|Elevation||1,860 m (6,100 ft)|
L'Alpe d'Huez (French pronunciation: [l‿al.pə d‿ɥɛz] ) is a ski resort in southeastern France at 1,250 to 3,330 metres (4,100 to 10,925 ft). It is a mountain pasture in the Central French Western Alps, in the commune of Huez, which is part of the department of Isère in the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.
It is part of the Grandes Rousses 59 km (37 mi) from Grenoble. The Alpe d'Huez resort is accessible from Grenoble by the RD 1091 , which runs along the Romanche Valley passing through the communes of Livet-et-Gavet and Le Bourg-d'Oisans as well as Haut-Oisans via the Col de Sarenne.massif, over the Oisans, and is
Alpe d'Huez is known internationally as an iconic cycling venue, as it is used regularly in the Tour de France cycle race, including twice on the same day in 2013. Marco Pantani holds the record for the fastest ascent of the climb with 36' 40", achieved during the 1995 Tour de France. In 2019, it became the site of the first Tomorrowland Winter festival.
The site of the Alpe has been permanently occupied since the Middle Ages. East of L'Alpe veti, a medieval agglomeration had grown from the end of the 11th to the 14th century under the name of Brandes. It was composed of a castle, a parish church with a cemetery, a village with about 80 homes, surface and underground mine workings, as well as several industrial districts. Its occupants operated a silver mine on behalf of the Dauphin. It is currently the only medieval coronknown and preserved in its entirety, making it a unique site in Europe and classified as historical monuments by a decree of 6 August 1995.
Excavated and studied continuously since 1977 by a team of the CNRS, this site is registered as an historic monument.The medieval mining operation stretched from Gua (the Sarenne Valley) to the Lac Blanc [White Lake] (Massif des Rousses). The massif was also the subject of mining operations, including copper, from the Bronze Age.
It is also at Alpe d'Huez where botanist Gaston Bonnier began his study of flora of France in 1871.
The station was developed from the 1920s. This is where the first platter lift for skiers was opened in 1936 with perches by Jean Pomagalski, creator of the Poma company.
Each year, the Alpe d'Huez Film Festival is held in January.
Alpe d'Huez also has an altiport, the Alpe d'Huez Airport, built for the 10th Winter Olympics held at Grenoble in 1968. It was named for Henri Giraudon 15 April 2000, in memory of the famous mountain pilot. The altiport hosts helicopters including those of civil security, SAF Helicopteres and the Dauphiné flying club. A gourmet restaurant is located on the edge of the platform.
Alpe d'Huez has a modern and original church, the appearance of which recalls a silhouette of the Virgin Mary. Under the leadership of Father Jaap Reuten, head of the parish from 1964 to 1992, it was designed by the architect Jean Marol in the 1960s (completed in 1970), and decorated with colour-rich stained-glass windows by the artist Arcabas.
This church houses a pipe organ which is unique in the world. The organ takes the form of a hand drawn up towards the sky, designed by composer Jean Guillou and the German organ builder Detlef Kleuker. Each year, concerts are held around this instrument on Thursday night, winter and summer, as well as organ, pan flute and choral courses during the summer.
Alpe d'Huez is primarily used for downhill, or Alpine skiing.
|Location||Alpe d'Huez, France|
|Nearest major city||Grenoble – 59 km (37 mi)|
|Vertical||2,224 m (7,297 ft)|
|Top elevation||3,330 m (10,925 ft)|
|Base elevation||1,120 m (3,675 ft)|
|Skiable area||236 km2 (91 sq mi)|
|Runs||123 (249 km (155 mi))|
(easy 38, intermediate 68, difficult 17)
|Longest run||16 km (10 mi)|
|Lift system||84 – (6 cable cars,|
10 gondolas, 3 access lifts,
24 chairlifts, 41 drag lifts)
|Lift capacity||95,000 skiers/hr|
|Snowfall||5.48 m (216 in; 18.0 ft) /yr|
|Snowmaking||64 km2 (25 sq mi)|
|Night skiing||Limited, 1 lift, 2 days/week|
Alpe d'Huez is one of Europe's premier skiing venues. The site of the Pomagalski's first surface lift in the mid thirties, the resort gained popularity when it hosted the bobsleigh events of the 1968 Winter Olympics. At that time the resort was seen as a competitor to Courchevel as France's most upmarket purpose built resort but the development of Les Trois Vallées, Val d'Isère, Tignes, La Plagne and Les Arcs saw Alpe D'Huez fall from favour in the 1970s and early 1980s.
