Ali Treki

Last updated

Ali Abdussalam Treki
Ali Treki.JPG
President of the United Nations General Assembly
In office
15 September 2009 14 September 2010
Preceded by Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann
Succeeded by Joseph Deiss
Permanent Representative of Libya to the United Nations
In office
18 September 2003 4 March 2009
Preceded by Abuzed Omar Dorda
Succeeded by Abdel Rahman Shalgham
Libyan Ambassador to France
In office
3 February 1995 2001
Preceded by Hamed Ahmed El-Houderi
Succeeded by Abdessalam Ali El Mazoughi
Foreign Minister of Libya
In office
1976–1982
Preceded by Abdel Moneim al-Huni
Succeeded by Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Personal details
Born(1937-10-10)10 October 1937
Misrata, Libya
Died 19 October 2015(2015-10-19) (aged 78)
Cairo, Egypt
Spouse(s)
Aisha Dihoum(m. 1969)
Education Garyounis University
University of Toulouse

Ali Abdussalam Treki (Arabic : علي عبد السلام التريكي; 10 October 1937 – 19 October 2015) was a Libyan diplomat in Muammar Gaddafi's regime. Treki served as one of Libya's top diplomats beginning in the 1970s and ending with the 2011 Libyan Civil War. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1976 to 1982 and again from 1984 to 1986, and he was later the Permanent Representative to the United Nations on several occasions. He was the President of the United Nations General Assembly from September 2009 [1] to September 2010.

Muammar Gaddafi Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist

Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He governed Libya as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977, and then as the "Brotherly Leader" of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011. He was initially ideologically committed to Arab nationalism and Arab socialism but later ruled according to his own Third International Theory.

Libyan Civil War (2011) 2011 armed conflict in the North African country of Libya

The First Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government. The war was preceded by protests in Zawiya on 8 August 2009 and finally ignited by protests in Benghazi beginning on Tuesday, 15 February 2011, which led to clashes with security forces that fired on the crowd. The protests escalated into a rebellion that spread across the country, with the forces opposing Gaddafi establishing an interim governing body, the National Transitional Council.

A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.

Contents

Early life

Treki was born in October 1937 in Misrata, to Abdussalem and Amna Treki. He was educated at Garyounis University in Benghazi, and the University of Toulouse in France. [2]

Misrata Place in Tripolitania, Libya

Misurata (Arabic: مصراتة‎, is a city in the Misrata District in northwestern Libya, situated 187 km to the east of Tripoli and 825 km west of Benghazi on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misurata. With a population of about 281,000, it is the third-largest city in Libya, after Tripoli and Benghazi. It is the capital city of the Misrata District and has been called the trade capital of Libya. The harbor is at Qasr Ahmad.

University of Benghazi, formerly known as Garyounis University, is a public university in Benghazi, Libya and one of the most important institutes of higher education in Libya. It is located in Benghazi, the second largest city in the country. It was founded in 1955 as the University of Libya.

University of Toulouse university in France

The University of Toulouse was a university in France that was established by papal bull in 1229, making it one of the earliest universities to emerge in Europe. Since the closing of the university in 1793 due to the French Revolution, the University of Toulouse no longer exists as a single institution. However, there have been several independent "successor" universities inheriting the name.

In 1969, he married Aisha Dihoum, with whom he had four children—one son and three daughters. [2]

Career

Working at Libya's foreign ministry, Treki was Minister Plenipotentiary in 1970, Director of the Political Administration from 1970 to 1973, Director of the African Administration from 1973 to 1974 and Assistant Deputy for Political Affairs from 1974 to 1976. He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1976 to 1982 and as Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1982 to 1984. Subsequently he returned to his post as Foreign Minister from 1984 to 1986 before resuming his post as Permanent Representative to the UN from 1986 to 1990. [3]

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

On 8 December 1983, Treki was rebuked by the Secretary General of the United Nations after a speech before the global body in which he urged its members to

Look around New York. Who are the owners of pornographic film operations and houses? Is it not the Jews who are exploiting the American people and trying to debase them? If we succeed in eliminating that entity, we shall by the same token save the American and European peoples. [4] [5]

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Pornographic film film genre; films that depict sexual fantasies and seek to create in the viewer sexual arousal and erotic satisfaction

Pornographic films, or sex films, are films that present sexually explicit subject matter for the purpose of sexual arousal and erotic satisfaction of the viewer. Pornographic films present sexual fantasies and usually include erotically stimulating material such as nudity and depictions of sexual intercourse. A distinction is sometimes made between "erotic" films and "pornographic" films on the basis that the latter contain more explicit sexuality, and focus more on arousal than storytelling, but the distinction is highly subjective.

Jews ancient nation and ethnoreligious group from the Levant

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.

