|Ali Abdussalam Treki|
|President of the United Nations General Assembly|
15 September 2009 –14 September 2010
|Preceded by||Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Deiss|
|Permanent Representative of Libya to the United Nations|
18 September 2003 –4 March 2009
|Preceded by||Abuzed Omar Dorda|
|Succeeded by||Abdel Rahman Shalgham|
|Libyan Ambassador to France|
3 February 1995 –2001
|Preceded by||Hamed Ahmed El-Houderi|
|Succeeded by||Abdessalam Ali El Mazoughi|
|Foreign Minister of Libya|
|Preceded by||Abdel Moneim al-Huni|
|Succeeded by||Abdul Ati al-Obeidi|
|Born||10 October 1937|
|Died|| 19 October 2015 78) (aged|
Aisha Dihoum(m. 1969)
|Education|| Garyounis University |
University of Toulouse
Ali Abdussalam Treki (Arabic : علي عبد السلام التريكي; 10 October 1937 – 19 October 2015) was a Libyan diplomat in Muammar Gaddafi's regime. Treki served as one of Libya's top diplomats beginning in the 1970s and ending with the 2011 Libyan Civil War. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1976 to 1982 and again from 1984 to 1986, and he was later the Permanent Representative to the United Nations on several occasions. He was the President of the United Nations General Assembly from September 2009 to September 2010.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He governed Libya as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977, and then as the "Brotherly Leader" of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011. He was initially ideologically committed to Arab nationalism and Arab socialism but later ruled according to his own Third International Theory.
The First Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government. The war was preceded by protests in Zawiya on 8 August 2009 and finally ignited by protests in Benghazi beginning on Tuesday, 15 February 2011, which led to clashes with security forces that fired on the crowd. The protests escalated into a rebellion that spread across the country, with the forces opposing Gaddafi establishing an interim governing body, the National Transitional Council.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
Treki was born in October 1937 in Misrata, to Abdussalem and Amna Treki. He was educated at Garyounis University in Benghazi, and the University of Toulouse in France.
Misurata (Arabic: مصراتة, is a city in the Misrata District in northwestern Libya, situated 187 km to the east of Tripoli and 825 km west of Benghazi on the Mediterranean coast near Cape Misurata. With a population of about 281,000, it is the third-largest city in Libya, after Tripoli and Benghazi. It is the capital city of the Misrata District and has been called the trade capital of Libya. The harbor is at Qasr Ahmad.
University of Benghazi, formerly known as Garyounis University, is a public university in Benghazi, Libya and one of the most important institutes of higher education in Libya. It is located in Benghazi, the second largest city in the country. It was founded in 1955 as the University of Libya.
The University of Toulouse was a university in France that was established by papal bull in 1229, making it one of the earliest universities to emerge in Europe. Since the closing of the university in 1793 due to the French Revolution, the University of Toulouse no longer exists as a single institution. However, there have been several independent "successor" universities inheriting the name.
In 1969, he married Aisha Dihoum, with whom he had four children—one son and three daughters.
Working at Libya's foreign ministry, Treki was Minister Plenipotentiary in 1970, Director of the Political Administration from 1970 to 1973, Director of the African Administration from 1973 to 1974 and Assistant Deputy for Political Affairs from 1974 to 1976. He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1976 to 1982 and as Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1982 to 1984. Subsequently he returned to his post as Foreign Minister from 1984 to 1986 before resuming his post as Permanent Representative to the UN from 1986 to 1990.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
On 8 December 1983, Treki was rebuked by the Secretary General of the United Nations after a speech before the global body in which he urged its members to
Look around New York. Who are the owners of pornographic film operations and houses? Is it not the Jews who are exploiting the American people and trying to debase them? If we succeed in eliminating that entity, we shall by the same token save the American and European peoples.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Pornographic films, or sex films, are films that present sexually explicit subject matter for the purpose of sexual arousal and erotic satisfaction of the viewer. Pornographic films present sexual fantasies and usually include erotically stimulating material such as nudity and depictions of sexual intercourse. A distinction is sometimes made between "erotic" films and "pornographic" films on the basis that the latter contain more explicit sexuality, and focus more on arousal than storytelling, but the distinction is highly subjective.
Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.
He became Libya's Ambassador to France on 3 February 1995, and he subsequently served as Secretary for African Affairsfrom May 1999 to June 2003. He was again posted as Permanent Representative to the UN in 2003. In mid-2004, he was appointed as Special Adviser to Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, and on 3 January 2005 he began a tour of African countries, acting as Gaddafi's special envoy, to work toward solutions for several African conflicts and disputes. In mid-January 2005, when a reorganization of the foreign ministry took place, he was named Secretary for African Union Affairs by the General People's Congress of Libya. Libya submitted Treki's candidacy in the election to the post of Chairperson of the African Union Commission at the AU summit in Addis Ababa in early 2008, but it was rejected because it was submitted late.