With 249 kilometres (155 miles) of piste and 84 ski lifts, the resort is now one of the world's largest. Extensive snowmaking facilities helped combat the ski area's largely south-facing orientation and helped Alpe d'Huez appeal to beginner skiers, with very easy slopes. The expansion of the skiing above the linked resorts of Vaujany, Oz-en-Oisans, Villard Reculas and Auris boosted the quantity and quality of intermediate grade slopes but the resort is mostly known for freeskiing, drawing many steep skiing enthusiasts to its high altitude terrain.
Aside from the Tunnel and Sarenne black runs, the latter the world's longest at 16 kilometres (10 miles), many Off-piste opportunities exist both from the summit of the 3,330-metre (10,930-foot) Pic Blanc and the 2,808-metre (9,213-foot) Dome des Petites Rousses. These include the 50-degree Cheminees du Mascle couloirs, the open powder field of Le Grand Sablat, the Couloir Fleur and the Perrins bowl. Up to 2,200 metres (7,200 feet) of vertical descent are available with heli drops back to the resort's altiport. The proximity to the exclusively off-piste resort of La Grave as well as tree skiing at Serre Chevalier and the glacier and terrain parks of Les Deux Alpes have made Alpe d'Huez a popular base for skiers looking to explore the Oisans region.
Alpe d'Huez hosted the bobsleigh events at the 1968 Winter Olympics based at Grenoble 65 km (40 mi) away. The track, built in spring 1966 for FRF 5.5 million, hosted the World Championships in 1967. The cooling could not keep the ice solid in bright daylight – not least because the track faced south. The four-man event was cancelled because of thawing ice, and modifications were made that spring to prepare for the Games. The refrigeration system was strengthened in turns 6, 9, 12, and 13; turn 12 was covered with stone and earthwork to prevent concrete coming up, turn 12 was cooled with liquid nitrogen, and shades were built on turns 6, 9, 12, and 13 to minimise direct sunlight. Thawing remained a problem and Olympic bobsleigh events had to be scheduled before sunrise. The track closed in 1972 due to high operating costs; the structure remains as demolition was not economical.
|Start||Le Bourg d'Oisans, Isère|
|Gain in altitude||1,120 m (3,670 ft)|
|Length of climb||13.8 km (8.6 mi)|
|Maximum elevation||1,860 m (6,100 ft)|
|Average gradient||8.1 %|
|Maximum gradient||13 %|
The climb to the summit starts at Le Bourg d'Oisans in the Romanche valley. The climb goes via the D211 from where the distance to the summit (at 1,860 m (6,102 ft)) is 13.8 km (8.6 mi), with an average gradient of 8.1%, with 21 hairpin bends and a maximum gradient of 13%.
L'Alpe d'Huez is climbed regularly in the Tour de France. It was first included in the race in 1952 and has been a stage finish regularly since 1976.The race was brought to the mountain by Élie Wermelinger, the chief commissaire or referee. He drove his Panhard Dyna car between snow banks that lined the road in March 1952, invited by a consortium of businesses who had opened hotels at the summit. Their leader was Georges Rajon, who ran the Hotel Christina. The ski station there opened in 1936. Wermelinger reported to the organiser, Jacques Goddet, and the Tour signed a contract with the businessmen to include the Alpe. It cost them the modern equivalent of €3,250.
That first Alpe d'Huez stage was won by Fausto Coppi. 6 kilometres (3.7 miles) from the summit to rid himself of the French rider Jean Robic. This was the year that motorcycle television crews first came to the Tour. It was also the Tour's first mountain-top finish. The veteran reporter, Jacques Augendre, said:Coppi attacked
Augendre omitted Laurent Fignon, who, along with Coppi and Armstrong, took yellow on the Alpe without winning the stage in 1983, 1984, and 1989. He held it into Paris in 1983 and 1984 but in 1989 he lost it on the final stage to Paris, a time trial, to Greg LeMond to finish second by 8", the closest finish in tour history.