He became Libya's Ambassador to France on 3 February 1995, and he subsequently served as Secretary for African Affairs [6] from May 1999 to June 2003. [7] He was again posted as Permanent Representative to the UN in 2003. [3] In mid-2004, he was appointed as Special Adviser to Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, [7] and on 3 January 2005 he began a tour of African countries, acting as Gaddafi's special envoy, to work toward solutions for several African conflicts and disputes. [8] In mid-January 2005, when a reorganization of the foreign ministry took place, he was named Secretary for African Union Affairs by the General People's Congress of Libya. [9] Libya submitted Treki's candidacy in the election to the post of Chairperson of the African Union Commission at the AU summit in Addis Ababa in early 2008, but it was rejected because it was submitted late. [10]

Treki was the co-chairman of the Pakistan-Libya joint economic commission, and received the award of Hilal-i-Pakistan from President Asif Ali Zardari in May 2010. [11]

In March 2009, Treki was chosen as Libya's top diplomat and nominated to be the next President of the General Assembly. [12] He assumed office on 15 September 2009.

In his presidential opening address to the 64th session of the General Assembly, Treki said: "We must put an end to wars and to their causes and consequences. Dialogue and mutual understanding are the way to resolve our problems. Embargoes and blockades are fruitless: they exacerbate antagonism and rebellion, while undermining respect for the international community." [13]

In June 2010, Treki made the following statement: “In response to questions by correspondents seeking his views on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity, the president of the General Assembly expressed his support for human rights for all persons without any distinction or discrimination. The President of the General Assembly believes that violence, or discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity is unacceptable.” [14]

In an interview with Syrian TV which aired on 11 April 2010 (as translated by MEMRI), Treki stated that "[Israel's] siege on Gaza is a disgrace for the entire international community. It is a camp that is worse than the camps of the Nazis in the past." [15]

Libyan civil war

On 31 March 2011, during the Libyan civil war, he resigned and went to Egypt. [16]

In an interview on 1 April in Cairo, Treki said that resolving the conflict would require Libya’s becoming a democracy, and that the Gaddafi family must give up power to make way for a transition to democracy under United Nations' auspices. [17]

Treki died in Cairo on 19 October 2015. [18]

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References

Ali Treki (fourth person from the right) attending the Alliance of Civilizations 2010 Forum. Alliance of Civilizations Forum Annual Meeting Brazil 2010 - 1.jpg
Ali Treki (fourth person from the right) attending the Alliance of Civilizations 2010 Forum.
  1. "New UN General Assembly President Ali Treki debuts as 64th session opens". Xinhuanet. 16 September 2009.
  2. 1 2 World Who's Who: Europa Biographical Reference, Routledge, 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Treki à l'ONU". Jeune Afrique. 28 October 2003.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Jewish slur provokes rebuke by U.N. leader, Baltimore Sun 12 October 1983
  5. Fear and Loathing, New York Magazine 8 October 1992
  6. "Profile - Ali Abdessalam Triki". APS Review Downstream Trends. 23 July 2001.
  7. 1 2 "Ali Abdessalem Triki". Jeune Afrique. 25 July 2004.[ permanent dead link ]
  8. "Triki reprend la route". Jeune Afrique. 9 January 2005.[ permanent dead link ]
  9. "Líbia remodela Ministério das Relações Exteriores". Panapress. 14 January 2005.
  10. "Les réactions à l'élection de Jean Ping comme président de la Commission de l'UA". Panapress. 1 February 2008.
  11. President confers Hilal-i-Pakistan upon Dr. Ali Abdussalam Treki Archived 9 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine ., Pakistan Press International , One Pakistan, 8 May 2011
  12. "Gadaffi Diplomat Set to Succeed Ex-Sandinista Minister in Top U.N. General Assembly Post". CNS News . 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 13 September 2009.
  13. "Libyan Takes Helm of UN General Assembly". New York Times. 16 September 2009.[ dead link ]
  14. Note Attributable To The Spokesperson Of The President Of The General Assembly - United Nations, New York, 4 June 2010
  15. President of the UN General Assembly Abdussalam Treki: Gaza Siege - Worse Than the Nazi Camps, MEMRI TV, Clip No. 2460, 11 April 2010.
  16. "Rumors Fly in Tripoli as a Second Official Flees". The New York Times. 31 March 2011.
  17. David D. Kirkpatrick and John F. Burns, "Qaddafi Envoy Visits London as Tensions Mount in Libya", The New York Times , 1 April 2011.
  18. "وفاة وزير الخارجية الأسبق علي التريكي في القاهرة" [The death of former Foreign Minister Ali Triki in Cairo]. Al-Wasat (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 20 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by
Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann
President of the United Nations General Assembly
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Joseph Deiss
Political offices
Preceded by
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
Foreign Minister of Libya
(the second time)

1984–1986
Succeeded by
Kamal Hassan Al Mansour
Preceded by
Abdul Monem el Houni
Foreign Minister of Libya
(the first time)

1976–1982
Succeeded by
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi