Allie Reynolds

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Allie Reynolds
Allie Reynolds 1953.jpg
Reynolds, c. 1953
Born:(1917-02-10)February 10, 1917
Bethany, Oklahoma
Died: December 26, 1994(1994-12-26) (aged 77)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Batted: RightThrew: Right
MLB debut
September 17, 1942, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
September 25, 1954, for the New York Yankees
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 182–107
Earned run average 3.30
Strikeouts 1,423
Career highlights and awards

Allie Pierce Reynolds (February 10, 1917 – December 26, 1994) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher. Reynolds pitched 13 years for the Cleveland Indians (1942–46) and New York Yankees (1947–54). A member of the Creek nation, Reynolds was nicknamed "Superchief".

Major League Baseball Professional baseball league

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, and the oldest of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901, respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.

Pitcher the player responsible for throwing ("pitching") the ball to the batters in a game of baseball or softball

In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the pitcher is assigned the number 1. The pitcher is often considered the most important player on the defensive side of the game, and as such is situated at the right end of the defensive spectrum. There are many different types of pitchers, such as the starting pitcher, relief pitcher, middle reliever, lefty specialist, setup man, and the closer.

Cleveland Indians Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in Cleveland, Ohio, United States

The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field. The team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Goodyear, Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants. The Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought among all 30 current Major League teams.


Reynolds attended Capitol Hill High School and the Oklahoma Agricultural & Mechanical College (A&M), where he was a multi-sport athlete. Henry Iba, baseball coach of the Oklahoma A&M baseball team, discovered Reynolds while he was practicing his javelin throws. After excelling at baseball and American football at Oklahoma A&M, Reynolds turned to professional baseball.

Oklahoma State University–Stillwater university in Oklahoma, United States of America

Oklahoma State University is a public land-grant and sun-grant research university in Stillwater, Oklahoma. OSU was founded in 1890 under the Morrill Act. Originally known as Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, it is the flagship institution of the Oklahoma State University System. Official enrollment for the fall 2010 semester system-wide was 35,073, with 23,459 students enrolled at OSU-Stillwater. Enrollment shows the Freshman class of 2012 was the largest on record with 4,298 students. OSU is classified by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with highest research activity.

Henry Iba American basketball player and coach

Henry "Hank" Payne Iba was an American basketball coach and college athletics administrator. He served as the head basketball coach at Northwest Missouri State Teacher's College, now known as Northwest Missouri State University, from 1929 to 1933; the University of Colorado Boulder from 1933 to 1934; and the Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, known as Oklahoma A&M prior to 1957, from 1934 to 1970, compiling a career college basketball coaching record of 751–340. He led Oklahoma A&M to consecutive NCAA Basketball Tournament titles, in 1945 and 1946. Iba was also the athletic director at Oklahoma A&M / Oklahoma State from 1935 to 1970 and the school's head baseball coach from 1934 to 1941, tallying a mark of 90–41. As head coach of the United States men's national basketball team, he led the U.S. to the gold medals at the 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics. Iba was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1969.

In baseball, a number of coaches assist in the smooth functioning of a team. They are assistants to the manager, who determines the lineup and decides how to substitute players during the game. Beyond the manager, more than a half dozen coaches may assist the manager in running the team. Essentially, baseball coaches are analogous to assistant coaches in other sports, as the baseball manager is to the head coach.

During his MLB career, Reynolds had a 182–107 win–loss record, 3.30 earned run average, and 1,423 strikeouts. He was an All-Star and World Series champion for six seasons. In 1951, he won the Hickok Belt as the top American professional athlete of the year. He also has received consideration for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, though he has not been elected.

In baseball and softball, a pitcher's win–loss record indicates the number of wins and losses they have been credited with. For example, a 20–10 win–loss record would represent 20 wins and 10 losses.

Earned run average Baseball statistic

In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the average of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. It is determined by dividing the number of earned runs allowed by the number of innings pitched and multiplying by nine. Runs resulting from passed balls or defensive errors are recorded as unearned runs and omitted from ERA calculations.

