Aluva

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Aluva
Aluva manappuram temple - panoramio.jpg
Statue of Mahathma Gandhi Aluva.JPG
Aluva New Bridge.jpg
Federal bank head office aluva.JPG
Aluva metro station, Kerala, India.jpg
Aluva Puzha from railway bridge.jpg
Marthandavarma bridge Aluva 1.JPG
Aluva Municipal Office.JPG
Clockwise from top: Mahadeva Temple; New Bridge; Aluva metro station; Marthandavarma Bridge; Municipal Office; Periyar river; Federal Bank Headquarters; Gandhi Statue
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Aluva
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Aluva
Aluva (India)
Coordinates: 10°07′00″N76°21′00″E / 10.1167°N 76.3500°E / 10.1167; 76.3500
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Established1921
Government
  ChairmanM.O John
   MLA Anwar Sadath
Area
  Total7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total22,428
  Density3,358/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
6831xx
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registration KL 41
Sex ratio 1000:1050 /
Website www.aluvamunicipality.in

Aluva ( [ɐːluʋɐ] ; also known by its former name Alwaye), is a municipality [2] in the Ernakulam district of Kerala, India. It is located 10 km (6.2 mi) north of the district collectorate in Thrikkakara and about 189 km (117.4 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. Aluva is part of the Kochi metropolitan area and is located 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the Kochi city centre. As per the 2011 Indian census, Aluva has a population of 22,428 people, and a population density of 3,123/km2 (8,090/sq mi).

Contents

Aluva, home to the summer residency of the Travancore royal family (the Alwaye Palace), is also known for the Sivarathri festival, which is celebrated annually on the sandbanks of Periyar. [3] The Advaita Ashram in Aluva, which was founded in 1913 by Sree Narayana Guru, an Indian social reformer, adds to the cultural aspect of the region. [4] Today, despite being a part of the city as well as the Kochi urban agglomeration, Aluva is still an autonomous municipality, with its civic administration conducted by the Aluva Municipal Council, since Kochi Corporation has not expanded its limits for over 53 years.

Aluva also serves as the administrative centre of the Aluva taluk. The taluks of villages including Mukundapuram, Kanayannur, Kunathunad and North Paravur were combined to form the Aluva taluk in 1956. The headquarters of the District Police Chief of Ernakulam Rural Police District, Superintending Engineer, PWD (Roads) and the District Educational Officer are also located there. It is the northern starting point of Kochi Metro rail's first phase, which began its operations in June 2017, as well as the Kochi city bus network. The Metro station is at Bypass, Aluva.

Etymology

The etymology of the name of the town of Aluva has been the subject of speculation for centuries. One of the more accepted versions of the story of its naming relates to the story of the Hindu god Shiva drinking the Kalakootam poison to save the world. It is said that Shiva with the poison (Alam) in his mouth (Vaa) was then made into a deity that rested in a temple in Aluva. [5] The Sivarathri festival is celebrated in honour of Shiva. The city is also known as the "gateway to the east".[ citation needed ] Some leaflets and websites still refer to the town by its old name (Alwaye).

History

Archaeologists have found evidence of settlements in Aluva dating from as far back as 250 BC. [6] Aluva was a continuous area of land spread across Kakkanad and Alangad until 1341 CE. The town, by then densely populated, became a holiday resort and a centre of commerce. [7] Mangalappuzha, a branch of Periyar that bifurcates at Aluva, was known to be a centre of trade and commerce in its area of South India. Before Indian independence, Aluva was part of the Kingdom of Travancore and was the official summer residence of its royal family. In the twentieth century, when there was a community of Jews in Cochin, some people had holiday homes in Aluva on the banks of the River Periyar. [8]

Politics

Aluva is a constituency in the Kerala Legislative Assembly. The Aluva constituency is also part of the Chalakudy (Lok Sabha constituency); Anwar Sadath is the MLA for Aluva. [9] It is part of Chalakudy (Lok Sabha constituency), which Benny Behanan is a member of.

Administratively, Aluva is a municipality. [10] The current municipal council is ruled by the Indian National Congress Party, led by M. O. John, who was elected in December 2020. Previously, it was led by Lissy Abraham (2015–2020) and M. T. Jacob (2010–2015).

Travel

Aluva is connected to other parts of India by air, road, and rail.

Air

Cochin International Airport is located 15 km (9.3 mi) away from the town centre. Domestic and international connections are available from the airport.[ citation needed ]

Aluva Railway Station Aluva Railway Station.JPG
Aluva Railway Station

Rail

Train

Aluva Railway Station (IR Code: AWY) is a grade-A railway station in Kerala, and is the third busiest railway station in Kochi after Ernakulam Junction railway station and Ernakulam Town railway station. All passenger and express trains bound to southern Kerala have a stop at it. People travelling from the Idukki district must also use either the Aluva railway station or the Tripunithura railway station for all their train journeys, since the Idukki district's topography cannot accommodate a railway station. There are no trains with routes that start or end at the Aluva Railway Station. Aluva Railway Station is situated at the Railway Station Road junction near the KSRTC stand. The KSRTC stand hosts buses from Ernakulam and City Low Floor buses (with and without A/C) in order to connect the majority of the places in Kerala.[ citation needed ]

There is also a small railway station near Aluva named Chowara, which is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the Aluva railway station.

