Ali Reza Pahlavi I

Last updated

Prince Ali Reza
Prince of Iran
Prince ali reza Pahlavi.jpg
Born(1922-03-01)1 March 1922
Tehran, Persia
Died17 October 1954(1954-10-17) (aged 32)
Alborz, Iran
SpouseChristiane Cholewski
Issue Patrick Ali
Full name
English: Ali Reza Pahlavi
Persian: علیرضا پهلوی
House House of Pahlavi
Father Reza Shah
Mother Tadj ol-Molouk

Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi I (Persian : علیرضا پهلوی; 1 March 1922 – 17 October 1954) was the second son of Reza Pahlavi, deposed Shah of Iran, and the brother of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. He was a member of the Pahlavi dynasty. [1]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Reza Shah Shah of Iran, Founder of the Imperial state of iran

Reza Shah Pahlavi, commonly known as Reza Shah, was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Last shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last King (Shah) of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.

Contents

Biography

Ali Reza Pahlavi studied political science at Harvard University. [1] Following Reza Shah's deposition and exile, Ali Reza accompanied his father into exile in Mauritius and then into Johannesburg, South Africa.

Harvard University Private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning. Its history, influence, wealth, and academic reputation have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. It has often been cited as the world's top university by most publishers.

Mauritius Island nation in the Indian Ocean

Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. The main Island of Mauritius is located about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The Republic of Mauritius also includes the islands of Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon. The capital and largest city Port Louis is located on the main island of Mauritius.

Johannesburg Place in Gauteng, South Africa

Johannesburg, informally known as Jozi or Jo'burg, is the largest city in South Africa and one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provincial capital and largest city of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa. While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court. The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade.

He was married to Christiane Cholewska; they have two sons, elder one Joachim Christian Shah Mridhani Pahlavan-Nassab also known as "Joachim Christian Philippe Mridhani Pahlavi" was born on 15 September 1941 and Patrick Ali Pahlavi (born 1 September 1947) [2] although no record of his parents' 20 November 1946 wedding in the 16th arrondissement of Paris is on official record there. [3] The couple divorced in 1948. [3]

Patrick Ali Pahlavi Member of the former Iranian royal family

Prince Patrick Ali Pahlavi is a member of the deposed Pahlavi dynasty of Iran and was heir presumptive from 1954 to 1960. According to the former constitution of Iran Patrick was the first in the line of succession to the throne. In 1960, however, with the birth of Reza Pahlavi, the latter became the first line presumptive heir and head of the dynasty.

16th arrondissement of Paris French municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 16th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as seizième.

Ali Reza died on 17 October 1954 in a plane crash in the Alborz Mountains. [3] [4]

Aviation accidents and incidents Aviation occurrence involving serious injury, death, or destruction of aircraft

In aviation, an accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft, which takes place from the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until all such persons have disembarked, and in which a) a person is fatally or seriously injured, b) the aircraft sustains significant damage or structural failure, or c) the aircraft goes missing or becomes completely inaccessible. Annex 13 defines an incident as an occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft that affects or could affect the safety of operation.

Alborz mountain range

The Alborz, also spelled as Alburz, Elburz or Elborz, is a mountain range in northern Iran that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea and finally runs northeast and merges into the Aladagh Mountains in the northern parts of Khorasan. This mountain range is divided into Western, Central, and Eastern Alborz Mountains. The Western Alborz Range runs south-southeastward almost along the western coast of the Caspian Sea. The Central Alborz runs from west to east along the entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea, while the Eastern Alborz runs in a northeasterly direction towards the northern parts of the Khorasan region southeast of the Caspian Sea. Mount Damavand, the highest mountain in Iran measuring 5,610.0 m, is located in the Central Alborz Mountains.

Honours

National honours

Order of Pahlavi

The Order of Pahlavi of the Empire of Iran, in Persian: "Neshan-e Pahlavi" was the highest order of the former Imperial State of Iran.

Foreign honours

Supreme Order of the Renaissance

The Supreme Order of the Renaissance is the second knighthood order of the Kingdom of Jordan.