Strikeout in baseball, a batter called out due to three strikes

In baseball or softball, a strikeout occurs when a batter racks up three strikes during a time at bat. It usually means the batter is out. A strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters, and is denoted by K. A "strikeout looking" — in which the batter does not swing and the third strike is called by the umpire — is usually denoted by a .

Early years

Reynolds was born on February 10, 1917, in Bethany, Oklahoma. [1] His father was a preacher in the Church of the Nazarene. [1] His mother was a member of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. [2] As a young child, he didn't play baseball, as his father did not approve of playing sports on Sundays. [1] Reynolds threatened to run away from home if his father wouldn't let him play football; his father relented. [1]

Bethany, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Bethany is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The community was founded in 1909 by followers of the Church of the Nazarene from Oklahoma City.

Church of the Nazarene evangelical Christian denomination

The Church of the Nazarene is an evangelical Christian denomination that emerged from the 19th-century Holiness movement in North America. With its members commonly referred to as Nazarenes, it is the largest Wesleyan-holiness denomination in the world.

Reynolds attended Capitol Hill High School in Oklahoma City, where he starred in American football as a quarterback and running back, and at track and field, where he excelled at the javelin throw and 100-yard dash. [3] He played fast-pitch softball for his father's church team, which did not play on Sundays. [3] There, he also began dating Dale Earleane Jones, who was named Capitol Hill High School's most outstanding female athlete; she had previously dated Reynolds' younger brother. The couple married on July 7, 1935. [3]

Oklahoma City State capital city in Oklahoma, United States

Oklahoma City, often shortened to OKC, is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County, the city ranks 27th among United States cities in population. The population grew following the 2010 Census, with the population estimated to have increased to 649,021 as of July 2018. The Oklahoma City metropolitan area had a population of 1,396,445, and the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,469,124 residents, making it Oklahoma's largest municipality and metropolitan area by population.

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Quarterback Position in gridiron football

The quarterback, colloquially known as the "signal caller", is a position in American and Canadian football. Quarterbacks are members of the offensive team and line up directly behind the offensive line. In modern American football, the quarterback is usually considered the leader of the offensive team, and is often responsible for calling the play in the huddle. The quarterback also touches the ball on almost every offensive play, and is the offensive player that almost always throws forward passes.

Oklahoma Agricultural & Mechanical College (A&M) provided Reynolds a scholarship to attend and participate in track. [2] Reynolds also played on the football team. He majored in education and graduated with a lifetime certification to teach public school in Oklahoma. [3] Henry Iba, coach of the baseball team, first noticed Reynolds when he was practicing his javelin throws. [4] Iba asked Reynolds to throw batting practice while his pitchers recovered from sore arms. [5] Without taking any warmup pitches, he struck out the first four batters without any making contact. [1] [6] Reynolds was the team's captain playing as an outfielder pitcher during his senior year in 1938, and led the team to victory in the state conference baseball championship. [7] [7]

Oklahoma State Cowboys baseball

Oklahoma State Cowboys baseball is the NCAA Division I varsity intercollegiate baseball team of Oklahoma State University, based in Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States. The team competes in the Big 12 Conference.

Captain (sports) member of a sports team

In team sport, captain is a title given to a member of the team. The title is frequently honorary, but in some cases the captain may have significant responsibility for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. In either case, it is a position that indicates honor and respect from one's teammates – recognition as a leader by one's peers. In association football and cricket, a captain is also known as a skipper.

Outfielder defensive position in baseball

An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball or softball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder. As an outfielder, their duty is to catch fly balls and/ ground balls then to return them to the infield for the out or before the runner advances, if there is any runners on the bases. As an outfielder, they normally play behind the six players located in the field. By convention, each of the nine defensive positions in baseball is numbered. The outfield positions are 7, 8 and 9. These numbers are shorthand designations useful in baseball scorekeeping and are not necessarily the same as the squad numbers worn on player uniforms.