After Coppi's win, the Alpe was dropped until 1964, when it was included as a mid-stage climb, and then again until 1976,both times at Rajon's instigation. The hairpin bends are named after the winners of stages. All hairpins had been named by the 22nd climb in 2001 so naming restarted at the bottom with Lance Armstrong's name added to Coppi's.
Stage 18 of the 2013 Tour de France included a double ascent of the climb, reaching 1,765 m (5,791 ft) on the first passage, and continuing to the traditional finish on the second.
Only one rider has won the Alpe state while in yellow, Geraint Thomas in the second of two back to back Alpine stage wins in 2018. He also held on to win the overall Tour.
French journalist and L'Equipe sportswriter Jean-Paul Vespini wrote a book about Alpe d'Huez and its role in the Tour de France: The Tour Is Won on the Alpe: Alpe d'Huez and the Classic Battles of the Tour de France.
The Alpe has chaotic crowds of spectators. In 1999, Giuseppe Guerini won despite being knocked off by a spectator who stepped into his path to take a photograph. The 2004 individual time trial became chaotic when fans pushed riders toward the top. Attendance figures on the mountain have to be treated with caution. A million spectators were claimed for 1997. Eric Muller, the mayor of Alpe d'Huez, however, said there were 350,000 in 2001, four years later despite acceptance that the number rises every year. "We expect more than 400,000 for the centenary race in 2003", he said.The author Tim Moore wrote:
As a variant on a sporting theme, Alpe d'Huez annoys the purists but enthrals the broader public, like 20/20 cricket or beach volleyball. Last year, a full-blown tent-stamping riot had required heavy police intervention. During this year's clean-up operation, down in a ravine with the bottle shards and dented emulsion tins, a body turned up. He'd fallen off the mountain and no one had noticed. When the Tour goes up Alpe d'Huez, it's a squalid, manic and sometimes lethal shambles, and that's just the way they like it. It's the Glastonbury Festival for cycling fans.
Alpe d'Huez has been nicknamed the "Dutch Mountain",since Dutchmen won eight of the first 14 finishes in le Tour De France. British author Geoffrey Nicholson wrote:
The attraction of opposites draws [Dutch spectators] from the Low Countries to the Alps each summer in any case. But all winter in the Netherlands coach companies offer two or three nights at Alpe d'Huez as a special feature of their alpine tours. And those Dutch families who don't come by coach, park their campers and pitch their tents along the narrow ledges beside the road like sea-birds nesting at St Kilda. The Dutch haven't adopted the Alpe d'Huez simply because it is sunny and agreeable, or even because the modern, funnel-shaped church, Notre Dame des Neiges, has a Dutch priest, Father Reuten (until a few years ago, it was used as a press room and was probably the only church in France where, for one day at least, there were ashtrays in the nave and a bar in the vestry, or where an organist was once asked to leave because he was disturbing the writers' concentration). No, what draws the Dutch to Alpe d'Huez is the remarkable run of success their riders have had there".
1952: Jean Robic attacked at the start of the climb and only Fausto Coppi could stay with him. The two climbed together until Coppi attacked at bend five, four kilometres (2.5 miles) from the top. He won the stage, the lead in the general classification, and kept it till the end of the race.
1977: Lucien Van Impe, a Belgian rider leading the climbers' competition, broke clear on the Col du Glandon. He gained enough time to threaten the leader, Bernard Thévenet. He was still clear on the Alpe when a car drove into him. The time that Van Impe lost waiting for another wheel may have been enough to cost him the Yellow Jersey, as Thévenet and Hennie Kuiper charged on to the finish with Thévenet remaining in the lead by eight seconds over Kuiper.
1978: Another Belgian leading the mountains race also came close to taking the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification. Michel Pollentier also finished alone, but he was caught soon afterwards defrauding a drugs control and was disqualified. Due to this disqualification Dutch rider Joop Zoetemelk, who finished 3rd on the stage and would have climbed to 2nd in the General Classification, took over the yellow jersey, but would lose it on the final time trial to Bernard Hinault. Zoetemelk has his name on two of the hairpin turns at Alp d'Huez being one of the select few riders to win this stage twice; once in 1976 and once in 1979.
1984: The Tour invited amateurs to take part in the 1980s. The best was Luis Herrera, who lived at 2,000 metres (6,600 feet) altitude in Colombia. None of the professionals could follow him. He won alone to the cacophony of broadcasters who had arrived to report his progress.
