|Province ( aimag )||Govi-Altai|
|District ( sum )||Yesönbulag|
|• Total||2,161 km2 (834 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,213 m (7,260 ft)|
|• Density||8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+976 (0) 148|
Altai City (Mongolian : Алтай хот, romanized: Altai hot, pronounced [aɬˈtʰæˑ χɔʰt] ) is the capital of the Govi-Altai province in western Mongolia. As of 2008, its population is 15,800.
The Altai Airport (LTI/ZMAT) has one runway and is served by regular flights to Arvaikheer and Ulan Bator.
Altai has a typical Mongolian cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with subarctic (Dfc) influences, although the climate is so dry as to qualify as semi-arid despite the annual mean being sufficient for sporadic permafrost. The climate experiences long, very dry and very cold winters with short, mild summers when the majority of the scant precipitation occurs.
|Climate data for Altai|
|Record high °C (°F)||1.6|
|Average high °C (°F)||−10.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−18.0|
|Average low °C (°F)||−24.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||−40.8|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1.0|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||0.2||0.7||1.8||1.6||2.7||4.6||7.3||6.6||3.2||1.9||1.4||0.5||32.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||201.1||208.3||252.2||260.6||308.9||298.5||293.2||290.2||272.4||246.1||199.6||184.8||3,015.9|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia and East Asia, located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. The total land area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 square kilometres. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Khüiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point. The lowest point is at 560 m (1,840 ft), is the Hoh Nuur or lake Huh. The country has an average elevation of 1,580 m (5,180 ft).
In physical geography, a steppe is an ecoregion characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
The desert climate or arid climate, is a climate in which there is a severe excess of evaporation over precipitation. The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates are dry and hold little moisture, quickly evaporating the already little rainfall they receive. Covering 14.2% of earth's land area, hot deserts are the second most common type of climate on earth after the polar climate.
Continental climates often have a significant annual variation in temperature. They tend to occur in the middle latitudes, within large landmasses where prevailing winds blow overland bringing some precipitation, and temperatures are not moderated by bodies of water such as oceans or seas unlike temperate climates. Continental climates occur mostly in the Northern Hemisphere, which has the kind of large landmasses on temperate latitudes required for this type of climate to develop. Most of northern and northeastern China, eastern and southeastern Europe, Western and north western Iran, central and southeastern Canada, and the central and northeastern United States have this type of climate. Continentality is a measure of the degree to which a region experiences this type of climate.
A semi-arid climate, semi-desert climate, or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on variables such as temperature, and they give rise to different biomes.
Bayankhongor is the capital of the Bayankhongor Province (aimag) in Mongolia. The administration of the Bayankhongor Sum (district) is also located in the same place. The city is at an elevation of 1859 m above sea level, and has a population of 26,252 (2006).
Govi-Altai is an aimag (province) in western Mongolia.
Arvaikheer, also spelt Arwaiheer is the capital of Övörkhangai Aimag (province) and one of the most central points of Mongolia.
Baruun-Urt is a town in eastern Mongolia and the capital of Sükhbaatar Province. The town with its vicinities creates a sum (district) of Sükhbaatar Province. The Baruun-Urt sum area is 59 km², population 15,549, population density 265 per km² (2008). It forms an enclave within the surrounding Sükhbaatar sum.
Ölgii is the capital of the Bayan-Ölgii Aimag (province) of Mongolia, located in the extreme west of the country. It lies on an altitude of 1,710 meters. As of 2014 it had a population of 30,338 people.
Mandalgovi is the capital of the Dundgovi Province of Mongolia, about 300 km south of Ulaanbaatar on the border of the Gobi Desert. It has 10,506 inhabitants (2005), 10,299 (2007). The city administrative unit's official name is Saintsagaan sum.
Matad is a sum (district) of Dornod Province in eastern Mongolia. The population of the sum as of 2009 is 2,526, of which 834 live in the sum center. The area of the sum is 22,831 km² and the population density is 0.11 people/km².
Bayandelger is a sum (district) of Sükhbaatar Province in eastern Mongolia. The population of the sum is 4,569 including 1,169 in the sum center.
Urad Middle Banner is a banner of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. It is located in the west of the region, and administratively is part of Bayan Nur City. It has a total area of 22,606 square kilometres (8,728 sq mi) and in 2020 had a population of 112,159. Its seat is located in the town of Haliut (海流图镇).
Sonid Left Banner ) is a banner of north-central Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, bordering the Republic of Mongolia's provinces of Dornogovi to the west and Sükhbaatar to the north. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League. Sunud Mongols live here.
Saylyugemsky National Park sits at the mountainous "X" where the borders of Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China meet in the Altai Mountains of central Asia. Because of its remoteness and position at the meeting points of mountains, steppes, desert and forest, it is a globally important natural reserve for biodiversity. The park was formally established in 2010–2012, with a particular purpose of protecting the vulnerable Altai argali mountain sheep and the endangered Snow leopard. The component Saylyugem Mountains are a ridge of the Altai, and stretch to the northeast to the Sayan Mountains. The climate is cold and semi-arid. Administratively, the park is located in the Kosh-Agachsky District of the Altai Republic. While ecotourism has a stated role, visits to the territory currently require special passes from park administration, and activities are limited to roads and trails.
The Altai montane forest and forest steppe ecoregion covers patches of the subalpine forest belt on the Altai Mountains, crossing the border region where Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China meet. The region has high biodiversity, as it is located in transition zones between different ecoregions, altitudes, and climate zones. It is in the Palearctic realm, with a Cold semi-arid climate. It covers 35,199,998 km2 (13,590,795 sq mi).
The Daurian forest steppe ecoregion is a band of grassland, shrub terrain, and mixed forests in northeast Mongolia and the region of Siberia, Russia that follows the course of the Onon River and Ulz River. The region has been described as a “sea of grass that forms the best and most intact example of an undisturbed steppe ecosystem and is also one of the last areas in the Palearctic that still supports stable herds of larger vertebrates” in a semi-mountainous area. The area also has flat wetlands that are important to migratory birds. The ecoregion is in the Palearctic realm, with a dry-winter subarctic climate that borders on a very cold semi-arid climate (BSk) in its southwestern parts. It covers 209,012 km2 (80,700 sq mi).
The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe ecoregion covers the narrow, flat valley in southwestern Mongolia that lies between the Khangai Mountains, and the Gobi-Altai Mountains. The region is known as the "Valley of the Lakes" because runoff from the mountains collect in lakes that have no outlet to the sea. Although the valley is a semi-arid desert steppe, it has areas of wetlands near the lakes that are important habit for water birds.
Munkhkhairkhan National Park is centered on Mönkhkhairkhan Mountain, the second highest mountain in Mongolia. The park straddles Bayan-Ölgii Province and Khovd Province in the Mongol-Altai Mountains of western Mongolia, 15 km from the border with China.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Altai_(Mongolia) .|