Reynolds was drafted by the New York Giants of the National Football League as a halfback . [7] Since Reynolds preferred baseball to football, and felt he could earn more money playing baseball, Reynolds opted not to sign. [7]

Minor leagues (1939–1942)

Iba was friends with a scout, Hugh Alexander, who worked for the Cleveland Indians. After Iba recommended Reynolds, the Indians signed Reynolds as an amateur free agent for a $1,000 signing bonus ($18,012 in current dollar terms). [8] He was assigned to the Springfield Indians of the Class-C Middle Atlantic League. In 1940, he pitched for the Cedar Rapids Raiders of the Class-B Illinois–Indiana–Iowa League. Reynolds played right field for the Raiders when he wasn't pitching, as roster sizes were reduced to seventeen as a result of the Great Depression. [8] The Indians wanted to convert Reynolds to catcher due to his athleticism, but Reynolds refused to change positions. [8]

Reynolds started the 1941 season with the Wilkes-Barre Barons of the Class-A Eastern League, but was demoted to Cedar Rapids after three appearances. [9] Becoming increasingly homesick and not wanting to spend his entire professional career in the minor leagues, Reynolds considered retiring after the 1942 season if he wasn't promoted to Major League Baseball (MLB). [10] In 1942, Reynolds went 18–7 with a 1.56 earned run average (ERA), eleven shutouts, twenty-one complete games, and 193 strikeouts in 231 innings pitched, [10] earning a promotion to the major leagues to finish the 1942 season. [11]

MLB career

Cleveland Indians (1942–1946)

Reynolds appeared in his first MLB game on September 17, 1942, making two relief appearances for the Indians that season. With ace Bob Feller serving in the military during World War II, the Indians hoped that Reynolds would star for the Indians. Reynolds took a pre-enlistment physical, [12] but due to his family and football injuries, he did not enlist in the military and wasn't eligible to be drafted. [13]

He began the 1943 season in the Indians' bullpen, making his first start on June 20. [11] Indians player-manager Lou Boudreau used Reynolds as a reliever in between starts due to his resiliency. [11] Reynolds led the American League (AL) in strikeouts in 1943 with 151 and hits allowed per nine innings pitched with 6.34; however, he was third in walks allowed with 109. [14] Reynolds led the AL in walks with 130 in 1945. [15]

During his five years with the Indians he was primarily used as a starting pitcher, although he did display the versatility that would become his hallmark. He pitched in 139 games for the Indians, starting 100 and finishing 27. Early evidence of his versatility is demonstrated by his 41 complete games, 9 shutouts and 8 saves. [16]

New York Yankees (1947–1954)

On October 11, 1946, Reynolds was traded to the New York Yankees for second baseman Joe Gordon. [17] A possible trade was speculated throughout the 1946 season. The Yankees had a wealth of infield talent, but needed pitching help. The Indians were managed by player-manager Lou Boudreau who played shortstop, but they needed help at second base. [18] Cleveland wanted Gordon and offered the Yankees any pitcher on their staff, with the exception of Bob Feller. Yankee executive Larry MacPhail discussed the potential trade with Yankees star Joe DiMaggio. Though MacPhail initially wanted Red Embree, DiMaggio replied: "Take Reynolds. I'm a fastball hitter, but he can buzz his hard one by me any time he has a mind to." [2] [19]

He promptly became the Yankees' best pitcher, recording the highest winning percentage in the AL in his first season as a Yankee. In 1949, joined by Vic Raschi and Eddie Lopat, he was a star of a Yankee team that won the first of five consecutive league championships, a feat that had never been achieved before. [2] He played many important roles for those teams. In his first six years with the Yankees he averaged over 232 innings, 17.5 wins, and 14 complete games. As a swingman, he averaged 26 games started and 9 games finished per season. [16]

"Reynolds was two ways great, which is starting and relieving, which no one can do like him. ... He has guts and his courage is simply tremendous."