1986: Bernard Hinault said he would help Greg LeMond win the Tour but appeared to ride otherwise. The two crossed the line arm in arm in an apparent sign of truce creating a moment that has become one of the most iconic photographs in Tour history.
1997: Marco Pantani, who won on the Alpe two years earlier, attacked three times and only Jan Ullrich could match him. He lasted until 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) from the summit and Pantani rode on alone to win in what is often quoted as record speed (see below).
1999: Giuseppe Guerini, who broke away on his own, collided with a spectator but got up and went on to win the stage.
2001: Lance Armstrong feigned vulnerability earlier in the stage, appearing to be having an off-day. At the bottom of the Alpe d'Huez climb, Armstrong moved to the front of the lead group of riders and then looked back at Jan Ullrich. Armstrong later commented that he wasn't looking back at Ullrich but was actually looking back to see the position of his teammate Tyler Hamilton. Seeing no response from Ullrich, Armstrong accelerated away from the field to claim the victory, 1:59 ahead of Ullrich. Armstrong would later be stripped of this achievement and his tour win by his conviction for doping in 2012. His name however, is still honored on one of the 21 signs of previous winners, lining the hairpin turns of Alpe d'Huez.
2013: Christophe Riblon won the stage at the summit of Alpe d'Huez during the 100th edition of the Tour. For the first time ever, riders rode up the climb twice with the descent over the Col de Sarenne in between.
2018: Geraint Thomas, Tom Dumoulin, Chris Froome, Romain Bardet and Mikel Landa were able to catch Steven Kruijswijk, who had been on a 70 km solo attack, about 2/3 of the way up the climb and with about 500 meters to go Thomas dropped the remaining elite riders to become the first rider to win the Alpe d’Huez stage while wearing the yellow jersey.
|Year||Stage||Start of stage||Distance (km)||Cat||Stage winner||Nationality||Leader in general classification||Bend|
|1952||10||Lausanne||266||1||Fausto Coppi||Italy||Fausto Coppi||21|
|1976||9||Divonne-les-Bains||258||1||Joop Zoetemelk||Netherlands||Lucien Van Impe||20|
|1977||17||Chamonix||184.5||1||Hennie Kuiper||Netherlands||Bernard Thévenet||19|
|1978||16||Saint-Étienne||240.5||1||Hennie Kuiper||Netherlands||Joop Zoetemelk||18|
|1979*||17||Les Menuires||166.5||HC||Joaquim Agostinho||Portugal||Bernard Hinault||17|
|1979*||18||Alpe d'Huez||118.5||HC||Joop Zoetemelk||Netherlands||Bernard Hinault||16|
|1981||19||Morzine||230.5||HC||Peter Winnen||Netherlands||Bernard Hinault||15|
|1982||16||Orcières-Merlette||123||HC||Beat Breu||Switzerland||Bernard Hinault||14|
|1983||17||La Tour-du-Pin||223||HC||Peter Winnen||Netherlands||Laurent Fignon||13|
|1984||17||Grenoble||151||HC||Luis Herrera||Colombia||Laurent Fignon||12|
|1986||18||Briançon–Serre Chevalier||182.5||HC||Bernard Hinault||France||Greg LeMond||11|
|1987||20||Villard-de-Lans||201||HC||Federico Echave||Spain||Pedro Delgado||10|
|1988||12||Morzine||227||HC||Steven Rooks||Netherlands||Pedro Delgado||9|
|1989||17||Briançon||165||HC||Gert-Jan Theunisse||Netherlands||Laurent Fignon||8|
|1990||11||Saint-Gervais–Mont Blanc||182.5||HC||Gianni Bugno||Italy||Ronan Pensec||7|
|1991||17||Gap||125||HC||Gianni Bugno||Italy||Miguel Indurain||6|
|1992||14||Sestrières||186.5||HC||Andrew Hampsten||United States||Miguel Indurain||5|
|1994||16||Valréas||224.5||HC||Roberto Conti||Italy||Miguel Indurain||4|
|1995||10||Aime–La Plagne||162.5||HC||Marco Pantani||Italy||Miguel Indurain||3|
|1997||13||Saint-Étienne||203.5||HC||Marco Pantani||Italy||Jan Ullrich|
|2006||15||Gap||187||HC||Fränk Schleck||Luxembourg||Óscar Pereiro||18|
|2008||17||Embrun||210.5||HC||Carlos Sastre||Spain||Carlos Sastre||17|
|2011||19||Modane||109.5||HC||Pierre Rolland||France||Andy Schleck||16|
|2013†||18||Gap||172.5||HC||Christophe Riblon||France||Chris Froome||15|
|2015||20||Modane Valfréjus||110.5||HC||Thibaut Pinot||France||Chris Froome||14|
|2018||12||Bourg-Saint-Maurice||169.5||HC||Geraint Thomas||Great Britain||Geraint Thomas||13|
*In 1979 there were two stages at Alpe d'Huez.