Order of the Supreme Sun order

The Order of the Supreme Sun was a decoration of the former Kingdom of Afghanistan.

Related Research Articles

Pahlavi dynasty Dynasty that ruled Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen Austrian archduke

Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen was a member of the House of Habsburg and the Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I.

Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran Last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran

Reza Pahlavi is the last heir apparent to the defunct throne of the Imperial State of Iran and is the current head of the exiled House of Pahlavi. He is the older son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife Farah Diba.

Ahmad Shah Qajar Shah of Iran

Ahmad Shah Qajar, was Shah (King) of Persia from 16 July 1909 to 15 December 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.

Tadj ol-Molouk Queen consort of Iran

Tâj ol-Moluk Âyromlu (Persian: تاج الملوک آيرملو‎, born Nimtâj Âyromlu was Queen of Iran as the wife of Reza Shah, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty and Shah of Iran between 1925 and 1941. The title she was given after becoming Queen means "Crown of the Kingdom" in the Arabic language. She was the first Queen in Iran after the Muslim conquest in the 7th century to have participated in public royal representation and played a major role in the Kashfe hijab in 1936.

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar Shah of Persia

Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar,, was the fifth Qajar king of Persia (Iran), reigning from 1896 until his death in 1907. He is often credited with the creation of the Persian constitution, which he approved of as one of his final actions of Shah.

Pahlavi may refer to:

Ali-Reza Pahlavi Iranian prince

Prince Alireza Pahlavi was a member of the Pahlavi Imperial Family of Iran (Persia). He was the younger son of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the former Shah of Iran and his third wife Farah Diba. He was second in order of succession to the Iranian throne before the Iranian Revolution.

Shahnaz Pahlavi Princess of Iran

Shahnaz Pahlavi is the first child of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his first wife, Princess Fawzia of Egypt.

Ashraf Pahlavi Iranian royal

Princess Ashraf ol-Molouk Pahlavi was the twin sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran (Persia), and a member of the Pahlavi dynasty. She was considered the "power behind her brother" and was instrumental in the 1953 coup which led to him taking the throne. She served her brother as a palace adviser and was a strong advocate for women's rights. Following the Iranian Revolution in 1979, she lived in exile in France, New York, Paris and Monte Carlo and remained outspoken against the Islamic Republic.

The Iranian Monarchy was overthrown following the Islamic Revolution in 1979 with the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi going into exile.

Farah Pahlavi Empress of Iran

Farah Pahlavi is the widow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the former shahbanu (empress) of Iran.

Gholam Ali Oveissi Iranian Army general

Arteshbod Gholam-Ali Oveissi was an Iranian general and the Chief Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces under Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. He was the last general to head the Imperial Army of Iran. He is regarded as one of the most powerful and adept military generals in Iran’s modern history.

Gholamreza Pahlavi Persian royal

Shahpur Gholamreza Pahlavi was an Iranian prince and a member of the Pahlavi dynasty, as the son of Reza Shah and half-brother of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Abdul Reza Pahlavi Iranian businessperson

Abdul Reza Pahlavi was a member of Iran's Pahlavi dynasty. He was a son of Reza Shah and a half-brother of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Fatimeh Pahlavi Iranian entrepreneur

Fatemeh Pahlavi was Reza Shah Pahlavi's tenth child and half-sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. She was a member of the Pahlavi dynasty.

The Order of Fidelity, also known as the Order of Besa, was established by Ahmet Zogu when he was President of Albania. Founded on 22 December 1926, it was initially awarded in four classes and a medal. It was limited to six ordinary recipients of Albanian nationality, and not awardable to foreigners.

References

  1. 1 2 Ali Akbar Dareini (1 January 1999). The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 123. ISBN   978-81-208-1642-8 . Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  2. Ali Pahlavi. About, Biography Facebook
  3. 1 2 3 Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1980). Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East. p. 149. ISBN   0-85011-029-7.
  4. Cockcroft, James D (1989). Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran. Chelsea House Publishers. p. 79. ISBN   9781555468477.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Royal Ark