 – Manager Casey Stengel [2]

In 1950, Reynolds won 16 games, even though he pitched with bone chips in his elbow for the entire season. His remarkable 1951 season began under very difficult conditions. Floating chips in his elbow prevented him from throwing a single pitch in spring training. He was resigned to having surgery which would have cost him at least half of the season. Dr. George Bennett of Johns Hopkins University recommended against surgery. Reynolds appeared in his first game one week after the season started. [20]

On July 12 and September 28, 1951, Reynolds threw no-hitters. He was the first American League pitcher to throw two no-hitters in a season and only the second player to do so in baseball history, after Johnny Vander Meer threw consecutive no-hitters in 1938. [21] [22] This is still the MLB record for most no-hitters in a single season, a record that Reynolds and Vander Meer share with Virgil Trucks (1952), Nolan Ryan (1973), Roy Halladay (2010), and Max Scherzer (2015). [22]

His first no-hitter, on July 12, 1951, was a 1–0 defeat of his former team, the Indians. Gene Woodling's solo home run was the only run scored during the game. Reynolds retired the last 17 Indians he faced. Only four Indians reached base; he walked three and Bobby Ávila reached on an error by Phil Rizzuto. It was his third shutout of Cleveland that season. Bob Feller also threw a strong game and didn't allow a hit until the sixth inning, when Mickey Mantle doubled. Feller threw a complete game and allowed only four hits. Feller had thrown a no-hitter eleven days earlier. [23]

His second no-hitter, on September 28, 1951, was an 8–0 defeat of the Boston Red Sox which allowed the Yankees to clinch at least a tie of the American League pennant. The Yankees clinched the pennant in the second half of the September 28 double-header. Reynolds struck out nine hitters. He walked four, but "not one Boston batter seemed close to getting a hit." With two outs in the ninth inning, Ted Williams hit a pop fly to Yankees catcher Yogi Berra. Berra dropped the ball and prolonged the at bat against the dangerous Williams. Reynolds remained calm, telling Berra, "Don't worry Yogi, we'll get him again." Reynolds was correct and Williams once again popped up, but Berra caught this one. [24] In the spring of 1953, Stengel made Reynolds predominantly a reliever, although he notched 15 starts and 5 complete games, because of Reynolds' ability to pitch without much rest and to use his blazing fastball late in the Yankees' afternoon games when the shadows crept over the mound. [25] However, Reynolds injured his back in July when the team bus was on the way to the train station after a game in Philadelphia—robbing Reynolds of his control. During the '53 World Series—his final one—Reynolds started the opener at home and struggled because of his back injury, but recovered to appear in two more as a reliever—winning the sixth and final game of the Series. [26]

Reynolds led the AL in shutouts in 1951 with seven. [27] In 1952, he had his greatest single season performance. He won twenty games for the only time in his career (against eight losses). He led the American League in earned run average (2.06), strikeouts (160), and shutouts (6). [28] He also saved six games. [29]

He also played in the MLB All-Star Games of 1949, 50, 52, 53, and 54 (no official ALL-Star selection or game was held in 1945). With the Yankees, Reynolds reached the World Series in 1947, 49, 50, 51, 52, and 53. Reynolds had a 7–2 record with a 2.79 ERA over 77 innings in the World Series. He made six relief appearances in the World Series, recording a win or save in each of them, including the clinching games of the 1950, 1952 and 1953 series. [2] He also batted .308 in 26 at-bats in his World Series appearances. [30]

Reynolds won the Hickok Belt as the top professional athlete of the year in 1951. He also was voted the Player Of Year in 1951 by the New York chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America, [20] and finished third in voting for the AL Most Valuable Player Award, behind Berra and Ned Garver of the St. Louis Browns. [31] In 1952, he was the MVP runner-up to Bobby Shantz of the Philadelphia Athletics. [32]

Reynolds suffered a back injury when the Yankees' charter bus crashed into an overpass in Philadelphia during the 1953 season. He retired after the following season as a result of the injury. [2]


David Dupree explained a common view of how he was given the nickname, Superchief, "he was part Creek Indian and always in command on the pitching mound." [5] At this time it was very common for baseball players with Native American heritage to be called 'Chief.' Jeffrey Powers-Beck explains that in the early half of the 20th century, "it appeared virtually impossible for a baseball player of admitted native origin to be known popularly as anything but "Chief." [33]

