Alishing District

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Alishing District (Persian: ولسوالی علیشنگ ) is a district in Afghanistan, located 21 km from Mihtarlam, the provincial centre of Laghman Province. It has borders with Kabul and Kapisa provinces to the West, Dawlat Shah District to the North, Alingar District to the East and Mihtarlam District to the South. The population is 79,257 (2019) [1] - 65% of them Pashai, 20% Pashtun and 15% Tajik. The district center is the village of Alishing (Alishang), located on 34°42′16″N70°09′14″E / 34.7044°N 70.1539°E / 34.7044; 70.1539 at 862 m altitude. There are 12 zones, each with around 12 to 14 villages located in the valleys and mountains. The Alishing river crosses the district and is the main source of irrigation.

Contents

The economy of the district is poor but some villages such as Qal'a-i-Najil have vibrant Bazaars. Most people in the district work in the agricultural based jobs. Some men work as migrant workers in country's like Iran or Pakistan as manual labourers during their 20s so to save enough to provide for the family's plot of land. Security in the district has been contested in recent year due to geographical location of the district to key terrain in the ongoing insurgencies across the eastern part of the country.

The district has good agricultural lands helped by annual flooding and organized irrigation. Most of the plots of land grow wheat, corn and alfalfa. Most family's keep a small garden to grow fruits and vegetables. The area is a mountainous district but has a paved road following the river valley from Mihtarlam to Dawlat Shah District. There are frequently floods, earthquakes and mudslides which annually cause heavy damage to key infrastructure such as check dams and bridges.

There are three schools in the district Andara, Qal'a-i-Najil and Kanday which serve ages 6 to 15. Though most people work in an agricultural based economy many read and write. Children seeking further educations go to urban centers like Mihtarlam, or Kabul. The majority of the population enjoys music and dance which was banned during the Taliban Government years.

The majority of the population is at least trilingual speaking Dari, Pashto and Pashai. Though Pashai is spoken during every day conversation Dari and Pashto are spoken during formal affairs. Many people from outside this districts have difficulty in understanding the local accent and the Pashai language is not conmanly spoken outside region. The best comparison is that of wales and the Welsh language .

People enjoy Mehndi or henna a paste that is bought in a cone-shaped tube and is made into designs for men and women.

Mehndi is a ceremonial art form which originated in ancient Subcontinent of India. Mehndi can be applied to both men and women.[5]. It is typically applied during weddings - most often for brides but sometimes for grooms. In Rajasthan, the grooms are given designs that are often as elaborate as those for brides. In Assam, apart from marriage, it is broadly used by unmarried women during Rongali bihu.

Muslims in Pakistan also started to use it as an indication of coming of age. In the Middle East and Africa, it is common for women to apply henna to their fingernails and toenails and to their hands.

History

In the night of 10 May 2020, the Taliban attacked a convoy and security post in Alishing District. 27 Afghan soldiers were killed and several military vehicles were destroyed while nine soldiers remained missing after the attack. [2] [3]

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Alingar District is located approximately 27 km from Mehtarlam, the provincial capital of Laghman Province and borders with Alishing and Dawlat Shah districts to the West, Nuristan Province to the North, Kunar and Nangarhar provinces to the East and Qarghayi and Mihtarlam districts to the South.It has about 60 villages located in four main valleys. The population is 85,600 (2006) - 70% of them Pashtun, 20% Pashai and 5% Tajik. The district center is the village of Shahi, located on 34.8347°N 70.3603°E at 915 m altitude. in the valley of the Alingar River, which crosses the district and is the main source of irrigation. The security situation is reported to be relatively stable, although there are some private disputes. The district is reported free of mines.

Dawlat Shah District is located approximately 74 km from Mehterlam, the provincial centre of Laghman Province in Afghanistan. It is a mountainous district and borders Nuristan Province to the North and North-East, Alingar District to the East, Alishing District to the South and Kapisa and Parwan provinces to the West. The population is 36,950 (2019) - 50% Tajik, 40% Pashai and 10% Pashtun. It has 60 villages. The district center is the village of Dawlat Shah, located on 34.9528°N 70.07°E at 1583 m altitude in the Hindukush mountains in the valley of the Alishing river.

Mihtarlam district is located in the center of Laghman Province and consists of the urban centre and provincial capital Mihtarlam and 24 major villages and 269 sub-villages.

Qarghayi District has 60 villages. It is the largest district in Laghman Province, and is located 30 km from the provincial centre of Mihtarlam. It borders Mihtarlam District to the north, Alingar District to the northeast, Nangarhar Province to the south and Kabul Province to the west. The population is 86,900 (2006) - 80% Pashtun, 5% Tajik and 15% Pashai. The district center is the village of Lalkhanabad, located between the Kabul River and its tributary the Alingar river.

Nijrab District District in Kapisa Province, Afghanistan

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References

  1. "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2019-20" (PDF). Central Statistics Organization. 18 November 2019. p. 17. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  2. "'27' Afghan Forces Killed in Taliban Attack in Laghman: Source". May 11, 2020 via www.tolonews.com.
  3. "Taliban destroys Afghan military outpost in Laghman". May 12, 2020 via www.longwarjournal.org.