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Alishing District (Persian: ولسوالی علیشنگ ) is a district in Afghanistan, located 21 km from Mihtarlam, the provincial centre of Laghman Province. It has borders with Kabul and Kapisa provinces to the West, Dawlat Shah District to the North, Alingar District to the East and Mihtarlam District to the South. The population is 79,257 (2019) - 65% of them Pashai, 20% Pashtun and 15% Tajik. The district center is the village of Alishing (Alishang), located on at 862 m altitude. There are 12 zones, each with around 12 to 14 villages located in the valleys and mountains. The Alishing river crosses the district and is the main source of irrigation.
The economy of the district is poor but some villages such as Qal'a-i-Najil have vibrant Bazaars. Most people in the district work in the agricultural based jobs. Some men work as migrant workers in country's like Iran or Pakistan as manual labourers during their 20s so to save enough to provide for the family's plot of land. Security in the district has been contested in recent year due to geographical location of the district to key terrain in the ongoing insurgencies across the eastern part of the country.
The district has good agricultural lands helped by annual flooding and organized irrigation. Most of the plots of land grow wheat, corn and alfalfa. Most family's keep a small garden to grow fruits and vegetables. The area is a mountainous district but has a paved road following the river valley from Mihtarlam to Dawlat Shah District. There are frequently floods, earthquakes and mudslides which annually cause heavy damage to key infrastructure such as check dams and bridges.
There are three schools in the district Andara, Qal'a-i-Najil and Kanday which serve ages 6 to 15. Though most people work in an agricultural based economy many read and write. Children seeking further educations go to urban centers like Mihtarlam, or Kabul. The majority of the population enjoys music and dance which was banned during the Taliban Government years.
The majority of the population is at least trilingual speaking Dari, Pashto and Pashai. Though Pashai is spoken during every day conversation Dari and Pashto are spoken during formal affairs. Many people from outside this districts have difficulty in understanding the local accent and the Pashai language is not conmanly spoken outside region. The best comparison is that of wales and the Welsh language .
People enjoy Mehndi or henna a paste that is bought in a cone-shaped tube and is made into designs for men and women.
Mehndi is a ceremonial art form which originated in ancient Subcontinent of India. Mehndi can be applied to both men and women.. It is typically applied during weddings - most often for brides but sometimes for grooms. In Rajasthan, the grooms are given designs that are often as elaborate as those for brides. In Assam, apart from marriage, it is broadly used by unmarried women during Rongali bihu.
Muslims in Pakistan also started to use it as an indication of coming of age. In the Middle East and Africa, it is common for women to apply henna to their fingernails and toenails and to their hands.
In the night of 10 May 2020, the Taliban attacked a convoy and security post in Alishing District. 27 Afghan soldiers were killed and several military vehicles were destroyed while nine soldiers remained missing after the attack.
The population of Afghanistan is around 38,928,346 in 2020, which includes the roughly 3 million Afghan citizens living as refugees in both Pakistan and Iran. The nation is composed of a multi-ethnic and multilingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between Central Asia, Southern Asia, and Western Asia. Ethnic groups are Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch and a few others.
Kunduz or Qunduz is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northern part of the country next to Tajikistan. The population of the province is around 953,800, which is mostly a tribal society; it is one of Afghanistan's most ethnically diverse provinces with many different ethnicities in large numbers living there. The city of Kunduz serves as the capital of the province. It borders the provinces of Takhar, Baghlan, Samangan and Balkh. The Kunduz Airport is located next to the provincial capital.
Kābul, situated in the east of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul city, which is also Afghanistan's capital and largest city. The population of the Kabul Province is over 5 million people as of 2020, of which over 85 percent live in urban areas. The current governor of the province is Muhammad Yaqub Haidari.
Kapisa is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. Located in the north-east of the country. The population of Kapisa is estimated to be 364,900, although there has never been an official estimate. The province covers an area of 1,842 km2 making it the smallest province in the country, however it is the most densely populated province apart from Kabul Province. It borders Panjshir Province to the north, Laghman Province to the east, Kabul Province to the south and Parwan Province to the west. Mahmud-i-Raqi is the provincial capital, while the most populous city and district of Kapisa is Nijrab.
Laghman is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. It has a population of about 493,500, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. The city of Mihtarlam serves as the capital of the province. In some historical texts the name is written as "Lamghan" or as "Lamghanat".
Logar is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan located in the eastern section of the country. It is divided into seven districts and contains hundreds of villages. Puli Alam is the capital of the province.