† Stage 18 of the 2013 Tour climbed to Alpe d'Huez twice. Moreno Moser was the leader at the first time over the summit.
The climb has been timed since 1994 so earlier times are subject to discussion. From 1994 to 1997 the climb was timed from 14.5 kilometres (9.0 miles) from the finish. Since 1999 photo-finish has been used from 14 kilometres (8.7 miles). Other times have been taken 13.8 kilometres (8.6 miles) from the summit, which is the start of the climb. Others have been taken from the junction 700 metres (2,300 feet) from the start.
These variations have led to a debate. Pantani's 37m 35s has been cited by Procycling and World Cycling Productions, publisher of Tour de France DVDs, and by Cycle Sport. In a biography of Pantani, 14.454 kilometres (8.981 miles) and lists Pantani's 37m 35s (23.08 km/h) as the record.Matt Rendell notes Pantani at: 1994 – 38m 0s; 1995 – 38m 4s; 1997 – 37m 35s. The Alpe tourist association describes the climb as
Other sources give Pantani's times from 1994, 1995 and 1997 as the fastest, based on timings adjusted for the 13.8 kilometres (8.6 miles). Such sources list Pantani's time in 1995 as the record at 36m 40s. In Blazing Saddles, Rendell has changed his view and listed it as 36m 50s as does CyclingNews. Second, third, and fourth fastest are Pantani in 1997 (36m 45s), Pantani in 1994 (37m 15s) and Jan Ullrich in 1997 (37m 30s). Armstrong's time in 2004 (37m 36s) makes him fifth fastest, highlighting how the 1990s had faster ascents than other eras.
A number of cycling publications cite times prior to 1994, although distances are typically not included, making comparisons difficult. Coppi has been listed with 45m 22s for 1952.
In the 1980s Gert-Jan Theunisse, Pedro Delgado, Luis Herrera, and Laurent Fignon rode in times stated to be faster than Coppi's, but still not breaking 40m. Greg LeMond and Bernard Hinault have been reported as having the times of 48m 0s in 1986.
It was not until Gianni Bugno and Miguel Indurain in 1991, that times faster than 40m were reported, including in the 39m range for Bjarne Riis in 1995 and Richard Virenque in 1997.
Some times based on 14.454 km[ clarification needed ] according to Matt Rendell's first book, other times based on 13.8 km.
|1†||37' 35" (14.5 km)||Marco Pantani||1997||Italy|
|2*†||37' 36" (13.8 km)||2004||United States|
|3†||38' 00" (14.5 km)||Marco Pantani||1994||Italy|
|4†||38' 01" (13.8 km)||2001||United States|
|5†||38' 04" (14.5 km)||Marco Pantani||1995||Italy|
|6†||38' 23" (14.5 km)||Jan Ullrich||1997||Germany|
|7†||38' 34" (13.8 km)||2006||United States|
|8||38' 35" (13.8 km)||Andreas Klöden||2006||Germany|
|9*†||38' 37" (13.8 km)||2004||Germany|
|10†||39' 02" (14.5 km)||Richard Virenque||1997||France|
* The 2004 stage was an individual time trial.
†Lance Armstrong, and Floyd Landis admitted to doping and had the Tour de France titles withdrawn. Jan Ullrich also admitted to doping, Marco Pantani also had a confirmed hematocrit level over 50 in 1999 and Virenque was implicated in what, at the time, was the biggest doping scandal in Tour history.