Metro

Kochi Metro Phase 1 starts at the Aluva Bypass and operates until it reaches Pettah. The construction of the project was started in mid-2013; Phase 1 commenced its operations on 19 June 2017. [11] Kochi Metro Rail Limited is a project of the Kerala Government undertaken by DMRC aside from Aluva Flyover. Aluva metro station is the northern terminus of Phase 1. [11] Kochi Metro is expected to overcome the traffic problems in the Aluva-Edappally-Ernakulam road corridor, which is the second busiest road corridor in Kochi after the Kundannoor-Edappally section of NH 66. It is also expected to increase the amount of civil infrastructure in the city. Development of Kochi metro has raised the commercial value of the land, and has played a role in Aluva's assimilation into Kochi city.

The metro system's third phase is supposed to extend the line further north from Aluva to the northern suburb Angamaly in order to connect to the Cochin International Airport.

Train at Aluva Metro Station Train at Aluva Metro Station.jpg
Train at Aluva Metro Station

Bus

Rajiv Gandhi bus station Municipal Bus station aluva.JPG
Rajiv Gandhi bus station

Rajiv Gandhi Central Bus Station is one of the largest private bus terminals in Kochi and Kerala. Aluva KSRTC bus station is also a bus station in central Kerala. [12] The daily passenger buses of Karnataka RTC and Tamil Nadu's SETC have routes to places such as Mysore, Mangalore, Bangalore, Trichy, Coimbatore, Salem, Palani, and Kodaikanal.

Privately operated inter-state buses [13] to Bangalore, Chennai, Mysore, Mumbai, and other cities have stops in points of Aluva.

Rajiv Gandhi Central acts as a node for Kochi city buses, with intra-city services to city regions such as Fort Kochi, Tripunithura, Kakkanad, etc. It is also a hub for private bus companies in the city, such as Kochi Wheels.

Kochi Metro Rail Limited also runs a bus service from Aluva metro station to Cochin International Airport named Pavan Doot. It uses an electric bus.

Ferry

Aluva is a stop for National Waterway 3; the waterway connects to Thiruvananthapuram in the south and to Kottapuram (Thrissur) in the north.[ citation needed ]

Culture

Aluva's culture has been influenced by the people native to it and by those attracted to it due to factors such as its proximity to the Periyar River.

Several Malayalam movie songs are dedicated to the river Periyar. Poets such as Changapuzha Krishna Pillai, G. Sankara Kurup and Balachandran Chullikkadu, and critic Kuttipuzha Krishnapilla, and novelist Subash Chandran are from Aluva and lived there. Though not from the Aluva area, Vayalar Ramavarma and O.N.V Kurup wrote about Periyar; Aluva influenced their writing.

The mimicry comedy that dominated the cultural landscape of Kerala beginning in the 1980s was originated in Aluva by stand-up comedians from that area, though they got larger audiences and fans in Kochi and Malayalam movies later, which would make them fixations of Kerala's popular culture. The actor known as Dileep is from the latter part of the time in which parody was considered to be popular. With Kochi becoming the base for Mollywood, several parts of the city, including Aluva, have featured in films such as Premam (portraying the erstwhile Aluva town in the 90s and early 2000s) and Nizhal.

Several newspapers and magazines were published in Aluva during the print era. Continuing with the tradition of published writing, the first online magazine and blogging platform was started in Aluva by puzha.com, which still exists on the Internet.[ when? ]

Tourists can find the Manappuram as a long stretch of sand bank followed by a plain. Sivagiri Ashram has a small temple that worships Sree Narayana Guru. Tourist spots include Mahadeva Temple and Aluva Palace.

Business

Federal Bank Head Office, Aluva Federal bank head office aluva.JPG
Federal Bank Head Office, Aluva

Aluva is the home of multiple business headquarters. Aluva is known for its "Aluva Pukayillatha Aduppu" (smokeless stove), which was invented by the Alwaye Settlement Church. One private sector bank in India, The Federal Bank, has its headquarters in Aluva.

Aluva serves as a prominent centre for aspiring Chartered Accountants (CAs) and Company Secretaries (CS). Noteworthy chartered accountancy firms in the area encompass Balan & Co and Yesjay Associates, among others. Additionally, the Kerala State Civil Service Academy has established a branch in Aluva.

Education

Colleges

Union Christian College, Aluva UC College Aluva.JPG
Union Christian College, Aluva
  • Union Christian College
  • St.Xaviers College for Women
  • Bharata Matha College of Commerce and Arts

Schools and other educational institutions

Aluva Mahadeva Temple

Aluva Mahadeva Temple Aluva Manappuram Siva Temple Main.JPG
Aluva Mahadeva Temple

The Mahadeva Temple is 1 km away from the Marthanda Varma bridge in NH-47. Periyar river splits into two rivers near the Aluva railway bridge. After the splitting, one part of the river is known as Mangalappuzha. Aluva Mahadeva Temple is located on the sand bank between the Mangalppuzha and Periyar river.

The temple's Shiva linga is not enshrined in a sreekovil; it rises out of the sand banks of the Periyar river. The land on which the sand banks are located is called the Aluva Manal Puram (land with sand).

People from Aluva

See also

Location

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References

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