Nangarhār also called Nangrahar or Ningrahar, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country and bordering Logar, Kabul, Laghman and Kunar provinces as well as an international border with Pakistan. It is divided into twenty-two districts and has a population of about 1,836,000, the third highest of the country's 34 provinces. The city of Jalalabad is the capital of Nangarhar province.
Nimruz or Nimroz is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the southwestern part of the country. It lays to the east of the Sistan and Baluchestan Province of Iran and north of Balochistan, Pakistan, also bordering the Afghan provinces of Farah and Helmand. The province contains five districts, encompassing about 649 villages, and roughly 156,600 settled people, the second least populous province. The city of Zaranj serves as the provincial capital and Zaranj Airport, which is located by that city, serves as a domestic airport for the province.
Parwān, also spelled Parvān, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 2 Million. The province is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. the province is divided into ten districts. The town of Charikar serves as the provincial capital. The province is located north of Kabul Province and south of Baghlan Province, west of Panjshir Province and Kapisa Province, and east of Wardak Province and Bamyan Province.
Maidan Wardak Province, also called Maidan Wardag or Maidan, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is called "Wardak" as stated by the Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documents.
The culture of Afghanistan has persisted for over three millennia, tracing record to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE. Afghanistan translates to "Land of the Afghans" or "Place of Afghans" in the nation's official languages, Dari and Pashto. It is mostly a tribal society with different regions of the country having its own subculture. Nearly all Afghans follow Islamic traditions, celebrate the same holidays, dress the same, consume the same food, listen to the same music and are multi-lingual to a certain extent.
Pashayi or Pashai are a Dardic ethnolinguistic group living primarily in eastern Afghanistan. They are the descendants of an Indo-Aryan group and have been isolated until recent times. Their total population is estimated to be 500,000. They are one of the oldest known ethnic minorities in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is a multilingual country in which two languages – Dari and Pashto – are both official and most widely spoken.
Alingar District is located approximately 27 km from Mehtarlam, the provincial capital of Laghman Province and borders with Alishing and Dawlat Shah districts to the West, Nuristan Province to the North, Kunar and Nangarhar provinces to the East and Qarghayi and Mihtarlam districts to the South.It has about 60 villages located in four main valleys. The population is 85,600 (2006) - 70% of them Pashtun, 20% Pashai and 5% Tajik. The district center is the village of Shahi, located onat 915 m altitude. in the valley of the Alingar River, which crosses the district and is the main source of irrigation. The security situation is reported to be relatively stable, although there are some private disputes. The district is reported free of mines.
Dawlat Shah District is located approximately 74 km from Mehterlam, the provincial centre of Laghman Province in Afghanistan. It is a mountainous district and borders Nuristan Province to the North and North-East, Alingar District to the East, Alishing District to the South and Kapisa and Parwan provinces to the West. The population is 36,950 (2019) - 50% Tajik, 40% Pashai and 10% Pashtun. It has 60 villages. The district center is the village of Dawlat Shah, located onat 1583 m altitude in the Hindukush mountains in the valley of the Alishing river.
Mihtarlam district is located in the center of Laghman Province and consists of the urban centre and provincial capital Mihtarlam and 24 major villages and 269 sub-villages.
Qarghayi District has 60 villages. It is the largest district in Laghman Province, and is located 30 km from the provincial centre of Mihtarlam. It borders Mihtarlam District to the north, Alingar District to the northeast, Nangarhar Province to the south and Kabul Province to the west. The population is 86,900 (2006) - 80% Pashtun, 5% Tajik and 15% Pashai. The district center is the village of Lalkhanabad, located between the Kabul River and its tributary the Alingar river.
Nijrāb District,, also called Nijrāw, is situated in the central part of Kapisa Province, Afghanistan. It is located in a valley about 120 km northeast of Kabul. It borders Mahmud Raqi and Koh Band districts to the west, Parwan Province to the north, Laghman Province and Alasay District to the east and Tagab District to the south. The district center is Nijrab, located in the southern part of the district. The population of Nijrab District is 99,600 (2006), making it the most populous district of Kapisa.
Mohammad Agha District is a district of Logar Province, Afghanistan. It lies just south of Kabul Province. The district capital is Mohammad Agha.
Across Afghanistan, proverbs are a valued part of speaking, both publicly and in conversations. Afghans "use proverbs in their daily conversations far more than Westerners do, and with greater effect".