Based on 13.8 km
|1||36' 40"||Marco Pantani||1995||Italy|
|2||36' 53"||Marco Pantani||1997||Italy|
|3||37' 15"||Marco Pantani||1994||Italy|
|(4||37' 30"||Alberto Contador||2010 Critérium du Dauphiné||Spain)|
|4||37' 36"||2004||United States|
|5||37' 40"||Jan Ullrich||1997||Germany|
|6||38' 03"||2001||United States|
|7||38' 04"||Miguel Indurain||1995||Spain|
|8||38' 04"||Alex Zülle||1995||Switzerland|
|9||38' 06"||Bjarne Riis||1995||Denmark|
|10||38' 20"||Richard Virenque||1997||France|
|11||38' 34"||Laurent Madouas||1995||France|
|12||38' 35"||2006||United States|
|13||38' 35"||Andreas Klöden||2006||Germany|
|15||38' 55"||Richard Virenque||1994||France|
|16||39' 00"||Carlos Sastre||2006||Spain|
|17||39' 08"||Iban Mayo||2003||Spain|
|18||39' 12"||Andreas Klöden||2004||Germany|
|19||39' 14"||José Azevedo||2004||Portugal|
|20||39' 14"||Levi Leipheimer||2006||United States|
|21||39' 20"||Francesco Casagrande||1997||Italy|
|22||39' 21"||Bjarne Riis||1997||Denmark|
|23||39' 22"||Nairo Quintana||2015||Colombia|
|24||39' 30"||Miguel Indurain||1994||Spain|
|25||39' 30"||Luc Leblanc||1994||France|
|26||39' 30"||Carlos Sastre||2008||Spain|
|27||39' 37"||Vladimir Poulnikov||1994||Ukraine|
|28||39' 40"||Giuseppe Guerini||2004||Italy|
|29||39' 41"||Santos González||2004||Spain|
|30||39' 41"||Vladimir Karpets||2004||Russia|
|31||39' 42"||Fernando Escartin||1995||Spain|
|32||39' 42"||Claudio Chiappucci||1995||Italy|
|33||39' 42"||Paolo Lanfranchi||1995||Italy|
|34||39' 46"||Denis Menchov||2006||Russia|
|35||39' 46"||Michael Rasmussen||2006||Denmark|
|36||39' 46"||Pietro Caucchioli||2006||Italy|
|37||39' 48"||Tony Rominger||1995||Switzerland|
|38||39' 48"||Nairo Quintana||2013||Colombia|
|39||39' 51"||Pavel Tonkov||1995||Russia|
|40||39' 51"||Joaquim Rodríguez||2013||Spain|
|41||39' 52"||Beat Zberg||1997||Switzerland|
|42||39' 52"||Udo Bölts||1997||Germany|
|43||39' 52"||Roberto Conti||1997||Italy|
|44||39' 52"||Laurent Madouas||1997||France|
|45||39' 56"||David Moncoutié||2004||France|
|46||39' 57"||Carlos Sastre||2004||Spain|
|47||39' 58"||Ivan Basso||2004||Italy|
|48||39' 58"||Stéphane Goubert||2004||France|
|49||40' 01"||Piotr Ugrumov||1994||Russia|
|50||40' 01"||Alex Zülle||1994||Switzerland|
|51||40' 02"||Jan Ullrich||2001||Germany|
|52||40' 07"||Laurent Jalabert||1995||France|
|53||40' 07"||Michael Rogers||2004||Australia|
|54||40' 12"||Joseba Beloki||2001||Spain|
|55||40' 14"||Óscar Pereiro||2006||Spain|
|56||40' 14"||Michael Rogers||2006||Australia|
|57||40' 14"||Cadel Evans||2006||Australia|
|58||40' 14"||Ivan Parra||2006||Colombia|
|59||40' 15"||Laurent Jalabert||1997||France|
|60||40' 15"||Marco Fincato||1997||Italy|
|61||40' 18"||Abraham Olano||1997||Spain|
|62||40' 23"||Orlando Rodrigues||1997||Portugal|
|63||40' 27"||Gianni Bugno||1991||Italy|
|64||40' 27"||Marcos Serrano||2004||Spain|
|65||40' 28"||Miguel Indurain||1991||Spain|
|66||40' 29"||Luc Leblanc||1991||France|
|67||40' 29"||Cyril Dessel||2006||France|
|68||40' 29"||Haimar Zubeldia||2006||Spain|
|69||40' 31"||Richard Virenque||1995||France|
|70||40' 31"||Ivan Gotti||1995||Italy|
|71||40' 32"||Oscar Pereiro||2004||Spain|
|72||40' 32"||Mikel Astarloza||2006||Spain|
|73||40' 33"||Christophe Moreau||2001||France|
|74||40' 39"||Manuel Beltran||1997||Spain|
|75||40' 40"||José Enrique Gutiérrez||2004||Spain|
|76||40' 42"||Alejandro Valverde||2015||Spain|
|77||40' 42"||Christopher Froome||2015||Great Britain|
|78||40' 43"||Roberto Conti||1994||Italy|
|79||40' 43"||Oscar Pelliccioli||1994||Italy|
|80||40' 43"||Pascal Lino||1994||France|
