs in Kendal. After his death the society was renamed "Animal Rescue Cumbria – The Wainwright Shelter". [28]

The Wainwright Society was inaugurated in 2002, with the aim of keeping alive the fellwalking traditions and ideas promoted by Alfred Wainwright through his guidebooks and other publications. [29]

On 27 June 2008 a landmark road bridge, in Blackburn, was opened and named the Wainwright Bridge in his honour. [30]

John Burland, founder of the Wainwright Society, wrote and devised a dramatic presentation of his life and works which was presented at the Wildman Theatre at Ilkley Playhouse as part of the Ilkley Literature Festival on 15 October 2009. During 2010 and 2011 a further 17 presentations were made.

In 2013, a memorial toposcope was unveiled on the hills near his home town of Blackburn. [31]

A pedestrian area of Kendal, including the office of Wainwright's first publisher the Westmorland Gazette, is named Wainwright's Yard and features a display of pages from his books. [32] [33]

Bibliography

Books written or illustrated by Wainwright

Small-format walking guidebooks

  • A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells:
    • Book One: The Eastern Fells (1955)
    • Book Two: The Far Eastern Fells (1957)
    • Book Three: The Central Fells (1958)
    • Book Four: The Southern Fells (1960)
    • Book Five: The Northern Fells (1962)
    • Book Six: The North Western Fells (1964)
    • Book Seven: The Western Fells (1966)
  • Pennine Way Companion (1968)
  • Walks in Limestone Country (1970)
  • Walks on the Howgill Fells (1972)
  • A Coast to Coast Walk (1973)
  • The Outlying Fells of Lakeland (1974)
  • Walks from Ratty (1978)
  • Old Roads of Eastern Lakeland (1985)

Large-format guidebooks, illustrated with colour photographs

  • Fellwalking with Wainwright, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1984)
  • Wainwright on the Pennine Way, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1985)
  • Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1987)
  • Wainwright in Scotland, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1988)
  • Wainwright on the Lakeland Mountain Passes, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1989)
  • Wainwright in the Limestone Dales, photographs by Ed Gelgard (1991)
  • Wainwright's Favourite Lakeland Mountains, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1991, posthumously)
  • Wainwright in the Valleys of Lakeland, photographs by Derry Brabbs (1992, posthumously)

Books of drawings

  • Lakeland Sketchbooks:
    • A Lakeland Sketchbook (1969)
    • A Second Lakeland Sketchbook (1970)
    • A Third Lakeland Sketchbook (1971)
    • A Fourth Lakeland Sketchbook (1972)
    • A Fifth Lakeland Sketchbook (1973)
  • Scottish Mountain Drawings:
    • Volume One: The Northern Highlands (1974)
    • Volume Two: The North-Western Highlands (1976)
    • Volume Three: The Western Highlands (1976)
    • Volume Four: The Central Highlands (1977)
    • Volume Five: The Eastern Highlands (1978)
    • Volume Six: The Islands (1979)
  • A Dales Sketchbook (1976)
  • Kendal in the 19th Century (1977)
  • A Second Dales Sketchbook (1978)
  • A Furness Sketchbook (1978)
  • A Second Furness Sketchbook (1979)
  • Three Westmorland Rivers (1979)
  • A Lune Sketchbook (1980)
  • A Ribble Sketchbook (1980)
  • An Eden Sketchbook (1980)
  • Lakeland Mountain Drawings:
    • Volume One (1980)
    • Volume Two (1981)
    • Volume Three (1982)
    • Volume Four (1983)
    • Volume Five (1984)
  • A Bowland Sketchbook (1981)
  • Welsh Mountain Drawings (1981)
  • A Wyre Sketchbook (1982)
  • A North Wales Sketchbook (1982)
  • A South Wales Sketchbook (1983)
  • A Peak District Sketchbook (1984)

Books of photographs

  • Fellwalking with a Camera (1988)

Local history books

  • Westmorland Heritage (1975)

Autobiographical works

  • Fellwanderer: The Story Behind the Guidebooks (1966)
  • A Pennine Journey: The Story of a Long Walk in 1938 (1986)
  • Ex-Fellwanderer (1987)

