Aliso (volcano)

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Coordinates: 0°32′S78°00′W / 0.53°S 78°W / -0.53; -78 Aliso, also known as Pan de Azúcar, is a 3,482-metre-high (11,424 ft) volcano in the Ecuadorian Andes on the east of Antisana volcano. The complex contains a semicircular western ridge and lava domes. The volcano has erupted rhyolites and dacites and some andesitic lava flows on a ridge above Baeza. It is covered with tundra and cloud forests. At least two eruptions of Pumayacu occurred during the Holocene; one dated 4400 years ago and another's lapilli deposits overlie a cultural horizon 2000 years old. [1] Older eruptions have been dated at 1.15 ± 0.07 Ma and are of high-potassium types. They compromise typical arc-derived lavas with fractional crystallization and other differentiation processes. [2]

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

Antisana mountain in Ecuador

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Rhyolite An igneous, volcanic rock, of felsic (silica-rich) composition

Rhyolite is an igneous, volcanic rock, of felsic (silica-rich) composition (typically > 69% SiO2 – see the TAS classification). It may have any texture from glassy to aphanitic to porphyritic. The mineral assemblage is usually quartz, sanidine and plagioclase (in a ratio > 2:1 – see the QAPF diagram). Biotite and hornblende are common accessory minerals. It is the extrusive equivalent to granite.

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Medicine Lake Volcano mountain in United States of America

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Antofagasta de la Sierra mountain in Argentina

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Ampato dormant Peruvian volcano

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Isluga stratovolcano located in Colchane, near Chile/Bolivia border

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Ollagüe or Ullawi is a massive andesite stratovolcano in the Andes on the border between Bolivia and Chile, within the Antofagasta Region of Chile and the Potosi Department of Bolivia. Part of the Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes, its highest summit is 5,868 metres (19,252 ft) above sea level and features a summit crater that opens to the south. The western rim of the summit crater is formed by a compound of lava domes, the youngest of which features a vigorous fumarole that is visible from afar.

Volcanology of Canada

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Irruputuncu is a volcano in the commune of Pica, Tamarugal Province, Tarapacá Region, Chile, as well as San Pedro de Quemes Municipality, Nor Lípez Province, Potosí Department, Bolivia. The mountain's summit is 5,163 m (16,939 ft) high and has two summit craters—the southernmost 200 m (660 ft)-wide one has active fumaroles. The volcano also features lava flows, block and ash flows and several lava domes. The volcano is part of the Andean Central Volcanic Zone (CVZ).

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Llullaillaco Dormant stratovolcano at the border of Argentina and Chile

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Sabancaya Peruvian stratovolcano

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Yanaurcu is a volcano in Ecuador. It consists of two Pleistocene lava domes reaching a maximum elevation of 4,535 metres (14,879 ft) and are of andesitic composition and older Pliocene volcanics.

Tutupaca volcano in Peru

Tutupaca is a volcano in the region of Tacna in Peru. It is part of the Peruvian segment of the Central Volcanic Zone, one of several volcanic belts in the Andes. Tutupaca consists of three overlapping volcanoes formed by lava flows and lava domes made out of andesite and dacite, which grew on top of older volcanic rocks. The highest of these is usually reported to be 5,815 metres (19,078 ft) high and was glaciated in the past.


  1. "Aliso". Global Volcanism Program . Smithsonian Institution.
  2. Le Voyer, Marion; Rose-Koga, Estelle F.; Laubier, Muriel; Schiano, Pierre (2008). "Petrogenesis of arc lavas from the Rucu Pichincha and Pan de Azucar volcanoes (Ecuadorian arc): Major, trace element, and boron isotope evidences from olivine-hosted melt inclusions". Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 9 (12): n/a–n/a. doi:10.1029/2008GC002173. ISSN   1525-2027.