|81||40' 43"||Fernando Escartin||1994||Spain|
|82||40' 43"||Armand de Las Cuevas||1994||France|
|83||40' 45"||Fränk Schleck||2006||Luxembourg|
|84||40' 46"||Georg Totschnig||2004||Austria|
|85||40' 49"||Johan Bruyneel||1995||Belgium|
|86||40' 49"||Sandy Casar||2004||France|
|87||40' 49"||Gilberto Simoni||2006||Italy|
|88||40' 53"||Alexander Vinokourov||2003||Kazakhstan|
|89||40' 54"||Richie Porte||2013||Australia|
|90||40' 54"||Christopher Froome||2013||Great Britain|
|91||40' 56"||Floyd Landis||2004||United States|
|92||40' 56"||Damiano Cunego||2006||Italy|
|93||40' 57"||Oscar Sevilla||2001||Spain|
|94||40' 57"||Mikel Astarloza||2004||Spain|
|95||40' 57"||Juan Miguel Mercado||2004||Spain|
|96||40' 58"||Alejandro Valverde||2013||Spain|
|97||41' 00"||Christophe Moreau||2004||France|
|98||41' 02"||Jean-Francois Bernard||1991||France|
|99||41' 03"||Gilberto Simoni||2004||Italy|
|100||41' 07"||Fernando Escartin||1997||Spain|
The peak is also finish of La Marmotte, a one-day, 175 km (109 mi) ride with 5,000 m (16,400 ft) of climbing.
The resort caters for mountain bikers during the summer months, the pinnacle of which is the Megavalanche, a 'Downhill Enduro' Event that takes riders from lift station at the highest peak, Pic Blanc, to Allemont in the valley floor.
Since 2006 Cyrille Neveu has organized the Triathlon EDF Alpe d'Huez, which has become a major summer attraction.
Alpe d'Huez is twinned with:
Marco Pantani was an Italian road racing cyclist, widely considered one of the best climbers of all time in professional road bicycle racing. He won both the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia in 1998, being the sixth Italian after Ottavio Bottecchia, Gino Bartali, Fausto Coppi, Felice Gimondi and Gastone Nencini to win the Tour de France. He is the last cyclist, and one of only seven, to win the Giro and the Tour in the same year.
The Col du Galibier is a mountain pass in the southern region of the French Dauphiné Alps near Grenoble. It is the eighth highest paved road in the Alps, and recurrently the highest point of the Tour de France.
The 2004 Tour de France was the 91st edition of Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour began in Liège, Belgium with a prologue individual time trial on 3 July and Stage 10 occurred on 14 July with a hilly stage from Limoges. The race finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 25 July.
The French Alps are the portions of the Alps mountain range that stand within France, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur regions. While some of the ranges of the French Alps are entirely in France, others, such as the Mont Blanc massif, are shared with Switzerland and Italy.
The Romanche is a 78.3-kilometre (48.7 mi) long mountain river in southeastern France. It is a right tributary of the Drac, which is itself a tributary of the Isère. Its drainage basin is 1,221 km2 (471 sq mi). Its source is in the northern part of the Massif des Écrins, Dauphiné Alps. It flows into the Drac in Champ-sur-Drac, south of Grenoble. The road from Grenoble to Briançon over the Col du Lautaret runs through the Romanche valley. There are several mountain and ski resorts in the valley, including Alpe d'Huez, La Grave and Les Deux Alpes.
The 2001 Tour de France was the 88th edition of Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour began in Dunkirk with a prologue individual time trial on 7 July and Stage 10 occurred on 17 July with mountainous stage to Alpe d'Huez. The race finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 29 July.
