Ali Nasir Muhammad

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Ali Nasir Muhammad
علي ناصر محمد الحسني
Ali Nasir Muhammad as Prime-Minister of PDRY in East Berlin, 1978.png
Nasir in East Berlin, 1978
2nd General Secretary of the Yemeni Socialist Party
In office
21 April 1980 24 January 1986
Preceded by Abdul Fattah Ismail
Succeeded by Ali Salem al Beidh
Chairman of the Presidium of Supreme People's Council (South Yemen)
In office
21 April 1980 24 January 1986
Preceded by Abdul Fattah Ismail
Succeeded by Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Chairman of the Presidential Council (South Yemen)
In office
26 June 1978 27 December 1978
Acting: 26 June 1978 – 1 July 1978
Preceded by Salim Rubai Ali
Succeeded by Abdul Fattah Ismail
(As Chairman of the presidium of Supreme People's Council)
Prime Minister of South Yemen
In office
2 August 1971 14 February 1985
Preceded by Muhammad Ali Haitham
Succeeded by Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Personal details
Born (1940-12-31) 31 December 1940 (age 80)
Political party Socialist Party
Other political
affiliations
National Liberation Front

Ali Nasir Muhammad Husani (Arabic : علي ناصر محمد الحسني) (born 31 December 1940) [1] is the former leader of South Yemen serving as General Secretary of the Yemeni Socialist Party between 1980 and 1986. He was twice president of South Yemen and once the Prime Minister. He served as the Prime Minister from 2 August 1971 until 14 February 1985 [2] and as Chairman of the Presidential Council from 26 June 1978 - 27 December 1978. In April 1980, South Yemeni president Abdul Fattah Ismail resigned and moved to Moscow. His successor was Ali Nasir Muhammad who took a less interventionist stance toward both North Yemen and neighbouring Oman. On January 13, 1986, a violent struggle began in Aden between Ali Nasir's supporters and supporters of the returned Ismail. (See South Yemen Civil War) Fighting lasted for more than a month and resulted in thousands of casualties, Ali Nasir's ouster, and Ismail's death. Muhammad's term had lasted from 21 April 1980 to 24 January 1986. Some 60,000 people, including the deposed Ali Nasir, fled to North Yemen. He was succeeded by Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas.

In 1978, Ali Nasir Muhammad overthrew and executed Rubai Ali, after a short battle which took place in Almodowar Palace, located in At-Tawahi, Aden, which Rubai Ali used as a fortification.

Mohammed was a member of the National Front, ar. الجبهة القومية (NF) as well as the Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP - الحزب الاشتراكي اليمني ) after the YSP was formed from the UPONF in October 1978. During the 1994 Civil War in Yemen, he pushed his supporters to operate alongside the forces of Sana'a government and against the recently re-established Democratic Republic of Yemen, seeking revenge for his ouster. The southern secession was repressed in July 1994 after the surrender of Aden and Mukalla strongholds.

The former president became an opposition figure in the 2011 Yemeni uprising, being named to a 17-member transitional council intended by some anti-government factions to govern Yemen during a prospective transition from the authoritarian regime led by President Ali Abdullah Saleh to a plural democracy. This council was opposed by the Joint Meeting Parties, the main opposition coalition, which also supported Saleh's removal from power and a transition to democracy. [3]

In February 2015, there were media reports that Muhammad was being considered as a prospective interim leader of a "presidential council" after the collapse of the government. [4]

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References

*"Russian Translation" (2006) - Russian TV political detective serial: the first four scenes are giving the fictionalised version of Aden 1986 civil war between Ali Nasir Muhammad and the opposition in YSP.

  1. http://www.aljazeera.net/encyclopedia/icons/2014/12/4/علي-ناصر-محمد
  2. "Countries YZ".
  3. "Yemen protesters set up transitional council". Reuters. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2015-02-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad Ali Haitham
Prime Minister of South Yemen
1971–1985
Succeeded by
Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Preceded by
Salim Rubai Ali
Chairman of the Presidential Council (South Yemen)
1978
Succeeded by
Abdul Fattah Ismail
Preceded by
Abdul Fattah Ismail
Chairman of the Presidium of Supreme People's Council (South Yemen)
1980–1986
Succeeded by
Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Preceded by
Abdul Fattah Ismail
General Secretary of the Yemeni Socialist Party
1980-1986
Succeeded by
Ali Salim al-Beidh