Former teammate and American League President Bobby Brown noted his heritage and a popular railroad influenced the baseball media to use the nickname, "But for some of you too young to remember, the Santa Fe Railroad at that time had a crack train (called the Superchief) that ran from California to Chicago, and it was known for its elegance, its power and its speed. "We always felt the name applied to Allie for the same reasons." [34]

Brown notes that Reynolds was not comfortable with the nickname because of the importance of the 'chief' title. He also explained that his teammates called him Chief. "When we talked with him, we called him Allie... But when he wasn't in the room, he was referred to as the Chief, because we felt he was the one at the top, the real leader." [34]


Allie P. Reynolds Stadium in Stillwater, Oklahoma. Home of the Oklahoma State Cowboys. Allie P. Reynolds Stadium.jpg
Allie P. Reynolds Stadium in Stillwater, Oklahoma. Home of the Oklahoma State Cowboys.

The Yankees dedicated a plaque in Reynolds' honor, to hang in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium on August 26, 1989. [35] Reynolds was inducted into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame in 1986. [36] Oklahoma State renamed their baseball stadium after Reynolds. [37]

In 1993, Reynolds received the Jim Thorpe Lifetime Achievement Award from the Jim Thorpe Association. [38] The association established the "Allie P. Reynolds Award" in 1998. It is presented annually to the Oklahoma "high school senior who best reflects the spirit of Allie Reynolds by maintaining the highest standards in scholarship, leadership, civic contributions and character." [39]

Baseball Hall of Fame candidacy

When Reynolds was eligible for election to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, his highest vote percentage was 33.6% in the 1968 balloting, short of the 75 percent required for election. [21] That year, he finished ahead of future Hall of Famers Arky Vaughan, Pee Wee Reese, Phil Rizzuto, George Kell, Hal Newhouser, Bob Lemon, and Bobby Doerr.

Reynolds was named as one of the ten former players that began their careers before 1943 to be considered by the Hall of Fame's Veterans Committee for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009. [40] He received eight votes, one shy of the nine votes required for election. [21] Reynolds was on the new Golden Era Committee ballot in 2011 for 2012, (replaced the Veterans Committee) [21] receiving fewer than three votes (12 votes are required for election to the Hall of Fame). [41] The Committee meets and votes every three years on ten candidates selected from the 1947 to 1972 era. He was not a candidate in 2014 (none were elected by the committee).

Rob Neyer, in evaluating Reynolds' candidacy, believes Reynolds was "probably as good" as Jesse Haines, Lefty Gomez and Waite Hoyt, who have all been inducted into the Hall of Fame. However, he added that "they're all marginals." [21] Adapting Bill James' sabermetric statistic known as win shares, Dr. Michael Hoban, a professor emeritus of mathematics at City University of New York, found that Reynolds falls short of his threshold for induction, and scored lower than Haines and Gomez. [21]

Post-playing career

Reynolds became a successful oil businessman after his playing career. [2] He began investing in oil wells during his playing career. [42]

Despite retiring, Reynolds was allowed to remain a member of the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA). He served as the AL player representative in the negotiations with owners to create the MLBPA pension plan. [2] [43] He later sued administrators of the pension plan in federal court for "whittling away" the rights of retired players. [44]

In 1969, Reynolds was named the President of the American Association, a Class AAA baseball league. The Association had been dormant for the previous six years. [45] Reynolds served as president until 1971, when he resigned to spend more time with his family and due to competing business interests. [46] He was also the President of the National Hall of Fame for Famous American Indians in Anadarko, Oklahoma, from 1978 until his death. [2]

Reynolds was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1991. [47]

Reynolds died in Oklahoma City due to complications of lymphoma and diabetes. [2] He was survived by a son, a daughter, eight grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren. [2]