The 1997 Tour de France was the 84th edition of the Tour de France and took place from 5 to 27 July. Jan Ullrich's victory margin of 9:09 was the largest margin of victory since Laurent Fignon won the 1984 Tour de France by 10:32. Since 1997 no rider has had this convincing of a win with the closest margin to Ullrich's victory being Vincenzo Nibali winning the 2014 Tour de France with a gap of 7:39. Ullrich's simultaneous victories in both the general classification and the young riders' classification marked the first time the same rider had won both categories in the same Tour since Laurent Fignon in 1983. The points classification was won by Ullrich's teammate Erik Zabel, for the second time, and their team Team Telekom also won the team classification. The mountains classification was won by Richard Virenque for the fourth time.
Col de la Croix de Fer is a high mountain pass in the French Alps linking Le Bourg-d'Oisans and Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne.
Le Bourg-d'Oisans is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.
Les Deux Alpes is a ski resort in the French department of Isère, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The village sits at 1,650 m (5,413 ft) and lifts run to 3,600 m (11,811 ft). It has the largest skiable glacier in Europe and is France's second oldest ski resort behind Chamonix. It has the longest, normally open full on-piste vertical available in the world. It is a 71 km (44 mi) drive southeast of Grenoble.
Col de l'Iseran is a mountain pass in France, the highest paved pass in the Alps. A part of the Graian Alps, it is situated in the department of Savoie, near the border with Italy, and is crossed by the D902 roadway.
L'Oisans is a region in the French Alps, located in the départements of l'Isère and Hautes-Alpes, and corresponding to the drainage basin of the River Romanche and its tributaries. Between Livet-et-Gavet and Le Bourg-d'Oisans, the Romanche forms a deep gorge.
Alpe du Grand Serre is a ski resort located in the French Dauphine Alps in Isère département, upon the commune of La Morte, sitting at 1368m. The village itself is located at the summit of a mountain pass at the gates of the Oisans valley, between the Romanche valley and the Roizonne valley. Neighbouring mountains are the Taillefer (2857m) and the Grand Serre summit (2141m). It remains a small mountain village with traditional alpine buildings and atmosphere. Thus, it is mostly visited by local people and families from the Grenoble urban area.
Col d'Ornon is a mountain pass through the Dauphiné Alps in the department of Isère in France which connects the communities of Le Bourg-d'Oisans and La Mure. The climb is used occasionally in the Tour de France cycle race, including on the "Queen stage" on 18 July 2013 which finishes with two ascents to Alpe d'Huez.
The Souvenir Henri Desgrange is an award and cash prize given in the yearly running of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tour races. It is won by the rider that crosses a particular point in the race, mostly the summits of the highest and iconic climbs in the Alps and Pyrenees. It is named in honour of the creator and first race director of the Tour, French sports journalist Henri Desgrange, who was passionate about taking the Tour de France as high up in the mountains as possible using the most difficult routes.
The 2013 Tour de France was the 100th Tour de France. It ran from 29 June 2013 to 21 July 2013, starting in the city of Porto-Vecchio in Corsica.
The Col de Manse is a mountain pass located in the Massif des Écrins approximately 9 km (6 mi) north-east of Gap in the Hautes-Alpes department of France. The pass connects Gap with the high Champsaur valley and the ski resort of Orcières-Merlette. The road over the col is used occasionally by the Tour de France cycle race with the tour crossing the pass twice in 2013.
Col de Sarenne is a mountain pass located in the Grandes Rousses massif, approximately 9 km (6 mi) east of Alpe d'Huez in the Isère department of France. The pass connects Alpe d'Huez with the villages of Mizoën and Le Freney-d'Oisans in the Romanche valley. The road over the pass was used on Stage 18 of the 2013 Tour de France bicycle race as this loops round to enable the cyclists to climb the Alpe d'Huez twice in the same stage.
The 2018 Tour de France was the 105th edition of Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour began in Noirmoutier-en-l'Île with flat stage on 7 July, and Stage 12 occurred on 19 July with a mountainous stage from Bourg-Saint-Maurice. The race finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 29 July.
During the Second World War, the Oisans maquis was an important center for the French Resistance, in the Oisans region between the Belledonne range and Grenoble to the north, the Grandes Rousses massif of the Alps and the Croix de Fer pass to the east, the Drac valley to the west and the Barre des Écrins and the Provencal Alps to the south.
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