Allier (river)

Last updated
Allier
Brioude pont.JPEG
Bridge over the Allier
Allier.png
Map of the Allier in France
Native nameAlèir  (Occitan)
Location
Country France
Physical characteristics
Source 
  location Massif Central
  elevation1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Mouth  
  location
Loire
  coordinates
46°57′34″N3°4′44″E / 46.95944°N 3.07889°E / 46.95944; 3.07889 (Loire-Allier) Coordinates: 46°57′34″N3°4′44″E / 46.95944°N 3.07889°E / 46.95944; 3.07889 (Loire-Allier)
Length421 km (262 mi)
Basin size14,350 km2 (5,540 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average140 m3/s (4,900 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression LoireAtlantic Ocean

The Allier ( UK: /ˈæli/ AL-ee-ay, [1] US: /ælˈj,ɑːlˈj/ a(h)l-YAY, [2] [3] French:  [alje] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Alèir) is a river in central France. It is a left tributary of the Loire. Its source is in the Massif Central, in the Lozère department, east of Mende. It flows generally north. It joins the Loire west of the city of Nevers. It is 421 km (262 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 14,350 km2 (5,540 sq mi). [4]

Contents

Departments and towns

The Allier flows through the following departments, and along the following towns:

Tributaries

The main tributaries of the Allier are:

Ecology

Grayling in a sunny pool Ombres.jpg
Grayling in a sunny pool

The Allier is one of the rare places in southern Europe where the freshwater grayling (Thymallus thymallus), known in French as ombre des rivières, occurs in a natural habitat. [5]

Grayling like to live in shoals and are sensitive to pollution. In the Allier these fish are more abundant in the stretch between Langogne and Brioude. They are economically important, being appreciated for food and fished for sport.

Related Research Articles

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Lozère Department of France in Occitanie

Lozère is a department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère. With a 2016 population of 76,422, it is the least populous French department.

Cher (river)

The Cher is a river in central France, a left tributary of the Loire. It is 367.8 km (228.5 mi) long and its basin area is 13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi). Its source is in the Creuse department, north-east of Crocq. It joins the river Loire at Villandry, west of Tours.

Allier Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Allier is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in the centre of France. Named after the river Allier, it had a population of 339,384 in 2016. Moulins is the prefecture; Montluçon and Vichy are the subprefectures. Its INSEE and post code is 03.

Puy-de-Dôme Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

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Cantal Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Cantal is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France, with its prefecture in Aurillac. Its other principal towns are Saint-Flour and Mauriac and its residents are known as Cantalians. Cantal borders the departments of Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire, Aveyron, Lot, Lozère and Corrèze, in the Massif Central natural region.

Haute-Loire Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Haute-Loire is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-central France. Named after the Loire River, it is surrounded by the departments of Loire, Ardèche, Lozère, Cantal and Puy-de-Dôme. In 2016, it had a population of 227,339; its inhabitants are called Altiligériens in French.

Loiret Department of France

Loiret is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of north-central France.

Auvergne Region of France

Auvergne is a former administrative region in south-central France, comprising the four departments of Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal and Haute-Loire. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

Brioude Subprefecture in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Brioude is a commune in the Haute-Loire department in the Auvergne region in south-central France. It lies on the banks of the River Allier, a tributary of the Loire.

Arrondissement of Brioude Arrondissement in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

The Arrondissement of Brioude is an arrondissement of France in the Haute-Loire department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has 111 communes. Its population is 45,768 (2016), and its area is 1,886.8 km2 (728.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand Arrondissement in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

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Arrondissement of Mende Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Mende is an arrondissement of France in the Lozère department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 482 and its capital city, and prefecture of the department, is Mende. Its population is 63,180 (2016), and its area is 3,479.4 km2 (1,343.4 sq mi).

Langogne Commune in Occitanie, France

Langogne is a commune in the Lozère department in southern France.

Abrest Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Abrest is a commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.

Ainay-le-Château Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Ainay-le-Château is a commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.

Avermes Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Avermes is a commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.

Chassezac River in southern France

The Chassezac is an 84.6 km (52.6 mi) long river in the Lozère, Gard and Ardèche departments in southern France. It is a right tributary of the Ardèche. Its source is in the commune of Saint-Frézal-d'Albuges, 2.8 km (1.7 mi) northeast of Les Chazeaux, the main hamlet in the commune. It flows generally southeast and flows into the Ardèche at Saint-Alban-Auriolles, 1.8 km (1.1 mi) east of the village itself.

Chapeauroux

The Chapeauroux is a 56.1-kilometre (34.9 mi) long river in the Lozère and Haute-Loire départements, south-central France. Its source is near Estables, in the Margeride. It flows generally northeast. It is a left tributary of the Allier into which it flows between Saint-Bonnet-de-Montauroux and Saint-Christophe-d'Allier.

Loire Longest river in France

The Loire is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi), it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône.

References

  1. "Allier". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  2. "Allier". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  3. "Allier". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  4. Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau (K---0080)".
  5. "The grayling zones of rivers and their tributaries" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2009-01-14.