Maps

  • Map of Westmorland (1974)
  • Antiquarian Map of Cumbria (1980)

Original illustrations, maps and forewords in other books

Books and maps comprising previously published material

Books based on Wainwright’s life and work

In addition to the above works, many other books contain previously published illustrations by Wainwright, or whose subject matter has been inspired by his life and works.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coast to Coast Walk</span> Walk from the west coast to the east coast of Britain

The Coast to Coast Walk is a 182-mile (293 km) unofficial and mostly unsignposted long-distance footpath between the west and east coasts of Northern England. Devised by Alfred Wainwright, it passes through three contrasting national parks: the Lake District National Park, the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and the North York Moors National Park.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Man of Coniston</span> Mountain in the English Lake District, Cumbria, England

The Old Man of Coniston is a fell in the Furness Fells in the Cumbria, English Lake District and is the highest point of the historic county of Lancashire. It is at least 2,632.62 feet (802.42 m) high, and lies to the west of the village of Coniston and the lake, Coniston Water. The fell is sometimes known by the alternative name of Coniston Old Man, or simply The Old Man. The mountain is popular with tourists and fell-walkers with a number of well-marked paths to the summit. The mountain has also seen extensive copper and slate mining activity for eight hundred years, and the remains of abandoned mines and spoil tips are a significant feature of the north-east slopes.

Branstree Fell in the Lake District, Cumbria, England

Branstree is a fell in the Far Eastern part of the English Lake District. It overlooks the valley of Mardale and Haweswater Reservoir.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castle Crag</span> Hill in United Kingdom

Castle Crag is a hill in the North Western Fells of the English Lake District. It is the smallest hill included in Alfred Wainwright's influential Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, the only Wainwright below 1,000 feet (300 m).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barf (Lake District)</span>

Barf is a fell in the north-western Lake District in Cumbria, UK. It stands on the south-western shore of Bassenthwaite Lake. Barf is well known for a whitewashed pillar of rock on the lower slopes, the so-called "Bishop's Rock" or "Bishop of Barf". The name is thought to be a derivative of "burgh".

<i>Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells</i> Area guide

A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells is a series of seven books by A. Wainwright, detailing the fells of the Lake District in northwest England. Written over a period of 13 years from 1952, they consist entirely of reproductions of Wainwright's manuscript, hand-produced in pen and ink with no typeset material.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grisedale Pike</span> Mountain in the English Lake District, Cumbria, England

Grisedale Pike is a fell in the Lake District, Cumbria, England, situated 4.5 miles (7.2 km) west of the town of Keswick in the north-western sector of the national park. At a height of 791 m (2593 feet) it is the 40th-highest Wainwright in the Lake District; it also qualifies as a Hewitt, Marilyn and Nuttall. Grisedale Pike presents a striking appearance when viewed from the east, particularly from the vicinity of Keswick. It possesses two subsidiary summits: one unnamed ; the other Hobcarton End.

Shipman Knotts

Shipman Knotts is a fell in the English Lake District in Cumbria, England. It reaches a height of 587 metres (1,926 ft) and is situated in one of the quieter areas of the national park, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north-east of Kentmere village. Although not one of the best-known Lake District fells and strictly speaking it is just the southern shoulder of Kentmere Pike it earned a separate chapter in Alfred Wainwright’s Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells due to “Its characteristic roughness…rocky outcrops are everywhere on its steep slopes”.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Top o'Selside</span>

Top o'Selside is a hill in the Lake District in Cumbria, England. At 335 metres (1,099 ft), it is the highest point of the group of hills situated between Coniston Water and Windermere. This group also includes the Wainwright of Black Fell and the summits of Black Brows and Rusland Heights. Top o'Selside lies not in the centre of this region, but in the south-western corner, just outside the forestry plantations of Grizedale Forest and only two-thirds of a mile from the eastern shore of Coniston Water. This large separation from any higher ground gives it enough relative height to make it a Marilyn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern Fells</span>

The Southern Fells are a group of hills in the English Lake District. Including Scafell Pike, the highest peak in England, they occupy a broad area to the south of Great Langdale, Borrowdale and Wasdale. High and rocky towards the centre of the Lake District, the Southern Fells progressively take on a moorland character toward the south-west. In the south-east are the well-known Furness Fells, their heavily quarried flanks rising above Coniston Water.

