Ali-Reza Pahlavi

Last updated
Prince Ali-Reza
Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi.jpg
Born(1966-04-28)28 April 1966
Tehran, Iran
Died4 January 2011(2011-01-04) (aged 44)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
IssueIryana Leila Pahlavi (born posthumously)
Full name
English: Ali-Reza
Persian: علی رضا
House Pahlavi
Father Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mother Farah Diba
Styles of
Prince Ali-Reza of Iran
Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Reference style His Imperial Highness
Spoken styleYour Imperial Highness
Alternative styleSir

Prince Alireza Pahlavi (Persian : علیرضا پهلوی; 28 April 1966 – 4 January 2011) was a member of the Pahlavi Imperial Family of Iran (Persia). [1] He was the younger son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the former Shah of Iran [2] and his third wife Farah Diba. [3] He was second in order of succession to the Iranian throne before the Iranian Revolution.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Pahlavi dynasty Dynasty that ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Monarchy of Iran was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Iran Islamic Republic in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital, largest city, and leading economic and cultural center.

Contents

Biography

Prince Ali-Reza in 1976 AliRezaPahlavi.jpg
Prince Ali-Reza in 1976

Prince Alireza Pahlavi was born on 28 April 1966. [4] [5] He attended the Niavaran Palace primary school in Iran [6] but left Iran alongside his family shortly before the Iranian revolution. He moved to the U.S. where he attended Saint David's School in New York City and Mt Greylock Regional High School in Williamstown, Massachusetts. [7] Pahlavi received a BA degree from Princeton University, a MA degree from Columbia University, [8] and was studying at Harvard University as a PhD student in ancient Iranian studies and philology at the time of his death. [5] [9]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Saint Davids School (New York City)

Saint David's School is an independent primary and pre-primary school located on East 89th Street in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City, USA. It is an all-boys school, educating students from pre-kindergarten through to eighth grade. Saint David's was founded in 1951. The current headmaster is P. David O'Halloran.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

He was engaged in 2001 to Sarah Tabatabai, but it seems that the relationship ended some time afterwards. [10] He was once voted as one of the "world's most eligible princes." [11]

Death

After a long period of depression, on 4 January 2011 Pahlavi died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. [12]

Mahnaz Afkhami, the former Iranian Minister of Women's Affairs, told the BBC World Service that Pahlavi and his family being forced into exile in 1979 was very "traumatic" for him and that he had experienced a "loss of identity" in exile. [13] Alireza's sister, Leila Pahlavi also had committed suicide—in June 2001. Close family friends say that Alireza became very depressed after the death of his sister to whom he was very close. [14] He was survived by his mother, Farah Pahlavi, his older brother Reza, his sister Farahnaz, half-sister Shahnaz [15] and daughter Iryana Leila Pahlavi, who was born after his death. [16]

Mahnaz Afkhami Human rights and gender equality activist

Mahnaz Afkhami is an Iranian women's rights activist who served in the Cabinet of Iran from 1976 to 1978.

BBC World Service The BBCs international radio station

The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in more than 40 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays. In November 2016 the BBC announced again that it would start broadcasting in additional languages including Amharic and Igbo, in its biggest expansion since the 1940s. In 2015 World Service reached an average of 210 million people a week. The English-language service broadcasts 24 hours a day.

Leila Pahlavi Iranian princess

Leila Pahlavi was a princess of Iran and the youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, and his third wife, Farah Pahlavi.

His brother Reza Pahlavi said that his wish was to be cremated and for his ashes to be scattered in the Caspian Sea. [17]

Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran Last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran

Reza Pahlavi is the last heir apparent to the defunct throne of the Imperial State of Iran and is the current head of the exiled House of Pahlavi. He is the older son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife Farah Diba.

Caspian Sea lake in Asia and Europe, largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth

The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It is an endorheic basin located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 and a volume of 78,200 km3. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third of the salinity of most seawater. It is bounded by Kazakhstan to the northeast, Russia to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the west, Iran to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southeast. The Caspian Sea is home to a wide range of species and may be best known for its caviar and oil industries. Pollution from the oil industry and dams on rivers draining into the Caspian Sea have had negative effects on the organisms living in the sea.

On 23 January 2011, an official memorial was held in The Music Center at Strathmore in Bethesda, Maryland. [18] The memorial was attended by the former Iranian royal family and thousands of Iranians. [19]

On 26 July 2011, a daughter, Iryana Leila, was born to Alireza's girlfriend Raha Didevar. His mother Farah Pahlavi confirmed that Iryana Leila is a full member of the Pahlavi house.[ citation needed ]

Ancestry

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References

  1. Royal Ark
  2. Yearbook of the Encyclopedia Americana - Page 37
  3. The Middle East and North Africa By Europa Publications Limited p338
  4. The Statesman's year-book, Volume 110 - Page 1046
  5. 1 2 Scott, Marcia (2011-01-04). "AFP: Son of Iran shah commits suicide in US: family". Google.com. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  6. "Ali-Reza Pahlavi". farahpahlavi.org. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  7. "Ali-Reza Pahlavi". Farah Pahlavi. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  8. ضایعه در گذشت شاهزاده گرامی میهنمان علی رضا پهلوی,
  9. AP (2011-01-05). "News / International : Son of former Iranian shah found dead in Boston". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  10. "Ein Herz und keine Krone". Welt Online . November 16, 2001.
  11. Steven Hoffer Contributor (2011-01-04). "Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi Commits Suicide: 5 Facts About the Shah of Iran's Son". Aolnews.com. Archived from the original on 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  12. "Alireza Pahlavi Suicide: Iran Shah's Son Killed Himself In Boston, Says Brother". HuffPost. 4 January 2011. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  13. "Shah of Iran's younger son kills himself in US". BBC News. 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 5 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
  14. "Former shah of Iran's youngest son dead in apparent suicide". The Washington Post. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
  15. "Son of former shah of Iran commits suicide". CNN. 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  16. "Announcement of Birth". Reza Pahlavi website. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  17. "Dead son of Iran's last Shah to be cremated". Euronews.net. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  18. "Memorial Ceremony For Prince Alireza Pahlavi". Reza Pahlavi website. Archived from the original on 16 January 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  19. "Thousands attend memorial services for Alireza Pahlavi in Maryland". Payvand. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
Ali-Reza Pahlavi
Born: 28 April 1966 Died: 4 January 2011
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Reza Pahlavi
 TITULAR 
Prince of Iran
27 July 1980 – 4 January 2011
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1979
Succeeded by
Patrick Ali Pahlavi