This article does not cite any sources . (October 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Alfredo Baldomir Ferrari
|27th President of Uruguay|
19 June 1938 –1 March 1943
|Vice President||César Charlone|
|Preceded by||Gabriel Terra|
|Succeeded by||Juan José de Amézaga|
|Born||27 August 1884|
|Died||25 February 1948 (aged 63)|
|Political party||Colorado Party|
|Alma mater||University of the Republic, Uruguay|
|Occupation||Politician, soldier, architect|
Alfredo Baldomir Ferrari (August 27, 1884 – February 25, 1948) was an Uruguayan soldier, architect and politician. He served as President of Uruguay from 1938 to 1943 and is most notable for leading Uruguay to support the Allies during World War II.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.44 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometers (68,000 sq mi), Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, after Suriname.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics. In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Baldomir was born in Montevideo. He joined the army in 1900 and studied architecture and engineering. He designed many famous buildings in Uruguay, eventually directed the army corps of engineers and worked as a professor.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres (78 sq mi). The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated on the southern coast of the country, on the northeastern bank of the Río de la Plata.
By 1930, Baldomir was becoming involved in politics. He served as chief of police of Montevideo from 1931 to 1934 and as defense minister of Uruguay from 1935 to 1938, and was thus strongly identified with the rule of his brother-in-law, then President of Uruguay Gabriel Terra.
The President of Uruguay, officially known as the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay is the head of state and head of government of Uruguay. His or her rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the vice president. In turn, the president of the republic is the commander in chief of the armed forces.
Dr. Gabriel Terra Leivas was the President of Uruguay from 1931 to 1938.
He was elected President of Uruguay in 1938 as a member of the long-ruling Colorado Party. He took office as President on June 19, 1938; the Vice President of Uruguay during his period of Presidential office was Alfredo Navarro. Baldomir set a high priority in involving Uruguay in international affairs, and appointed the famous diplomat Alberto Guani as foreign minister.
The Colorado Party is a political party in Uruguay.
The Vice President of Uruguay is the person with the second highest position in the executive branch of the Uruguayan government, after the President of Uruguay. The Vice President replaces the elected President in case of his death or absence. As long as the President is in his functions, the Vice President is the president of the Chamber of Senators and of the General Assembly.
Alfredo Navarro (1868–1951) was a Uruguayan political figure.
As World War II broke out (Baldomir was President during the Battle of the River Plate), Baldomir discouraged support for the Axis within the country, and early in 1942, he broke off diplomatic relations with the Axis Powers. In 1942, Baldomir, now a general in the army, expanded his powers through a military coup dissolving parliament and declaring an emergency. His term, which was soon to expire, was extended for a year. Soon a new Constitution came into force.
The Battle of the River Plate was the first naval battle in the Second World War and the first one of the Battle of the Atlantic in South American waters. The German panzerschiff Admiral Graf Spee had cruised into the South Atlantic a fortnight before the war began, and had been commerce raiding after receiving appropriate authorisation on 26 September 1939. One of the hunting groups sent by the British Admiralty to search for Graf Spee, comprising three Royal Navy cruisers, HMS Exeter, Ajax and Achilles, found and engaged their quarry off the estuary of the River Plate close to the coast of Uruguay in South America.
The fourth Constitution of Uruguay was in force between 1942 and 1952.
In 1943, Baldomir voluntarily held elections and gave up power, but the continued dominance of the Colorados was insured.
Baldomir retired from office on March 1, 1943.
Five years later he died of an illness in Montevideo.
Baldomir's actions to identity Uruguay with the Allied cause in World War II have lessened his reputation as a controversial historical figure. It may be noted that he was a leading supporter of the previous President of Uruguay Gabriel Terra, who ruled by decree.
The Allies of World War II, called the "United Nations" from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as a means to control German, Japanese and Italian aggression.
| President of Uruguay |
Juan José de Amézaga
|This article about a Uruguayan architect is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a Uruguayan politician is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This biographical article related to the military of Uruguay is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
The history of Uruguay comprises different periods: the pre-Columbian time or early history, the colonial period (1516–1811), the period of nation-building (1811–1830), and the history of Uruguay as an independent country.
Juan Antonio Ríos Morales was a Chilean political figure, and President of Chile from 1942 to 1946, during the height of World War II. He died in office.
General Higinio Morínigo Martínez was a general and political figure in Paraguay. He was the President and military dictator of Paraguay from September 7, 1940 to June 3, 1948. Opposition to his rule led to the Paraguayan civil war of 1947. The Paraguayan city General Higinio Morínigo is named in his honor.
Pedro Alberto Demicheli Lizaso was a Uruguayan political figure. Demicheli was a de facto President of Uruguay in 1976 as a non-democratically elected authority of the Civic-military dictatorship (1973–1985).
Alberto Guani (1877–1956) was an Uruguayan jurist, diplomat and the Vice President from 1943 to 1947.
Baltasar Brum Rodríguez, GCTE was a Uruguayan political figure. He was President of Uruguay from 1919 to 1923.
Jorge Sapelli was an Uruguayan political figure. He was the Vice President of Uruguay from 1972 until his resignation in 1973.
César Charlone Rodríguez was a Uruguayan political figure.
Martín Recaredo Echegoyen was a Uruguayan political figure. In the years 1959 - 1960 he was president of Uruguay.
Italian Uruguayans are Uruguayan-born citizens who are either fully/partially of Italian descent or Italian-born people in Uruguay. It is estimated that more than 1/3 of the Uruguayan population is of Italian descent.
Luis Alberto de Herrera was a Uruguayan lawyer, diplomat, journalist and politician.
Germany–Uruguay relations are foreign relations between Germany and Uruguay. Germany has an embassy in Montevideo. Uruguay has an embassy in Berlin, a general consulate in Hamburg and 6 honorary consulates. Germany is Uruguay's principal trading partner in the European Union.
General elections were held in Uruguay on 28 March 1938. The result was a victory for the Colorado Party, which won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and received the most votes in the presidential election, in which the Alfredo Baldomir faction emerged as the largest. Baldomir subsequently became President on 19 June.
A constitutional referendum was held in Uruguay on 19 April 1934, alongside parliamentary elections. The new constitution was approved by 95.75% of voters.
A constitutional referendum was held in Uruguay on 29 November 1942, alongside general elections. The new constitution was approved by 77.17% of voters.
The third Constitution of Uruguay was in force between 1934 and 1942.