<i>The Outlying Fells of Lakeland</i> Wainwright book on Lake District peaks

The Outlying Fells of Lakeland is a 1974 book written by Alfred Wainwright dealing with hills in and around the Lake District of England. It differs from Wainwright's Pictorial Guides in that each of its 56 chapters describes a walk, sometimes taking in several summits, rather than a single fell. This has caused some confusion on the part of authors attempting to prepare a definitive list of peaks. The Outlying Fells do not form part of the 214 hills generally accepted as making up the Wainwrights, but they are included in Category 2B of the Hill Walkers' Register maintained by the Long Distance Walkers Association.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reston Scar</span>

Reston Scar is a fell in the Lake District of Cumbria, England. It overlooks the north side of Staveley village, and is listed among Alfred Wainwright's "Outlying Fells of Lakeland" guide. The summit offers good views of the Coniston Fells, the Sca Fells and the Langdale Pikes.

The Westmorland Gazette is a weekly newspaper published in Kendal, England, covering "South Lakeland and surrounding areas", including Barrow and North Lancashire. Its name refers to the historic county of Westmorland. The paper is now owned by the Newsquest group, forming part of Westmorland Gazette Newspapers, which includes the weekly freesheet South Lakes Citizen and other titles. It has an office in Ulverston in addition to its Kendal base. The circulation is about 7,500. It changed from broadsheet to compact format in August 2009. The editor, Kevin Young, also edits the local tabloid The Lancashire Telegraph.

Flat Fell

Flat Fell is a hill located on the edge of the English Lake District, standing at 272m. It is included in Alfred Wainwright's Outlying Fells of Lakeland book, sharing a chapter with Dent. Wainwright's clockwise route to the two summits starts at Wath Brow.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wet Sleddale Reservoir</span> Body of water

Wet Sleddale Reservoir is an artificial reservoir set amongst the Shap Fells 4 kilometres (2 mi) south of the village of Shap in Cumbria, England, and lies just within the boundary of the Lake District National Park. The triangular shaped reservoir, which can store 2,300 million litres of water, was created by the construction of a dam across Sleddale Beck in order to supply Manchester with water. The dam is 21m high and 600m long.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finsthwaite Heights</span>

Finsthwaite Heights is an upland area in the English Lake District, above Finsthwaite, Cumbria. It is the subject of a chapter of Wainwright's book The Outlying Fells of Lakeland. It reaches about 600 feet (180 m). Wainwright's walk starts from Newby Bridge, climbs through woodland passing a tower which has a 1799 inscription commemorating the Royal Navy, passes through the village, and climbs to the man-made tarns of Low Dam and High Dam. These were made to provide power for Stott Park Bobbin Mill. Wainwright says of his route: "Everywhere the surroundings are delightful. But this is not fellwalking."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Irton Pike</span>

Irton Pike is a hill in the west of the English Lake District, near Santon Bridge, Cumbria. It is the subject of a chapter of Alfred Wainwright's book The Outlying Fells of Lakeland. The hill reaches a height of 751 feet (229 m). Wainwright's walk as described in Lakeland is an anticlockwise circuit from Irton Road station on the Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway, near Eskdale Green. He describes "this tiny top" as "a near-perfect solace for reminiscences of past happy days on the higher fells", adding "Climb Irton Pike while ye may!"

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Knipescar Common</span>

Knipescar Common, or Knipe Scar, is an upland area in the east of the English Lake District, above the River Lowther, near Bampton, Cumbria. It is the subject of a chapter of Wainwright's book The Outlying Fells of Lakeland. The summit is "indefinite" but reaches 1,118 feet (341 m) and there are limestone outcrops and an ancient enclosure. Wainwright commends the views which include Blencathra to the north and "a continuous skyline of the higher Pennines."

Chris Jesty is a British author and cartographer who revised Alfred Wainwright's Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells to produce the second edition (2005–2009) of the books, which were originally published in 1955–1966. He used GPS to survey all the routes and the work involved 3,000 hand-drawn changes in the first volume alone, reflecting changes such as walls having fallen down or a quarry being opened on the line of a footpath, and adding information such as car parking.

Derry Brabbs is a British landscape photographer and author. From 1984 onwards he worked with Alfred Wainwright on a series of books, including Fellwalking with Wainwright which won the 1985 Lakeland Book of the Year.

References

  1. "Alfred Wainwright: Grumpy, reclusive and eccentric". The Independent. 2 July 2005. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  2. Wainwright, Martin (30 June 2012). Wainwright: The Man Who Loved the Lakes. BBC Books. ISBN   978-1448140718.
  3. BBC 4 documentary, February 2007
  4. Wainwright, Alfred (1993). Memoirs of a Fellwanderer. London: Frances Lincoln.
  5. Davies, Hunter (26 August 2008). "Betty Wainwright: Wife and muse of A. Wainwright". The Independent . Archived from the original on 21 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  6. "The Alfred Wainwright Centenary 2007". The Wainwright Society. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008.
  7. 1 2 "Radio 4 Desert Island Discs". BBC. 4 September 1988. Event occurs at 32 minutes.
  8. Davies, Hunter (2013). Wainwright: The Biography. Hachette. ISBN   9781409139669 . Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  9. Mitchell, W.R. (2004). "Solo walks and evening work: Wainwright remembered". In Hewitt, Dave (ed.). A Bit of Grit on Haystacks. Disley: Millrace. p. 23.
  10. "Wainwright guides are shelved". BBC. 14 January 2003. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009.
  11. 1 2 "Wainwright guides saved". BBC. 14 February 2003. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  12. "The Wainwright Guides – A Third Edition of the Walks". wainwrightguides.co.uk. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  13. Clarke, Anna. "Updating the Wainwright walking books will be a labour of love for Clive". Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  14. Wainwright, Alfred (2003) [1973]. A Coast to Coast Walk. London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN   978-0-7112-2236-6.
  15. "BBC Four – Wainwright Walks – Episode guide". BBC. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  16. "Wainwright Walks: Coast to coast". BBC4 website. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  17. "Wainwright Walks". Julia Bradbury website. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  18. Archive on Four: The Man Behind the Mountains Archived 4 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine (BBC website – retrieved 18 October 2010).
  19. Campbell, Malcolm. "Wainwright Walks: Coast to Coast with Julia Bradbury". DVDActive. Retrieved 1 June 2009.[ dead link ]
  20. "The Lake District Helvellyn with Mark Richards". Mark Richards. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. The Far Eastern Fells the eigth [sic] and final volume of my Lakeland Fellranger series was published in 2013
  21. "Coast walk tops trek to Everest". BBC News. 23 November 2004. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2006.
  22. "Walk the Wainwrights in The Lake District". Go4awalk.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  23. "Long Distance Walkers Association – Hill Walkers Register". Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  24. Hewitt, Dave (2004). "Interlude: A few thoughts on Fellbagging". In Hewitt, Dave (ed.). A Bit of Grit on Haystacks. Disley: Millrace. pp. 87–88.
  25. "Youngster's sweet feat". Walk: The Magazine of the Rambler's Association (18: Spring 2008): 15.
  26. Online Fellwalking Club – Regal Regans Claim the 214 Crown!
  27. "Wainwrights On The Air". Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  28. "Animal Rescue – Cumbria". The Wainwright Society. Archived from the original on 26 July 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  29. "Wainwright Society Aims". The Wainwright Society. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  30. "The Wainwright Bridge". The Wainwright Society. 10 April 2008. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  31. "The Wainwright Society :: The Wainwright Memorial Toposcope". Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  32. "Wainwright's Yard". Visit Kendal. Retrieved 16 July 2018.[ permanent dead link ]
  33. "About us". Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 16 July 2018. The Westmorland Gazette, 1 Wainwright's Yard, Kendal

Further reading