Ali Amini

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Ali Amini
Portrait of Ali Amini.jpg
67th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
5 May 1961 19 July 1962
Monarch Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Preceded by Jafar Sharif-Emami
Succeeded by Asadollah Alam
Minister of Finance
In office
19 August 1953 6 April 1955
Prime Minister Fazlollah Zahedi
Preceded byNezam-ed-din Emami
Succeeded byNasrollah Jahangir
Minister of National Economy
In office
5 August 1951 16 July 1952
Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh
Preceded byShamseddin Amir-Alaei
Succeeded byBagher Kazemi
Personal details
Born12 September 1905
Tehran, Iran
Died12 December 1992(1992-12-12) (aged 87)
Paris, France
Political party
Spouse(s)Batoul Voosough
Children1
Alma mater University of Tehran

Ali Amini (12 September 1905 12 December 1992) was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.

Iranian peoples diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group

The Iranian peoples, or the Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Contents

Early life

Amini was born on 12 September 1905 in Tehran. [1] [2] He was a grandson of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Fakhr ol dowleh. He completed his studies first in Darolfonoon and then in France where he graduated with a degree in law from Grenoble University, [3] followed by his Ph.D in economics from Paris.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.4 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar Shah of Persia

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar,, was the fifth Qajar king of Persia (Iran), reigning from 1896 until his death in 1907. He is often credited with the creation of the Persian constitution, which he approved of as one of his final actions of Shah.

Dar ul-Funun (Persia) university

Dar ul-Funun, established in 1851, was the first modern university and modern institution of higher learning in Iran (Persia).

He became involved in politics through the help of Ali Akbar Davar who gave him a position in the judiciary.

Career

At the age of 37, Amini was selected as a minister to serve in the cabinet of Ahmad Ghavam. He was a member of the National Front, but broke away from the party in 1952. [3]

National Front (Iran) political opposition party in Iran

The National Front of Iran is an opposition political organization in Iran, founded by Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1949. It is the oldest and arguably the largest pro-democracy group operating inside Iran despite having never been able to recover the prominence it had in the early 1950s.

He was the minister of culture from 1952 to 1953. He became minister of economic affairs in the cabinet of Fazlollah Zahedi and remain in office until 1955. The same year he was named the ambassador to the US. [3] His tendencies were pro-American to the extent that made the Shah uncomfortable. Mohammad Reza Shah in particular distrusted Amini's popularity and friendship with then-senator John F. Kennedy. Therefore, his tenure ended in 1958. [3]

Fazlollah Zahedi General, statesman

Fazlollah Zahedi was an Iranian general and statesman who replaced the democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh through a coup d'état, in which he played a major role.

John F. Kennedy 35th President of the United States

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. He served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union. A member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president.

Amini after his appointment as prime minister Ali Amini.jpg
Amini after his appointment as prime minister

In the 1950s, Amini was a candidate for premiership. He was appointed prime minister in 1961. In July 1962, however, he was replaced by the Shah's close friend and a major Birjand landowner Asadollah Alam. In the late 1970s, Amini attempted a comeback into Iranian politics at the age of 70. He served as advisor to the Shah during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty.

Birjand City in South Khorasan, Iran

Birjand is the capital of the Iranian province of South Khorasan. The city is known for its saffron, barberry, jujube, and handmade carpet exports. Birjand had a population of 187,020 in 2013.

Asadollah Alam Prime Minister of Iran

Amir Asadollah Alam was an Iranian politician who was Prime Minister during the Shah's regime from 1962 to 1964. He was also Minister of Royal Court, President of Pahlavi University and Governor of Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces.

Personal life

Amini married Batoul Voosough (died 1992) in 1932 and they had a son, Iraj. [1]

Honours

Amini was awarded Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor in 1962. [4]

Later years and death

In 1979, Amini moved to Paris, France. There he headed the Front for the Liberation of Iran, a monarchist opposition group. [5] He complained about internal struggles among the exiled Iranian monarchists, saying "We're not even back in Tehran [and] they quarrel over the name of the country's future prime minister." [5] He wrote his biography published by Harvard University.

He died in Paris on 12 December 1992, aged 87. [1] His body was buried in Passy Cemetery.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Moin, Baqer (17 December 1992). "Obituary: Ali Amini". The Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. http://www.iichs.ir/Picture-4420/علی-امینی-مجدی-در-آیینه-تصاویر(2)/?id=4420
  3. 1 2 3 4 Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions (PDF). New York: Penguin Books. p. 106. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013.
  4. "Ali Amini; Foe of Iran's Islamic Government". Los Angeles Times. 17 December 1992. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. 1 2 "Rivalry complicates Iranian exile struggle". The Christian Science Monitor. 3 July 1986. Retrieved 4 August 2013.