Treki was the co-chairman of the Pakistan-Libya joint economic commission, and received the award of Hilal-i-Pakistan from President Asif Ali Zardari in May 2010.
In March 2009, Treki was chosen as Libya's top diplomat and nominated to be the next President of the General Assembly.He assumed office on 15 September 2009.
In his presidential opening address to the 64th session of the General Assembly, Treki said: "We must put an end to wars and to their causes and consequences. Dialogue and mutual understanding are the way to resolve our problems. Embargoes and blockades are fruitless: they exacerbate antagonism and rebellion, while undermining respect for the international community."
In June 2010, Treki made the following statement: “In response to questions by correspondents seeking his views on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity, the president of the General Assembly expressed his support for human rights for all persons without any distinction or discrimination. The President of the General Assembly believes that violence, or discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity is unacceptable.”
In an interview with Syrian TV which aired on 11 April 2010 (as translated by MEMRI), Treki stated that "[Israel's] siege on Gaza is a disgrace for the entire international community. It is a camp that is worse than the camps of the Nazis in the past."
On 31 March 2011, during the Libyan civil war, he resigned and went to Egypt.
In an interview on 1 April in Cairo, Treki said that resolving the conflict would require Libya’s becoming a democracy, and that the Gaddafi family must give up power to make way for a transition to democracy under United Nations' auspices.
Treki died in Cairo on 19 October 2015.
François Lonseny Fall is a Guinean diplomat and politician. He briefly served as Prime Minister of Guinea from February 23, 2004 to April 30, 2004, under authoritarian President Lansana Conté. Later, under democraticly elected President Alpha Condé, he was Secretary-General of the Presidency from December 2010 to October 2012 and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from October 2012 to January 2016.
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Abdus Salam is a male Muslim honorific or given name, built on the Arabic words Abd, al- and Salam. The name means "servant of the All-peaceable", as-Salam being one of the names of God in the Qur'an, which give rise to the Muslim theophoric names.
Abdel Rahman Shalgam is a Libyan politician. He was Foreign Minister of Libya from 2000 to 2009.
Mahamat Saleh Annadif is a Chadian diplomat who served in the government of Chad as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1997 to 2003.
Samir al Shihabi, served as President of the United Nations General Assembly from 1991 to 1992.
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The Libya–Pakistan relations are the international and bilateral relations between Libya and Pakistan. The relations remains friendly and bonded throughout its history as both countries shares similar religious identities, cultural links, particularly their Islamic heritage. The bilateral relations were established in the 1950s when King Idris agreed to provide financial aid to the then impoverished Pakistan.
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The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its de facto head of state Muammar Gaddafi.
The National Transitional Council of Libya, sometimes known as the Transitional National Council, was the de facto government of Libya for a period during and after the Libyan Civil War, in which rebel forces overthrew the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya of Muammar Gaddafi. The NTC governed Libya for a period of ten months after the end of the war, holding elections to a General National Congress on 7 July 2012, and handing power to the newly elected assembly on 8 August.
The international reactions to the 2011 military intervention in Libya were the responses to the military intervention in Libya by NATO and allied forces to impose a no-fly zone. The intervention was authorized by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, approved in New York on 17 March, in response to the Libyan Civil War, though some governments allege participants in the operation exceeded their mandate.
The foreign relations of Libya were largely reset at the end of the Libyan Civil War, with the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi and the ongoing Second Libyan Civil War. The current Minister of Foreign Affairs in the internationally recognized executive government known as the Government of National Accord (GNA) is Mohamed Taha Siala. Although many foreign embassies in Tripoli closed down in 2014 due to the fighting, by the end of 2017 thirty diplomatic missions were reopened in the Libyan capital.
The international reactions to the death of Muammar Gaddafi concern the responses of foreign governments and supranational organisations to the killing of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi at the Battle of Sirte, the last major engagement of the Libyan Civil War, on 20 October 2011.
Ibrahim Omar Dabbashi is a Libyan diplomat who formerly served as the Libyan Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York. Dabbashi led the country's UN mission in opposing the continued rule of Muammar Gaddafi.
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Ramtane Lamamra ; born June 15, 1952, is an Algerian diplomat who was the African Union's Commissioner for Peace and Security from 2008 to 2013 and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria from 2013 to 2017.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ali Treki .|
|Positions in intergovernmental organisations|
Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann
| President of the United Nations General Assembly |
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
| Foreign Minister of Libya |
(the second time)
Kamal Hassan Al Mansour
Abdul Monem el Houni
| Foreign Minister of Libya |
(the first time)
Abdul Ati al-Obeidi