|Elevation||420 m (1,380 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Pacific (US Mountain))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (No DST)|
Altar (O'odham: Wawuk) is small city and municipal seat of Altar Municipality in the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located in the northwest region of the state at.
Altar is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico. The municipality had a 2010 census population of 9,049 inhabitants, the vast majority of whom lived in the municipal seat of Altar, which had a population of 7,927 inhabitants. There are no other localities with over 1,000 inhabitants.
Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.
The town of Altar is situated on the important Mexicali to Hermosillo Highway (Federal Highway 2). Most of the roads leading into the desert are not paved.
Federal Highway 2 is a free part of the federal highway corridors that runs along the Mexico–United States border. The highway is in two separate improved segments, starting in the west at Tijuana, Baja California, on the Pacific coast and ending in the east in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, on the Gulf of Mexico. Fed. 2 passes through the border states of Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas. It has a total length of 1,963 kilometres (1,220 mi); 1,319 kilometres (820 mi) in the west and 644 kilometres (400 mi) in the east.
|Climate data for Altar, Sonora (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||3.7|
|Record low °C (°F)||−10.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||22.6|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.1||2.1||2.5||1.0||0.4||0.9||6.3||6.4||3.5||2.0||1.6||3.1||32.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||64||62||57||50||47||43||52||58||55||56||61||68||56|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||237||227||300||326||369||369||333||290||301||296||253||232||3,533|
|Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000)|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)|
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