Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez

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Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez
Born March 28, 1866
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Died April 30, 1948
Havana, Cuba
Nationality Puerto Rican
Occupation Educator

Alfredo M. Aguayo (1866–1948) was a Puerto Rican educator and writer. He studied and lived in Cuba, and was a professor at the University of Havana. His teachings and his written works molded several generations of Cubans. [1]

Cuba Country in the Caribbean

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometres (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometres (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

University of Havana university located in the Vedado district of Havana, Cuba

The University of Havana or UH is a university located in the Vedado district of Havana, the capital of the Republic of Cuba. Founded on January 5, 1728, the university is the oldest in Cuba, and one of the first to be founded in the Americas. Originally a religious institution, today the University of Havana has 15 faculties (colleges) at its Havana campus and distance learning centers throughout Cuba.


Early years

Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, on 28 March 1866. While he was still a child, his family moved to Havana, Cuba, where he was educated. There he earned a Law degree (1892) and a Doctor of Education degree (1903). [2] He was the grandson of Dr. Nicolás Aguayo, one of the most prominent educators in Puerto Rico. [3]

Ponce, Puerto Rico City and Municipality in Puerto Rico, United States

Ponce is both a city and a municipality in the southern part of Puerto Rico. The city is the seat of the municipal government.

Superintendent of schools

He was appointed Superintendent of Schools for the Province of Havana. After this he became a professor of education at the University of Havana. He founded and edited the Magazine of Education in Havana. In 1912 he established the Laboratory of Child Study at the University. [4]


Aguayo Sánchez fought to bring relevance to the importance of child psychology in the learning process. He was also a torch-bearer of the implementation of the most current teaching methods, including the American pragmatism methods headed by John Dewey. [5]

At the time of the closing of the University of Havana during the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado, Aguayo organized the Academia Pedagógica de La Habana, to look after the training of teachers. [6] He also taught at the Escuela del Círculo de Trabajadores de La Habana (1884),and at the Instituto de San Manuel y San Francisco, and at the Colegio La Divina Caridad. [7]

Gerardo Machado President of Cuba

Gerardo Machado y Morales was a general of the Cuban War of Independence and President of Cuba from 1925 to 1933.

Last years

He lived as an exiled in Puerto Rico and the United States from 1895 to 1897, as a result of independentista views written by his father but attributed to him. [8] During the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado, Aguayo was detained under suspicion that he had subversive ideas. In 1944 he was awarded the status of Professor Emeritus at the University of Havana. He died in Havana, Cuba, on April 30, 1948. [9]


Books by Aguayo

The following are books written by Alfredo M. Aguayo y Sanchez: [12]

See also

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