See also

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Inline citations
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  6. "Oklahoma State Hall of Honor". Oklahoma State Cowboys. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on December 16, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Gittleman, p. 24
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  14. "1943 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  15. "1945 American League Pitching Leaders". Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  16. 1 2 "Allie Reynolds". Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  17. "NY Yankees 1947 Transactions" . Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  18. "Gordon of Yanks Traded to Indians; Star Second Baseman Goes to Cleveland for Reynolds, Right-Handed Pitcher". The New York Times. October 12, 1946. p. 24. Retrieved December 4, 2011.(subscription required)
  19. Gittleman, p. 30
  20. 1 2 "Allie Reynolds Voted Player Of Year By New York Chapter Of Baseball Writers". Hartford Courant . Associated Press. December 30, 1951. p. D3. Retrieved December 5, 2011.(subscription required)
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sandomir, Richard (November 19, 2011). "Re-evaluating a Gruff, Tough Yankee". The New York Times. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  22. 1 2 "No Hitter Records". Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  23. "Yankees Triumph, 1–0, On Reynolds's No-Hitter". The Baltimore Sun . July 13, 1951. p. 17. Retrieved December 5, 2011.(subscription required)
  24. Drebinger, John (September 29, 1951). "Yanks Clinch Flag, Aided by Reynolds' No-Hitter". The New York Times. p. 25. Retrieved December 5, 2011.(subscription required)
  25. "Allie Reynolds Is Impressive; May Open Series". The Portsmouth Times. September 23, 1953. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  26. Effrat, Louis (October 1, 1953). "Reynolds Reinjures Back and May Be Sidelined for Remainder of Contests; Return of Pitcher Appears Doubtful: Reynolds Says He Injured His Back in Third and Fifth – Stengel Praises Martin". The New York Times. p. 37. Retrieved December 22, 2011.(subscription required)
  27. "1951 American League Pitching Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  28. "1952 American League Pitching Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  29. Brattain, John (January 13, 2005). "The Whole Was Greater Than The Sum Of Its Parts". The Hardball Times . Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  30. "Allie Reynolds Postseason Batting Gamelogs". Baseball Reference. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  31. "1951 Awards Voting". Baseball Reference. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  32. "1952 Awards Voting". Baseball Reference. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  33. Powers-Beck, Jeffrey (Fall 2001). ""Chief": The American indian integration of baseball, 1897–1945". American Indian Quarterly : 508–538.
  34. 1 2 Bentley, Mac (December 31, 1994). "Last Respects Paid to Reynolds". Daily Oklahoman . Retrieved December 4, 2011.(subscription required)
  35. "Yankees Honor Allie Reynolds With Plaque". Deseret News. August 27, 1989. p. 36. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  36. "Allie Reynolds". Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. The Jim Thorpe Association and Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  37. "Allie P. Reynolds Stadium — Oklahoma State Official Athletic Site". Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  38. "Lifetime Achievement Award". The Jim Thorpe Association and Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  39. "Allie P. Reynolds Award". The Jim Thorpe Association and Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 30, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  40. "Reynolds, Gordon, Stephens on Hall ballot". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Associated Press. August 26, 2008. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  41. Schmehl, James (December 5, 2011). "West Michigan native, former MLB pitcher Jim Kaat falls short of Hall of Fame". MLive . Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  42. "Allie Reynolds Pitches For Oil". The Pittsburgh Press. November 9, 1952. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  43. "Frick, Kiner Wage Sharp Verbal War". St. Petersburg Times . Associated Press. December 8, 1953. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  44. "Reynolds Suit Hits New Pension Plan". The New York Times. December 16, 1966. Retrieved December 4, 2011.(subscription required)
  45. "Allie Reynolds President of 'Association.'". Toledo Blade . Associated Press. January 27, 1969. p. 18. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
  46. "Career over as Reynolds resigns". Windsor Star . November 9, 1971. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  47. "Oklahoma Hall of Fame" . Retrieved November 16, 2012.
Preceded by
Bob Feller
Allie Reynolds
No-hitter pitcher
July 12, 1951
September 28, 1951
Succeeded by
Allie Reynolds
Virgil Trucks