Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont

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The Lord Chalfont

Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F021984-0013, Auswartiges Amt, Staatsminister Grossbritannien.jpg
Chalfont during a visit to Germany in 1966
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
17 October 1968 19 June 1970
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded byHimself
Succeeded by Joseph Godber
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
23 October 1964 17 October 1968
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Peter Thomas
Succeeded byHimself
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
11 November 1964 10 November 2015
Life Peerage
Personal details
Born
Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones

(1919-12-05) 5 December 1919 (age 99)
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Crossbencher [1]
Occupation Politician
Lord Provest
Military career
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Years of service1939–61
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Service number 156400
Unit South Wales Borderers
Battles/wars
Awards Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Efficiency Medal

Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont, OBE , MC , PC (born 5 December 1919) is a British politician, retired British Army officer and historian.

Military Cross third-level military decoration of the British Armed Forces, Commonwealth officers

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians, who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Contents

Early life and military career

Gwynne Jones was educated at West Monmouth School, and subsequently at the School of Slavonic Studies in the University of London. [2] Joining the South Wales Borderers when the Second World War broke out, he was commissioned a second lieutenant on 2 November 1940. [3] From 1941 to 1944 he fought in Burma alongside the Welsh poet Alun Lewis. [4] On 1 January 1943, he received an emergency commission in the Royal Armoured Corps as a war-substantive lieutenant, with the same rank in the South Wales Borderers from 1 April. [5] [6] After the war, Gwynne Jones remained in the Army, receiving a substantive lieutenant's commission in the South Wales Borderers on 24 August 1946 (with seniority from 5 June 1942), and was promoted to captain on 5 December. [7] [8] He was awarded the Efficiency Medal in October 1950. [9] Promoted to major on 5 December 1953, [10] Gwynne Jones took part in a series of anti-terrorist campaigns, and was decorated with the Military Cross (MC) in August 1957 for commanding a company which fought in the Malaysian jungles during the Malayan Emergency, after his involvement in a series of ambushes against communists. Gwynne Jones later stated, "I was lucky enough to carry out some successful ones."[ citation needed ] The citation reads as follows:

UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies

The UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies is a school of University College London (UCL) specializing in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, Russia and Eurasia.

South Wales Borderers

The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years. It first came into existence, as the 24th Regiment of Foot in 1689. Based at Brecon the regiment recruited from the border counties of Monmouthshire, Herefordshire and Brecknockshire, but was not called the South Wales Borderers until the Childers Reforms of 1881. The regiment served in a great many conflicts, including the American Revolutionary War, various conflicts in India, the Zulu War, Second Boer War, and World War I and World War II. In 1969 the regiment was amalgamated with the Welch Regiment to form the Royal Regiment of Wales.

Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.

For gallantry and relentless determination during a period of eighteen months in command of his company in jungle operations. By his personal share in difficult, hazardous and successful operations, he set a fine example to those around him. [11]

Gwynne Jones was brevetted to lieutenant-colonel on 1 July 1960, [12] and was decorated as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1961 Birthday Honours. [13] He retired from the army on 30 June 1961 with the honorary rank of lieutenant-colonel. [14]

Lieutenant colonel, is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries. The rank is superior to major, and subordinate to colonel. The comparable Royal Navy rank is commander, and the comparable rank in the Royal Air Force and many Commonwealth air forces is wing commander.

Order of the British Empire order of chivalry of British constitutional monarchy

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

The Queen's Birthday Honours 1961 were appointments in many of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries.

Political life

Created a peer, becoming Lord Chalfont, he was a minister in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1964 to 1970 and appointed to the Privy Council in the former year. On 27 March 1967, in the House of Lords, Chalfont became the spokesman/figurehead for Harold Wilson's Labour Government's attempt to divest Britain of the Falkland Islands. In November 1968 Chalfont travelled to the Falklands to canvas the people, and try to persuade them of the merit in becoming Argentine citizens. He was sent away in no doubt that the islanders wished to remain British, but, on his return to Britain, he reported, “I do not believe that the Falkland Islands can continue to exist for many years, as they are presently constituted. I believe one day that the Falkland Islands may be prepared to choose Argentine sovereignty. We must at all costs avoid giving the impression that we want to get rid of them, since that would set up precisely the reaction we would want to avoid”.[ citation needed ]

Foreign and Commonwealth Office Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United Kingdom

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom. It is responsible for protecting and promoting British interests worldwide. It was created in 1968 by merging the Foreign Office and the Commonwealth Office.

House of Lords upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted respectively ruled by appointment, heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

Chalfont resigned from the Labour Party in the early 1970s. He declared his resignation a "decision of personal and political principle". In October 1974, just after Labour won a second general election that year, he stated in an interview with the BBC journalist Robin Day: "I had hoped for a realignment of the politics of the radical left in this country and I believed when I left the Labour Party that a great success by the Liberal Party in this election could have helped that forward."[ citation needed ]

He is the author of several military history books on subjects including the Napoleonic Wars.

He was created Baron Chalfont, of Llantarnam in the County of Monmouthshire on 11 November 1964. [15] His life peerage is the most senior extant (since the death of Lord Shawcross in 2003), and Lord Chalfont is placed higher in the order of precedence than four hereditary barons whose inherited titles were created after his.

He contributed an article on The Strategic Defence Initiative to the Conservative Monday Club's October 1985 Conservative Party Conference issue of their newspaper, Right Ahead. Chalfont is a former chairman of the Radio Authority which regulated commercial radio in the UK until its role was absorbed by Ofcom. Chalfont set up the Institute for the Study of Terrorism with Jillian Becker in 1985.

He retired from the House of Lords on 10 November 2015.

Styles of address

Marriage and child

Chalfont was married to Mona Mitchell, daughter of Harry Douglas Mitchell, in 1948. She died on 31 May 2008. Together they had one child, a daughter.

Publications

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References

  1. "Lord Chalfont". UK Parliament. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. thePeerage.com
  3. "No. 34995". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 November 1940. p. 6624.
  4. See The Fragile Universe: A Portrait of Alun Lewis, dir. by John Ormond (Cardiff: BBC Wales, 1969)
  5. "No. 36085". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 July 1943. p. 3104.
  6. "No. 36182". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 September 1943. p. 4238.
  7. "No. 37698". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 August 1946. p. 4238.
  8. "No. 37823". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 December 1946. p. 6168.
  9. "No. 39039". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 October 1950. p. 5082.
  10. "No. 40033". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 December 1953. p. 6588.
  11. "No. 41257". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 December 1957. p. 7428.
  12. "No. 42112". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 August 1960. p. 5451.
  13. "No. 42370". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1961. p. 4149.
  14. "No. 42400". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 June 1961. p. 4838.
  15. "No. 43492". The London Gazette . 17 November 1964. p. 9821.
  16. http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/lp1958%20c.htm
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Shawcross
Senior life peer
2003–present
Incumbent